Coronavirus (COVID-19): mental health tracker study - wave 1 report

Findings of wave 1 of the Scottish COVID-19 (SCOVID) Mental Health Tracker Study based on questionnaire data collected between 28 May and 21 June 2020 (a period which coincided with the Phase 1 easing of lockdown measures).

This document is part of a collection


2. Sample and Respondent Characteristics

A total of 2604 respondents took part in the Wave 1 SCOVID Mental Health Tracker Study, however as previously stated, the results are weighted to reflect the Scottish population and thus reports on 2514 respondents. See Table 2.1 for weighted sample characteristics. The weighted sample was 51.8% women (sex assigned at birth) and 23.4% were aged 18–29 years, with 46.8% and 29.8% aged 30-59 and 60+ years. The majority of the sample was White (95.1%) and over half of the respondents (57.7%) were married or living with a partner and the majority were heterosexual (89.8%). Around half the sample had a HNC/D or degree level education (48.9%), and over half the sample was in the higher (A, B, C1) socioeconomic groups (SEG) (61.0%). Respondents were recruited from across Scotland providing representation from all of the NHS health boards, and from rural and urban communities (Table E in the annex). Over three quarters of the sample (78.6%) lived in urban areas, which is slightly lower than the 83.0% reported by the Office of National Statistics (ONS, 2018).

Table 2.1. Demographic characteristics of sample, weighted* (n= 2514)
Characteristic
Age group, years 18-29 % 30-59 % 60+ % Total %
Sexa
Men 51.6 46.7 48.2 48.2
Women 48.4 53.3 51.8 51.8
Ethnicity
White 89.3 95.1 99.6 95.1
Asian 5.1 2.9 0.1 2.6
Black 3.2 0.7 0.0 1.1
Mixed 1.9 0.8 0.1 0.8
Other/prefer not to say 0.5 0.6 0.1 0.4
Relationship status
Married/living with partner 35.2 64.6 64.9 57.7
Single 60.8 25.7 11.7 29.7
Separated/ divorced/widowed 0.3 9.4 23.3 11.5
Other/prefer not to say 3.7 0.3 0.1 1.1
Sexuality
Heterosexual 80.1 90.1 96.6 89.8
Gay or bisexual 15.8 8.6 2.7 8.5
Other/prefer not to say 4.1 1.3 0.7 1.7
Highest Qualification
No Qualifications 8.5 8.3 32.9 15.7
Secondary school education (standard grades/ National 5's/ Highers/ A levels) 38.7 38.3 27.1 35.0
HNC/D or Degree/prof or other 52.5 53.1 39.3 48.9
Other 0.3 0.3 0.7 0.4
Employment status
Employed 50.8 74.2 20.1 52.6
Unemployed 14.3 12.7 3.9 10.5
Other (retired, education, homemaker) 34.9 13.1 76.0 36.9
Key worker role 24.3 27.8 5.6 20.4
Carer role 15.6 19.3 15.0 17.1
Socioeconomic grouping c
High 53.7 64.5 61.1 61.0
Low 46.3 35.5 38.9 39.0
Tenure
Own (including with mortgage) 35.2 64.7 78.5 61.9
Private rent 31.8 12.1 5.1 14.6
Council rent 18.5 20.6 14.0 18.2
Other 14.5 2.5 2.4 5.3
Property type
House 60.8 69.1 77.5 69.7
Room in shared house 1.0 0.2 - 0.3
Apartment or flat in block 36.1 29.5 20.1 28.2
Student Halls 1.4 - - 0.3
Residential home 0.7 0.9 0.5 0.7
Other - 0.3 1.9 0.7

Note:*data are weighted to more accurately reflect the Scottish population a n=2499, b Unpaid caring responsibilities, c categories A,B,C1= high socioeconomic; categories C2, D, E= low socioeconomic.

The findings within this report highlight differences in mental health and wellbeing according to different subgroups, which are outlined in Table 2.2. Descriptions of these subgroups are included in section 1 in the annex.

Table 2.2. Breakdown of sample (n=2514) by the different grouping variables used in the main analysis
Grouping variable %
Gender a Men 48.8
Women 51.5
Age 18-29 years 23.4
30-59 years 46.8
60+ years 29.8
Ethnicity White 95.1
BAME b 4.9
Socioeconomic group c Lower half 39.0
Higher half 61.0
Pre-existing mental health condition d No MH 86.9
Yes MH 13.1
Rural vs. Urban Rural 21.4
Urban 78.6)
Unpaid carer: any e No 82.4
Yes 17.0
Unpaid carer: 5+ hours week No 88.7
Yes 10.6
Key worker No 79.6
Yes 20.4
Change of working status f No 51.4
Yes 48.6
High risk g No 78.1
Yes 21.6
Shielding h No 92.8
Yes 6.6
Live alone No 77.5
Yes 22.5
Dependents under 5 years No 91.2
Yes 8.8
Dependents under 16 years No 75.2
Yes 24.8

a Gender= gender assigned at birth, b BAME = Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic groups, c Socioeconomic group (SEG) Lower SEG i.e. C2 Skilled manual occupations, DE Semi-skilled & unskilled manual occupations, Unemployed and lowest grade occupations. Higher SEG i.e. AB Higher & intermediate managerial, administrative, professional occupations, C1 Supervisory, clerical & junior managerial, administrative, professional occupations, d any pre-existing mental health condition (e.g., depression, anxiety, OCD, PTSD) No MH = no pre-existing mental health condition Yes MH = pre-existing mental health condition, e Unpaid caring responsibilities including any regular help or support to family members, friends, neighbours or others because of either long-term physical, mental ill-health, disability, or old age, f Working from home, furloughed, reduction in paid employment, gIncludes aged 70+ and underlying health condition, h Received a shielding letter from the government

Contact

Email: Social_Research@gov.scot

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