Developing Scotland's circular economy - proposals for legislation: analysis of responses

Independent analysis of responses to the “Developing Scotland’s circular economy: consultation on proposals for legislation” paper which included proposals for a circular economy bill and two secondary regulations relating to single-use carrier bags and procurement.


1. Developing Scotland's circular economy: Proposals for legislation.

2. Making Things Last: A Circular Economy Strategy for Scotland.

3. Developing Scotland's Circular Economy: Proposals for Legislation.

4. The figure, 1,244, has been provided by the Scottish Government. No independent verification of the number and type of campaign responses has taken place as part of the analysis.

5. Scottish Government (2019) Report of the Expert Panel on Environmental Charging and Other Measures (EPECOM): Recommendations on Single-use Disposable Beverage Cups. July 2019.

6. Some environmental charities, third sector and community sector organisations made clear that they would prefer an outright ban on these items, rather than introducing charges for them.

7. This gives devolved administrations the power to prohibit or restrict the importation, use, supply or storage of injurious substances or articles and was used as the basis for introducing regulations to ban microbeads and cotton buds in Scotland.

8. Reference was made to circular construction strategies published by the World Green Building Council ( and the Netherlands Circular Economy package (page 58 onwards), (

9. In relation to the healthcare sector, it was reported that there is a culture of excessive levels of waste because of the reliance on single-use items for infection control. However, the point was made that it is unnecessary, for example, to use disposable gowns for x-rays or a separate medicine cup for every tablet, or to dispose of expensive splints which could be sanitised.







16. See Scottish Government (2016) Dignity: Ending hunger together in Scotland. Report of the independent working group on food poverty, June 2016. The four principles that should guide a dignified response to food insecurity are: (i) involve in decision making people with direct experience, (ii) recognise the social value of food, (iii) give people opportunities to contribute, and (iv) leave people with the power to choose.



19. Information about the Scottish Household Recycling Charter and its accompanying Code of Practice are available at

20. The British Standard Institution has published a specification for compost materials known as BSI publicly-available specification (PAS) 100 which applies across the UK. The aim of the BSI PAS 100 is to try and improve confidence in composted materials among end users, specifiers and blenders. It also helps producers distinguish between products that are safe, reliable and high performance from those that are not. BSI PAS 110 aims to remove the major barrier to the development of anaerobic digestate and its markets by creating an industry specification against which producers can verify that the recycled material is of consistent quality and fit for purpose.

21. See: European Commission, The new ecodesign measures explained, Oct 2019,

22. Project Beacon has been funded by Zero Waste Scotland.
Details are available from:

23. Scottish Government (2019) Circular Economy Bill proposals: partial EQIA,

24. Scottish Government (2019) Circular Economy Bill proposals: partial BRIA,

25. Note that although the question asked about 'additional likely impacts' (i.e. over and above those discussed in the partial EQIA) respondents simply discussed any impacts they thought were relevant.

26. The reference here may be the 2016 European Commission document, Buying Green - A handbook on green public procurement.
Available from:

27. Nutrient budgeting is a technique used to quantify or predict nutrient deficits or surpluses, either at a whole-farm or field scale, in an attempt to determine fertiliser requirements. It can improve nutrient use efficiency and reduce nutrient losses from agriculture.





Back to top