Highly Protected Marine Areas - policy framework and site selection guidelines: partial BRIA

The partial business and regulatory impact assessment (BRIA) presents an initial assessment of the potential costs, benefits and risks of introducing HPMAs and their potential impacts on public, private or third sectors.


1. Colin Moffat, John Baxter, Barbara Berx, Kirsty Bosley, Philip Boulcott, Martyn Cox, Lyndsay Cruickshank, Katie Gillham, Venetia Haynes, Ashley Roberts, David Vaughan & Lynda Webster (Eds.). (2021). Scotland's Marine Assessment 2020: Headlines and next steps. Scottish Government.

2. Study of the economic benefits of Marine Protected Areas – MedPAN

3. Monitoring the socio-economic impacts of Marine Protected Areas: report

4. Highly Protected Marine Areas (HPMAs) review 2019

5. Spillover from marine reserves and replenishment of fished stocks

6. Goñi, R., Hilborn, R., Díaz, D., Mallol, S. and Adlerstein, S. (2010). Net contribution of spillover from a marine reserve to fishery catches. Marine Ecology Progress Series 400 233–243.

7. Storage of carbon by marine ecosystems and their contribution to climate change mitigation

8. Blue carbon

9. Assessment of Carbon Capture and Storage in Natural Systems within the English North Sea (Including within Marine Protected Areas)


Email: HPMA@gov.scot

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