Scottish household survey 2016: annual report

Results from the 2016 edition of the continuous survey based on a sample of the general population in private residences in Scotland.




3 0131 244 1685

4 Information on the suite of indicators which comprise the performance framework can be found at

5 To reduce the proportion of driver journeys delayed due to traffic congestion and to increase the proportion of journeys to work made by public or active transport.








13 The random school child may be the same as, or different from, the random child.

14 Adults who are household members but have been living away for the previous six months are excluded from the selection of the random adult. Children and students living away during term time are counted as household members but are excluded from the random adult and random school child selection.

15 Where the same person completes both parts one and two (i.e. they are both the household respondent and selected as the random adult) the CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interviewing) script does not repeat the questions common to both sections. This means that these respondents are not asked for the same information twice.


17 Scottish Survey Core Questions 2015

18 The question on long-term physical or mental health condition asks: “Do you have a physical or mental health condition or illness lasting or expected to last 12 months or more?” Long-term conditions were defined as a physical or mental health condition or illness lasting, or expected to last, 12 months or more. The wording of this question changed in 2012 and is now aligned with the harmonised questions for all large Scottish Government surveys. A long-term condition was defined as limiting if the respondent reported that it limited their activities in any way. The Scottish Health Survey (2015) reports that around a third (32 per cent) of adults had at least one long-term condition in 2012-2015.

19 From January 2012, the same core questions are asked in all Scottish Government cross-sectional surveys. Data from all surveys for these questions will be pooled, to provide better estimates at national and local level. The Scottish Surveys Core Questions ( SSCQ) is an annual Official Statistics publication. SSCQ enables the production of reliable and detailed information on the composition, characteristics and attitudes of Scottish households and adults across a number of topic areas including equality characteristics, housing, employment and perceptions of health and crime.

20 The actual percentage is 51.484 hence rounded to 51.5 in the table but only to 51 when rounded to the whole number in the text.

21 Shown as row percentages.

22 FRS based poverty and income inequality results:

Small area income estimates:

23 Housing and Regeneration Outcomes Framework



26 See DCLG Live table 107 at

27 NRS Census 2011 Analytical Report on composition for specific groups of people in Scotland cent20report.pdf


29 (Page 35, Chart 10)

30 Due to rounding to the whole number, this is displayed in the table as 50 and 31 per cent, however, this sums up to 80.46 per cent.

31 Includes full-time, part-time and self-employed.

32 Further explanation of the interview structure is contained in the Introduction to the Survey

33 National Records of Scotland, Population Estimates Scotland

34 National Records of Scotland, Estimates of Households and Dwellings in Scotland

35 Housing Statistics for Scotland

36 Housing List Statistics from an Ipsos MORI Omnibus Survey



39 As defined by the Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation – see Annex 2: Glossary

40 Although this is not shown by the rounded figures, discrimination was reported by 7.45 per cent in 2015 and 6.58 per cent in 2016.

41 Caution around the precision and significance of findings should be exercised when interpreting percentages with a base number less than 100 as results derived from a relatively small number of individuals have large margins of error around them and are subject to large fluctuations based on the experiences of only a few people. This is particularly important when considering trends over time or comparing experiences of different population groups.

42 Following the approach in the 2015 SHS report, much of the analysis in relation to perceptions and fear of crime, and confidence in the police that is published in alternative sources has been excluded from this year’s report. However, this section does make use of the fear of crime questions as an analytical variable to provide breakdowns on experiences of harassment and discrimination as these are not available in alternative sources – see 1.3 Comparability with Other Sources for more detail.

43 Scotland's Economic Strategy (March 2015)

44 Refer to Glossary for further definitions of the working age population.


46 Defined as 16-64 for males and females

47 Adults aged over 16

48 Including those in full or part time employment and the self-employed.

49 Occupational pensions, other investments and other non-earned income such as maintenance payments or student grants.

50 As defined by the Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation – see Annex 2: Glossary

51 /policies/digital/

52 Realising Scotland's Full Potential in a Digital World: A Strategy for Scotland

53 As defined by the Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation: see


55 A breakdown of the type of internet connection other than broadband that households have at home can be provided on request.


57 Foster, C and Allender, S. (2012) Costing the burden off ill health related to physical inactivity for Scotland. British Heart Foundation Research Group report for SPARCOll. NHS Health Scotland


59 See Annex 2: Glossary

60 User of Local health services not available. Analysis of these users will be possible from 2017 onwards
Users of Local schools identified by whether there is a school child present in the household
Users of Public transport identified by whether the respondent has used a bus or train within the last month




64 Climate Change (Scotland) Act 2009 -

65 Scottish Government Draft Climate Change Plan - the draft Third Report on Policies and Proposals 2017-2032 -

66 Scottish Government (2013) Low Carbon Scotland: Behaviours Framework

67 Scottish Environmental Attitudes and Behaviours Survey 2008 -

68 Scottish Government (2016) Making Things Last -


70 Scottish Government (2017) Draft Climate Change Plan –

71 James Hutton Institute et al (2014) Contribution of Green and Open Space to Public Health and Wellbeing



74 Scottish Government (2014) Scottish Planning Policy -


76 Figures for those visiting their nearest greenspace at least several times a week are 36 per cent for 2013, 37 per cent for 2014 and 36 per cent for both 2015 and 2016.

77 Scottish Executive (2004) Volunteering Strategy

78 Prevalence and frequency of volunteering and the type of organisation for which individuals give up their time are asked annually. Activities which individuals undertake, hours spent volunteering and reasons why people who have volunteered have now given up are asked biennially.



81 20 per cent due to rounding although may appear as only 19 per cent



84 Missing responses are not included within the analysis. Similarly 'don't know/refused' options are not shown as a separate category in some tables.

85 For further information, please see the SHS Methodology and Fieldwork Outcomes reports:



88 More information on household income can be found in Raab, G., MacDonald, C., and Macintyre, C. (2004) Comparison of Income Data between Surveys of Scottish Households: Research report for Communities Scotland. Further information on this report is available on the SHS website.

89 For further information, please see the SHS Methodology and Fieldwork Outcomes reports:



92 For further details, please see questions RG5A and RG5B in the 2013 SHS questionnaire and RG5 in previous years:


94 Numbered 1 (most deprived) to 5 (least deprived).

95 Numbered 1 (most deprived) to 10 (least deprived).

96 More information on the definition of NS-SEC can be found at -

97 More information on the six-fold urban/rural classification of Scotland is available at -

98 Previous SHS reports were based on 2001 datazone codes

99 For further information, please see the SHS Methodology and Fieldwork Outcomes reports -

100 The design factor is calculated as an overall average across a number of variables, and should not be taken as a 'typical' value across all variables. For further information, please see the SHS Methodology and Fieldwork Outcomes reports -

101 For further information, please see the SHS Methodology and Fieldwork Outcomes reports:


Email: Emma McCallum,

Phone: 0300 244 4000 – Central Enquiry Unit

The Scottish Government
St Andrew's House
Regent Road

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