1. Biodegradable waste is defined (in Regulation 2 (1) of the Regulations as "any waste capable of undergoing anaerobic or aerobic decomposition such as food, garden waste, paper and cardboard". Municipal waste is defined (in Regulation 2 (1) of the Regulations as "waste from households as well as other waste which, because of its nature or composition, is similar to waste from households".
2. SEPA's statistics are the official source of landfill tonnages and have therefore been used in undertaking this analysis.
3. Eunomia Research & Consulting (2016) Residual Waste Infrastructure Review - Issue 12, December 2016, http://www.eunomia.co.uk/reports-tools/residual-waste-infrastructure-review-12th-issue/
4. It should be noted that this presents a UK wide situation, drawing upon 2017 data and specific assumptions. The modelling does not account for regional variation which may vary significantly.
5. "Our Waste, Our Resources: A Strategy for England": https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/765914/resources-waste-strategy-dec-2018.pdf
6. Tolvik Consulting (2018); UK Energy from Waste Statistics - 2017
7. European Commission (2018), Notice to Stakeholders: Withdrawal of the United Kingdom and EU Waste Law, http://ec.europa.eu/environment/waste/shipments/pdf/Notice_to_stakeholders_Brexit_waste.pdf
8. Data relates to England only from 2015 onwards. Source: Environment Agency. 2017 figures are provisional. In previous years, the provisional figure has increased once final data has been obtained through a Freedom of Information request. We have included additional tonnage to reflect the expected increase in the figure once this data is available
9. It is outside the scope of this work to determine the likelihood of export to English landfill or English thermal treatment facilities. English landfill has therefor been assumed as a 'worst case' scenario for the purposes of modelling.
10. It is outside the scope of this work to determine the likelihood of export to English landfill or English thermal treatment facilities. English landfill has therefor been assumed as a 'worst case' scenario for the purposes of modelling.
14. Reported results exclude biogenic carbon emissions.
15. Scottish Government (2018) Input Output Tables for Download, available here https://www.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Economy/Input-Output/Downloads
16. More information on Standard Industrial Classification can be found here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/methodology/classificationsandstandards/ukstandardindustrialclassificationofeconomicactivities/uksic2007