Publication - Research and analysis

The Impact of Welfare Reform in Scotland - Tracking Study

Published: 16 May 2014
ISBN:
9781784124540

The aim of the study is to explore the impact of on-going welfare changes on a range of households in Scotland over time. This report provides a review of the literature and presents the results of the first sweep of interviews which took place from September 2013 to January 2014.

The Impact of Welfare Reform in Scotland - Tracking Study
Footnotes

Footnotes

1 www.gov.uk/universal-credit/overview

2 Note that Disability Living Allowance is not related to labour market status, but is provided to cover the additional costs of disability.

3 See Appendix 1 for details of the changes.

4 www.dwp.gov.uk/docs/jsa-sanctions-draft-regs-2012-memorandum.pdf

5 www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2012/5/contents/enacted

6 www.dgvoice.co.uk/uploads/Document%20Library/Welfare%20Reform%20overview.pdf

7 The SWF is a discretionary grant that is administered by local authorities in Scotland, and does not have to be repaid. Two of types of grants comprise the fund - Crisis Grants and Community Care Grants. Crisis Grants are designed to help people in crisis or emergency. A crisis could be a fire or a flood, and an emergency could be the theft of money. Community Care Grants help people who may have to move into local authority care if support is not provided, or to help care leavers with the purchase of furniture for a new home. This Grant can also be used to help families who need help to purchase a one-off essential item such as a cooker.

8 Individuals affected rather than households, by 2015/16

9 Individuals affected, by 2017/18

10 See McQuaid et al. (2013) for a review of economic inactivity among lone parents and people with disabilities.

11 The Minimum Income Standard for the UK shows how much money people need, so that they can buy things that members of the public think that everyone in the UK should be able to afford. Further information on the methodology behind the calculation is available at

www.minimumincomestandard.org

12 www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/228469/universal-credit-la-update-nov-2012.pdf

13 www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/228465/universal-credit-la-update-apr-13.pdf

14 DWP (2013b) does not however give a figure of the total number of households receiving housing benefit in the four local authorities.

15 www.turn2us.org.uk/information__resources/benefits/benefits_news_and_changes/benefit_cap.aspx#whoaffected

16 www.arthritiscare.org.uk/Campaigns/pip-20-metres-consultation

17 www.qsrinternational.com/products_nvivo.aspx

18 There are two different types of ESA. Some people will get 'contribution based ESA' (CB-ESA) because they made enough National Insurance contributions while they were at work to qualify for it (similar to Incapacity Benefit). Others will get 'Income-related ESA' (IR-ESA) provided they have little or no income and little if any capital (similar to Income Support) (see Appendix 1 for further details).

19 The Joseph Rowntree Foundation established a minimum income standard in 2008 (Padley & Hirsch, 2014) - see chapter 2.

20 www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/275291/Benefit_and_Pension_rates_2014-15.pdf (Accessed 03 April 2014)

21 www.gov.uk/attendance-allowance/overview (Accessed 03 April 2014)

22 www.gov.uk/constant-attendance-allowance/overview (Accessed 03 April 2014)

23 www.gov.uk/dla-disability-living-allowance-benefit/overview (Accessed 03 April 2014)

24 www.gov.uk/disability-living-allowance-children (Accessed 03 April 2014)

25 www.gov.uk/government/policies/simplifying-the-welfare-system-and-making-sure-work-pays/supporting-pages/introducing-personal-independence-payment (Accessed 03 April 2014)

26 www.gov.uk/pip (Accessed 03 April 2014)

27 www.gov.uk/pip/eligibility (Accessed 03 April 2014)

28 www.gov.uk/pip/what-youll-get (Accessed 03 April 2014)

29 www.gov.uk/pip/eligibility (Accessed 03 April 2014)

30 www.gov.uk/dla-disability-living-allowance-benefit/how-to-claim (Accessed 03 April 2014)

31 www.gov.uk/pip (Accessed 03 April 2014)

32 www.gov.uk/government/policies/simplifying-the-welfare-system-and-making-sure-work-pays/supporting-pages/introducing-personal-independence-payment (Accessed 03 April 2014)

33 www.gov.uk/employment-support-allowance (Accessed 03 April 2014)

34 www.gov.uk/employment-support-allowance/what-youll-get (Accessed 03 April 2014)

35 www.gov.uk/employment-support-allowance/what-youll-get (Accessed 03 April 2014)

36 www.gov.uk/severe-disablement-allowance (Accessed 03 April 2014)

37 www.gov.uk/carers-allowance (Accessed 03 April 2014)

38 www.gov.uk/incapacity-benefit (Accessed 03 April 2014)

39 www.gov.uk/income-support/eligibility (Accessed 03 April 2014)

40 www.gov.uk/income-support/eligibility (Accessed 03 April 2014)

41 www.gov.uk/jobseekers-allowance/eligibility (Accessed 03 April 2014)

42 www.gov.uk/jobseekers-allowance/what-youll-get (Accessed 03 April 2014)

43 www.gov.uk/jobseekers-allowance/eligibility (Accessed 03 April 2014)

44 www.gov.uk/child-benefit (Accessed 03 April 2014)

45 www.gov.uk/child-benefit/what-youll-get (Accessed 03 April 2014)

46 www.gov.uk/child-tax-credit/overview (Accessed 03 April 2014)

47 www.gov.uk/child-tax-credit/what-youll-get (Accessed 03 April 2014)

48 www.gov.uk/working-tax-credit/overview (Accessed 03 April 2014)

49 www.gov.uk/working-tax-credit/what-youll-get (Accessed 03 April 2014)

50 www.hmrc.gov.uk/taxcredits/start/who-qualifies/workingtaxcredit/disability.htm (Accessed 03 April 2014)

51 http://www.hmrc.gov.uk/taxcredits/start/who-qualifies/children/childcare-costs.htm (Accessed 04 April 2014)

52 The relevant income tapers can be found at http://www.hmrc.gov.uk/taxcredits/people-advise-others/entitlement-tables/work-and-child/work-pay-childcare.htm (Accessed 04 April 2014)

53 www.gov.uk/housing-benefit/overview (Accessed 03 April 2014)

54 www.gov.uk/housing-benefit/eligibility (Accessed 03 April 2014)

55 www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/275875/universal-credit-rented-housing.pdf (Accessed 03 April 2014)

56 www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/269539/housing-benefit-factsheet-3-discretionary-housing-payments.pdf (Accessed 03 April 2014)

57 www.gov.uk/council-tax-reduction (Accessed 03 April 2014)

58 www.gov.uk/government/collections/in-work-credit-statistics-on-start-ups--3 (Accessed 03 April 2014)

59 www.gov.uk/in-work-credit (Accessed 03 April 2014)

60 www.gov.uk/universal-credit (Accessed 03 April 2014)

61 www.legislation.gov.uk/ukdsi/2013/9780111531938/pdfs/ukdsi_9780111531938_en.pdf (Accessed 03 April 2014)

62 www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/People/welfarereform/scottishwelfarefund (Accessed 03 April 2014)

63 www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/People/welfarereform/scottishwelfarefund/scottishwelfarefuindguidance (Accessed 03 April 2014)

64 www.gov.uk/sure-start-maternity-grant/eligibility (Accessed 03 April 2014)

65 www.gov.uk/sure-start-maternity-grant/overview (Accessed 03 April 2014)

66 www.gov.uk/budgeting-loans (Accessed 03 April 2014)

67 www.gov.uk/funeral-payments/eligibility (Accessed 03 April 2014)

68 /www.gov.uk/guardians-allowance (Accessed 03 April 2014)

69 www.gov.uk/employers-maternity-pay-leave (Accessed 03 April 2014)

70 www.gov.uk/employers-maternity-pay-leave/eligibility-and-proof-of-pregnancy (Accessed 03 April 2014)


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Email: Franca MacLeod