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Monitoring the socio-economic impacts of Marine Protected Areas: report

This report, on the socio-economic impacts of MPAs, found that there had been localised positive and negative impacts on coastal communities and industries, linked to MPA management measures.


Annex 3. Key Informant Interview Guide

Introductory information

Interview name:

Organisation and role:

Date:

Fishing Industry

Could you tell me a bit more about your job? And your role in the fishing industry? (What region do you cover?)

What is your understanding of MPAs (in your area) and the management measures associated with them?

Have you observed any changes in the fishing industry in your area? i.e. fleet composition? What/how much is being caught?

Do you think any of these changes are due to MPAs?

Are you aware of any vessels/businesses who have had to change the way they operate as a result of the introduction of MPAs? Could you give details? E.g. area they fished in, gear type, target species?

Are you aware of any vessels and related staff who have left the fishing industry as a result of the introduction of MPAs? Could you give details?

Do you know of any vessels who have increased or decreased their fishing activity since the introduction of MPAs? Could you give details?

Are you aware of any efforts to measure or monitor the impacts of MPAs in your sector?

Seafood processing

Could you tell me a bit more about your job? And your role in the seafood processing industry?

(If processor) Could you tell me more about your business? What type of seafood processing? Size of business etc.

Where do you source your fish?

Are you aware/have you noticed any changes in fishing activity since the introduction of MPAs?

How much of this do you think is due to MPAs?

Do you have any information about specific businesses which have been affected by MPAs?

Are you aware of any seafood processors who have had to change the way they run their business since the introduction of MPAs? Could you give details?

Are you aware of any efforts to measure or monitor the impacts of MPAs in your sector?

Community Groups

Could you tell me a bit more about your role in the community group?

Could you tell me a bit more about the community group you are part of? How did it start? Who is involved? How did they get involved? What are the aims of the group?

Did the group start after the introduction of MPAs? Or did it exist beforehand?

What is the group doing in relation to MPAs?

How far has the groups progressed with its aims and initiatives?

With relation to the group's activities, what do you think the costs and benefits of these might be? To whom do you think these will accrue?

Do you know of any other community groups linked to MPAs? Could you tell me about them?

Are you aware of any businesses in the area related to MPAs? Could you tell me about them?

Are you aware of any efforts to measure or monitor the impacts of MPAs in your sector?

Tourism

Could you tell me a bit more about your job? What is your role in the tourism industry?

Are you aware of any tourism related businesses which are linked to MPAs?

Are you aware of any existing tourism related businesses whose fortunes improved due to the introduction of MPAs?

Are you aware of any tourism related businesses who suffered due to the introduction of MPAs?

Are you aware of any efforts to measure or monitor the impacts of MPAs in your sector?

If running own tourism business

Is your business related to MPAs?

In what way?

How and when did your business start?

Did you live in the area beforehand or move for the opportunity?

Compliance

Have there been infringements of MPA management measures?

How many? In which MPAs? What were the circumstances? Type of vessel (segments)?

How is compliance monitoring currently carried out? What methods are used? Has this changed over time? If so, why?

How much effort is put into monitoring? How is effort measured?

How, and with what frequency, are patrols carried out? Over what area? How much time is spent?

How is non-compliance investigated? What are the repercussions for non-compliance?

Questions for case study areas

We will be using South Arran, Loch Sunart to the Sound of Jura, Wester Ross and the Orkney MPAs as case studies.

Could you pass on contact details for people you think we should speak to?

We are interested in:

  • Fishers who have been positively or negatively impacted
  • People in tourism
  • People with businesses associated with fishing
  • Links to the general public i.e. community councils, other groups
  • Community groups?

Which towns/villages would be best to visit in order to reach as many people as possible?

Are there any dates that would be particularly good or bad for reaching people?

Are there particular issues that you feel we should be focusing on?

Any advice regarding focus groups? What is the likelihood of getting fishers in the same room at the same time to do a focus group? Would you recommend in

What would be good venues or locations in which to hold interviews or focus groups? E.g. ports, public buildings.

Contact

Email: socialresearch@gov.scot

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