Fair Trade in Scotland: review

Explores Scotland’s potential to achieve inclusive growth through the delivery of increased sales and awareness of Fair Trade.


1 Tiffen, P. 2018. Who cares about Fair Trade? Journal of Fair Trade 1:1

2 Fairtrade Foundation, 4.10.2019

3 Impact of Fairtrade 2009-2015, Metadata Review, Overseas Development Commission, 2017.

4 FLOCert, the organisation which audits Fairtrade certified products is accredited against the internationally recognised ISO norm for product certifiers, ISO 17065 which assures the transparency, quality, rigour and independence of its auditing processes.

5 The National Performance Framework, Scottish Government, 2019

6 Can Scotland still call itself a Fair Trade Nation? Scottish Fair Trade Forum, 2017

7 Annual Report and Financial Statements for year ended 31 December 2016, Fairtrade Foundation and Annual Report and Financial Statements for year ended 31 December 2018 Fairtrade Foundation showed a reduction in staff costing from £4,280,000 in 2016 to £3,552,000 in 2018

8 Interview with Peter Hayawaka, Procurement Policy Officer, University of Edinburgh, October 2019


10 Sustainable Development and Fairtrade: the case for partnership; Fairtrade International, 2018

11 Sustainable Development and Fairtrade: the case for partnership; Fairtrade International, 2018

12 International Fair Trade Charter, 2018.

13 Interview with the Chief Executive of EU FTAO, EU Fairtrade Advocacy Office; 29.10.19.

14 National Performance Framework, The Scottish Government, 2019, the third version of the NPF and the first to align indicators to SDGs.

15 Global Citizenship: Scotland's International Development Strategy, The Scottish Government, 2016

16 Interview with Jane Salmonson, Director of SIDOS 5 December 2019

17 Working towards the Global Goals, SIDOS, 2019..

18 Interview with CEO, David Hope Jones, 8 October 2019.

19 Contribution to international development report: 2018-2019, the Scottish Government.



22 An outcome of the SGHC commissioned report 'Global Citizenship in the Scottish Health Service', Royal College of Surgeons and Physicians of Glasgow, 2017.

23 Organisation specialising in developing Global Citizenship Education internationally, with a partnership with IDEAS in Scotland.


25 Scottish Government Global Health Collaboration Unit

26 International Co-operation & Development: Directorate General for International Co-operation and Development :

27 The European Union and Fair Trade: hands off? Deborah Martens and Jan Orbie (Ghent University, Belgium)

28 Trade for All Strategy, European Commission, 2015, p25

29 European Aid for Trade Strategy Update, 2018, p9.

30 European Commission, Trade for All, Towards a more responsible trade and investment policy. See

31 New EU Procurement Directives and Fairtrade, Fairtrade Foundation. See

32 Scottish Government, Public Sector Procurement.

33 Scotland Act 1998. See

34 Procurement Reform (Scotland) Act 2014. See

35 From local to EU level: Scaling Up Fair Trade in Europe, Fair Trade Advocacy Officer, Jan. 2019

36 Ibid. p17

37 OECD (2019), Policy Coherence for Sustainable Development 2019: Empowering People and Ensuring Inclusiveness and Equality, OECD Publishing, Paris,



40 Scotland's Wellbeing - Delivering the National Outcome: Scottish Government, May 19. P4

41 Wellbeing Economy Alliance Scotland, home page

42 Hicks, J; Should we pursue boundless economic growth? Prospect magazine, 12.06.19

43 Interview with Ian Walker, Johnson and Johnson, 3 December 2019

44 Scotland: A Trading Nation - 1.7 Scotland a good global citizen

45 Investment: Due Diligence Checking'

46 Trade Policy - Response to UK Government Consultations on Future Free Trade Agreements, Nov.18






52, 22.02.2019

53 Fair Trade consumer surveys carried out for Scottish Fair Trade Forum in 2012 and 2016, Progressive Scottish Opinion.

54 Kantar Worldpanel: The Popularity of Fairtrade in the UK: Kantar UK Insights, 26.02.2018

55 Gillani, A., Kutaula, S., Leonidou, L.C. et al., 'The Impact of Proximity on Consumer Fair Trade Engagement and Purchasing Behavior: The Moderating Role of Empathic Concern and Hypocrisy', Journal of Business Ethics (2019).

56 Ethical Consumer Markets Report 2018 p10

57 References: 2

58 The European Union Market for sustainable products: International Trade Centre with European Commission, 2019.

59 When reviewing this data, it is important to note that the retail sector in Europe is very different from that in the UK, with far greater diversity in retail business and less prominence of major supermarkets in the food, drink and household products categories.

60 Journal of Fair Trade P Tiffen, Editor, Journal of Fair Trade

61 Wűstenghagen, University of St Gallen, Switzerland, Marketing Review St Gallen, Sept 2018, quoted in several European market reports.

62, 2019

63 Interview with Professor of Retail Studies, Stirling University, September 2019.

64 the premium paid for the coffee sold in their stores over the last 13 years has enabled farmers to invest over £2.5 million into their farms and communities. Greggs plc Annual Report and Accounts 2018 'Delivering our Strategy', 2018; page 16.

65 This is not to under-estimate the value of the sales that campaigner groups contribute to fair trade in Scotland; one voluntary group indicated that they had generated more than £2,500 sales of fair trade goods in recent months.

66 Data provided on request for the purposes of the review, November 2019.


68 Member Pioneers are recruited by the Co-operative Group to champion local causes within their communities and many have a key role in promoting Fairtrade certified product sales in their area.

69 NHS National Services Scotland Procurement Strategy, 2019 -2025 v1.1. 18.09.19.

70 Survey carried out on sample of 1000 consumers aged 15-79 selected on the basis of gender, age, region









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