Publication - Research and analysis

Scottish COVID-19 Mental Health Tracker Study: Wave 4 Report

Wave 4 findings (data collected between 4 February and 9 March 2021.) indicate that young adults, women, people with physical and/or mental health conditions, and people in a lower socio-economic group are more likely to report experiencing poor mental health.

Scottish COVID-19 Mental Health Tracker Study: Wave 4 Report
Annex 2: Descriptive analysis of data with weights on and weights off

Annex 2: Descriptive analysis of data with weights on and weights off

Table H1: Weights on percentages of cut-offs for mental health and wellbeing indicators for each subgroup for Waves 1 to Wave 4
Characteristic Depressive symptoms Anxiety symptoms GHQ-12 cut off Suicidal thoughts
Sex*Age
Women 18-29 Wave 1: 50.2% Wave 1: 44.2% Wave 1: 51.0% Wave 1: 14.9%
Wave 2: 40.8% Wave 2: 41.6% Wave 2: 49.4% Wave 2: 17.9%
Wave 3: 40.1% Wave 3: 37.5% Wave 3: 49.1% Wave 3: 22.5%
Wave 4: 53.6% Wave 4: 45.3% Wave 4: 50.6% Wave 4: 32.9%
Women 30-59 Wave 1: 30.1% Wave 1: 24.6% Wave 1: 39.5% Wave 1: 13.4%
Wave 2: 27.3% Wave 2: 22.8% Wave 2: 35.8% Wave 2: 15.3%
Wave 3: 27.1% Wave 3: 22.8% Wave 3: 37.3% Wave 3: 12.4%
Wave 4: 29.9% Wave 4: 19.4% Wave 4: 35.5% Wave 4: 13.9%
Women 60+ Wave 1: 11.2% Wave 1: 5.9% Wave 1: 26.9% Wave 1: 1.5%
Wave 2: 11.0% Wave 2: 7.6% Wave 2: 21.0% Wave 2: 3.0%
Wave 3: 13.9% Wave 3: 8.8% Wave 3: 21.0% Wave 3: 1.0%
Wave 4: 13.2% Wave 4: 8.5% Wave 4: 21.7% Wave 4: 0.7%
Men 18-29 Wave 1: 5.6% Wave 1: 1.5% Wave 1: 7.2% Wave 1: 41.6%
Wave 2: 26.6% Wave 2: 3.4% Wave 2: 4.1% Wave 2: 4.3%
Wave 3: 26.6% Wave 3: 1.5% Wave 3: 5.6% Wave 3: 3.4%
Wave 4: 23.3% Wave 4: 3.4% Wave 4: 7.5% Wave 4: 4.1%
Men 30-59 Wave 1: 16.1% Wave 1: 10.7% Wave 1: 23.5% Wave 1: 10.3%
Wave 2: 20.1% Wave 2: 11.2% Wave 2: 24.5% Wave 2: 15.3%
Wave 3: 15.6% Wave 3: 10.0% Wave 3: 29.1% Wave 3: 9.3%
Wave 4: 23.6% Wave 4: 10.9% Wave 4: 24.9% Wave 4: 14.2%
Men 60+ Wave 1: 11.7% Wave 1: 11.7% Wave 1: 17.8% Wave 1: 2.2%
Wave 2: 13.1% Wave 2: 8.7% Wave 2: 15.3% Wave 2: 5.3%
Wave 3: 9.6% Wave 3: 10.1% Wave 3: 18.3% Wave 3: 2.9%
Wave 4: 12.8% Wave 4: 9.5% Wave 4: 18.3% Wave 4: 4.0%
Mental health condition
No Wave 1: 14.0% Wave 1: 9.7% Wave 1: 23.1% Wave 1: 5.7%
Wave 2: 16.5% Wave 2: 10.7% Wave 2: 20.7% Wave 2: 11.9%
Wave 3: 14.0% Wave 3: 9.7% Wave 3: 22.2% Wave 3: 5.5%
Wave 4: 18.7% Wave 4: 9.9% Wave 4: 23.6% Wave 4: 8.5%
Yes Wave 1: 63.6% Wave 1: 57% Wave 1: 63.6% Wave 1: 25.8%
Wave 2: 59.7% Wave 2: 46.3% Wave 2: 59.4% Wave 2: 36.0%
Wave 3: 66.6% Wave 3: 49.7% Wave 3: 64.2% Wave 3: 31.9%
Wave 4: 65.7% Wave 4: 49.7% Wave 4: 48.1% Wave 4: 31.1%
Table H1 continued: Weights on percentages of cut-offs for mental health and wellbeing indicators for each subgroup for Waves 1 to Wave 4
Characteristic Depressive symptoms Anxiety symptoms GHQ-12 cut off Suicidal thoughts
SEG
High Wave 1: 20.0% Wave 1: 15.0% Wave 1: 26.9% Wave 1: 6.5%
Wave 2: 21.2% Wave 2: 12.9% Wave 2: 23.8% Wave 2: 12.6%
Wave 3: 21.2% Wave 3: 13.7% Wave 3: 26.3% Wave 3: 8.9%
Wave 4: 21.1% Wave 4: 13.1% Wave 4: 27.0% Wave 4: 11.0%
Low Wave 1: 22.0% Wave 1: 18.2% Wave 1: 32.1% Wave 1: 11.6%
Wave 2: 24.4% Wave 2: 20.5% Wave 2: 29.9% Wave 1: 19.6%
Wave 3: 20.8% Wave 3: 17.5% Wave 3: 30.8% Wave 2: 8.1%
Wave 4: 32.6% Wave 4: 19.5% Wave 4: 26.6% Wave 3: 11.4%
Rural v urban
Rural Wave 1: 22.6% Wave 1: 18.4% Wave 1: 32.9% Wave 1: 6.8%
Wave 2: 24.9% Wave 2: 18.0% Wave 2: 29.7% Wave 2: 10.9%
Wave 3: 19.5% Wave 3: 17.5% Wave 3: 37.2% Wave 3: 5.2%
Wave 4: 30.1% Wave 4: 15.1% Wave 4: 32.4% Wave 4: 7.7%
Urban Wave 1: 20.1% Wave 1: 15.5% Wave 1: 27.6% Wave 1: 8.6%
Wave 2: 21.6% Wave 2: 14.8% Wave 2: 24.9% Wave 2: 16%
Wave 3: 21.5% Wave 3: 14.4% Wave 3: 25.4% Wave 3: 9.5%
Wave 4: 23.7% Wave 4: 15.3% Wave 4: 25.4% Wave 4: 12.0%
Physical health Condition
No Wave 1: 16.7% Wave 1: 13.4% Wave 1: 25.1% Wave 1: 7.2%
Wave 2: 18.8% Wave 2: 12.5% Wave 2: 22.5% Wave 2: 14.3%
Wave 3: 18.2% Wave 3: 12.4% Wave 3: 24.0% Wave 3: 8.3%
Wave 4: 21.9% Wave 4: 12.5% Wave 4: 24.2% Wave 4: 11.0%
Yes Wave 1: 36.3% Wave 1: 26.9% Wave 1: 42.4% Wave 1: 12.2%
Wave 2: 36.1% Wave 2: 27.3% Wave 2: 39.5% Wave 2: 17.3%
Wave 3: 32.7% Wave 3: 25.5% Wave 3: 42.9% Wave 3: 10.0%
Wave 4: 37.7% Wave 4: 26.1% Wave 4: 37.5% Wave 4: 11.8%
Carer
Not a carer Wave 1: 18.9% Wave 1: 14.7% Wave 1: 25.5% Wave 1: 8.1%
Wave 2: 21.3% Wave 2: 14.5% Wave 2: 23.2% Wave 2: 15.4%
Wave 3: 21.0% Wave 3: 13.6% Wave 3: 26.2% Wave 3: 8.4%
Wave 4: 24.3% Wave 4: 14.7% Wave 4: 25.3% Wave 4: 11.3%
Carer Wave 1: 30.2% Wave 1: 23.9% Wave 1: 46.8% Wave 1: 8.6%
Wave 2: 28.4% Wave 2: 21.8% Wave 2: 41.4% Wave 2: 13%
Wave 3: 22.5% Wave 3: 21.8% Wave 3: 37.2% Wave 3: 10.5%
Wave 4: 28.4% Wave 4: 18.9% Wave 4: 36.2% Wave 4: 10.5%
Table H1 continued: Weights on percentages of cut-offs for mental health and wellbeing indicators for each subgroup for Waves 1 to Wave 4
Characteristic Depressive symptoms Anxiety symptoms GHQ-12 cut off Suicidal thoughts
Key worker
Not a key worker Wave 1: 20.2% Wave 1: 15.4% Wave 1: 28.5% Wave 1: 7.7%
Wave 2: 19.2% Wave 2: 15.0% Wave 2: 26.5% Wave 2: 12.8%
Wave 3: 19.1% Wave 3: 14.8% Wave 3: 27.9% Wave 3: 8.4%
Wave 4: 24.9% Wave 4: 14.9% Wave 4: 26.9% Wave 4: 10.0%
Key worker Wave 1: 22.0% Wave 1: 18.2% Wave 1: 29.4% Wave 1: 10.1%
Wave 2: 32.3% Wave 2: 17.0% Wave 2: 24.0% Wave 2: 21.8%
Wave 3: 27.4% Wave 3: 15.6% Wave 3: 27.6% Wave 3: 9.4%
Wave 4: 25.4% Wave 4: 16.5% Wave 4: 26.9% Wave 4: 15.0%
Live alone
Don't live alone Wave 1: 21.5% Wave 1: 16.9% Wave 1: 30.3% Wave 1: 8.1%
Wave 2: 22.9% Wave 2: 16.4% Wave 2: 27.9% Wave 2: 17.3%
Wave 3: 22.5% Wave 3: 15.3% Wave 3: 28.5% Wave 3: 9.2%
Wave 4: 25.9% Wave 4: 15.9% Wave 4: 27.4% Wave 4: 12.1%
Live alone Wave 1: 17.9% Wave 1: 13.8% Wave 1: 24.2% Wave 1: 8.5%
Wave 2: 20.4% Wave 2: 12.7% Wave 2: 19.7% Wave 2: 7.6%
Wave 3: 16.6% Wave 3: 14.1% Wave 3: 25.7% Wave 3: 6.9%
Wave 4: 22.4% Wave 4: 13.3% Wave 4: 25.3% Wave 4: 8.1%
Dependents
No dependents <16 Wave 1: 19.6% Wave 1: 15.8% Wave 1: 28.4% Wave 1: 7.6%
Wave 2: 23.0% Wave 2: 15.3% Wave 2: 25.5% Wave 2: 15.9%
Wave 3: 19.8% Wave 3: 15.0% Wave 3: 26.2% Wave 3: 6.9%
Wave 4: 24.7% Wave 4: 14.3% Wave 4: 25.4% Wave 4: 9.6%
Dependents <16 Wave 1: 24.1% Wave 1: 16.9% Wave 1: 29.8% Wave 1: 10.5%
Wave 2: 19.9% Wave 2: 16% Wave 2: 27.1% Wave 2: 11.6%
Wave 3: 25.5% Wave 3: 15.1% Wave 3: 33.1% Wave 3: 14.3%
Wave 4: 26.0% Wave 4: 18.5% Wave 4: 31.8% Wave 4: 16.4%
Table H2: Weights off percentages of cut-offs for mental health and wellbeing indicators for each subgroup for Wave 1 to Wave 4
Characteristic Depressive symptoms Anxiety symptoms GHQ-12 cut off Suicidal thoughts
Sex*Age
Women 18-29 Wave 1: 47.4% Wave 1: 39.5% Wave 1: 51.4% Wave 1: 17.6%
Wave 2: 44.7% Wave 2: 34.2% Wave 2: 44.7% Wave 2: 17.1%
Wave 3: 44.7% Wave 3: 36.8% Wave 3: 44.7% Wave 3: 22.2%
Wave 4: 50.0% Wave 4: 36.8% Wave 4: 47.4% Wave 4: 27.0%
Women 30-59 Wave 1: 26.8% Wave 1: 21.3% Wave 1: 37.9% Wave 1: 8.9%
Wave 2: 24.8% Wave 2: 18.5% Wave 2: 32.7% Wave 2: 11%
Wave 3: 24.8% Wave 3: 20.1% Wave 3: 36.6% Wave 3: 11.6%
Wave 4: 28.3% Wave 4: 16.9% Wave 4: 34.3% Wave 4: 11.6%
Women 60+ Wave 1: 12.3% Wave 1: 5.6% Wave 1: 28.3% Wave 1: 2.3%
Wave 2: 14.0% Wave 2: 8.4% Wave 2: 23.5% Wave 2: 4.6%
Wave 3: 16.2% Wave 3: 8.4% Wave 3: 25.1% Wave 3: 1.7%
Wave 4: 13.4% Wave 4: 6.1% Wave 4: 22.3% Wave 4: 1.1%
Men 18-29 Wave 1: 16.7% Wave 1: 5.6% Wave 1: 18.8% Wave 1: 11.8%
Wave 2: 22.2% Wave 2: 11.1% Wave 2: 11.1% Wave 2: 22.2%
Wave 3: 22.2% Wave 3: 5.6% Wave 3: 16.7% Wave 3: 11.8%
Wave 4: 22.2% Wave 4: 11.1% Wave 4: 22.2% Wave 4: 11.8%
Men 30-59 Wave 1: 14.7% Wave 1: 9.5% Wave 1: 23.2% Wave 1: 8.1%
Wave 2: 16.7% Wave 2: 12.3% Wave 2: 23.0% Wave 2: 13.4%
Wave 3: 15.9% Wave 3: 10.3% Wave 3: 26.2% Wave 3: 9.7%
Wave 4: 19.8% Wave 4: 10.7% Wave 4: 25.0% Wave 4: 11.8%
Men 60+ Wave 1: 7.9% Wave 1: 7.1% Wave 1: 15.6% Wave 1: 1.8%
Wave 2: 8.6% Wave 2: 5.4% Wave 2: 15.7% Wave 2: 3.3%
Wave 3: 6.8% Wave 3: 6.4% Wave 3: 16.4% Wave 3: 2.6%
Wave 4: 8.9% Wave 4: 5.7% Wave 4: 18.2% Wave 4: 1.8%
Table H2 continued: Weights off percentages of cut-offs for mental health and wellbeing indicators for each subgroup for Wave 1 to Wave 4
Characteristic Depressive symptoms Anxiety symptoms GHQ-12 cut off Suicidal thoughts
Mental health condition
No Wave 1: 11.6% Wave 1: 7.5% Wave 1: 22.3% Wave 1: 4.4%
Wave 2: 12.2% Wave 2: 8.7% Wave 2: 20.2% Wave 2: 6.4%
Wave 3: 11.9% Wave 3: 8.5% Wave 3: 22.4% Wave 3: 5.7%
Wave 4: 14.1% Wave 4: 7.7% Wave 4: 23.1% Wave 4: 6.3%
Yes Wave 1: 59.8% Wave 1: 51.4% Wave 1: 62.6% Wave 1: 19.6%
Wave 2: 58.9% Wave 2: 40.2% Wave 2: 57.0% Wave 2: 30.3%
Wave 3: 58.9% Wave 3: 43.9% Wave 3: 60.7% Wave 3: 22.8%
Wave 4: 60.7% Wave 4: 40.2% Wave 4: 48.6% Wave 4: 20.6%
SEG
High Wave 1: 15.4% Wave 1: 11.1% Wave 1: 25.8% Wave 1: 4.7%
Wave 2: 15.2% Wave 2: 10.8% Wave 2: 23.4% Wave 2: 7.5%
Wave 3: 15.4% Wave 3: 11.5% Wave 3: 25.2% Wave 3: 6.9%
Wave 4: 17.3% Wave 4: 9.9% Wave 4: 24.9% Wave 4: 7.3%
Low Wave 1: 19.6% Wave 1: 14.4% Wave 1: 28.0% Wave 1: 8.6%
Wave 2: 21.5% Wave 2: 14.7% Wave 2: 25.6% Wave 2: 11.7%
Wave 3: 20.2% Wave 3: 13.8% Wave 3: 29.2% Wave 3: 8.2%
Wave 4: 22.8% Wave 4: 13.8% Wave 4: 27.6% Wave 4: 8.4%
Rural v urban
Rural Wave 1: 14.1% Wave 1: 11.0% Wave 1: 24.8% Wave 1: 4.4%
Wave 2: 16.5% Wave 2: 11.0% Wave 2: 22.7% Wave 2: 7.6%
Wave 3: 14.1% Wave 3: 11.4% Wave 3: 28.6% Wave 3: 4.5%
Wave 4: 19.2% Wave 4: 8.6% Wave 4: 24.3% Wave 4: 4.5%
Urban Wave 1: 17.5% Wave 1: 12.5% Wave 1: 27.1% Wave 1: 6.4%
Wave 2: 17.3% Wave 2: 12.4% Wave 2: 24.5% Wave 2: 9.1%
Wave 3: 17.7% Wave 3: 12.5% Wave 3: 25.7% Wave 3: 8.2%
Wave 4: 18.9% Wave 4: 11.9% Wave 4: 26.2% Wave 4: 8.7%
Physical health Condition
No Wave 1: 13.3% Wave 1: 10.3% Wave 1: 24.2% Wave 1: 5.5%
Wave 2: 13.8% Wave 2: 9.9% Wave 2: 21.6% Wave 2: 7.9%
Wave 3: 14.2% Wave 3: 10.7% Wave 3: 23.5% Wave 3: 7.3%
Wave 4: 16.0% Wave 4: 9.4% Wave 4: 23.2% Wave 4: 7.7%
Yes Wave 1: 28.3% Wave 1: 18.6% Wave 1: 34.3% Wave 1: 7.2%
Wave 2: 28.8% Wave 2: 19.5% Wave 2: 32.7% Wave 2: 11.8%
Wave 3: 26.1% Wave 3: 17.7% Wave 3: 36.7% Wave 3: 7.1%
Wave 4: 29.6% Wave 4: 16.8% Wave 4: 34.5% Wave 4: 7.4%
Table H2 continued: Weights off percentages of cut-offs for mental health and wellbeing indicators for each subgroup for Wave 1 to Wave 4
Characteristic Depressive symptoms Anxiety symptoms GHQ-12 cut off Suicidal thoughts
Carer
Not a carer Wave 1: 15.5% Wave 1: 11.2% Wave 1: 24.4% Wave 1: 5.5%
Wave 2: 15.5% Wave 2: 10.9% Wave 2: 22.4% Wave 2: 8.1%
Wave 3: 16.3% Wave 3: 11.2% Wave 3: 25.1% Wave 3: 6.9%
Wave 4: 17.7% Wave 4: 10.0% Wave 4: 24.6% Wave 4: 7.4%
Carer Wave 1: 22.9% Wave 1: 16.9% Wave 1: 37.8% Wave 1: 7.5%
Wave 2: 25.9% Wave 2: 18.1% Wave 2: 33.1% Wave 2: 12.4%
Wave 3: 20.5% Wave 3: 16.9% Wave 3: 33.1% Wave 3: 9.9%
Wave 4: 25.3% Wave 4: 16.3% Wave 4: 31.9% Wave 4: 9.4%
Key worker
Not a key worker Wave 1: 15.1% Wave 1: 11.1% Wave 1: 25.8% Wave 1: 5.1%
Wave 2: 15.4% Wave 2: 11.0% Wave 2: 22.8% Wave 2: 7.4%
Wave 3: 15.3% Wave 3: 11.1% Wave 3: 24.8% Wave 3: 6.6%
Wave 4: 17.2% Wave 4: 9.8% Wave 4: 24.3% Wave 4: 5.9%
Key worker Wave 1: 23.4% Wave 1: 16.7% Wave 1: 29.7% Wave 1: 9.5%
Wave 2: 24.5% Wave 2: 16.7% Wave 2: 29.7% Wave 2: 14.4%
Wave 3: 23.4% Wave 3: 17.2% Wave 3: 33.3% Wave 3: 10.2%
Wave 4: 26.6% Wave 4: 16.7% Wave 4: 31.8% Wave 4: 15.4%
Live alone
Don't live alone Wave 1: 16.3% Wave 1: 12.7% Wave 1: 27.4% Wave 1: 5.4%
Wave 2: 16.7% Wave 2: 12.6% Wave 2: 24.8% Wave 2: 9.1%
Wave 3: 16.5% Wave 3: 12.6% Wave 3: 26.6% Wave 3: 7.2%
Wave 4: 18.7% Wave 4: 11.5% Wave 4: 25.7% Wave 4: 7.9%
Live alone Wave 1: 17.6% Wave 1: 10.2% Wave 1: 23.8% Wave 1: 7.5%
Wave 2: 18.4% Wave 2: 10.2% Wave 2: 21.6% Wave 2: 7.5%
Wave 3: 18.0% Wave 3: 11.0% Wave 3: 25.7% Wave 3: 7.6%
Wave 4: 20.0% Wave 4: 9.8% Wave 4: 25.7% Wave 4: 6.7%
Dependents
No dependents <16 Wave 1: 15.3% Wave 1: 11.2% Wave 1: 24.9% Wave 1: 5.1%
Wave 2: 16.3% Wave 2: 10.8% Wave 2: 22.9% Wave 2: 7.6%
Wave 3: 15.3% Wave 3: 11.3% Wave 3: 24.6% Wave 3: 5.9%
Wave 4: 17.4% Wave 4: 9.6% Wave 4: 24.0% Wave 4: 6.0%
Dependents <16 Wave 1: 21.9% Wave 1: 15.9% Wave 1: 33.3% Wave 1: 9.3%
Wave 2: 20.4% Wave 2: 16.9% Wave 2: 28.9% Wave 2: 13.4%
Wave 3: 22.9% Wave 3: 15.9% Wave 3: 33.8% Wave 3: 13.0%
Wave 4: 25.4% Wave 4: 16.9% Wave 4: 32.8% Wave 4: 14.7%
Table I1: Weights on means for primary mental health and wellbeing variables for each subgroup for Wave 1 to Wave 4
Characteristic Wellbeing Loneliness Defeat Entrapment
Sex*Age
Women 18-29 Wave 1: 19.21 Wave 1: 5.74 Wave 1: 5.9 Wave 1: 6.03
Wave 2: 19.88 Wave 2: 5.69 Wave 2: 5.91 Wave 2: 5.21
Wave 3: 18.62 Wave 3: 5.35 Wave 3: 5.97 Wave 3: 5.77
Wave 4: 18.60 Wave 4: 5.42 Wave 4: 6.97 Wave 4: 7.40
Women 30-59 Wave 1: 20.51 Wave 1: 5.23 Wave 1: 4.98 Wave 1: 4.60
Wave 2: 20.95 Wave 2: 4.90 Wave 2: 4.88 Wave 2: 4.12
Wave 3: 20.33 Wave 3: 5.03 Wave 3: 50 Wave 3: 4.66
Wave 4: 21.23 Wave 4: 5.08 Wave 4: 4.98 Wave 4: 4.55
Women 60+ Wave 1: 23.53 Wave 1: 4.74 Wave 1: 2.72 Wave 1: 2.11
Wave 2: 23.64 Wave 2: 4.45 Wave 2: 2.61 Wave 2: 2.07
Wave 3: 23.28 Wave 3: 4.76 Wave 3: 2.75 Wave 3: 2.25
Wave 4: 23.37 Wave 4: 4.99 Wave 4: 2.65 Wave 4: 2.25
Men 18-29 Wave 1: 23.09 Wave 1: 4.18 Wave 1: 4.15 Wave 1: 1.76
Wave 2: 19.98 Wave 2: 3.75 Wave 2: 3.59 Wave 2: 2.87
Wave 3: 23.30 Wave 3: 3.78 Wave 3: 2.93 Wave 3: 3.93
Wave 4: 24.11 Wave 4: 3.78 Wave 4: 2.54 Wave 4: 2.47
Men 30-59 Wave 1: 21.74 Wave 1: 4.85 Wave 1: 3.38 Wave 1: 4.77
Wave 2: 21.72 Wave 2: 4.71 Wave 2: 3.43 Wave 2: 4.59
Wave 3: 21.68 Wave 3: 4.76 Wave 3: 3.43 Wave 3: 4.76
Wave 4: 22.05 Wave 4: 4.95 Wave 4: 3.90 Wave 4: 4.59
Men 60+ Wave 1: 23.53 Wave 1: 4.51 Wave 1: 2.31 Wave 1: 2.01
Wave 2: 23.88 Wave 2: 4.14 Wave 2: 2.08 Wave 2: 2.12
Wave 3: 23.26 Wave 3: 4.23 Wave 3: 2.34 Wave 3: 2.06
Wave 4: 23.64 Wave 4: 4.40 Wave 4: 2.59 Wave 4: 2.14
Mental health condition
No Wave 1: 22.81 Wave 1: 4.66 Wave 1: 30 Wave 1: 2.49
Wave 2: 22.62 Wave 2: 4.44 Wave 2: 2.99 Wave 2: 2.53
Wave 3: 22.53 Wave 3: 4.50 Wave 3: 2.96 Wave 3: 2.71
Wave 4: 22.95 Wave 4: 4.64 Wave 4: 3.19 Wave 4: 2.88
Yes Wave 1: 15.74 Wave 1: 6.40 Wave 1: 9.43 Wave 1: 9.11
Wave 2: 16.37 Wave 2: 5.87 Wave 2: 8.60 Wave 2: 8.07
Wave 3: 16.21 Wave 3: 6.06 Wave 3: 8.95 Wave 3: 9.25
Wave 4: 16.94 Wave 4: 6.07 Wave 4: 8.84 Wave 4: 9.00
Table I1 continued: Weights on means for primary mental health and wellbeing variables for each subgroup for Wave 1 to Wave 4
Characteristic Wellbeing Loneliness Defeat Entrapment
SEG
High Wave 1: 22.58 Wave 1: 4.76 Wave 1: 3.52 Wave 1: 3.20
Wave 2: 22.25 Wave 2: 4.45 Wave 2: 3.34 Wave 2: 2.93
Wave 3: 22.22 Wave 3: 4.57 Wave 3: 3.66 Wave 3: 3.65
Wave 4: 22.84 Wave 4: 4.64 Wave 4: 3.83 Wave 4: 3.59
Low Wave 1: 20.47 Wave 1: 5.16 Wave 1: 4.53 Wave 1: 3.73
Wave 2: 20.87 Wave 2: 4.99 Wave 2: 4.52 Wave 2: 3.95
Wave 3: 20.64 Wave 3: 4.96 Wave 3: 3.98 Wave 3: 3.48
Wave 4: 20.80 Wave 4: 5.21 Wave 4: 4.19 Wave 4: 3.93
Rural v urban
Rural Wave 1: 21.87 Wave 1: 5.04 Wave 1: 3.91 Wave 1: 3.99
Wave 2: 21.76 Wave 2: 4.90 Wave 2: 3.80 Wave 2: 3.26
Wave 3: 21.22 Wave 3: 4.92 Wave 3: 4.13 Wave 3: 4.12
Wave 4: 21.74 Wave 4: 5.03 Wave 4: 4.08 Wave 4: 4.01
Urban Wave 1: 21.86 Wave 1: 4.86 Wave 1: 3.85 Wave 1: 3.22
Wave 2: 21.79 Wave 2: 4.56 Wave 2: 3.72 Wave 2: 3.28
Wave 3: 21.81 Wave 3: 4.65 Wave 3: 3.67 Wave 3: 3.45
Wave 4: 22.25 Wave 4: 4.78 Wave 4: 3.91 Wave 4: 3.62
Physical health Condition
No Wave 1: 22.34 Wave 1: 4.74 Wave 1: 3.54 Wave 1: 3.00
Wave 2: 22.16 Wave 2: 4.50 Wave 2: 3.39 Wave 2: 2.80
Wave 3: 22.08 Wave 3: 4.54 Wave 3: 3.41 Wave 3: 3.21
Wave 4: 22.50 Wave 4: 4.67 Wave 4: 3.56 Wave 4: 3.32
Yes Wave 1: 19.94 Wave 1: 5.5 Wave 1: 5.14 Wave 1: 4.90
Wave 2: 20.28 Wave 2: 5.18 Wave 2: 5.13 Wave 2: 5.15
Wave 3: 20.10 Wave 3: 5.36 Wave 3: 5.20 Wave 3: 5.11
Wave 4: 20.73 Wave 4: 5.5 Wave 4: 5.49 Wave 4: 5.25
Carer
Not a carer Wave 1: 22.01 Wave 1: 4.89 Wave 1: 3.75 Wave 1: 3.28
Wave 2: 21.81 Wave 2: 4.66 Wave 2: 3.69 Wave 2: 3.24
Wave 3: 21.78 Wave 3: 4.75 Wave 3: 3.71 Wave 3: 3.60
Wave 4: 22.28 Wave 4: 4.83 Wave 4: 3.83 Wave 4: 3.63
Carer Wave 1: 20.72 Wave 1: 4.95 Wave 1: 4.94 Wave 1: 4.30
Wave 2: 21.34 Wave 2: 4.47 Wave 2: 4.29 Wave 2: 3.58
Wave 3: 20.86 Wave 3: 4.40 Wave 3: 4.38 Wave 3: 3.63
Wave 4: 21.15 Wave 4: 4.90 Wave 4: 5.21 Wave 4: 4.56
Table I1 continued: Weights on means for primary mental health and wellbeing variables for each subgroup for Wave 1 to Wave 4
Characteristic Wellbeing Loneliness Defeat Entrapment
Key worker
Not a key worker Wave 1: 21.65 Wave 1: 4.95 Wave 1: 3.95 Wave 1: 3.41
Wave 2: 21.95 Wave 2: 4.64 Wave 2: 3.99 Wave 2: 3.43
Wave 3: 21.48 Wave 3: 4.75 Wave 3: 3.91 Wave 3: 3.68
Wave 4: 22.01 Wave 4: 4.88 Wave 4: 3.91 Wave 4: 3.69
Key worker Wave 1: 22.56 Wave 1: 4.72 Wave 1: 3.58 Wave 1: 3.29
Wave 2: 21.24 Wave 2: 4.61 Wave 2: 2.92 Wave 2: 2.76
Wave 3: 22.37 Wave 3: 4.57 Wave 3: 3.29 Wave 3: 3.31
Wave 4: 22.61 Wave 4: 4.69 Wave 4: 4.08 Wave 4: 3.76
Live alone
Don't live alone Wave 1: 21.88 Wave 1: 4.76 Wave 1: 3.92 Wave 1: 3.38
Wave 2: 21.70 Wave 2: 4.51 Wave 2: 3.78 Wave 2: 3.21
Wave 3: 21.73 Wave 3: 4.56 Wave 3: 3.64 Wave 3: 3.38
Wave 4: 22.27 Wave 4: 4.69 Wave 4: 3.93 Wave 4: 3.76
Live alone Wave 1: 21.83 Wave 1: 5.33 Wave 1: 3.68 Wave 1: 3.39
Wave 2: 22.03 Wave 2: 5.01 Wave 2: 3.6 Wave 2: 3.46
Wave 3: 21.55 Wave 3: 5.15 Wave 3: 4.15 Wave 3: 4.24
Wave 4: 21.77 Wave 4: 5.28 Wave 4: 3.99 Wave 4: 3.54
Dependents
No dependents <16 Wave 1: 21.76 Wave 1: 4.96 Wave 1: 3.84 Wave 1: 3.34
Wave 2: 21.69 Wave 2: 4.70 Wave 2: 3.84 Wave 2: 3.30
Wave 3: 21.61 Wave 3: 4.75 Wave 3: 3.75 Wave 3: 3.57
Wave 4: 22.02 Wave 4: 4.84 Wave 4: 3.90 Wave 4: 3.64
Dependents <16 Wave 1: 22.23 Wave 1: 4.66 Wave 1: 3.94 Wave 1: 3.53
Wave 2: 22.11 Wave 2: 4.41 Wave 2: 3.39 Wave 2: 3.17
Wave 3: 21.95 Wave 3: 4.56 Wave 3: 3.81 Wave 3: 3.65
Wave 4: 22.59 Wave 4: 4.81 Wave 4: 4.12 Wave 4: 3.91

Table I2: Weights off means for primary mental health and wellbeing variables for each subgroup for Wave 1 to Wave 4

Characteristic Wellbeing Loneliness Defeat Entrapment
Sex*Age
Women 18-29 Wave 1: 19.21 Wave 1: 5.97 Wave 1: 5.21 Wave 1: 5.92
Wave 2: 19.85 Wave 2: 5.58 Wave 2: 5.32 Wave 2: 5.11
Wave 3: 18.85 Wave 3: 5.45 Wave 3: 5.45 Wave 3: 5.37
Wave 4: 18.44 Wave 4: 5.50 Wave 4: 6.39 Wave 4: 6.55
Women 30-59 Wave 1: 21.21 Wave 1: 5.14 Wave 1: 4.63 Wave 1: 4.16
Wave 2: 21.38 Wave 2: 4.78 Wave 2: 4.36 Wave 2: 3.82
Wave 3: 20.8 Wave 3: 4.88 Wave 3: 4.74 Wave 3: 4.29
Wave 4: 21.48 Wave 4: 4.98 Wave 4: 4.71 Wave 4: 4.22
Women 60+ Wave 1: 23.53 Wave 1: 4.75 Wave 1: 2.80 Wave 1: 2.20
Wave 2: 23.29 Wave 2: 4.40 Wave 2: 2.92 Wave 2: 2.22
Wave 3: 22.82 Wave 3: 4.64 Wave 3: 3.01 Wave 3: 2.39
Wave 4: 23.55 Wave 4: 4.80 Wave 4: 2.83 Wave 4: 2.27
Men 18-29 Wave 1: 22.15 Wave 1: 4.67 Wave 1: 4.44 Wave 1: 3.72
Wave 2: 21.17 Wave 2: 3.89 Wave 2: 3.89 Wave 2: 4.17
Wave 3: 21.43 Wave 3: 4.22 Wave 3: 3.61 Wave 3: 4.33
Wave 4: 22.77 Wave 4: 3.94 Wave 4: 3.33 Wave 4: 3.61
Men 30-59 Wave 1: 22.11 Wave 1: 4.72 Wave 1: 3.07 Wave 1: 2.88
Wave 2: 21.98 Wave 2: 4.51 Wave 2: 3.23 Wave 2: 2.98
Wave 3: 21.99 Wave 3: 4.59 Wave 3: 3.17 Wave 3: 2.91
Wave 4: 22.39 Wave 4: 4.82 Wave 4: 3.58 Wave 4: 3.31
Men 60+ Wave 1: 23.88 Wave 1: 4.36 Wave 1: 2.07 Wave 1: 1.75
Wave 2: 24.27 Wave 2: 4.09 Wave 2: 1.91 Wave 2: 1.77
Wave 3: 23.80 Wave 3: 4.13 Wave 3: 2.17 Wave 3: 1.70
Wave 4: 24.13 Wave 4: 4.34 Wave 4: 2.32 Wave 4: 1.80
Mental health condition
No Wave 1: 23.17 Wave 1: 4.59 Wave 1: 2.64 Wave 1: 2.30
Wave 2: 23.26 Wave 2: 4.30 Wave 2: 2.64 Wave 2: 2.27
Wave 3: 22.81 Wave 3: 4.41 Wave 3: 2.79 Wave 3: 2.35
Wave 4: 23.28 Wave 4: 4.58 Wave 4: 2.96 Wave 4: 2.49
Yes Wave 1: 16.92 Wave 1: 6.37 Wave 1: 8.41 Wave 1: 8.02
Wave 2: 17.01 Wave 2: 5.88 Wave 2: 7.83 Wave 2: 7.54
Wave 3: 17.12 Wave 3: 5.87 Wave 3: 8.15 Wave 3: 8.02
Wave 4: 17.76 Wave 4: 6.04 Wave 4: 7.95 Wave 4: 7.97
Table I2 continued: Weights off means for primary mental health and wellbeing variables for each subgroup for Wave 1 to Wave 4
Characteristic Wellbeing Loneliness Defeat Entrapment
SEG
High Wave 1: 23.01 Wave 1: 4.67 Wave 1: 3.02 Wave 1: 2.70
Wave 2: 23.05 Wave 2: 4.35 Wave 2: 2.92 Wave 2: 2.54
Wave 3: 22.65 Wave 3: 4.46 Wave 3: 3.18 Wave 3: 2.81
Wave 4: 23.16 Wave 4: 4.61 Wave 4: 3.28 Wave 4: 2.88
Low Wave 1: 21.39 Wave 1: 5.03 Wave 1: 3.75 Wave 1: 3.33
Wave 2: 21.58 Wave 2: 4.74 Wave 2: 3.77 Wave 2: 3.48
Wave 3: 21.21 Wave 3: 4.80 Wave 3: 3.74 Wave 3: 3.25
Wave 4: 21.68 Wave 4: 5.02 Wave 4: 3.94 Wave 4: 3.48
Rural v urban
Rural Wave 1: 22.97 Wave 1: 4.77 Wave 1: 3.16 Wave 1: 2.85
Wave 2: 22.96 Wave 2: 4.50 Wave 2: 3.06 Wave 2: 2.6
Wave 3: 22.41 Wave 3: 4.58 Wave 3: 3.35 Wave 3: 3.00
Wave 4: 22.80 Wave 4: 4.70 Wave 4: 3.27 Wave 4: 2.89
Urban Wave 1: 22.36 Wave 1: 4.78 Wave 1: 3.27 Wave 1: 2.91
Wave 2: 22.48 Wave 2: 4.46 Wave 2: 3.22 Wave 2: 2.90
Wave 3: 22.15 Wave 3: 4.56 Wave 3: 3.35 Wave 3: 2.93
Wave 4: 22.67 Wave 4: 4.74 Wave 4: 3.55 Wave 4: 3.12
Physical health Condition
No Wave 1: 22.80 Wave 1: 4.65 Wave 1: 3.02 Wave 1: 2.66
Wave 2: 22.91 Wave 2: 4.35 Wave 2: 2.92 Wave 2: 2.48
Wave 3: 22.47 Wave 3: 4.44 Wave 3: 3.08 Wave 3: 2.66
Wave 4: 22.92 Wave 4: 4.59 Wave 4: 3.19 Wave 4: 2.76
Yes Wave 1: 21.51 Wave 1: 5.24 Wave 1: 4.03 Wave 1: 3.73
Wave 2: 21.52 Wave 2: 4.9 Wave 2: 4.11 Wave 2: 4.02
Wave 3: 21.29 Wave 3: 5.00 Wave 3: 4.30 Wave 3: 3.95
Wave 4: 21.96 Wave 4: 5.23 Wave 4: 4.49 Wave 4: 4.15
Carer
Not a carer Wave 1: 22.67 Wave 1: 4.80 Wave 1: 3.12 Wave 1: 2.79
Wave 2: 22.65 Wave 2: 4.51 Wave 2: 3.06 Wave 2: 2.74
Wave 3: 22.31 Wave 3: 4.61 Wave 3: 3.24 Wave 3: 2.88
Wave 4: 22.85 Wave 4: 4.74 Wave 4: 3.3 Wave 4: 2.94
Carer Wave 1: 21.90 Wave 1: 4.66 Wave 1: 3.87 Wave 1: 3.46
Wave 2: 22.33 Wave 2: 4.29 Wave 2: 3.82 Wave 2: 3.27
Wave 3: 21.76 Wave 3: 4.41 Wave 3: 3.98 Wave 3: 3.32
Wave 4: 22.12 Wave 4: 4.76 Wave 4: 4.48 Wave 4: 3.77
Table I2 continued: Weights off means for primary mental health and wellbeing variables for each subgroup for Wave 1 to Wave 4
Characteristic Wellbeing Loneliness Defeat Entrapment
Key worker
Not a key worker Wave 1: 22.77 Wave 1: 4.75 Wave 1: 3.17 Wave 1: 2.74
Wave 2: 22.84 Wave 2: 4.41 Wave 2: 3.07 Wave 2: 2.74
Wave 3: 22.42 Wave 3: 4.55 Wave 3: 3.21 Wave 3: 2.84
Wave 4: 23.02 Wave 4: 4.69 Wave 4: 3.25 Wave 4: 2.90
Key worker Wave 1: 21.40 Wave 1: 4.90 Wave 1: 3.57 Wave 1: 3.55
Wave 2: 21.58 Wave 2: 4.71 Wave 2: 3.65 Wave 2: 3.20
Wave 3: 21.31 Wave 3: 4.63 Wave 3: 3.97 Wave 3: 3.40
Wave 4: 21.34 Wave 4: 4.92 Wave 4: 4.45 Wave 4: 3.80
Live alone
Don't live alone Wave 1: 22.63 Wave 1: 4.59 Wave 1: 3.14 Wave 1: 2.84
Wave 2: 22.77 Wave 2: 4.27 Wave 2: 3.11 Wave 2: 2.75
Wave 3: 22.35 Wave 3: 4.38 Wave 3: 3.24 Wave 3: 2.84
Wave 4: 22.88 Wave 4: 4.55 Wave 4: 3.41 Wave 4: 3.07
Live alone Wave 1: 22.13 Wave 1: 5.39 Wave 1: 3.56 Wave 1: 3.06
Wave 2: 22.07 Wave 2: 5.09 Wave 2: 3.42 Wave 2: 3.07
Wave 3: 21.79 Wave 3: 5.15 Wave 3: 3.70 Wave 3: 3.27
Wave 4: 22.15 Wave 4: 5.32 Wave 4: 3.70 Wave 4: 3.04
Dependents
No dependents <16 Wave 1: 22.73 Wave 1: 4.79 Wave 1: 3.12 Wave 1: 2.76
Wave 2: 22.78 Wave 2: 4.46 Wave 2: 3.08 Wave 2: 2.67
Wave 3: 22.45 Wave 3: 4.55 Wave 3: 3.24 Wave 3: 2.80
Wave 4: 22.93 Wave 4: 4.69 Wave 4: 3.31 Wave 4: 2.86
Dependents <16 Wave 1: 21.62 Wave 1: 4.74 Wave 1: 3.72 Wave 1: 3.47
Wave 2: 21.89 Wave 2: 4.53 Wave 2: 3.58 Wave 2: 3.45
Wave 3: 21.26 Wave 3: 4.62 Wave 3: 3.79 Wave 3: 3.55
Wave 4: 21.79 Wave 4: 4.93 Wave 4: 4.17 Wave 4: 3.92

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