General Medical Services provision - patients displaying violent behaviour: comparative review

Nationwide comparative review of the provision of General Medical Services for patients displaying violent behaviour in Scottish GP practices.

Appendix 2: Collated Responses

Please note that for NHS Borders to date there has been no challenging behaviour programme in place. The below responses are therefore based on the service specification that is currently being negotiated. NHS Borders aims to contract with a GP practice over the next couple of months to provide a service.

Question One: Referral process

A) What are the criteria for referral to your service?
Ayrshire & Arran Patients who cannot be seen in mainstream GMC Practice due to actual or risk of harm to GP/staff/patients in the Practice.
Patients who are MAPPA CAT 1 Patients.
Borders As per schedule 14 of the GMS contract the referral criteria is the following:
35. 'Where the Contractor wishes a patient to be removed from the Contractor's list of patients with immediate effect on the grounds that
35.1. the patient has committed an act of violence against any of the persons specified in clause 36 of this Schedule [GP or anyone on the practice premises] or behaved in such a way that any such person has feared for that person's own safety; and
35.2. the Contractor has reported the incident to the police or the Procurator Fiscal. the Contractor must notify the Health Board in accordance with clause 37 of this Schedule [within 7 days via Practitioner Services Division].'
Dumfries & Galloway For patients who compromise the safety of Doctors and GP practice staff.
Fife Referrals are reviewed by an Assessment Panel. They should be patients who have been subject to an Immediate Removal.
Forth Valley The practice must report the incident to the Police or the Procurator Fiscal. Patients who are referred but not reported to the Procurator Fiscal or Police: These patient's inclusion will be considered by the GMS Performance Review Group on an individual basis. Specific reasons why patient has been assigned to DPCS should be documented.
Glasgow We have very strict protocols for receiving and accepting new patients into the CBRS Practice:-
  • Firstly, the principal criterion for allocation of a patient to the CBRS is that he or she displays violent or threatening behaviour in a GP surgery causing physical harm, material damage or emotional distress to medical or administrative staff and / or other patients.
  • When this happens and the Police are called, immediately there is a Police Incident/Police Incident Number created, the patient is then contacted by Practitioner Services Division (PSD).
  • Once PSD have been in touch with our Lead Clinician, a clinical panel will review the patient's case and only then will the patient be assigned to CBRS.
Clyde Any incident where a GP, or his or her staff, are abused, threatened or assaulted in circumstances related to their work, involving an explicit, or implicit, challenge to their safety, well-being or health.
Highland – Argyll & Bute HSCP

GP Practices in Oban Lorn & Isles, Mid Argyll Kintyre & Islay and Cowal & Bute Localities; Due to the remote and rural geography of Argyll and Bute we do not have permanent established Challenging Behaviour Services for the 28 GP Practices in the above 3 localities. Alternatively where incidences of violence occur interim arrangements are put in place as and when required. Frequently, the interim arrangements have to be put in place with the same practice that has removed the patient due to geography. The practice are paid in accordance with the Directed Enhanced Service (DES), Services to Support Staff Dealing with Violent Patients (Annual Retainer £2,131.20 per annum and Consultation Fee £750.00 per annum).

GP Practices in Helensburgh & Lomond Locality;
An agreement is in place with NHSGG&C for the 5 GP Practices in Helensburgh & Lomond to be covered by the NHSGG&C DES, Challenging Behaviour and Rehabilitation Scheme (CBRS). Patients removed following incidences of violence are assigned to Dr Euan Glen and Partners, Oakview Medical Practice, Alexandria. Payment of the annual patient fees are paid on a quarterly basis to NHSGG&C (£750.00 per annum). No retainer fee is paid.

Lanarkshire When the NHS Lanarkshire Challenging Patient Service (CPS) was first established the criteria for referral was from a GP. A medical member of the committee which considered such referrals would discuss the referral with GP to ensure the appropriateness of referral, i.e. is there another solution that can be obtained without referral to Committee. An incident Reporting Form from the GP giving details of incident and why the patient requires to be referred to Committee would be reviewed. A recommendation would made by the Committee. There have been some changes to the referral process and this is considered by the GP who provides the service to the CPS.
Lothian Patients who behave in an abusive, threatening, aggressive or violent way and do not respond to measures to contain this behaviour e.g. behavioural contract. Patients whose behaviour is such that they cannot be seen in mainstream GP services.

NHS Tayside does not have a "challenging behaviour service", only a violent patient scheme as required by the Directed Enhanced Services directions. The scheme is only used for those that commit violence, including actual or threatened physical violence or verbal abuse leading to a fear of a person's safety. A formal complaint must be made to the Police about the patient's behaviour.

Patients are not normally transferred to the scheme where their behaviour can be ascribed to a condition that is capable of being alleviated by treatment, e.g. the mentally ill.

Western Isles We don't have a service; it is delivered via practices under the Violent Patient DES
B) Do you only see patients who have been subject to immediate removal from their GP practice? I.e. instances where the police or procurator fiscal have been involved. Please provide details of other circumstances under which patients are seen and approximate % of patients who fall into each category.
Ayrshire & Arran No, on occasion there are patients who engage poorly or in a toxic fashion but who never the less may need an intervention or referral and we take these as well. We also see MAPPA patients who we have been advised to register from the MAPPA co-ordinator within the board.
Borders At present the intention is for patients that have been removed from practices. This would include a breakdown in the relationship as well as violent behaviour.
Dumfries & Galloway No. A practice may contact the Primary Care Development Team and discuss a patient who they think has challenging behaviour which they consider may fall under the criteria of the DPCS. The practice require to complete a template and provide this to the Team. This is looked at initially by the Primary Care Development Manager and if required it is escalated to the Deputy Medical Director for a decision as to whether the patient should access services via the DPCS. Over the last 5 years we have had 6 patients referred to the DPCS who have been deregistered by their GP practice for unreasonable/violent behaviour.
Fife Generally yes, but we do accept referrals in other circumstances.
Forth Valley We see patients who have been referred to the GMS Performance Review Group for assignment to the DPCS. Currently we have 18 patients on the DPCS who have been removed immediately ie reported to the police/procurator. Currently we have 23 patients on the DPCS who have been referred by the GMS Performance Group.
Glasgow Yes – We only see patients who fit the above criteria and have been involved in a Police Incident and have subsequently been removed from their mainstream GP Practice. Police incident details are then passed to Practitioner Services Division (PSD) for allocation to new GP in our case, CBRS.
Clyde Patients are referred subject to request for immediate removal from practice. This is advised to the panel via PSD - this does not necessarily mean when Police or Judiciary are involved. It is based on the referral from the GP practice and each is assessed on the details provided by the practice on why they wish the patient removed. Patients who have been threatening where the Police have been called are more likely to be accepted onto the CBR register but this is not always the case. Each referral is assessed independently.
Highland – Argyll & Bute HSCP The criteria for inclusion in the DES is that the violent incident must be reported to the police and a crime number obtained – 100%.
Lanarkshire Not necessarily. Before a patient is accepted to the CPS clinic, an overall assessment as to their suitability is made. Whilst immediate removal would be a factor for consideration, it is not the only factor considered.
Lothian No – referrals can come direct from their practice seeking advice – 20%
Tayside Yes, as described above.
Western Isles Yes, only patients subject to immediate removal, or with police involvement.
C) How many referrals did your service receive in the 12 month period between 01/09/18 and 31/08/19?
Ayrshire & Arran 6
Dumfries & Galloway 5
Borders N/A
Fife 13
Forth Valley 9
Glasgow CBRS have received 27 new referrals during this period.
Clyde 15
Highland – Argyll & Bute HSCP 1
Lanarkshire 2
Lothian 21
Tayside 9 - This figure is not an accurate reflection as there are a large number of enquiries dealt with verbally, e.g. to enquire whether the criteria has been met. Practices have different levels of tolerance e.g. In the main, practices in Dundee city, deal with these patients as part of their daily routine, whereas semi rural and rural are extremely intolerant probably due to limited exposure. Although Perth city is an urban area, there practices are the least tolerant overall in Tayside.
Western Isles 3 patients across the isles
D) How many referrals were accepted in the 12 month period between 01/09/18 and 31/08/19?
Ayrshire & Arran 6
Borders N/A
Dumfries & Galloway 2
Fife 10
Forth Valley 9
Glasgow We have received 27 new referrals to the CBRS service all of which were accepted following the standard clinical consultations.
Clyde 9
Highland – Argyll & Bute HSCP 1 to NHS GG&C CBRS
Lanarkshire 2
Lothian 9
Tayside 8
Western Isles 3 patients across the isles
E) Broadly describe the nature of the referrals which were not accepted and how these were dealt with.
Ayrshire & Arran N/A – all referrals accepted
Borders N/A
Dumfries & Galloway Requesting multiple prescriptions, verbally abusive, can be seen as aggressive and difficult to manage, patients with significant mental health issues. Primary Care worked with the practices to encourage and support further engage with patient and try and resolve the issues. An example could be to support the practice to meet with patient, setting up protocols between the patient and the practice to outline what is acceptable behaviour within in the GP practice.
Fife These were difficult, but not dangerous patients. The referring practices were asked to keep them.
Forth Valley N/A
Glasgow No referrals were refused. Patient behaviour unacceptable, and behaviour led to Police being called. Only when there has been a Police recorded incident does CBRS then become involved.
Clyde Mainly verbal abuse or emotional response towards practice staff or other patients. Where there is no actual violence or threat of violence then the patient is not accepted. If the Panel decline the patient onto the Scheme the GMS Officer will advise PSD by email. Patient will be informed by PSD that they have been removed from their GP list and will need to seek GP services elsewhere.
Highland – Argyll & Bute HSCP N/A
Lanarkshire N/A
Lothian Referrals where not all avenues had been exhausted to dealing with the patients e.g. behavioural contracts. Or where referral to another agency would be more appropriate: e.g. addiction services or specialist dementia services.
Tayside Patient generally verbally abusive. Practice issued warning to patient that if behaviour continued they would be removed.
Western Isles N/A
F) How are referrals screened?
Ayrshire & Arran Information will come via the Healthboard Primary Care Management Team in relation to a patient being assigned to the service. The CBS Team GP will consider content of the referral and will advise suitability for acceptance to the service based on information provided.
Borders The Primary Care Contracts Manager will notify the Associate Medical Director when a patient is removed from a practice (PSD inform the NHS Borders) & a Patient Risk Panel will be formed to evaluate.
Dumfries & Galloway GP practice wishing to refer patient require to complete a template providing information on patient and circumstances as why the wish patient to be considered by the Board as a DPCS patient. Once template received Primary Care works with practice to see whether the patient can be managed by their current practice and introduce procedure that the patient requires to adhere to. More complex cases are considered by the Deputy Medical Director for a decision to be made as to whether patient requires to access future services via the DPCS.
Fife As above, by our Assessment Panel.
Forth Valley Primary Care Manager/Medical Contracts officer – Immediate removals which have been reported to the police or procurator fiscal. Performance Review Group – referrals which have not been reported to the Police Procurator Fiscal.
Glasgow All referrals are screened by a Clinical Panel, consisting of Lead Clinician for CBRS; Clinical Director and Doctor of Forensic Psychology, only when clinical panel agree, does PSD receive a notification of acceptance of the patient to CBS.
  • GMS Contract Officer emails the CBR panel for their opinion/decisions on inclusion onto the Scheme. The Panel individually will consider all the information and provide their views by email back to the Group on whether they consider the inclusion of the patient to be appropriate.
  • The Chair (HSCP Clinical Director) of the Panel will consider and review these responses and agree the consensus course of action.
  • PSD are advised whether the patient has been accepted or not.
  • Decision taken will be ratified at the next scheduled meeting of the Panel.
Highland – Argyll & Bute HSCP Practitioner Services Division, Glasgow send the "Violent Patient Removal" (VPR) request form, which is completed by the removing practice, then forwarded to the Primary Care Assistant Manager who confirms that a crime number has been provided. The VPR form is reviewed by Associate Medical Director, Locality Clinical Lead and Primary Care Manager.
Lanarkshire Referrals are screened by the GP who provides the service to the CPS.
Lothian Committee based decisions based on information extracted from the referring practice on the patient
Tayside Practices either contact Primary Care Services Dpt or Practitioner Services. If the latter, Practitioner Services draw to the attention of Primary Care Services seeking consideration of immediate removal.
Western Isles Not screened; rely on practice judgement
G) What is the timescale between receiving a referral and the first face-to-face contact with the patient?
Ayrshire & Arran CBS Team GP will review medical records of all incoming patients. Based on this information the GP will make an informed decision as to whether patient requires an appointment at clinic or contact can be made via telephone. There is no hard and fast rule, each patient is different due to their individual needs
Borders This process has not been tested yet, however, would estimate this should be concluded within a two period.
Dumfries & Galloway The Board try and act immediately on receiving information from a practice. The Board do not have face-to-face contact with the patient. If it is felt that patient can be managed in current GP practice the Board will provide help/guidance to the Practice Manager. If it is decided patient must only access service via DPCS they will receive a letter and protocol for accessing the service to their home address.
Fife No more than 5 days.
Forth Valley We do not hold this information – it would depend when the patient makes an appoint to see the DPCS GP
Glasgow This is set at 10 days of receiving the accepted referral and new patients are always appointed with the Lead Clinician in the first instance.
Clyde The referral is received into PSD from the concerned practice. They immediately forward the referral by email to the GMS team to circulate to the panel. Once decision is made, the patient is written to by PSD to advise that they must attend a designated CBR GP practice. This would usually happen within 48 hours. They will be allocated a CBR practice based on the geographical area they live in. It is up to the individual to access the practice to have a face-to-face contact on their own timescale by booking an appointment, etc.
Highland – Argyll & Bute HSCP Variable – as soon as possible once all the paperwork is processed and patient assigned. (few days to a couple of weeks max)
Lanarkshire This will vary from patient to patient however it could be within a week.
Lothian 2 – 4 weeks
Tayside The standard letter which PSD send to the patient to advise of immediate removal and why, informs the patient to contact the 2C practice which operates the Violent Patient Scheme on behalf of NHS Tayside. The 2C practice arrange a mutually suitable time with the patient for induction to the practice.
Western Isles

Question Two: Service design

A) How many patients do you see annually and what is your current service capacity?
Ayrshire & Arran There are currently 33 patients on our service. Our aim is to keep the service below a maximum of 40- patients registered at any one time. Our CBS clinic runs for 1 hour per week with a maximum or 3 patients per session.
Borders Patient numbers are estimated at 5. The service capacity will be a maximum of 15.
Dumfries & Galloway Currently the service has 22 patients. There is capacity for additional patients.
Fife Our service is run by one general practice as a LES. Their capacity would be 20 patients.
Forth Valley 2 GPs and other Admin Staff. We have 36 patients currently registered on this service.
At present we do not have service capacity - there are no set appts available per week - appointments will be given when required.
Glasgow The Glasgow scheme currently has 75 patients registered. We have 5 appointments per session, with each consultation lasting 25 minutes with Clinician and Practice Nurse. One session Monday morning and next session Thursday morning. We have in additional to this, Forensic Psychology appointments on the same days as our CBRS Clinic, 2 per session. Monthly – 40 patients Annually – 480 patients Forensic Psychology appointments – approx. 60
Clyde Currently see 29 patients over the 3 practices. Capacity has no limit as such, would just depend on availability of appointments, etc.
Highland – Argyll & Bute HSCP N/A
Lanarkshire The current number of patients registered with the CPS clinic is 36, it has accommodated as many as 45 patients.
Lothian Service capacity 40 – seen in the last year
Tayside The eight patients currently registered with the scheme is the highest figure ever since inception of the scheme in 2004. We had to arrange for a 2C practice to operate this scheme as despite much advertisement and encouragement, both incentive and financially wise, we could not establish an independent medical practice, or individual GPs to work with the Health Board to operate the scheme.
Western Isles Currently, only 2 patients registered. Low number of patients historically. Have never had more than 6 patients at any one time.
B) What was your approximate annual cost per patient in the 12 month period between 01/09/18 and 31/08/19?
Ayrshire & Arran Our Service is run as a Practice Specific Enhanced Service which comes with a budget or £37,500 paid to the practice in 12 monthly instalments.
Borders N/A
Dumfries & Galloway £192 per patient.
Fife The practice is paid £20k per annum, paid in monthly instalments.
Forth Valley The cost (based on 2019-20) will be £25,000.
Glasgow The services has changed model during this as the GP practice running the GP element withdrew and the service is currently being directly managed by the HSCP. Costs for this period would therefore not be representative. However, please see attached review document for some consideration of costs.
Clyde Annual cost - £26491 Annual cost per patient - £914
Highland – Argyll & Bute HSCP £750.00 per annum.
Lanarkshire Costs for the last full year were £44,428, the average number of patients was 40 during this period, the approximate annual cost per patient is £1,110.
Lothian Currently have 28 patients 260 appointments
Tayside Cost neutral as operated by 2C practice. However, we do have to pay a small amount of money on an ad-hoc basis if security services have been required. This is minimal.
Western Isles £2,333/patient....
C) Describe how patients interact with/access your service. Please include all members of staff patients have contact with eg. to make appointments or for enquiries etc.
Ayrshire & Arran The service provides a telephone answer machine facility for patients to call to request appointments, advice and order prescriptions. These messages are responded to within 48 hours. Should the patient feel there concern/need is an emergency they would present to accident and emergency Prescription requests once complete are posted out to the patient chemist of their choice 1st class.
Borders Patients will make appointments by telephone with the contracted GP practice providing the service.
Dumfries & Galloway Mainly seen by the GP nominated lead for this service – both telephone and face to face. Most patients from outwith the Dumfries area will consult by phone which isn't always ideal but accepted due to distances involved, this makes accessing GP easier. Other GPs in the practice may see patients if necessary, unless patient is considered particularly challenging. Depending on requirement Practice Nurses will also see patients. Alerts on practice system to highlight DPCS patients.
Fife They call the practice direct but have a different number from the routine patients. They are not seen in the practice but in the local A and E, with security present. Consultations are always with a GP.
Forth Valley Patients contact a mobile telephone number or by e-mail – This is manned by a Practice Manager and 2 GPs
Glasgow We have a dedicated telephone number for patients and their families to access – 0141 314 6261. We also letter all patients to confirm their appointment times and follow up with phone calls to confirm their attendance.
Clyde These sections are answered individually by each GP practice: Practice 85403 – Patients make telephone contact with reception, and are advised that the GP will call them back to assess their needs and make appropriate arrangements to be seen. Practice 86271 - Patients are told that they must phone the practice and must not come into the surgery without an appointment even to pick up prescriptions or to accompany relatives or dependents. When they call, an electronic message is sent to the designated GP with a request to call the patient back. The doctor will call the patient and assess their needs. If an appointment is required, then it is booked and police arranged with the reception staff if required. Practice 87490 - Patients contact the practice by telephone and are offered appointments by the receptionist. It is highlighted to the receptionist that the person is on the CBR scheme and they will often be given a double appointment and organise a Police presence. Patients can also book a telephone consultation.
Highland – Argyll & Bute HSCP Varies from practice to practice.
Lanarkshire Patients book an appointment with reception staff as they would normally do at a conventional GP practice.
Lothian Designated clinic twice a week – Wednesday and Friday, hosted within a mainstream GMS practice. Appointments made and processed by administration team Confirmation issued by administration Appointments can be made by patients – processed by administration team Scripts / telephone consultations – processed by administration team administered by GP or CPN Patient appointments with CPN and GP
Tayside Once on the scheme, patients are free to contact the 2C practice at any time, as with any patient. The practice manages the patient's attendance, normally over a lunch time period or other time when there are few patients in the waiting room.
Western Isles Practice staff deals with appointments etc.
D) Where are patients seen?
Ayrshire & Arran The clinic is held within the Ayrshire Urgent Care (OOHs) service rooms within Ayrshire Central Hospital, Irvine.
Borders There are only 2 safe rooms within NHS Borders that comply with regulations. These are both on the Borders General Hospital site (in the A&E department and at Huntlyburn).
Dumfries & Galloway Within the DPCS GP Leads own GP Practice
Fife As above.
Forth Valley Forth Valley Royal Hospital – Accident & Emergency Department
Glasgow Dedicated centralised premises. We operate on a strict appointment only service, and give an allowance of 10 minutes either side of patients allocated appointment time. If patient arrives out with the allocated appointment time, they are not seen.
Clyde 85403 - In the GP's room in our main surgery 86271 - In the GP's room in the health centre 87490 - Patients are seen in the GP surgery premises in ordinary consulting rooms. If police is required (for step up patients), the officers wait with the patient in the corridor waiting area until they are called. Police normally remain outside the consulting room and accompany the patient out of the premises once the consultation is over.
Highland – Argyll & Bute HSCP Majority in the GP Practice providing the service. Occasionally arrangements are made for the patient to be seen in the local Hospital by a GP.
Lanarkshire Patients are seen at the CPS clinic which is located in Blantyre Health Centre, Blantyre.
Lothian Boroughloch Medical Practice – consultation room has two access doors. Building has lock down facility.
Tayside Whitfield Surgery, Whitfield Local Care Centre, Dundee
Western Isles Depends on location. In Lewis & Harris, patients are seen in A&E in Western Isles Hospital. In the Uists & Barra, patients are seen in the various practices
E) What arrangements are in place when patients are seen? Please provide details of who is present, security arrangements and how other patients are protected eg. separate clinic times.
Ayrshire & Arran The CBS Team GP and Practice Nurse both attend the clinic. Police presence is requested for the clinic, however this is not always guaranteed. Alternative security solutions are currently being looked into.
Borders We have not confirmed the exact details yet but will train several hospital porters in security techniques to ensure security is available by appointment as required. We will be looking at how the patient accesses the service via reception/separate waiting area etc. prior to implementation.
Dumfries & Galloway No special precautions apart from alerts in records. Response is proportionate and patients seen in normal surgeries. Works well this way as GP Lead has experience of working 20 years as a forensic medical examiner. The practice's Assistant Practice Manager is a retired police inspector which helps on occasions, but is rarely required.
Fife We have a designated time slot and consulting room in A and E, and security are in attendance . Patients are given set appointment times.
Forth Valley 1 GP Present Security is within the hospital The patient is seen in a room where there are 2 exits – one exit if the GP require to leave the room in a emergency.
Glasgow We operate every clinic with the presence of 2 security guards. Our guards and our clinicians use dedicated rooms within a clinical and locked corridor which no other service users can access without being brought through by their own clinician. Our security guards use a dedicated private room for screening patients, offering them dignity and privacy when this is taking place. We use a hand held metal detector, and patients are requested to remove items from their pockets in a secure box until after their clinical consultation. We do not allow patient to retain their walking sticks or crutches as these have also been used as weapons. Patients can used walking aids to go to the clinical room for their consultation but these are then removed by security personnel and returned after the consultation. We also have a member of the admin team for CBRS present at every clinic, they utilise a separate multipurpose admin room.
Clyde 85403 - The GP will choose an appropriate time for the patient to be seen; this would usually avoid busy periods eg baby clinics etc, and we would also try to avoid times when other potentially disruptive patients may be present e.g. drug clinics. The waiting area in our main surgery has full CCTV coverage. if the patient has Full CBR status, arrangements are made for the Police to be present in the waiting area, and if deemed necessary they may come in to the consulting room, or wait directly outside the door (this is rarely necessary) 86271 - A Police presence in the building. 87490 - Patients are seen in the GP surgery premises in ordinary consulting rooms. If police is required (for step up patients), the officers wait with the patient in the corridor waiting area until they are called. Police normally remain outside the consulting room and accompany the patient out of the premises once the consultation is over.
Highland – Argyll & Bute HSCP A contract agreement between the GP and the patient is required to be signed at the first consultation. The contract agreement specifies that the patient must telephone in advance and make it clear that special arrangements are in place for their GP appts. Police attendance at the patients GP appointments is a criterion of the contract agreement however due to the geography of Argyll and Bute and police availability it is not always possible for the Police to attend. On occasion we have had the Police refusing to engage at all with the service. This makes the provision and implementation of the interim services DES very difficult.
Lanarkshire The normal arrangements for the clinic is for a GP and CPN to see a patient. There is also a police presence within the clinic however the police don't sit in on the consultation with patients. The clinic is provided at times when no other patients would be in the area.
Lothian Separate clinic from mainstream patients. Security guard on site. Dedicated administration team. Dedicated GP and CPN.
Tayside As above
Western Isles Appointments are often, but not exclusively, after 18.00
F) How many minutes do you have to see each patient?
Ayrshire & Arran 10 minute slots available. Maximum of 3 booked appointments per clinic. All appointment must be Pre-booked with service, however this is not always adhered to and extra patients arrive at clinic without warning. This is discouraged but is a regular occurrence.
Borders This will be at the discretion of the GP; however, this is estimated at 30 minutes per patient appointment.
Dumfries & Galloway 20 minutes for first appointment, normally thereafter 10 minute appointments.
Fife Variable, but normally 20 minute appointments.
Forth Valley We do not hold this information
Glasgow Each patient appointment is scheduled for 25 minutes.
Clyde 85403 – 15 minutes (longer if necessary) 86271 - 20 minutes 87490 – 10 minutes
Highland – Argyll & Bute HSCP The appointment time is at the discretion of the practice.
Lanarkshire Initial consultation 45 minutes, 15 minutes thereafter
Lothian 20 mins (40 mins for new patients)
Tayside Managed by the practice.
Western Isles No set times
G) What support/input do you have from other services? E.g. Clinical psychology
Ayrshire & Arran Nil
Borders This is still being explored with input anticipated from Mental Health Teams & the addiction service.
Dumfries & Galloway Nothing formal, but GP Lead has good links with forensic psychology and to prison as the practice cover the prison as well.
Fife None other than OOH who see the patients evenings and weekends. GPs can refer to other specialties as they would for their routine patients.
Forth Valley Patients would be referred to appropriate services if required.
Glasgow We have constant liaison with Forensic Psychology and Criminal Justice Service, together with ongoing support from our Clinical Director and Head of Homelessness.
Clyde We have support from Police Scotland. Staff contact the Police service to request a Police presence during consultation. Other than this there is no other support services.
Highland – Argyll & Bute HSCP If the patient assigned to the DES is currently being seen by other services then support may be provided during the patients inclusion. E.g. assigned patient being seen by Community Mental Health service then patient attendance at GP appointments may be supported by CPN in attendance instead of the Police.
Lanarkshire Patients are referred to other services as required.
Lothian Supported by Clinical Psychologist who offers fortnightly appointment slots at practice. Committee members – various healthcare professionals and agencies represented on Committee.
Tayside The practice accesses the same services as they would do for any other patient. There is not a separate arrangement for patients registered under the scheme. Aggression management training is arranged by the Practice Manager and provided for all staff as required by way of trainers from a local Mental Health Hospital. The premises have also been inspected by this trainer and recommendations made to ensure staff safety, e.g. panic alarms, room layout etc.
Western Isles Some input from Substance Abuse service
H) Describe any additional training that staff involved in the service have received. Please consider all staff who patients interact with e.g. reception staff, practice manager etc.
Ayrshire & Arran CBS Team GP and Practice Nurse have both undergone Breakaway training.
Borders It is anticipated that GP, practice nurse & security (porters) will require training in management of violent & aggressive patients.
Dumfries & Galloway No additional training
Fife Personal safety training.
Forth Valley No training received
Glasgow All administrative staff have been trained in violence reduction; stress at work and suicide prevention training. We are also offered ongoing individual consultation with our colleagues at Forensic Psychology to "unload" following a challenging/abusive situation. We also have ongoing support from GP IT for systems.
Clyde No additional training
Highland – Argyll & Bute HSCP On occasion, practices providing the DES are offered advice from the local Community Police regarding the layout of the consulting room and changes that may assist with making consultations with violent patients safer.
Lanarkshire No specific training provided
Lothian All staff have received violence and aggression training.
Tayside As described above.
Western Isles
I) Describe the support available for staff involved in the service. E.g. debriefing, mechanisms for raising concerns, access to counselling.
Ayrshire & Arran Nil
Borders Access to occupational health services (including counselling), debriefing sessions with the Associate Medical Director & awareness that issues can be escalated to the Associate Medical Director/Medical Director as appropriate.
Dumfries & Galloway Primary Care team have a good relationship with the practice team providing this service, and if any concerns or guidance required by the doctors or any of the practice staff they would contact Primary Care team for support, and where necessary these would be raised with the Deputy Medical Director.
Fife They can access all services provided by our OHS which includes counselling.
Forth Valley The staff would report any concerns to the Primary Care Manager/Associate Medical Director where appropriate support would be offered.
Glasgow We are a small, tight team and our Lead Clinician and Clinical Director offer support particularly following upsetting and difficult engagement, this is also available following disruptive and abusive incidents. We also regularly review our risk assessments, particularly for our most challenging patients.
Clyde Staff members can speak to the lead GP and Practice Manager regarding any incidents or to raise concerns. Counselling would be available via Occupational Health Services. Police Scotland have a dedicated line for staff to phone to request Police presence.
Highland – Argyll & Bute HSCP No additional support out with the practice.
Lanarkshire Salus occupational health service is available to staff, support from line manager is also available.
Lothian Clinical debriefs prior to all practice sessions with all CBGP staff. Meetings with Clinical Psychologist. Committee meetings - quarterly
Tayside This would be managed by the Lead Salaried GP who is responsible for the service operated under the 2C arrangement.
Western Isles None

Question Three: Accessibility

A) What times does your service operate?
Ayrshire & Arran 12.00pm every Tuesday, with the exception of when the clinician is on annual leave. At all other times a telephone consultation service is available. Messages are left on the answer machine.
Borders This is expected to be one session per fortnight with the times still to be agreed with the contracting practice.
Dumfries & Galloway 0800 hrs to 1800 hrs Monday to Friday
Fife 5pm to 6pm week night s for appointments. Telephone advice 8am to 6pm week days.
Forth Valley Monday – Friday 8am – 6pm
Glasgow Our CBRS Clinic is operational Monday mornings and Thursday mornings from 9.30am to 12 noon. Each clinic is staffed by one CBRS GP and a CBRS Practice Nurse, one member of admin team and 2 security guards at all times.
Clyde The same time as core general practice hours – 8am to 6pm Monday to Friday.
Highland – Argyll & Bute HSCP Between the hours of 8am-6pm though this can be amended within the contract agreement between the GP and patient if the practice providing the service does not have their reception open at 8am, for example.
Lanarkshire Monday evening after 5pm for patients, the associated administration occurs every weekday.
Lothian Wednesday 11AM – 1PM and Friday 10.30AM – 12.30PM
Tayside Within core hours 8am to 6pm, although as described above, actual attendance at the surgery is managed to ensure limited exposure to other members of the public.
Western Isles Appointments arranged In Hours
B) Outside of these times, where can patients receive care? E.g. are they eligible to access out of hours GP?
Ayrshire & Arran Accident and Emergency
Borders Patients will continue to receive care from Out-of-Hours services (with the exception of a home visit) and/or A&E as appropriate.
Dumfries & Galloway Via the Out of Hours Service the same as all other patients, OOH are notified of all DPCS patients registered with the service.
Fife At one of our OOH centres.
Forth Valley OOH Service
Glasgow Patients are advised to attend their nearest A & E or contact NHS 24.
Clyde OOH's , NHS 24, Psychiatry Dept, A&E, Scottish Ambulance Service (as well as Police) are advised at time of acceptance onto the CBR register of the patients details.
Highland – Argyll & Bute HSCP Yes patients can access out of hours out with these times. The NHS Highland and NHSGG&C OOH Hubs are advised when a patient is assigned to the DES and when they are subsequently removed.
Lanarkshire A&E
Lothian A&E-arranged by contacting NHS24. All patients are advised of arrangements in writing when they join the service. All patients have a standard KIS that describes these arrangements.
Tayside As with all patients, access to general medical services in an emergency is available via the OOHs service who are alerted to the patient's inclusion in the scheme as part of the allocation process.
Western Isles
C) While waiting for their first appointment with your service, where are patients expected to receive care?
Ayrshire & Arran Accident and Emergency
Borders They will continue to receive regular medication from the practice they have been removed from until they have been transferred to the Challenging Behaviour Practice. Telephone appointments are available with the OOH (BECS) and A&E as required.
Dumfries & Galloway Prior to first planned appointment arrangements would be made, where appropriate, to be seen at the DPCS practice.
Fife There is usually no delay in them being seen.
Forth Valley DPCS as the patients are assigned to this service immediately
Glasgow As above, all newly registered patients are lettered with their first appointment and a copy of our CBRS protocols which state that we are not an emergency service and outwith appointment times, patient should attend their nearest A & E.
Clyde Patients are deregistered and re-registered at the same time, so no overlap.
Highland – Argyll & Bute HSCP OOH GP; A&E
Lanarkshire If the issues can be dealt with via phone then the GP is able to deal with a range of issues, for example if there was a medication issue the GP could prescribe if there was confirmation from previous GP that the patent was on such medication(s).
Lothian Referring GP Practice or A&E
Tayside Patients are transferred immediately from removing practice to 2C practice operating scheme. If patients require immediate care then the 2C practice will arrange this with the patient direct.
Western Isles N/A
D) Do you offer home visits?
Ayrshire & Arran No
Borders No, the patient would be expected to attend clinics.
Dumfries & Galloway As part of the agreement between the Health Board, practice and patient no home visits are provided.
Fife No
Forth Valley Only in exceptionally circumstances
Glasgow No, we have no facility or budget to offer this, and have only once received a request. Most of our registered CBRS patients are too volatile to allow for home visits.
Clyde No
Highland – Argyll & Bute HSCP No. Home visits are not permitted.
Lanarkshire No
Lothian No
Tayside No. Patients advised to attend A&E if they feel that their need can't wait to be seen within the surgery setting at an agreed time.
Western Isles No
E) What transport arrangements are in place for patients travelling to access your service?
Ayrshire & Arran It would be patients responsibility to manage travel arrangement to service
Borders Patients are expected to make their own way to the clinics.
Dumfries & Galloway No transport arrangements in place.
Fife N/A. We do not reimburse travel expenses.
Forth Valley None. We do not reimburse patient travelling costs.
Glasgow None – please refer to previous answer. There is no mechanism for patients to claim travel expenses.
Clyde Nil. There is no mechanism for patients to claim travel expenses.
Highland – Argyll & Bute HSCP None. Travel expenses not reimbursed.
Lanarkshire Patients have transport costs reimbursed.
Lothian Travel expenses reimbursed.
Tayside Reimbursement of public transport expenses available on request.
Western Isles None. No travel expenses.

Question Four: Return to Mainstream General Practice

A) What is the average length of time that patients are cared for in your service? Do you have time limits or targets?
Ayrshire & Arran Patients should spend no more than 12 months with the service. If there has been no contact with the patient in the first 9 months of their registration they are offered a review visit/assessment prior to discharge but lack of attendance should not be a barrier to them returning to GMS
Borders It is estimated that the patients will remain within the service for a period of 6 to 12 months. They will be re-evaluated after this period although it is acknowledged there will be some patients that will not be able to return to mainstream services.
Dumfries & Galloway Most patients do remain part of DPCS unless their circumstances change and it is considered appropriate that they can register with a main stream practice.
Fife Reviews every six months. Average period 1 year.
Forth Valley Review patient every 6 months – clinical and risk review to decide if patient require to remain on DPCS Patients should be seen at least once a year No upper duration limit – dependent on individual patient circumstances More wide ranging review every three years – justification for continuance e.g. personality disorders Where required, the DPCS GP can attend the GMS Performance Group to present cases where additional input is required.
Glasgow There is no average length of time for any patient, it is based upon a patient's ability and capacity to engage and have a desire to return to mainstream GP Practice.
Clyde Shortest time a patient was on the CBR register was 1 month. Longest patient on CBR register – 10 years (Patients time on the CBR register is greatly influenced by long term prison sentencing). They are taken off the register temporarily whilst in prison. When released they immediately go back onto the register. Our timescales show commencement onto service and when 'stepped off'. Since 2004, the average length of time patient are cared for in the service is 6 years. (Again this figure is skewed by prison sentences). No limits or targets.
Highland – Argyll & Bute HSCP Patients included in the DES are reviewed at 3 monthly interviews. We do not have a time limit for inclusion or return to mainstream GMS as it depends on each individual patient and how their behaviour is progressing.
Lanarkshire Some patients have been in the clinic for a number of years, there are no available data on this.
Lothian No time limits. Target to return the patient to mainstream GP services as soon as possible.
Tayside There are no time limits or targets. Assessment is made by the Lead Salaried GP at the 2C practice. If she feels that the patient has reached a stage that they may be considered for mainstreaming then the Health Board seek advice from any other parties, e.g KeepWell Nurses, who may have been indirectly or directly involved in the patient's care before the HSCP Clinical Lead, Associate Medical Director, Primary Care, an GP Sub Committee are asked to consider and decide on appropriateness of mainstreaming based on information received.
Western Isles 1 Year; half-yearly reviews
B) How does your service attempt to address the underlying issues that led to a patients referral?
Ayrshire & Arran We explore the issues which led them to become involved with the service and treat those conditions that are amenable to such
Borders By identifying the cause of the underlying behaviour & referring to the most appropriate place such as mental health & addition services.
Dumfries & Galloway Often minor disgruntlement in patients with poor coping skills that simply need handling differently.
Fife This is done opportunistically at consultations.
Forth Valley Each patient should have an action plan including medicine review completed at least annually
Glasgow Every newly registered patient is referred to our Team at Forensic Psychology following their 1st GP appointment, this is for a baseline assessment, and this 2 hour appointment is to assess the reason behind the disruptive behaviour which led to referral to CBRS.
Clyde Patient comes onto the service on status of 'Full' where Police presence is required. Once the GP and panel agree that there is more effective engagement with appropriate interaction from patient and further evaluation has taken place, meriting de-scaling, they go onto 'Step Down' – where no Police presence is required.
Highland – Argyll & Bute HSCP The GP Practice should be taking steps to rehabilitate the patient to allow the patient to return to mainstream GMS when appropriate. This is part of the DES.
Lanarkshire Substance misuse and anger management are common issues for referral, patients are referred to relevant services specific to their individual needs.
Lothian Patients challenging behaviour and its cause is addressed in appointments. Referrals to Psychology or Specialist Services as required.
Tayside As with all patients, access to Drug and Alcohol Abuse clinics is available, along with direction to associated services.
Western Isles Left with practice
C) What, if any, steps are taken by your service to rehabilitate patients into mainstream general practice?
Ayrshire & Arran At each appointment reference is made to the patient's pending return to GMS and how they might better relate to mainstream services.
Borders These are still to be established.
Dumfries & Galloway Nothing really. Patients often settle in well at the practice although some (minority) have drug seeking behaviour.
Fife Nothing specific.
Forth Valley If review suggests that patients can be returned to mainstream practice this is supported
Glasgow As above, our Lead Clinician is in regular contact with Forensic Psychology to request further assessments where needed.
Clyde Refer to note above. Quarterly review meetings on each case are discussed and consensus reached on whether patient should remain on 'Full', 'Step Down', or 'Step Off' status.
Highland – Argyll & Bute HSCP As above.
Lanarkshire Patients are able to access a range of services such as counselling etc., the GP who provides the CPS clinic would determine if a patient was stable to return to mainstream general practice.
Lothian Target is to return patients to mainstream GP. Patients regularly reassessed. Patients are offered the opportunity to address circumstances: medical, social or relational that contributed to their challenging behaviour.
Tayside Patients may be placed on a 'Behavioural Contract' which is regularly reviewed by the 2C practice in conjunction with the patient concerned.
Western Isles None
D) How do you determine a patients' readiness to return to mainstream general practice?
Ayrshire & Arran They are assessed over several appointments and the reason for their being referred explored. The return advice is multifactorial but currently sits with an experienced clinician. There is no psychology or psychiatric opinion sought or available.
Borders This will be evaluated by the Patient Risk Panel.
Dumfries & Galloway Once they interact with services normally, they are stable within approximately one year.
Fife GPs running the service are asked to make this decision at the six monthly review.
Forth Valley The patients are reviewed every 6 months
Glasgow Please see above answer, prior to return to mainstream practice, our clinical panel discuss patient's suitability for discharge and patient is again seen by colleagues at Forensic Psychology for a discharge assessment. The results of which are then discussed by the clinical panel and patient is advised accordingly.
Clyde See above.
Highland – Argyll & Bute HSCP The DES GP completes a review form to allow the review panel (Associate Medical Director, Locality Clinical Lead and Primary Care Manager) to consider whether it is appropriate to agree that the patient can return to mainstream GMS.
Lanarkshire This will be specific to individual patients, the GP who provides the CPS clinic uses their clinical judgment on a case by case basis.
Lothian Team assessment of their behaviour and consideration of whether their needs will be met within the current mainstream GP offering.
Tayside As described above.
Western Isles Left with practice
E) Are patients able to return to their previous practice?
Ayrshire & Arran Our protocol dictates that when the patient is reviewed and deemed suitable for discharge where possible we do not allocate the patient to the original referring practice. However due to the geographical nature or Ayrshire & Arran, on occasion the patient will return to their original practice as this is the only practice that covers the patients home address. However there is considerable resistance to this.
Borders Yes, if this is deemed appropriate. Due to the rural nature of the Health Board there is often only one GP practice covering a geographical area.
Dumfries & Galloway Yes as long as their practice list is open and they have continued to live in that catchment area.
Fife No but they will be allocated to a practice local to them when they are discharged.
Forth Valley No (only in exceptional circumstances eg remote / rural practices)
Glasgow Very rarely, if at all does the patient return to their previous practice. More often, patient has moved home since engagement and referral to CBRS. The new mainstream GP is determined by the patient postcode and discussion is agreed with our clinical panel and PSD.
Clyde No, however in smaller more rural practices they may have to return to their own practice but generally they would seek a different medical practice.
Highland – Argyll & Bute HSCP The geography of Argyll and Bute means that in the majority of cases the patient has to return to their previous practice.
Lanarkshire This would be dependent on the original reasons for removal, in general it is unlikely this would be the case.
Lothian Yes unless there has been an extreme serious event leading to the referral, in which case an alternative practice is approached.
Tayside If the patient wishes, the Associate Medical Director, Primary Care will consult with the previous practice but more often than not, given the circumstances of removal, the practice is extremely reluctant, or refuses to have the patient back. However, once patients have been deemed to be able to move back into the community, they are encouraged to register with a practice of their choice or, if experiencing difficulty, to seek allocation via PSD.
Western Isles Occasionally
F) How is the handover process to the receiving practice managed/facilitated?
Ayrshire & Arran Once the patient has been reviewed by the CBS Team GP the GP will advise the patient of his intention to discharge the patient from the service. Following this a Review report is completed by the GP and forwarded to the Primary Care Management Team, who then contact PSD Registration Team to be advised of which practice the patient can be allocated to. Once this process is completed PSD Registration issue a letter to the patient confirming their discharge from the CBS and confirm practice allocation. The receiving practice is also contacted by the Primary Care Management Team and advised of the pending allocation to them of this patient and the CBS review report is shared with them at this time.
Borders There will be a 3 month trial period in which the patient can attend mainstream services. Feedback will be provided to the contracted practice & if any issues arise the patient may return to the Challenging Behaviour Practice (should the Patient Risk Panel agree).
Dumfries & Galloway The practice require to have the Health Board's agreement before a patient is transferred back into a main stream practice. If agreed the practice will notify the agreement to the patient at their next appointment and this will be supported with a letter from the Board to the patient. If the patient falls within the practice area of the DPCS practice they may remain with the practice. If outwith the practice boundary they will be given the options available to them. A notification is sent to all GP practices and the Out of Hours Service to notify them that the patient is no longer part of the DPCS. There is no formal handover process, as patient is now considered mainstream GMS patient however the DPCS GP Lead would be happy to speak to receiving practice GP if requested.
Fife By the Service GP and the new GP liaising.
Forth Valley By Primary Care Contractor Services
Glasgow All of our records are electronic. We use EMIS and Docman and once patient is referred to mainstream GP, Practice Manager letters PSD with a request to deduct patient from CBRS and align to new GP Practice. PSD will then electronically deduct patient's records and these are assigned to new mainstream GP.
Clyde The patient receives their letter at the same time as other patients who have moved practice from PSD. Paper records are transferred as soon as they are received and docman transferred, timescale dependant on removing GP
Highland – Argyll & Bute HSCP We do not generally require a specific handover process.
Lanarkshire This is a clinician to clinician discussion, there can also be other services involved e.g. MAPPA and there would be liaison with a practice in such circumstances.
Lothian A risk assessment is completed. Patients are supported through discussion to know what to expect. Behaviour contracts are sometimes used to support this. Information about the patients is shared with receiving practices when required. Administration team support and deal directly with mainstream practice.
Tayside In all instances, PSD inform the Associate Medical Director, Primary Care of the practice who have accepted registration in order that she may contact the senior partner or Practice Manager, to offer background to the patient. The Lead Salaried GP from the 2C practice is also asked to provide any relevant information to the practice based on their experience of the patient whist registered with them under the scheme.
Western Isles As practices provide the service, usually after being removed from the Violent Patient list, patients continue staying with the practice
G) Is any ongoing monitoring or support provided for the receiving practice?
Advice is given re behavioural contracts – nil else formal.
Borders The 3 month trial period will apply & any additional requirements can be addressed by contacting the Associate Medical Director.
Dumfries & Galloway No ongoing monitoring, the practice would make contact with the Board if any concerns, support would be available if required.
Fife No
Forth Valley Assignment will be for an initial period of six months with the intention that the patient will remain with the practice Both the GP practice and the patient will be notified of the assignment arrangements. If a patient is challenging to manage during this period – the practice should contact PCCS – a further communication will be sent to remind the patient of the possible return to the DPCS. Where a patient demonstrates further episodes of violence and aggression which give cause for concern – patient can be re assigned to the Direct Patient Care Service.
Glasgow Yes, our Lead Clinician can be contacted by the new receiving practice if needed.
Clyde No
Highland – Argyll & Bute HSCP No
Lanarkshire No
Lothian Yes- practices are encouraged to contact CBGP if there are any issues that arise when patient returns to mainstream practice, with the offer that patients can be 'taken back' quickly if required.
Tayside Not directly.
Western Isles

Question Five: Service evaluation

A) What data do you routinely collect about any aspect of your service?
Ayrshire & Arran Current Patient numbers only
Borders None to date. Will aim to monitor the number of violent instances while in the care of the service, length of care, patient numbers etc.
Dumfries & Galloway Number of patients currently accessing care via DPCS.
Fife We have an annual review with the practice.
Forth Valley None
Glasgow We also utilise GP EMIS to collate data on attendance and issue D.N.A. (did not attend) letters to patients who do not keep their appointments. GP EMIS and Docman allow us to receive electronic documents for any patients who attend any A & E departments and this is also recorded on patients electronic records. For severely disruptive patients, and we have a few, we also collect data on the frequency of their calls to CBRS together with the abusive language and disruption they cause.
Clyde Overview of patient attendance done quarterly for discussion at CBR meetings. This involves who is on the scheme; the length of time on the scheme and how many consultations there has been (including telephone consultations).
Highland – Argyll & Bute HSCP None
Lanarkshire Patients registered at the CPS clinic Costs associated with provision of the service
Lothian Number of appointments Number of patients
Tayside The 2C practice is required to provide the Health Board with regular updates, however, there tends to be little information forthcoming until such time as the practice feels that a patient may be ready to be mainstreamed.
Western Isles Only activity data
B) Do you collect any data on subsequent violent behaviour in primary care?
Ayrshire & Arran No
Borders No, we would anticipate further violent occurrences would mean the patient returns to the Challenging Behaviour Practice & therefore data would be collected.
Dumfries & Galloway The Primary Care team manage this service for the Board and would be made aware of any subsequent violent behaviour, annual reviews are undertaken by the DPCS practice to also capture this information and these reviews are considered by the Board.
Fife Not currently.
Forth Valley No
Glasgow Yes – we carry out additional Risk assessments when a CBRS patient causes an incident and record this on our own incident reporting system – Datix.
Clyde No
Highland – Argyll & Bute HSCP No
Lanarkshire No
Lothian No
Tayside No
Western Isles No
C) How do you evaluate your service?
Ayrshire & Arran Ongoing monitoring and team discussions, returns to service are scrutinised and discussed amongst the team
Borders This is still to be established.
Dumfries & Galloway Annual review is undertaken and a summary of this is provided to the Medical Director who is asked to consider and approve the continued provision of care.
Fife As above - we have an annual review with the practice.
Forth Valley The DPCS Practice Criteria was reviewed 2017
Glasgow We carry out an annual review and letter patients who have not attended or engaged with us for 12 months. Often, the reason for non engagement is due to patients being incarcerated with HMP for prolonged periods of time.
Clyde There is no formal evaluation.
Highland – Argyll & Bute HSCP Not required as the number of assignments to the DES are minimal.
Lanarkshire There have been periodic reviews on the service
Lothian This is not done
Tayside No
Western Isles Laissez faire – monitoring complaints
D) Have you undertaken any audits of your service? If so, please provide details and indicate whether you would be willing to share this data.
Ayrshire & Arran On an annual basis we review the patient numbers on the service and run a report highlighting patients who have remained on the service for more than 12 months, and the CBS GP will take a view on whether these patients are now suitable for discharge or require a further 3/ 6 months with the service before consideration for review again.
Borders No
Dumfries & Galloway No
Fife No
Forth Valley No
Glasgow Yes, as above, we carry out an annual clinical governance review. We also, annually carry out and publish an Annual Report – this has not yet been submitted this year to increased volume of new patients and several disruptive and violent incidents, whereby Police intervention has been necessary.
Clyde No
Highland – Argyll & Bute HSCP No
Lanarkshire No specific audits have been undertaken.
Lothian No
Tayside No
Western Isles No
E) Have you evaluated the patient experience of your service? Please provide details.
Ayrshire & Arran We do not currently do this but it may be useful to offer a patient survey to patients when they leave the service?
Borders No
Dumfries & Galloway No
Fife No
Forth Valley No
Glasgow We did previously, but have not carried this out for approx. 14 months.
Clyde No however this is something we would consider.
Highland – Argyll & Bute HSCP No
Lanarkshire The Health and Care Experience Surveys are open to registered patients, during the last survey over 130,000 people responded, we do consider the results of this survey.
Lothian We have not done this
Tayside No
Western Isles No

Question Six: Challenges encountered

A) What are the main challenges your service faces?
Ayrshire & Arran Risk to staff safety at clinic due to no police presence.
Borders One main challenge so far has been location in terms of meeting safe room regulations – both are in a central location. The other is engaging with a practice that is willing to take on the service.
Dumfries & Galloway One or two drug seeking patients who live out with the practice area.
Fife Number of referrals at the highest they have ever been. The practice providing the service is threatening to resign from the LES due to this and we are concerned no one else will pick it up.
Forth Valley Sustainability- Have required to contract with new providers on a number of occasions. Ongoing patient behaviours particularly verbal abuse
  • Patients' reluctance to accept that their own abusive and unruly behaviour was sufficient for them to be assigned to CBRS.
  • Unwillingness to attend and constant abusive phone calls to advise why.
  • Access to this service, given that CBRS has tripled in size this year with a plethora of new patients.
  • Constant swearing and threatening phone calls from newly registered patients who do not want to engage with us.
  • Constant verbal complaints from some patients who feel they should be prescribed opiates and controlled drugs.
  • Refusal to follow protocols and patients arriving at other HSC P sites causing distress and disruption to services, even though they have been engaging at our current site.
  • No notification from HMP when patient is incarcerated, and only brief information received when they are liberated.
Clyde No additional support outside of the Police. Training for staff. A secondary challenge is the turnaround time for panel members to review a new referral. We have a process in place for absences and holiday periods – see below: Decision from receiving a VPR form has to be within 48 hours. If patient taken off the practice register and not accepted onto scheme then they either go back onto the same practice or they can find a practice on their own and/or be noted as a temporary resident. If the decision cannot be agreed within the panel within the 48 hours, then the default position is that we accept the patient onto the Violent Patient register which can later be revoked, if need be, following lengthier discussion. If Chair on annual leave or unavailable then the GP from alternative area from where the patient is resident has the definitive decision e.g. Inverclyde or Renfrewshire. The decision will be based on the majority, however if more than 50% agree then this will stand.
Highland – Argyll & Bute HSCP
  • Remote and rural.
  • Interim DES arrangements being made with the same practice that removed the violent patient
  • Police non-engagement ,on occasion
  • Police availability to attend appointments
Lanarkshire Variation in dealing with different agencies, prisons, lawyers etc. Dealing with abusive patients.
Lothian Increasing number of angry patients. Expectation of referring practices that extremely violent patients will be accepted. Expectation of referring GPs that all referrals will be accepted. Awareness of referring practices that there are steps that they can take with the patients prior to referrals eg Behavioural contracts. Safety of administration team in reception area-registration desk is not fit for purpose. Mismatch between GP duty of care to protect staff from harm/ provide safe working environment and patient need.
Tayside The inability to engage with clinicians willing to support the Health Board to operated the scheme.
Western Isles In Lewis & Harris, unwillingness of practices to participate in the DES
B) If you have received complaints about your service, please provide details about the broad nature of these.
Ayrshire & Arran Some patients unhappy being unable to access the Practice in the same manner they would in a regular GP Practice. Contact only via answering machine. Patient cannot make immediate contact and time frame maximum 48 hours for action on any queries
Borders N/A
Dumfries & Galloway No complaints received
Fife None. One or two teething problems with new patients and medication but usually sorted out in 24 hours.
Forth Valley None that I am aware of
Glasgow We've only received 3 complaints this year about the Service. Rrefusal to accept their behaviour has led them to be registered with CBRS.
Clyde No formal complaints have been received about the service.
Highland – Argyll & Bute HSCP No
Lanarkshire Most complaints are about having to attend the CPS clinic in the first place. Patients also complain about the limited opening time of the CPS clinic.
Lothian Yes. Complaints are taken by the Patient Experience Team – generally about medication not been prescribed at the patients request as the GP and CPN do not believe it is in the patients best interest. A number of patients see the care arrangements as a breach of their human rights. One patient complained that he had not been offered routine care of a long term condition.
Tayside Scheme operates from 2C practice in Dundee only resulting in patients from Perth being required to travel to Dundee to access services.
Western Isles

Question Seven: Broader perspectives on challenging behaviour services

A) Why do you think some patients are violent in GP settings?
Ayrshire & Arran Frustration in obtaining appointments GP Practice not meeting patients expectation of what the GP can provide for them Drug and Alcohol Misuse Mental Health Crisis
Borders From the patient contacts we have experienced it can be for a number of reasons including (but not exclusively):
  • Frustrated at a clinical/healthcare professional not prescribing drugs that the patient is looking for;
  • Frustrated that the clinician/healthcare professional is not giving the specific care that the patient wants;
  • Viewing the clinician as another member of the establishment/government & has a pre-set agenda to cause disruption;
  • Either not understanding or willing to believe their diagnosis/situation.
Dumfries & Galloway All about how patient is handled ie no point in making patients wait for prescriptions/refuse sick lines when clearly its required.
Fife Some have drug dependencies and are unhappy if they are not prescribed the drugs they are requesting. This is our most common reason for violence.
Glasgow Largely personality disorder, alcohol/drug addiction or mental health issues, or patient's threatening GP staff when drug seeking.
Forth Valley Multi-factorial and relates to behaviours in other settings
Clyde Unreasonable expectations by the patient. Poor interaction and social skills, coupled with an addiction whether it is alcohol or drug related.
Highland – Argyll & Bute HSCP Patients:
  • Not getting the medication they want
  • Breakdown of GP/Patient relationship
Lanarkshire Challenging behaviour has a variety of causes, including illness. Common issues related to patient behaviour can be linked to substance misuse, intoxication etc. Some patients may also have mental health issues in addition to a physical problems.
Lothian They feel they are not being listened to or getting their needs met. They feel let down. Most patients have complex psycho-social needs. Lack of services to meet needs of patients with complex problems- eg lack of Personality Disorder service. Lack of service for provision of addiction services in secure setting.
Tayside Drug and alcohol abusers who are in a general violent and aggressive state – particularly when seeking medication.
Western Isles Frustration at not getting their way
B) What sort of patients are typically violent?
Ayrshire & Arran Many of our patients have chaotic lifestyles and due to this have limited access to support, resulting in undiagnosed mental health issues and increased substance misuse.
Borders Those with mental health & addictive conditions.
Dumfries & Galloway Drug users/ex prison. Physical violence very minimal more verbally violent.
Fife Those with either drug dependencies or mental health problems.
Forth Valley Patients with metal health and particularly forensic and substance issues
Glasgow See above – both male and female patients fit this category. From 01/04/2014, there have been a total of 22 female patients assigned to the CBRS Clinic, and a total of 321 male patients assigned to CBRS Clinic.
Clyde As above and generally fall into the category of young males 20 – 30.
Highland – Argyll & Bute HSCP Patients with:
  • Mental Health issues
  • Addiction issues
  • Anger management issues
Lanarkshire The majority of patients in the CPS service are male, aged between 22 – 54 years of age.
Lothian Patients with low relational capital. Patients who feel powerless. Patients who interact with services when they are intoxicated. Patients whose needs are not met by existing services. Patients with anger and/or multiple trauma history or complex PTSD.
Tayside Drug and alcohol abusers.
Western Isles Substance abuse – patients are often "known" – small communities
C) What do you think the role of your service is?
Ayrshire & Arran To provide General Medical Services to patients who are unsuitable for mainstream GMS Practice with a view to providing support and ongoing referral to appropriate services for the patient until they are able to return to and integrate back into mainstream primary care. We enable, understand, de-escalate and provide treatment in a secure environment.
Borders To provide a well organised/safe space to enable clinicians to provide primary medical services to patients that are unable to engage with mainstream services.
Dumfries & Galloway Make the patient realise the world and medical services are not against them. Patient safety, and safety of the practice team.
Fife To provide GMS without prejudice to patients unsafe to be seen in a routine general practice environment.
Forth Valley Provision of GMS particularly prescribing and support for lifestyle change
Glasgow To rehabilitate patients in a place of trust, easy to access and a place of safety – with additional referral to services which the individual patient may need access to.
Clyde To be able to provide a service to the patient in a safe setting, and in a controlled environment. At all times, ensuring the protection of the GP, workforce and patients.
Highland – Argyll & Bute HSCP Rehabilitation of patients.
Lanarkshire The CPS clinic is provided under the Primary Medical Services (Directed Enhanced Services) (Scotland) Directions, these Directions place a legal obligation on NHS Boards to provide primary medical services to patients who have been removed from their mainstream GP practice, primarily because of violence/aggression.
Lothian To offer primary care services to patients who can not be managed within the mainstream GP service. Rehabilitation of patient into mainstream GP services.
Tayside To ensure safe, adequate access to general medical services and to aim to rehabilitate patients into society where possible.
Western Isles To provide access to General Medical Services
D) What does your service try to achieve?
Ayrshire & Arran Our service tries to provide the highest quality of primary care within a safe and secure environment to patients unsuitable for General Medical Services.
Borders The service is trying to establish the underlying reason that the patient is not able to cope within mainstream services & develop a plan for them to return.
Dumfries & Galloway Make the person feel treated normally with respect whatever is wrong and not label patient as a trouble maker.
Fife Good care, and rehabilitation.
Forth Valley Ongoing access to GMS . Protection of primary care workforce
Glasgow Rehabilitation back to mainstream GP Practice, and addressing issues patient presents with – anger issues; abandonment issues; drug seeking behaviour; criminal activity; personality disorder.
Clyde We try to achieve rehabilitation of the patient back into standard GMS service.
Highland – Argyll & Bute HSCP Successful rehabilitation of patients. Safer environment for Practice staff and GPs
Lanarkshire The service tries to achieve meeting the requirements as set out in the Primary Medical Services (Directed Enhanced Services) (Scotland) Directions.
Lothian To provide care / more time / understanding to patients with complex and difficult to manage needs.
Tayside A safe and secure environment for patient to be seen and where their service needs can be addressed.
Western Isles To provide access to General Medical Services



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