A healthier future - action and ambitions on diet, activity, and healthy weight: consultation

An open consultation on the proposals for improving diet and weight in Scotland. Responses will be used to inform the development of the final strategy.

Annex D – Glossary


Active Scotland Outcome Framework

The Active Scotland Outcomes Framework describes Scotland's ambitions for sport and physical activity.

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Following successful pilot work, the ActWELL study (lead by the University of Dundee in conjunction with Breast Cancer Now and NHS Breast cancer screening clinics) aims to assess the benefits, costs and acceptability of a community delivered, personalised weight management programme (ActWELL) in women attending routine breast cancer screening clinics (in Aberdeen, Dundee, Edinburgh and Glasgow). Recruitment started in July 2017 and the response from women has been very high.

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Ambition 2030

An ambitious plan to drive growth in Scotland's farming, fishing, food and drink industry. Ambition 2030 was developed by the Scotland Food & Drink Partnership, an industry-led partnership of the main organisations in the farming, fishing, food and drink sector, alongside The Scottish Government and its key agencies.

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See body mass index.

Body mass index ( BMI)

Weight in kg divided by the square of height in metres. Adults (aged 16 and over) can be classified into the following BMI groups:

BMI (kg/m2)


Less than 18.5


18.5 to less than 25


25 to less than 30


30 to less than 40


40 and above

Morbidly obese

Although the BMI calculation method is the same, there are no fixed BMI cut-off points defining overweight and obesity in children. Instead, overweight and obesity are defined using several other methods including age and sex specific BMI cut-off points or BMI percentiles cut-offs based on reference populations. Children can be classified into the following groups:

Percentile cut-off


At or below 2nd percentile

At risk of underweight

Above 2nd percentile and below 85th percentile

Healthy weight

At or above 85th percentile and below 95th percentile

At risk of overweight

At or above 95th percentile

At risk of obesity

Source: Scottish Health Survey 2017


Committee of Advertising Practice

The Committee of Advertising Practice ( CAP) is the sister organisation of and is administered by the Advertising Standards Authority ( ASA). The CAP is responsible for creating and maintaining the UK code of Non-broadcast Advertising, sales, promotion and direct marketing which regulates non-broadcast marketing communications.

Community Food Initiatives

Projects or programmes tackling locally identified barriers to a healthy diet, for example a community-run café in a low income neighbourhood or a community garden run with people who are homeless.

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Community Planning Partnership

A Community Planning Partnership (or CPP) is the name given to all those services that come together to take part in community planning. There are 32 CPPs across Scotland, one for each council area. Each CPP is responsible for developing and delivering a plan for its council area.

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Daily Mile

The Daily Mile – a free, simple and effective concept of jogging, walking and running for 15 minutes to improve the physical, social, emotional and mental health and wellbeing of people regardless of age, ability or personal circumstances.

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Eat Better, Feel Better

A Scottish Government campaign launched in 2015 which aims to encourage and support people to make healthier choices to the way they shop, cook and eat.

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Food Environment

The food environment comprises the foods available to people in their surroundings – and includes the nutritional quality, safety, price, convenience, labelling and marketing of these foods. This includes supermarkets, convenience stores, cafes, restaurants, takeaways, work and school canteens, and all other venues where people procure and eat food.

Source: FAO (2016) Influencing Food Environments for Healthy Diets. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome.

Food Standard Scotland ( FSS)

FSS was established by the Food (Scotland) Act 2015 as a non-ministerial office, part of the Scottish Administration, alongside, but separate from, the Scottish Government. FSS develops policies, provides policy advice to others, is a trusted source of advice for consumers and protects consumers through delivery of a robust regulatory and enforcement strategy.

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Front of Pack Labelling

See traffic light labelling.

Fruit, Vegetables & Potatoes Action Plan

A new Fruit, Vegetable & Potato Industry Leadership Group (announced June 2017) is developing the first Sector Action Plan to capitalise on market opportunities, and grow the sector whilst also trying to drive increased consumption of healthy Scottish produce. This work complements Ambition 2030 and the new group, which for the first time brings together all key representatives across the sector, will identify the specific actions needed to overcome any barriers to growth, develop new market opportunities, and address issues facing the sector, including the implications of Brexit and access to labour.


Good Food Nation

Good Food Nation is the next phase of Scotland's National Food and Drink Policy. It highlights the successes of Scotland's first food and drink policy, Recipe for Success, whilst recognising the continuing challenges within Scotland's food and drink sector. Becoming a Good Food Nation recognises the need to move towards a healthier, more resilient and sustainable food system.

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Healthcare Retail Standard

The Healthcare Retail Standard ( HRS) is a set of criteria developed for retail outlets in all healthcare settings across Scotland. These criteria require the retail outlet to have at least 50% of their products from a healthier range. They also restrict what can be actively promoted in these stores.

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Health Inequalities

The unfair and unavoidable differences in people's health across social groups and between difference population groups.

Health Visitor Pathway

The pathway presents a core home visiting programme to be offered to all families by Health Visitors as a minimum standard. Along with these core home visits Health Visitors exercising the function of a Named Person on behalf of their Health Board will be required to be available and responsive to parents to promote support and safeguard the wellbeing of children by providing information, advice, support and help to access other services.

Healthy Living Programme

The Scottish Grocers' Federation ( SGF) Healthy Living Programme is a Scottish Government sponsored programme whose main objectives are to increase the range, quality and affordability of fresh produce and other healthier products from across categories in convenience retail stores across Scotland.

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Healthy Start Vouchers

Healthy Start Vouchers are being devolved as part of the Welfare Foods provisions of the Scotland Act (2016). They are currently administered by Department of Health and provide low income pregnant women and children under the age of 4 with vouchers worth £3.10 per week to purchase fruit, vegetables and milk (one for pregnant women and those with a baby under the age of one; and one for each child in the family under four years old). It will be integrated with the Best Start Grant (Scottish replacement for the Sure Start Maternity Grant) following commencement.

Healthy Weight

See Body Mass Index .

Healthyliving Award

The Healthyliving Award is a national award for the foodservice sector in Scotland. Eating out plays an important part in people's lives and what people are increasingly looking for is good healthier food.

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Make Innovation Happen

Make Innovation Happen is a new and ambitious service to support food and drink businesses to innovate in Scotland.

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See Body Mass Index.

Out of home

Any food or drink purchased for immediate consumption outside the home, including takeaway or home-delivered food.


See Body Mass Index.


Population health

Population health is an approach to health that aims to improve the health of the entire population and to reduce health inequities among population groups. In order to reach these objectives, it looks at, and acts upon the broad range of factors and conditions that have a strong influence on our health. This broader notion of health recognizes the range of social, economic and physical environmental factors that contribute to health.

Preventing Obesity Route Map

In February 2010, the Scottish Government and COSLA launched a long-term obesity strategy entitled Preventing Overweight and Obesity in Scotland: A Route Map Towards Healthy Weight. It is most commonly referred to as the 'Obesity Route Map'

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Promotion is advertising a product or brand, generating sales, and creating brand loyalty.

Source: McCarthy, Jerome E. (1964). Basic Marketing. A Managerial Approach. Homewood, IL: Irwin. p. 769. ISBN [0256025339].

Public Health

Public health focuses on the health of populations as a whole rather than on individuals. It deals with the behavioural, social and environmental factors that influence the health of populations.

Public Health England ( PHE) Reformulation Programme

PHE Reformulation Programme – A UK Government policy, launched in their Childhood Obesity Action Plan (2016) and administered by Public Health England, that sets a target for manufacturers to achieve a 20% sugar reduction by 2020 with a (5% in the first year) across the top 9 categories of food that contribute most to intakes of children up to the age of 18 years.

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Scottish Dietary Goals

The Goals describe, in nutritional terms, the diet that will improve and support the health of the Scottish population. They are set at the Scottish population level. They indicate the direction of travel, and assist policy development to reduce the burden of obesity and diet-related disease in Scotland. They will continue to underpin diet and health policy in Scotland and will be used for scientific monitoring purposes.

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Scottish Health Survey

The Scottish Health Survey ( SHeS) provides a detailed picture of the health of the Scottish population in private households and is designed to make a major contribution to the monitoring of health in Scotland.

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Small Test of Change

Small tests of change are mini-interventions that allow healthcare teams and others to try out new ideas quickly and cost-efficiently.

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SME – Small and medium enterprise

Small-sized enterprises have fewer than 50 employees. Medium-sized enterprises have fewer than 250 employees.

Source: The Procurement Reform (Scotland) Act 2014 – section 9(3)

Soft Drinks Industry Levy

The Soft Drinks Industry Levy is a UK Government policy proposal featured in the 2016 Childhood Obesity Action Plan. The proposed levy will apply to the production and importation of soft drinks containing added sugar. The levy is due to take effect from April 2018.

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Supporting Healthy Choices Voluntary Framework

The Supporting Healthy Choices Voluntary Framework set out the Scottish Government and the then Food Standards Agency in Scotland ambition to work collaboratively with partners to improve Scotland's diet and tackle health inequalities. The framework called on industry partners to implement a range of voluntary commitments which reflect the action believed necessary to rebalance diets in Scotland.

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Traffic Light Labelling

Traffic light labelling is a front-of-pack nutrition labelling scheme to help consumers see, at a glance, what is in their food. The label is colour-coded red, amber and green, and highlights 'percentage reference intakes' (formerly known as guideline daily amounts), to show how much fat, saturated fat, salt, sugar and energy is in a product.

  • Red colour coding means the food or drink is high in this nutrient and we should try to have these foods less often or eat them in small amounts.
  • Amber means medium, and if a food contains mostly amber you can eat it most of the time.
  • Green means low, and the more green lights a label displays the healthier the choice.

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Suzanne Connolly DietPolicy@gov.scot

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