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Monitoring the socio-economic impacts of Marine Protected Areas: report

This report, on the socio-economic impacts of MPAs, found that there had been localised positive and negative impacts on coastal communities and industries, linked to MPA management measures.


Annex 4. Stakeholder Interview Guides

Interview guide: Fishers

Date:

Location:

Name of interviewer:

Name of interviewee:

Could you tell me a bit about you and your business?

How long have you been working as a fisher? Do you own the boat or work for someone else? How many people are employed on your boat? Is this your main job or do you have another income? Are you the main earner in your family? Is it a family business?

What factors do you think are the most import for the success of your business? Or have the most impact on your business?

What is your understand of marine protected areas? What do you think is their main objective?

Do you know of any MPAs in the surrounding area? If so, which ones?

Have you observed any changes in the fishing industry in your area? i.e. fleet composition? What/how much is being caught?

Have you noticed any changes to your own business?

Do you think any of these changes are due to MPAs?

Have you had to change the way your operate/run your business as a result in the introduction of MPAs? Could you give details?

Seafood processing

Could you tell me a bit more about your job? And your role in the seafood processing industry?

(If processor) Could you tell me more about your business? What type of seafood processing? Size of business etc.

What factors do you think are the most import for the success of your business? Or have the most impact on your business?

What is your understand of marine protected areas? What do you think is their main objective?

Where do you source your fish?

Are you aware/have you noticed any changes in fishing activity since the introduction of MPAs?

How much of this do you think is due to MPAs?

Do you have any information about specific businesses which have been affected by MPAs?

Are you aware of any seafood processors who have had to change the way they run their business since the introduction of MPAs? Could you give details?

Are you aware of any efforts to measure or monitor the impacts of MPAs in your sector?

Community Groups

Could you tell me a bit more about your role in the community?

Could you tell me a bit more about the community group you are part of? How did it start? Who is involved? How did they get involved? What are the aims of the group?

What is your understand of marine protected areas? What do you think is their main objective?

Did the group start after the introduction of MPAs? Or did it exist beforehand?

What is the group doing in relation to MPAs?

How far has the groups progressed with its aims and initiatives?

With relation to the group's activities, what do you think the costs and benefits of these might be? To whom do you think these will accrue?

Do you know of any other community groups linked to MPAs? Could you tell me about them?

Are you aware of any businesses in the area related to MPAs? Could you tell me about them?

Are you aware of any efforts to measure or monitor the impacts of MPAs in your sector?

Tourism

Could you tell me a bit more about your job? What is your role in the tourism industry?

What is your understand of marine protected areas? What do you think is their main objective?

Are you aware of any tourism related businesses which are linked to MPAs?

Are you aware of any existing tourism related businesses whose fortunes improved due to the introduction of MPAs?

Are you aware of any tourism related businesses who suffered due to the introduction of MPAs?

Are you aware of any efforts to measure or monitor the impacts of MPAs in your sector?

If running own tourism business

What factors do you think are the most import for the success of your business? Or have the most impact on your business?

What is your understand of marine protected areas? What do you think is their main objective?

Is your business related to MPAs?

In what way?

How and when did your business start?

Did you live in the area beforehand or move for the opportunity?

Contact

Email: socialresearch@gov.scot

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