Value of bathing waters and influence of bathing water quality: technical annex

Research aimed to provide socio-economic understanding of the value of Scottish bathing waters and the influence of bathing water quality (BWQ) to bathers, beach users and to the national and local economies.

Annex 1: References

Accent (2010). Review of Stated Preference and Willingness to Pay Methods. Report prepared in association with RAND Europe. Final report submitted to Scottish Water, Accent Ltd, Scotland.

Ballance, A., Ryan, P. G., & Turpie, J. K. (2000). How much is a clean beach worth? The impact of litter on beach users in the Cape Peninsula, South Africa. South African Journal of Science, 96(5), 210–213.

Cascade Consulting and eftec (2009). Revised Bathing Water Directive Impact Assessment RERAD/007/08: Achieving Compliance with Microbial Standards. For the Scottish Government.

Council Directive 76/160/ EEC of of 8th December 1975 concerning the quality of bathing water.

Council Directive 2000/60/ EC of 23rd October 2000 on establishing a framework for community action in the field of water policy.

Council Directive 2006/7/ EC of 15th February 2006 on the management of bathing water quality and repealing directive 76/160/ EEC.

Council Directive 2008/56/ EC of 17th June 2008 on establishing a framework for community action in the field of marine environmental policy.

eftec (2002). Valuation of Benefits to England and Wales of a Revised Bathing Water Quality Directive and Other Beach Characteristics Using the Choice Experiment Methodology, (June), 97.

eftec, Ipsos MORI & The South West Research Company (2014). Bathing Water Valuation Study. Technical report to the Environment Agency. December 2014. (unpublished).

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Tudor, D. T. & Williams, A. T. (2006). A rationale for beach selection by the public on the coast of Wales , UK, Area (Royal Geographical Society with the Institute of British Geographers) 38(2), 153–164.

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Wyles, K. J., Pahl, S., Thomas, K., & Thompson, R. C. (2016). Factors That Can Undermine the Psychological Benefits of Coastal Environments. Environment and Behavior, 48(9), 1095–1126.

Wyles, K. J., Pahl, S., & Thompson, R. C. (2014). Perceived risks and benefits of recreational visits to the marine environment: Integrating impacts on the environment and impacts on the visitor. Ocean and Coastal Management, 88, 53–63.


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