Publication - Publication

Offshore wind energy - draft sectoral marine plan: strategic environmental assessment

Published: 18 Dec 2019
Directorate:
Marine Scotland Directorate
Part of:
Energy, Marine and fisheries
ISBN:
9781839603761

Strategic environmental assessment (SEA) identifies the likely significant environmental impacts of plans and policies and proposed reasonable alternatives to them.

305 page PDF

12.4 MB

305 page PDF

12.4 MB

Contents
Offshore wind energy - draft sectoral marine plan: strategic environmental assessment
Footnotes

305 page PDF

12.4 MB

Footnotes

1. http://marine.gov.scot/information/sectoral-marine-plan-offshore-wind-energy-2019-draft-plan-options

2. Historic Environment Scotland, Scottish Environment Protection Agency and Scottish Natural Heritage.

3. https://www.gov.scot/publications/scoping-areas-search-study-offshore-wind-energy-scottish-waters-2018/

4. Scottish Government, 2013. Draft Sectoral Marine Plans for Offshore Renewable Energy in Scottish Waters; 2013; https://www.gov.scot/publications/draft-sectoral-marine-plans-offshore-renewable-energy-scottish-waters-consultation/pages/7/

5. Scottish Government, 2018. Offshore Wind Sectoral Marine Plan Scoping Consultation. Available at https://consult.gov.scot/marine-scotland/offshore-wind-scoping/.

6. Scottish Government, 2018. Sectoral marine plan for offshore wind energy: context report. Available at https://www.gov.scot/publications/sectoral-marine-plan-offshore-wind-energy-encompassing-deep-water-plan/.

7. Scottish Government, 2018. Sectoral marine plan for offshore wind energy: social and economic impact assessment scoping report. Available at https://www.gov.scot/publications/sectoral-marine-plan-offshore-wind-energy-encompassing-deep-waterplan-options/ .

8. Scottish Government, 2018. Sectoral marine plan for offshore wind energy: strategic habitat regulations appraisal pre-screening report. Available at https://www.gov.scot/publications/sectoral-marine-plan-offshore-wind-energy-encompassing-deep-water-plan-9781788519632/.

9. Scottish Government, 2018. Sectoral marine plan for offshore wind energy: strategic environmental assessment screening and scoping report. Available at https://www.gov.scot/publications/sectoral-marine-plan-offshore-wind-energy-encompassing-deep-water-options/.

10. Scottish Government, 2018. Search areas for offshore wind energy: scoping study. Available at https://www.gov.scot/publications/scoping-areas-search-study-offshore-wind-energy-scottish-waters-2018/.

11. The Carbon Trust (2015) Floating Offshore Wind : Market and Technology Review. Available at: https://www.carbontrust.com/resources/reports/technology/floating-offshore-wind-market-technology-review/

12. Statoil (2015) Hywind Scotland Pilot Park - Environmental Statement. doi:http://www.statoil.com/en/EnvironmentSociety/Environment/impactassessments/NewEnergy/IntWind/Pages/HywindScotland.aspx.

13. The Carbon Trust (2015) Floating Offshore Wind : Market and Technology Review. Available at: https://www.carbontrust.com/resources/reports/technology/floating-offshore-wind-market-technology-review/

14. Scottish Government, 2018. Search areas for offshore wind energy: scoping study. Available at https://www.gov.scot/publications/scoping-areas-search-study-offshore-wind-energy-scottish-waters-2018/.

15. These areas have been updated for the final draft of the RLG to include South West, West, North, North East and East only), and the RLG updated to reflect the updated DPOs as reviewed below and taken forwards into the assessment process.

16. Scottish Government (2005) Environmental Assessment (Scotland) Act 2005, asp 15 [online] Available at: https://www.legislation.gov.uk/asp/2005/15/introduction

17. Historic Environment Scotland (HES), Scottish Environment Protection Agency (SEPA) and Scottish Natural Heritage (SNH).

18. Amongst other targets, Scottish Ministers have committed to generating 100% of Scotland's gross annual electricity demand from renewable sources by 2020.

19. WindEurope (2017) Floating Offshore Wind Vision Statement – June 2017 [online] Available at: https://windeurope.org/wp-content/uploads/files/about-wind/reports/Floating-offshore-statement.pdf

20. European Wind Energy Association (2013) Deep water – The next step for offshore wind energy [online] Available at: http://www.ewea.org/fileadmin/files/library/publications/reports/Deep_Water.pdf

21. ibid

22. Scottish Government (2015) Scotland's National Marine Plan – 11. Offshore Wind and Marine Renewable Energy [online] Available at: http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2015/03/6517/12

23. Carbon Trust (2015) Floating Offshore Wind: Market and Technology Review [online] Available at: https://www.carbontrust.com/media/670664/floating-offshore-wind-market-technology-review.pdf

24. Scottish Government (2019) Draft Regional Locational Guidance – Offshore Wind in Scottish Waters.

25. Scottish Government (2019) Draft Regional Locational Guidance – Offshore Wind in Scottish Waters.

26. Scottish Government (2019) Draft Regional Locational Guidance – Offshore Wind in Scottish Waters.

27. ibid

28. Scottish Government (2011) Scottish Marine and Freshwater Science Report Volume 2 Number 13: Scoping Study for Offshore Wind Farm Development in Scottish Waters [online] Available at: https://tethys.pnnl.gov/sites/default/files/publications/Davies-Watret-2011.pdf

29. ibid

30. ibid

31. WindEurope (2017) Floating Offshore Wind Vision Statement – June 2017 [online] Available at: https://windeurope.org/wp-content/uploads/files/about-wind/reports/Floating-offshore-statement.pdf

32. ibid

33. Scottish Government (2013) Draft Sectoral Marine Plans for Offshore Renewable Energy in Scottish Waters – Strategic Environmental Assessment: Environmental Report and Appendix A [online] Available at: http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2013/07/2403/0)

34. Scottish Government (2012) Offshore Wind – Regional Locational Guidance – Part 2 – Introduction – Scottish Overview [online] Available at: http://www.gov.scot/Topics/marine/marineenergy/Planning/windrlg

35. Scottish Government (2013) Offshore Wind Energy in Scottish Waters – Initial Plan Framework (Draft Plan Options) [online] Available at: http://www.gov.scot/Resource/0042/00423948.pdf

36. Moray Offshore Renewable Power (2018) Moray East – The Project [online] Available at: http://www.morayoffshore.com/moray-east/the-project/

37. Seagreen Wind Energy Limited (2018) Home page [online] Available at: https://www.seagreenwindenergy.com/

38. Levenmouth Demonstration Turbine (2018) [online] Available at https://ore.catapult.org.uk/testing-validation/facilities/levenmouth/

39. 2B Energy Forthwind Project [online] Available at https://ciercoenergy.com/projects/

40. Hexicon AB (2017) Dounreay Trì [online] Available at: http://www.hexicon.eu/dounreay-tri/

41. 4C Offshore (2017) Kincardine Offshore Windfarm Project Offshore Wind Farm [online] Available at: http://www.4coffshore.com/windfarms/windfarms.aspx?windfarmId=UK2H

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43. e-on (2017) Robin Rigg East and West [online] Available at: https://www.eonenergy.com/About-eon/our-company/generation/our-current-portfolio/wind/offshore/robin-rigg

44. OSPAR Commission (2017) OSPAR Convention. Available at: https://www.ospar.org/convention

45. ibid

46. See further, European Commission (2017) Our Oceans, Seas and Coasts Available at: https://ec.europa.eu/environment/marine/index_en.htm

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54. ibid

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59. Scottish Government (2015) Scotland's National Marine Plan – 11. Offshore Wind and Marine Renewable Energy. Available at: http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2015/03/6517/12 [accessed 09/01/2019]

60. ibid

61. European Commission (2009) Directive 2009/28/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources and amending and subsequently repealing Directives 2001/77/EC and 2003/30/EC. Available at: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32009L0028 [accessed 21/02/2020]

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279. ibid

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293. The basket of Kyoto Protocol greenhouse gases comprises carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), and nitrous oxide (N2O), for which the baseline is 1990; and hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), and sulphur hexafluoride (SF6), for which the baseline is 1995. Nitrogen triflouride (NF3) has subsequently been added and applies to the second commitment period of 2013-20.

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300. ibid

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316. SNH (2014) Siting and Designing Wind Farms in the Landscape – Version 3a [online] Available at: https://www.nature.scot/sites/default/files/2017-11/Siting%20and%20designing%20windfarms%20in%20the%20landscape%20-%20version%203a.pdf (accessed 09/01/19)

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318. Informed by: E.On UK (2013) Foundation Types [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/3947.aspx [accessed 02/03/2013]; ARUP, Costain, Hochtief (undated) Gravity Base Foundations; Scharf R. and Siems M. (2013) Monopile foundations for offshore wind turbines – solutions for greater water depths, Steel Construction 6 (2013), No. 1, DOI: 10.1002/stco.201300010, pp. 47 – 53 [online] Available at: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/stco.201300010/pdf [accessed 27/03/2013]; and DW (2013) Scientists race to develop floating wind farms [online] Available at: http://www.dw.de/scientists-race-to-develop-floating-wind-farms/a-16540081 [accessed 02/03/2013].

319. Informed by: Marine Scotland. 2012. Vulnerability of Scottish Seabirds to Offshore Wind Turbines. Prepared by MacArthur Green Ltd (Furness and Wade); Bowgen, K., and Cook, A. 2018. Bird collision avoidance: Empirical evidence and impact assessments. JNCC Report No. 614, JNCC, Peterborough, ISSN 0963-8091, Skov, H., Heinänen, S., Norman, T., Ward, R.M., Méndez-Roldán, S., Ellis, I. 2018. ORJIP Bird Collision and Avoidance Study. Final report – April 2018. The Carbon Trust. 247 pp.: Halcrow (2007) The Plan for Offshore Wind Energy in Scottish Territorial Waters, Environmental Report: Volume 1, Prepared for the Scottish Executive [online] Available at: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/Doc/312161/0098588.pdf [accessed 27/03/2013]; Talisman Energy (UK) LTD (2005) Environmental Statement [online] Available at: http://www.beatricewind.co.uk/downloads/statement.asp [accessed 25/03/2013]; EMU (2012) Neart na Gaoithe Offshore Wind Farm Environmental Statement, Prepared for Mainstream Renewable Power [online] Available at: https://nngoffshorewind.com/downloads/offshore-environmental-statement/ [accessed 17/01/2020]; Aberdeen Wind Offshore Wind Farm Limited (2011) European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre: Non-Technical Summary, July 2011 [online] Available at: http://marine.gov.scot/datafiles/lot/eowdc/ [accessed 21/01/2020]; E-on (2008) Offshore Environmental Statement, April 2008 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013]; E-on (2008) Onshore Cable Route Environmental Statement, April 2008 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013]; and E-on (2009) Onshore Substation and Cable Spur Environmental Statement, November 2009 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013.

320. Informed by: Halcrow (2007) The Plan for Offshore Wind Energy in Scottish Territorial Waters, Environmental Report: Volume 1, Prepared for the Scottish Executive [online] Available at: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/Doc/312161/0098588.pdf [accessed 27/03/2013]; Talisman Energy (UK) LTD (2005) Environmental Statement [online] Available at: http://www.beatricewind.co.uk/downloads/statement.asp [accessed 25/03/2013]; EMU (2012) Neart na Gaoithe Offshore Wind Farm Environmental Statement, Prepared for Mainstream Renewable Power [online] Available at: https://nngoffshorewind.com/downloads/offshore-environmental-statement/ [accessed 17/01/2020]; Aberdeen Wind Offshore Wind Farm Limited (2011) European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre: Non-Technical Summary, July 2011 [online] Available at: http://marine.gov.scot/sites/default/files/non_technical_summary_1.pdf [accessed 17/01/2020]; E-on (2008) Offshore Environmental Statement, April 2008 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013]; E-on (2008) Onshore Cable Route Environmental Statement, April 2008 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013]; and E-on (2009) Onshore Substation and Cable Spur Environmental Statement, November 2009 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013.

321. Informed by: OSPAR Commission (2004) Biodiversity Series: Environmental Impacts to marine species and habitats of dredging for navigational purposes [online] Available at: http://www.ospar.org/documents/dbase/publications/p00208_environmental%20impacts%20to%20marine%20species.pdf [accessed 28/03/2013]; Halcrow (2007) The Plan for Offshore Wind Energy in Scottish Territorial Waters, Environmental Report: Volume 1, Prepared for the Scottish Executive [online] Available at: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/Doc/312161/0098588.pdf [accessed 27/03/2013]; Talisman Energy (UK) LTD (2005) Environmental Statement [online] Available at: http://www.beatricewind.co.uk/downloads/statement.asp [accessed 25/03/2013]; EMU (2012) Neart na Gaoithe Offshore Wind Farm Environmental Statement, Prepared for Mainstream Renewable Power [online] Available at: https://nngoffshorewind.com/downloads/offshore-environmental-statement/ [accessed 17/01/2020]; Aberdeen Wind Offshore Wind Farm Limited (2011) European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre: Non-Technical Summary, July 2011 [online] Available at: http://marine.gov.scot/sites/default/files/non_technical_summary_1.pdf [accessed 17/01/2020]; E-on (2008) Offshore Environmental Statement, April 2008 [online] Available at: http://www.eonuk. com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 17/01/2020]; E-on (2008) Onshore Cable Route Environmental Statement, April 2008 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013]; and E-on (2009) Onshore Substation and Cable Spur Environmental Statement, November 2009 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013.

322. Informed by: Halcrow (2007) The Plan for Offshore Wind Energy in Scottish Territorial Waters, Environmental Report: Volume 1, Prepared for the Scottish Executive [online] Available at: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/Doc/312161/0098588.pdf [accessed 27/03/2013]; Talisman Energy (UK) LTD (2005) Environmental Statement [online] Available at: http://www.beatricewind.co.uk/downloads/statement.asp [accessed 25/03/2013]; EMU (2012) Neart na Gaoithe Offshore Wind Farm Environmental Statement, Prepared for Mainstream Renewable Power [online] Available at: https://nngoffshorewind.com/downloads/offshore-environmental-statement/ [accessed 17/01/2020]; Aberdeen Wind Offshore Wind Farm Limited (2011) European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre: Non-Technical Summary, July 2011 [online] Available at: http://marine.gov.scot/sites/default/files/non_technical_summary_1.pdf [accessed 17/01/2020]; E-on (2008) Offshore Environmental Statement, April 2008 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013]; E-on (2008) Onshore Cable Route Environmental Statement, April 2008 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013]; and E-on (2009) Onshore Substation and Cable Spur Environmental Statement, November 2009 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013].

323. Informed by: Halcrow (2007) The Plan for Offshore Wind Energy in Scottish Territorial Waters, Environmental Report: Volume 1, Prepared for the Scottish Executive [online] Available at: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/Doc/312161/0098588.pdf [accessed 27/03/2013]

324. Informed by: Fjordr Marine and Historic Environment Consulting (2013) Historic Environment Guidance for Wave and Tidal Energy (Draft) [online] Available at: www.fjordr.com/uploads/3/0/0/2/3002891/historic_environment_guidance_for_wave_and_tidal_energy_- _consultation_draft_150213.pdf [accessed 03/04/2013]; Halcrow (2007) The Plan for Offshore Wind Energy in Scottish Territorial Waters, Environmental Report: Volume 1, Prepared for the Scottish Executive [online] Available at: https://www2.gov.scot/Resource/Doc/312161/0098588.pdf [accessed 27/03/2013]; Talisman Energy (UK) LTD (2005) Environmental Statement [online] Available at: http://www.beatricewind.co.uk/downloads/statement.asp [accessed 25/03/2013]; EMU (2012) Neart na Gaoithe Offshore Wind Farm Environmental Statement, Prepared for Mainstream Renewable Power [online] Available at: https://nngoffshorewind.com/downloads/offshore-environmental-statement/ [accessed 17/01/2020]; Aberdeen Wind Offshore Wind Farm Limited (2011) European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre: Non-Technical Summary, July 2011 [online] Available at: http://marine.gov.scot/sites/default/files/non_technical_summary_1.pdf [accessed 17/01/2020]; E-on (2008) Offshore Environmental Statement, April 2008 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013]; E-on (2008) Onshore Cable Route Environmental Statement, April 2008 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013]; and E-on (2009) Onshore Substation and Cable Spur Environmental Statement, November 2009 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013].

325. Informed by: OSPAR Commission (2004) Biodiversity Series: Environmental Impacts to marine species and habitats of dredging for navigational purposes [online] Available at: http://www.ospar.org/documents/dbase/publications/p00208_environmental%20impacts%20to%20marine%20species.pdf [accessed 28/03/2013]; Halcrow (2007) The Plan for Offshore Wind Energy in Scottish Territorial Waters, Environmental Report: Volume 1, Prepared for the Scottish Executive [online] Available at: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/Doc/312161/0098588.pdf [accessed 27/03/2013]; Talisman Energy (UK) LTD (2005) Environmental Statement [online] Available at: http://www.beatricewind.co.uk/downloads/statement.asp [accessed 25/03/2013]; EMU (2012) Neart na Gaoithe Offshore Wind Farm Environmental Statement, Prepared for Mainstream Renewable Power [online] Available at: https://nngoffshorewind.com/downloads/offshore-environmental-statement/ [accessed 17/01/2020]; Aberdeen Wind Offshore Wind Farm Limited (2011) European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre: Non-Technical Summary, July 2011 [online] Available at: http://marine.gov.scot/sites/default/files/non_technical_summary_1.pdf [accessed 17/01/2020]; E-on (2008) Offshore Environmental Statement, April 2008 [online] Available at: http://www.eonuk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013]; E-on (2008) Onshore Cable Route Environmental Statement, April 2008 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013]; and E-on (2009) Onshore Substation and Cable Spur Environmental Statement, November 2009 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013].

326. Griffin et al. 2010. Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus migration in relation to offshore wind farms. BOU Proceedings – Climate Change and Birds. Available at https://tethys.pnnl.gov/sites/default/files/publications/Griffin_et_al_Wooper_Swan_Migration.pdf

327. Griffin et al. 2010. Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus migration in relation to offshore wind farms. BOU Proceedings – Climate Change and Birds. Available at https://tethys.pnnl.gov/sites/default/files/publications/Griffin_et_al_Wooper_Swan_Migration.pdf

328. Scott, K.E., Anderson, C., Dunsford, H., Benson, J.F. and MacFarlane, R. 2005. An assessment of the sensitivity and capacity of the Scottish seascape in relation to offshore windfarms. Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report No.103 (ROAME No. F03AA06). Available at https://www.nature.scot/snh-commissioned-report-103-assessment-sensitivity-and-capacity-scottish-seascape-relation-windfarms.

329. Scott, K.E., Anderson, C., Dunsford, H., Benson, J.F. and MacFarlane, R. 2005. An assessment of the sensitivity and capacity of the Scottish seascape in relation to offshore windfarms. Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report No.103 (ROAME No. F03AA06). Available at https://www.nature.scot/snh-commissioned-report-103-assessment-sensitivity-and-capacity-scottish-seascape-relation-windfarms.


Contact

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