79. Table 18 shows the Scottish Government’s capital borrowing plans.
|Debt Stock at start of Year||607||1,036||1,258||1,617||1,744||1,814||2,026||2,177||2,313||2,435||2,544||2,639||2,718||2,794|
|New Borrowing in year (incurred)||450||250||405||200||150||300|
|New Borrowing in year (forecast)||250||250||250||250||250||250||250||250|
|Resource Cost of Borrowing Incurred||-||15||37||64||74||83||103||112||112||112||112||112||99||86|
|Resource Cost of Forecast Borrowing||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||17||41||64||88||112||136||161|
|Projected Total Resource Cost||0||15||37||64||74||83||103||129||153||177||200||224||236||247|
|Notional Borrowing Repayments||20.5||20.5||20.5||20.5||20.5||20.5||20.5||20.5||20.5||20.5||20.5||20.5||20.5||20.5|
|Debt Stock at end of Year||1,036||1,258||1,617||1,744||1,814||2,026||2,177||2,313||2,435||2,544||2,639||2,718||2,794||2,868|
|Percentage of Debt Cap||35%||42%||54%||58%||60%||68%||73%||76%||79%||82%||83%||84%||85%||85%|
Note 1: The Fiscal Framework Agreement reached this year states that from 2023-24 onwards, the statutory limit on borrowing for capital expenditure will be increased to and maintained at £3bn in 2023-24 prices. The annual limit on the amount of borrowing for capital expenditure will also be increased. From 2023-24 onwards, it will now be maintained at £450m a year in 2023-24 prices. Both limits will be uprated annually. These changes may impact on borrowing decisions, with decisions on borrowing to be set out at the next fiscal event.
Note 2: Projected Borrowing based on existing Scottish Government Capital Borrowing Policy however this is subject to change given the revised fiscal framework limits.
Figures may not sum due to rounding.
80. In 2022-23 the Scottish Government drew down £300m of Capital Borrowing from the National Loans Fund at a fifteen year tenor with an interest rate of 3.48%.
81. Chapter 4 of Scotland’s Fiscal Outlook: The Scottish Government’s Medium-Term Financial Strategy from May 2023 sets out the principles and policies that guide the use of the Scottish Government’s fiscal powers. In relation to capital borrowing, it was assumed that the Scottish Government will borrow £250 million annually over the remaining period of the National Infrastructure Mission as this was previously fiscally sustainable even under the previous fiscal framework limits.
82. Given that the capital borrowing policy was derived by necessity from the fiscal framework limits, this will be subject to change now that the Fiscal Framework has been reviewed and the annual and cumulative limits will grow in real terms. Further revisions to the Capital Borrowing policy will be set out at subsequent Scottish Budgets and medium term financial strategy publications.
83. In its report, “Scotland’s Economic and Fiscal Forecasts”, published on 25 May 2023, the Scottish Fiscal Commission judged the Government’s projections of capital borrowing as reasonable.
84. Table 19 shows the Scottish Government’s resource borrowing plans.
|Debt Stock at start of Year||-||207||505||480||414||628||476||311||195||113||37|
|New Borrowing in year (incurred)||207||319||47|
|New Borrowing in year (forecast)||41||332||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Resource Cost of Borrowing Incurred||-||21||77||114||119||119||98||44||5||-||-|
|Resource Cost of Forecast Borrowing||-||-||-||-||6||54||86||86||86||81||38|
|Projected Total Resource Cost||0||21||77||114||124||173||183||129||91||81||38|
|Debt Stock at end of Year||207||505||480.3||414||628||476||311||195||113||37||(0)|
|Percentage of Debt Cap||12%||29%||27%||24%||35%||27%||17%||11%||6%||2%||0%|
85. The Scottish Government must balance its Budget each year, and has specific and limited powers in relation to resource borrowing. The overall limits on resource borrowing were £1.75 billion cumulatively and the total annual limit was £600 million. Within these limits the facility to borrow was further restricted to £300 million per annum for forecast error which could only be used for in-year cash management or in cases of forecast error. These limits were adjusted as part of the Fiscal Framework review, which concluded in August 2023. Further details on the circumstances in which the Scottish Government can invoke its resource borrowing powers are set out in the Fiscal Framework Technical Note.
86. In 2022-23 the Scottish Government borrowed £47 million in respect of final reconciliations and in-year forecast error on taxes and welfare expenditure. This was drawn down from the National Loans fund at a rate of 3.68% over a five year tenor.
87. A positive £45.7 million reconciliation was applied to the Scottish Budget 2023-24 relating to 2020-21 Scottish Income Tax, 2021-22 fully devolved taxes, FFFP and social security. The Scottish Government provided indicative plans to use its resource borrowing powers in 2023-24 to borrow £41 million to fully offset the impact of the negative reconciliations embedded within this net figure, however all resource borrowing decisions will be finalised at the end of the financial year based on the overall financial position.
88. Chapter 3 of Scotland’s Fiscal Outlook: The Scottish Government’s Medium-Term Financial Strategy from May 2023 sets out the principles and policies that guide the use of the Scottish Government’s approach to resource borrowing and other sources of discretionary funding available.
89. The outstanding debt from resource borrowing was £480 million at the end of 2022-23, over £1.2 billion below the cumulative Resource Borrowing limit of £1.75 billion.
There is a problem
Thanks for your feedback