The Impact of Welfare Reform in Scotland - Tracking Study

The aim of the study is to explore the impact of on-going welfare changes on a range of households in Scotland over time. This report provides a review of the literature and presents the results of the first sweep of interviews which took place from September 2013 to January 2014.


Alakeson, V. (2012). The Price of Motherhood: Women and part-time work. London: Resolution Foundation

Baumberg, B., Bell, K. and Gaffney, D. (2012). Benefits stigma in Britain. London: Turn2us.

BBC News Online. (2013). Inverness first in Scotland to operate Universal Credit.

Beatty, C., & Fothergill, S. (2013). The Impact of Welfare Reform on Scotland. Welfare Reform Committee 2nd Report, 2013 (Session 4) - Annexe A.

Berthoud, R. (2011). Trends in the Employment of Disabled People in Britain (ISER Working Paper No. 2011-03). Colchester: Institute for Social and Economic Research.

Bell, K. (2013). 'Poverty, Social Security and Stigma', Poverty, Issue 144, Online:

Campos, C., Dent, A., Fry, R. & Reid, A. (2011). 'Impact of the Recession', Regional Trends, 43. Office for National Statistics.

Casebourne, J., Davies, M., Foster, S., Lane, P., Purvis, A., & Whitehurst, D. (2010). Lone Parent Obligations: destinations of lone parents after Income Support eligibility ends (Research Report No. 710). London: Department for Work and Pensions.

Citizens Advice Bureau. (2013). Citizens Advice Response to Universal Credit. Local Support Services Framework Paper.

Citizens Advice Scotland. (2012). Briefing: Voices from the Frontline: Sanctions.

Citizens Advice Impact Team. (2013). How we can support Universal Credit claimants to successfully manage under the new system: Final Results.

CIH. (2013). What You Need to Know about uprating of welfare benefits

Clury, E., Lee, L. & Kunz, S. (2013). Public attitudes to poverty and welfare, 1983-2011: Analysis using British Social Attitudes Data. London: National Centre for Social Research.

Coleman N., & Lanceley, L. (2011). Lone Parent Obligations: supporting the journey into work. (Research Report No. 736). London: Department for Work and Pensions, 2011

Coleman, N., & Riley, T. (2012). Lone Parent Obligations: following lone parents' journeys from benefits to work (Research Report No. 818). London: Department for Work and Pensions.

Department for Work and Pensions. (2010). Universal Credit Impact Assessment, October 2010.

Department for Work and Pensions. (2012a). Housing Benefit: Under Occupation of Social Housing. Impact Assessment.

Department for Work and Pensions. (2012b). Explanatory Memorandum to The Benefit Cap (Housing Benefit) Regulations 2012 No. 2994.

Department for Work and Pensions. (2012c). Housing Benefit: Size Criteria for People Renting in the Social Rented Sector. Equality Impact Assessment.

Department for Work and Pensions. (2012d). Digital Strategy. London: Department for Work and Pensions.

Department for Work and Pensions. (2012e). Universal Credit Evaluation Framework London: Department for Work and Pensions.

Department for Work and Pensions. (2013a). Lone Parents Receiving Jobseeker's Allowance: Claimant Count released 6th June 2013.

Department for Work and Pensions. (2013b). Benefit Cap - number of households capped across phased area Local Authorities data to June 2013, 7th August 2013.

Department for Work and Pensions. (2013c). PIP toolkit, Assessment Process and Assessment Providers Online: Data on October 2013

Department for Work and Pensions. (2013d). A Quick Guide to Personal Independence Payments.

Department for Work and Pensions. (2013e). Draft Social Security (Personal Independence Payment) Regulations 2013.

Department for Work and Pensions. (2013f). Universal Credit Local Support Services Update and Trailing Plan, December 2013.

Dewar, L. (2013). Is the Work Programme Working for Single Parents? An Analysis of the Experience of Single Parents on the Work Programme. Bristol: Single Parent Action Network.

Dorey, P. (2010). 'A Poverty of Imagination: Blaming the Poor for Inequality.' The Political Quarterly, 81(3): 333-343.

Dryburgh, K. (2012). Voices from the frontline... The Bedroom Tax. Citizens Advice Scotland. from the frontline Underoccupancy.pdf

Dryburgh, K. (2013). Scottish Affairs Committee: Inquiry into the Impact of the Bedroom Tax and other changes to Housing Benefit in Scotland (A response from Citizens Advice Scotland). Affairs Committee.doc

Farrall, S. (1996). What is Qualitative Longitudinal Research? London School of Economics and Political science Methodology Institute Papers in Social Research Methods Qualitative Series no 11.

Finn, D., D. Mason, et al. (2008). Problems in the delivery of benefits, tax credits and employment services. York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation.

Gingerbread. (2011). Priced out of child maintenance? The government's charging proposals. London: Gingerbread.

Gingerbread. (2012). It's off to work we go? Moving from income support to jobseeker's allowance for single parents with a child aged five. London: Gingerbread.

Graham, H. & McQuaid, R. (2014). Exploring the challenges and opportunities facing lone parents, with children over the age of five, in receipt of out-of-work benefits and moving into paid work as part of the UK government's welfare reforms. Glasgow Centre for Population Health.

Harkness, S. & Skipp, A. (2013). Lone Mothers, Work and Depression. London: Nuffield Foundation.

Hollywood, E., Egdell, V. & McQuaid, R. (2012). Addressing the issue of disadvantaged youth seeking work. Social Work and Society, International Online Journal 10(1) (online)

Horwitz, W. (2013). 'The impact of welfare reform on Newham, east London', Journal of Poverty and Social Justice, 21(3).

Jackson, M. & Nixon, S. (2012). The Cumulative Impact of Welfare Reform, Manchester: Centre for Local Economic Strategies.

Kaye, A., Jordon, H. & Baker, M. (2012). The Tipping Point: The human and economic costs of cutting disabled people's support. London: Sense.

Kirkpatrick, A. (2013). Local Authority Led Pilots: A summary of early learning from the pilots. London: Department for Work and Pensions.

Lister, R. (2004). No more of 'The Poor', The Guardian 17th November 2004. Online:,,1352913,00.html

Lloyd, E. (2013). Give us a hand with childcare: 10 Key Messages from parents in Scotland. Edinburgh: Save the Children.

McQuaid, R., Graham, H. Shapira, M. & Raeside, R. (2013). DELNIEconomic Inactivity Strategy: Literature Review Project. Department for Employment and Learning Northern Ireland.

Motability. (2013). Major Changes to Disability Living Allowance: Important Information for Motability Customers.

Ofcom. (2012). Communications Market Report 2012 Online:

Office for National Statistics. (2012). Lone parents with dependent children, January 2012.

One Parent Families Scotland. (2011a). Welfare Reform Bill 2011: Impacts on Lone Parents and Children.

One Parent Families Scotland. (2011b). UKGovernment plans for child maintenance and the Welfare Reform Bill (Briefing for MSPs on Scottish Government debate on welfare reform).

Oxford Economics. (2010). Why has unemployment not risen more in the recession? Economic Outlook, 34, 5-12.

Padley, M. & Hirsch, D. (2014). Households Below A Minimum Income Standard: 2008/9 to 2011/12. York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation.

Rabindrakumar, S. (2013). Paying the Price: Single Parents in the Age of Austerity. London: Gingerbread.

Royston, S. & Rodrigues, L. (2012). Holes in the safety net: The Impact of Universal Credit on Disabled People and their families. London: The Children's Society.

Royston, S. (2012). Disability and Universal Credit. London: Citizen's Advice Bureau.

Royston, S. & Davey, C. (2013). Single parents and universal credit: singled out? Gingerbread and The Children's Society.

Royston, S. & Royston, S. (2012). Disability and Universal Credit. London: Citizens Advice.

Rutter, J. (2013). Holiday Childcare Costs Survey 2013. London: Family and Childcare Trust.

Sage, D. (2012). 'Fair Conditions and Fair Consequences? Exploring New Labour, Welfare Contractualism and Social Attitudes'. Social Policy and Society, 11(3): 359-373.

Save the Children. (2012). Childcare Conversation Report Glasgow: Maryhill.

Scottish Government. (2013). Expert Working Group on Welfare: May 2013 Report.

Edinburgh: The Scottish Government.

Scottish Government. (2014). Labour Market Briefing - February 2014.

Scottish Government, Communities Analytical Services. (2013). The Gender Impact of Welfare Reform. Edinburgh: The Scottish Government.

Scottish Government Social Research. (2010). Coping with Change and Uncertainty: Scotland's Equalities Groups and the Recession. Edinburgh: Scottish Government Social Research.

Scottish Government Welfare Analysis. (2012a). Welfare Research - Summary of Institute of Fiscal Studies Analysis.

Scottish Government Welfare Analysis. (2012b). Potential impacts of a move to household benefit payments.

Scottish Parliament Welfare Reform Committee. (2013). The 'Bedroom Tax' in Scotland (5th Report, 2013 (Session 4)).

Sosenko, F., Netto, G., Emejulu, A. and Bassel, L. (2013). In it together? Perceptions on ethnicity, recession and austerity in three Glasgow communities. Coalition for Racial Equality and Rights

Simpson, C. (2013). Submission from Parenting Across Scotland.

Tarr, A. & Finn, D. (2012). Implementing Universal Credit: Will the Reforms Improve the Service for Users? Centre for Economic and Social Inclusion, Joseph Rowntree Foundation.

Trades Union Congress. (2013). A bleak future for families: Falling living standards under the coalition government.

We Are Spartacus. (2013). Consultation on the PIP Moving around criteria: Briefing by sick & disabled people. we are Spartatcus

Welfare Reform Scrutiny Group. (2011). Overview of Analytical Work on Welfare Reform Aug 2011 (Paper WRSG 4-01).

Wilson, T., Morgan, G., Rahman, A. & Vaid, L. (2013). The local impacts of welfare reform - An assessment of cumulative impacts and migrations. Local Government Association and Centre for Economic and Social Inclusion.

Wilson, W. (2014). Under-occupation of social housing: Housing Benefit entitlement (House of Commons Standard Note SN/SP/6272).


Email: Franca MacLeod

Back to top