1. This covers three farm types where two thirds or more of output are (i) specialist sheep, (ii) specialist cattle, or (iii) cattle & sheep.
2. Million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent.
3. Least Favoured Area (LFA) as a percentage of Utilised Agricultural Area (UAA) – which excludes woodland and other land such as yards and derelict land.
5. Farms with a Standard Labour Requirement (SLR) of more than 0.5. Standard Labour Requirements represent the approximate average labour requirement for a livestock or crop enterprise. The annual hours of a full-time worker is 1,900 hours. The FBS also does not collect information on non-supported sectors, which include farms predominantly engaged in pigs, poultry, some fruit production and horticulture.
8. The Climate Change Plan update incorporates some likely methodological changes not yet included in GHG inventory figures resulting in 7.7 MtCO2e in 2018 rather than 7.5.
9. To check the estimates from this approach we also calculate the emissions using the detailed underlying breakdowns from another dataset (ADAS). This leads to very similar estimates.
15. "Natural capital is part of nature which directly or indirectly underpins value to people including ecosystems, species, freshwater, soils, minerals, the air and oceans, and natural processes and functions. In combination with other types of capital it forms part of our wealth; our ability to produce actual or potential goods and services into the future to support our wellbeing."
20. More info on biodiversity value and managing moorland habitats is compiled in i. Backshall, J, Manley, V.J., Rebane, M. (2001) The upland management handbook Peterborough: English Nature; and Brooks, S. and ii. Stoneman, R. (1997) Conserving bogs: the management handbook. Edinburgh: Stationery Office.
21. the decline in livestock numbers experienced over the last decades and the changes in managements can be seen in an SNH report on trends in hill farming shows. This report points to the decline in active hill management and land abandonment affecting some areas, An Analysis of the Impact on the Natural Heritage of the Decline in Hill Farming in Scotland.
23. For more information see Piloting an Outcomes Based Approach in Scotland (POBAS) project.