Scottish farm business income: annual estimates 2021-2022

Farm business level estimates of average incomes for 2021-2022. A National Statistics publication for Scotland.

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Dairy income highest in last ten years

Average dairy income was estimated at £162,100, its highest value over the last ten years.

Average milk price increased in 2021-22, contributing to much higher dairy incomes despite a decrease in average yield. Output from milk and milk products increased by £73,500, or 13%. Output from cattle also increased by £27,800, or 37%.

Figure 2: Average Farm Business Income for dairy farms, 2012‑13 to 2021‑22

A line graph showing the farm income of dairy farms over time, compared to all farms.

Dairy performance has varied a lot in the last ten years. Dairy farms are sensitive to market prices and experience fluctuating performance.

Dairy farms have a high average income compared to other farm types. However, while some dairy farms make large incomes, others will make a loss. They also have the largest average business size. The average standard labour requirement (SLR) for a dairy farm is 8, compared to an average of 3 across all farm types.



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