Publication - Progress report

Planning Scotland's Seas: 2013 - The Scottish Marine Protected Area Project – Developing the Evidence Base tor Impact Assessments and the Sustainability Appraisal Final Report

Published: 19 Aug 2013
Part of:
Marine and fisheries
ISBN:
9781782567578

This report provides Marine Scotland with evidence on economic and social effects to inform a Business and Regulatory Impact Assessment (BRIA) for each possible NC MPA, and a Sustainability Appraisal for the suite of proposals as a whole.

358 page PDF

3.8 MB

358 page PDF

3.8 MB

Contents
Planning Scotland's Seas: 2013 - The Scottish Marine Protected Area Project – Developing the Evidence Base tor Impact Assessments and the Sustainability Appraisal Final Report
Appendix A. Reporting Template for Sites

358 page PDF

3.8 MB

Appendix A. Reporting Template for Sites

[Site Name (site 3-letter code)] Site Area ( km 2): [ ]

Site Summary

Table 1. Summary of Proposed Protected Features, Data Confidence and Conservation Objectives

[Site Code]
Proposed protected features
[Description of biodiversity and geodiversity features that would be protected]
Summary of confidence in presence, extent and condition of proposed protected features and conservation objectives
Proposed Protected Feature Estimated Area of Feature
(by scenario) ( km 2)
Confidence in
Feature Presence
Confidence in
Feature Extent
Confidence in
Feature Condition
Conservation Objective and Risk
Biodiversity Features
e.g. Black guillemot *
Geodiversity Features
e.g. Marine Geomorphology of the
Scottish Shelf Seabed - sand wave field

Key: * Estimated area based on best available data
References:
Area of Features:
Confidence in biodiversity feature presence and extent:
Confidence in biodiversity feature condition:
Confidence in geodiversity feature presence and extent:
Confidence in geodiversity feature condition:

Summary of Costs and Benefits

Table 2a. Site-Specific Economic Costs on Human Activities arising from the Designation and Management of the Site as an MPA (over 2014 to 2033 inclusive)

[Site Code]
Human Activity Cost Impact on Activity
Lower Estimate (£k) Intermediate Estimate (£k) Upper Estimate (£k)
Quantified Economic Costs (Discounted)
e.g. Aquaculture
Total Quantified Economic Costs
Non-Quantified Economic Costs
[Identify non-quantified costs here] Describe costs e.g. loss of confidence to invest Describe costs Describe costs

Note: For detailed information on economic cost impacts on activities, see Table 4.

Table 2b. Site-Specific Public Sector Costs arising from the Designation and Management of the Site as an MPA (over 2014 to 2033 inclusive)

[Site Code]
Description Public Sector Costs
Lower Estimate (£k) Intermediate Estimate (£k) Upper Estimate (£k)
Quantified Public Sector Costs (Discounted)
Preparation of Marine Management Schemes
Preparation of Statutory Instruments
Development of voluntary measures
Site monitoring
Compliance and enforcement
Promotion of public understanding
Regulatory and advisory costs associated with licensing decisions
Total Quantified Public Sector Costs
Non-Quantified Public Sector Costs
[Identify non-quantified costs here] Describe costs Describe costs Describe costs

Table 2c. Summary of Social Impacts and Distribution of Quantified Impacts arising from the Designation and Management of the Site as an MPA (over 2014 to 2033 inclusive)

[Site Code]
Key Areas
of Social Impact
Description Scale of Expected Impact across Scenarios, Average
(mean no. of jobs affected)
Distributional Analysis
Location Fishing Groups Predominantly Affected Social Groups Affected
Region Port Rural/ Urban/ Island Gear Types Most Affected Vessels most affected Crofters Ethnic minorities With disability or long term sick
e.g. Employment with consequent impacts on:
Health, Crime, Environment, and Culture and Heritage
e.g. Commercial Fisheries

Note: For detailed information on socio-economic impacts by sector, see Table 7a. For more detailed information on distributional impacts of quantified costs by sector see Tables 7b and 7c.

Table 2d. Site-Specific Benefits arising from the Designation and Management of the Site as an MPA (over 2014 to 2033 inclusive)

[Site Code]
Benefit Description
Ecosystem Services Benefits
(Moderate and High Benefits)
Relevance Scale of Benefits
e.g. Food provisioning
Other Benefits
[Identify other benefits here e.g. contribution to ecologically-coherent network; activities that would benefit, regulatory certainty] Describe benefits

Note: For detailed information on ecosystem services benefits, see Tables 9 and 10. For detailed information on other benefits, see Table 5 (activities that would benefit) and Table 8 (contribution to ecologically-coherent network).

Summary of Overlaps and Interactions between Proposed Designated Features and Human Activities

Table 3. Overlaps and Potential Interactions between Features and Activities under different Scenarios, indicating need for Assessment of Cost Impacts on Human Activities from Designation of the Site as an MPA

[Site Code]
Aggregates Aquaculture (Finfish) Aquaculture (Shellfish) Aviation Carbon Capture & Storage Coastal Protection Commercial Fisheries Energy Generation Military Activities Oil & Gas Ports & Harbours Power Interconnectors Recreational Boating Shipping Telecom Cables Tourism Water Sports
Biodiversity Features
e.g. Black guillemot
Geodiversity Features
e.g. Marine Geomorphology of the Scottish Shelf Seabed - sand wave field

Note: L = Lower Scenario; I = Intermediate Scenario; U = Upper Scenario. Normal font indicates that there is an overlap between the activity and proposed designated feature under that scenario, bold indicates that the overlap results in a potential interaction between the activity and proposed designated feature that has resulted in cost impacts under that scenario.

For detail of management measures assessed under each scenario for each activity, and results of the cost estimates, see Table 4.

Human Activity Summaries

Human activities that would be impacted by designation of the site as an MPA

Table 4a. e.g. Aquaculture (Finfish)

[Site Code]
[Summary description of activity and risks to features]
Economic Costs on the Activity of Designation of the Site as an MPA
Lower Estimate Intermediate Estimate Upper Estimate
Assumptions for cost impacts [Summary description of management measures, additional costs (licensing, monitoring) inc. feature extent to which applied] [Summary description of management measures, additional costs (licensing, monitoring) inc. feature extent to which applied] [Summary description of management measures, additional costs (licensing, monitoring) inc. feature extent to which applied]
Description of one-off costs [Description and unit value, year in which incurred]
Description of recurring costs [Description and unit value, periodicity of recurrence]
Description of non-quantified costs [Description]
Quantified Costs on the Activity of Designation of the Site as an MPA
Total costs (2014-2033) [Value]
Average annual costs [Value]
Present value of total costs (2014-2033) [Value]
Economic Impacts
Total change in GVA (2014-2033) [Value]
Average annual change to GVA [Value]
Present value of total change in GVA (2014-2033) [Value]
Direct and Indirect reduction in employment [full time equivalent jobs]

Total costs = Sum of one-off costs and recurring costs for the site summed over the 20 year period.
Average annual costs = Total costs divided by the total number of years under analysis ( i.e. 20).
Present value of total costs = Total costs discounted to their current value, using a discount rate of 3.5%.
Total change in GVA (2014-2033) = The change in direct GVA in the sector for the site summed over the 20 year period.
Average annual change to GVA = Total change in direct GVA in the sector for the site divided by the total number of years under analysis ( i.e. 20).
Present value of total change in GVA (2014-2033) = Total change in direct GVA in the sector for the site discounted to current value, using a discount rate of 3.5%.
Direct and Indirect reduction in Employment = The average (mean) reduction in direct employment in the sector plus the indirect reduction in employment on the sector's suppliers.

Human activities that would benefit from designation of the site as an MPA

Table 5. Human Activities that would Benefit from Designation of the Site as an MPA

[Site Code]
Activity Description Lower Estimate Intermediate Estimate Upper Estimate
List activities that would benefit from designation, or note 'None'. Description of activity.. Text summary of benefits Summarise benefits Summarise benefits

Human activities that would be unaffected by designation of the site as an MPA

Table 6. Human Activities that are Present but which would be Unaffected by Designation of the Site as an MPA

[Site Code]
Activity Description
List activities that are unaffected, or note 'None' Describe why the activity is unaffected ( e.g. does not occur within MPA or buffer, and not expected to occur in future; or overlaps, but feature not sensitive, no management measures or additional costs anticipated under any scenario)

Social and Distributional Analysis of Impacts from Designation of the Site as an MPA

Table 7a. Social Impacts Associated with Quantified and Non-Quantified Economic Costs

[Site Code]
Sector Potential Economic Impacts Economic Costs and GVA, (PV) Area of Social Impact Affected Mitigation Significance of Social Impact

Impacts: xxx - significant negative effect; xx - possible negative effects; x - minimal negative effect, if any; 0 - no noticeable effect expected.
* These estimates assume zero displacement of fishing activity and hence are likely to overestimate the costs.

Table 7b. Distribution of Quantified Economic Costs for Commercial Fisheries and Fish Processors (assuming zero displacement of fishing activity) - Location, Age and Gender

[Site Code]
Sector/Impact Location Age Gender
Region Ports* Rural, Urban, Coastal or Island Children Working age Pensionable Age Male Female

Impacts: xxx - significant negative effect; xx - possible negative effects; x - minimal negative effect, if any; 0 - no noticeable effect expected.
* Based on value of landings by home port affected under intermediate scenario.

Table 7c. Distribution of Quantified Economic Costs for Commercial Fisheries and Fish Processors (assuming zero displacement of fishing activity) - Fishing Groups, Income Groups and Social Groups

[Site Code]
Sector/Impact Fishing Groups Income Groups Social groups
Vessel category <15m >15m Gear Types 10% most deprived Middle 80% 10% most affluent Crofters Ethnic minorities With disability or long-term sick

Impacts: xxx - significant negative effect; xx - possible negative effects; x - minimal negative effect, if any; 0 - no noticeable effect expected.
* Based on costs to gear types/sectors and vessel categories affected under the intermediate scenario.

Potential Contribution of the Site to an Ecologically-Coherent Network

Table 8. Overview of Features Proposed for Designation and how these contribute to an Ecologically Coherent Network of MPAs

[Site Code]
Feature Name Representation Replication Linkages Geographic Range
and Variation
Resilience
Contributes one of xx replicates within Scottish seas
References

Anticipated Benefits to Ecosystem Services

Table 9. Summary of Ecosystem Services Benefits arising from Designation of the Site as an MPA

[Site Code]
Services Relevance
to Site
Baseline Level Estimated Impacts of Designation Value Weighting Scale of Benefits Confidence
Lower Intermediate Upper
Fish for human consumption
Fish for non-human consumption
Gas and climate regulation
Natural hazard protection
Regulation of pollution
Non-use value of natural environment
Recreation
Research and Education
Total value of changes in ecosystem services

Contact