International climate justice, conflict and gender: scoping study

Scottish Government funded research report with ClimateXChange which concluded in 2022. It identifies areas of opportunity for policy makers to develop a gender responsive approach to international climate justice.

2 Methodology

The research team conducted a targeted review of:

  • peer-reviewed academic research based upon quantitative and qualitative empirical analysis (or data);
  • significant reports on gender, climate and conflict from multilateral organisations, including United Nations (UN) bodies;
  • reports on gender, climate and conflict from the most significant think tanks, research institutions and NGOs working in the area; and
  • policies and programme reports related to climate and gender of other state and sub-state development agencies.

Concurrently, we conducted a review and analysis of Scottish Government policy and programming, based on both published and unpublished material, compiled in consultation with the Project Manager and Scottish Government stakeholders (see Annex 1 for full list of published documents). Key policy areas and initiatives were the Climate Justice Fund (CJF), other relevant elements of the International Development Strategy (IDS), and nascent peace and security policy. It was agreed that interviews with policy makers were not required for this scoping study, given that key material was available in print. We then conducted an analysis of international policy discourse and innovation in climate programmes.

From our analysis of Scottish Government work to date, and best practices in international policy and programming, we suggest strategic policy opportunities through which the Scottish Government could boost its global roles in climate justice and gender equality, and contribute to peace and security.



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