Publication - Independent report

Coalition for Racial Equality and Rights - anti-racist policy making: review

Published: 14 Sep 2021

Findings of a research programme into Scottish race equality strategies since 2000. The Coalition for Racial Equality and Rights (CRER) was commissioned to support the implementation of this review, with a focus on exploring opportunities for better practice.

Coalition for Racial Equality and Rights - anti-racist policy making: review
Appendix 3: Statistical Reference Tables

Appendix 3: Statistical Reference Tables

The ethnicity categories used throughout are derived from data sources.

Community Cohesion and Safety

Figure 1: Strength of feeling of belonging to community 2012 – 2019 (%) [186]
Very strongly Fairly strongly Not very strongly Not at all strongly
2012
White 35 43 15 6
Other ethnic minority groups 17 45 22 13
2013
White 37 41 16 6
Other ethnic minority groups 23 41 24 9
2014
White 37 41 16 5
Other ethnic minority groups 19 40 20 17
2015
White 34 43 16 6
Other ethnic minority groups 19 44 25 11
2016
White 35 42 16 5
Other ethnic minority groups 21 43 25 7
2017
White 35 44 15 5
Other ethnic minority groups 23 40 26 6
2018
White 37 42 16 5
Other ethnic minority groups 25 47 21 4
2019
White 35 43 15 5
Other ethnic minority groups 19 42 22 11
Figure 2: Attitudes to discrimination and positive action 2002 - 2015 (%) [187]
Question 2002 2006 2010 2015
Percent of respondents who say equal opportunities have gone too far for minority ethnic groups 18 23 23 16
Percent of respondents who say it is probably or definitely unfair for a company who had few black and Asian people in senior jobs to decide to give black and Asian people it employed extra opportunities to get training and qualifications *[188] 41 48 41
Percent of respondents who would be unhappy/very unhappy if their close relative formed a long-term relationship with someone who was black or Asian 17 11 9 5
Percent of respondents who agree with the statement 'people from ethnic minorities take jobs away from other people in Scotland' 20 27 31 27
Percent of respondents who do not personally know anyone who is from a different racial or ethnic background to themselves 26 24 19 19
Percent of respondents who would prefer to live in an area where most people are similar to themselves 46 49 43 33
Percent of respondents who agree or agree strongly with the statement that 'Scotland would begin to lose its identity if more black and Asian people came to live in Scotland?' * 46 45 34
Percent of respondents who agree with the statement 'Sometimes there is good reason for people to be prejudiced against certain groups' 26 29 28 22
Figure 3: Experiences of discrimination and harassment 2015-2019 (%) [189]
Yes Discrimination No Discrimination Yes Harassment No Harassment
2015
Ethnicity - White 7 93 6 94
Ethnicity - Other ethnic minority 17 83 13 87
2016
Ethnicity - White 6 94 6 94
Ethnicity - Other ethnic minority 18 82 14 86
2017
Ethnicity - White 6 94 6 94
Ethnicity - Other ethnic minority 19 81 11 89
2018
Ethnicity - White 8 92 6 94
Ethnicity - Other ethnic minority 17 83 11 89
2019
Ethnicity - White 7 93 6 94
Ethnicity - Other ethnic minority 19 81 17 83
Figure 4: Hate Crime Statistics 2010 – 2020 [190]
Year Total number of charges of race crimes
2010-11 4178
2011-12 4547
2012-13 4034
2013-14 4160
2014-15 3820
2015-16 3721
2016-17 3367
2017-18 3278
2018-19 2921
2019-20 3038
Figure 5: Perceptions of local crime: In the local area it is common that people are physically attacked because of their skin colour, ethnic origin or religion 2008-2013 (%) [191]
Year Agree
2008-09 7.2
2009-10 8.3
2010-11 9.1
2012-2013[192] 6.9
Figure 6 : Worries of Being Harassed: Worried about being insulted, pestered or intimidated on the basis of your ethnic origin or race 2012-2020 (%) [193]
Year Agree
2012-13 2.9
2014-15 3.7
2016-18[194] 5.6
2018-20 4.5

Participation and Representation

Figure 7: People who agree with the statement 'I can influence decisions affecting my local area', 2007-2019 (%) [195]
Years Other minority ethnic White
2007 19 20
2008 19 22
2009 18 22
2010 24 21
2011 23 22
2012 16 22
2013 24 22
2014 23 23
2015 30 23
2016 29 23
2017 32 22
2018 21 20
2019 17 18

Education and Learning

Figure 8: Pupil Ethnicity, 2006 [196]
Ethnicity Number Percent
White - UK 644,649 92
White - Other 10,357 1.5
Mixed 5,458 0.8
Asian - Indian 2,388 0.3
Asian - Pakistani 9,129 1.3
Asian - Bangladeshi 515 0.07
Asian - Chinese 2,275 0.3
Asian - Other 2,199 0.3
Black - Caribbean 110 0.02
Black - African 2,090 0.3
Black - Other 464 0.07
Occupational Traveller 207 0.03
Gypsy / Traveller 428 0.06
Other Traveller 91 0.01
Other 2,284 0.3
Not known / not disclosed 19,747 2.8
Total 702,391 100
Figure 9: Pupil Ethnicity, 2019 [197]
Ethnicity Number Percent
White - Scottish 544,241 78
White - Other 63,291 9
White - Gypsy/Traveller 1,387 0.2
White - Polish 15,681 2.3
White - Irish 1,492 0.2
Mixed 10,066 1.44
Asian - Indian 6,598 1
Asian - Pakistani 14,101 2
Asian - Bangladeshi 1,195 0.2
Asian - Chinese 4,327 0.6
Asian - Other 4,208 0.6
Caribbean/Black 1,298 0.2
African 8,550 1.2
Arab 3,435 0.5
Other 4,081 0.6
Not known/not disclosed 13,917 2
Total 697,868 100
Figure 10: School leavers in a positive initial destination 2009-2019 (%) [198]
Ethnicity 2009/10 2010/11 2011/12 2012/13 2013/14 2014/15 2015/16 2016/17 2017/18 2018/19 2019/20
White - Scottish n/a n/a 89.5 90.3 91.5 91.9 91.3 92.7 93 94.9 93.2
White - non-Scottish n/a n/a 89.9 92.1 92.8 92.1 92.5 93.8 94 95.8 93.3
Mixed or multiple ethnic groups 87.1 88.9 86.4 92 93.6 92.8 92.7 92.4 93.6 n/a 92.3
Asian - Indian 93.3 94.2 93.9 91.2 96.6 96.3 96.9 * 97.2 n/a *
Asian - Pakistani 88.7 89.5 92.7 92.4 93.2 95.2 92.5 95.6 93.5 93.8 97.2
Asian - Chinese 95.2 94.3 98.3 98.8 98.8 97.1 95.9 * 96.4 97.2 *
Asian - Other 91 89.6 94.4 95.7 97 96.2 95.1 95.3 93.9 97.1 95.0
African/ Black/ Caribbean 89.3 92.1 94.8 91.9 96 94.4 92.3 93.7 96 * 94.7
All other categories 77.8 81 91.9 92.1 91.9 91.2 87.9 94 92 * 93.4
Not Disclosed/Not known 79.6 84.5 87 88.1 88.5 90.1 88.8 90.7 89.6 96.4 91.2

Employment and Employability

 
Figure 11: Aged 16-64 employment rate, April 2004- March 2020 (%) [199] [200]
Line graph comparing the employment rate for white and minority ethnic people aged 16-64 between April 2004 and March 2020. This graph indicates a consistently lower employment rate for minority ethnic people.
 
Figure 12: Aged 16-64 employment rate, April 2004- March 2020 (%) [201] [202]
Line graph comparing the employment rate for people aged 16-64, between April 2004 and March 2020, for the following ethnic groups: White, Mixed ethnic groups, Indian, Pakistani/Bangladeshi, Black or Black British and All other ethnic groups. The graph shows White are the only ethnic group to have a stable employment rate. Every other ethnic groups’ rates fluctuate over the time period. Generally, the Indian group have had the highest employment rate, but this has steadily decreased since 2016-17. The White group have had the second highest rate and since 2016-17, it has had the highest. The current lowest employment rate is experienced by Pakistani/Bangladeshi, and second lowest is All other ethnic groups.
 
Figure 13: Aged 16-64 employment rate, April 2004- March 2020 (%) [203] [204]
Line graph comparing the employment rate for White males and females, compared to Minority Ethnic males and females aged 16-64 between April 2004 and March 2020. The graph shows that minority ethnic females have the lowest employment rate, and white males have the highest employment rate. The employment rate gap between minority ethnic and white females is larger than the gap between minority ethnic and white males.
 
Figure 14: Aged 16-64 employment rate, by gender and ethnicity, April 2004- March 2020 (%) [205] [206]
  Line graph comparing the employment rate, by gender and ethnicity between April 2004 and March 2020. Indian males have the highest employment rate. White males also have a consistently high employment rate. The lowest employment rate is experienced by Pakistani/Bangladeshi females. The employment rate for Black or Black British females and Other ethnic group females is also consistently lower than every group. Every group apart from White males and White females have experienced notable fluctuations in employment rate.
Figure 15: Work place learning, 2011-2019 (%) [207]
Years Ethnic minority White
2011 33.2 27.9
2012 36.9 27.8
2013 28.7 29.2
2014 29.5 27.8
2015 26.6 25.8
2016 18.3 22.9
2017 19.2 23.2
2018 17.3 22.8
2019 17.5 24

Income / Poverty

Figure 16: Relative poverty after housing costs by ethnic group (%), 2013-2020 [208]
2013-18 2014-2019 2015-20
White-British 18 18 18
Asian or Asian British 34 39 41
White-Other 26 25 24
Mixed, Black or Black British and Other 38 38 43
Figure 17: Percentage of working age adults in relative and absolute poverty after housing costs 10-year average, 2007-17 (%) [209]
Ethnicity Relative poverty rate Severe Poverty
White – British 17 12
White – other 25 18
Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups 27 23
Asian – Indian 22 18
Asian – Pakistani 45 31
Asian – other 42 35
Asian – Chinese 51 43
Black/African/Caribbean/Black British 39 32
Other ethnic group 30 24
Figure 18: Children in relative poverty after housing costs (%), 2010-2019 [210]
Line graph showing the percentage of children in relative poverty after housing costs between 2010 and 2019 is higher for children in minority ethnic households, compared to all children.
Figure 19: Children in absolute poverty after housing costs (%), 2010-2019 [211]
Line graph showing the percentage of children in absolute poverty after housing costs between 2010 and 2019 is higher for children in minority ethnic households, compared to all children.
Figure 20: Children in combined material deprivation and low income after housing costs (%), 2010-2019 [212]
Line graph showing the percentage of children in combined material deprivation and low income after housing costs between 2010 and 2019 is higher for children in minority ethnic households, compared to all children.
Figure 21: Proportion of ethnic groups in Scotland's 15 percent most deprived data zones, [213] 2011 (%) [214]
Bar graph showing the proportion of ethnic groups in Scotland’s 15 percent most deprived data zones in 2011. The graph shows that the highest proportion is African, with the second highest being White: Polish. The lowest proportion is White: Other, closely followed by Asian: Indian.

Health and Social Care

Figure 22: Limiting long-term physical or mental health condition: The proportion of adults reporting a long-term mental or physical health condition that limits their day-to-day activities, 2012-2019 (%) [215]
Ethnic Group Limiting condition No limiting condition
2012
White: Scottish 25.2 74.6
White: Other British 23.7 76.3
White: Polish 8.1 91.9
White: Other 15.1 84.8
Asian 10.8 89.2
All other ethnic groups 11.2 88.8
2013
White: Scottish 24 75.7
White: Other British 21.6 78.1
White: Polish 6.8 93
White: Other 11.5 87.7
Asian 8.1 91.5
All other ethnic groups 11.8 87.3
2014
White: Scottish 24.9 74.7
White: Other British 21.1 78.4
White: Polish 7.5 92.5
White: Other 15 84.9
Asian 9.2 90.8
All other ethnic groups 12.4 86.4
2015
White: Scottish 24.5 75.1
White: Other British 23.3 76.3
White: Polish 6.1 93.4
White: Other 12.4 87.6
Asian 14.6 85.3
All other ethnic groups 11.6 87.8
2016
White: Scottish 26 73.6
White: Other British 23.5 76.3
White: Polish 7 93
White: Other 12.4 87.5
Asian 10.3 89.5
All other ethnic groups 15 84.1
2017
White: Scottish 25.1 74.6
White: Other British 24.3 75.4
White: Polish 10.6 89.4
White: Other 14.2 85.5
Asian 12.3 86.4
All other ethnic groups 13.1 85.6
2018
White: Scottish 26.4 73.6
White: Other British 24.5 75.5
White: Polish 11.4 88.6
White: Other 12.1 87.9
Asian 12.9 87.1
All other ethnic groups 18.2 81.8
2019
White: Scottish 27.6 72.4
White: Other British 27.3 72.7
White: Polish 12.4 87.6
White: Other 15.2 84.8
Asian 13.3 86.7
All other ethnic groups 12.4 87.6

Housing

Figure 23: Housing cost induced poverty by ethnicity [216] , 2014-19 (%) [217]
Bar graph showing housing cost induced poverty by ethnicity between 2014 and 2019. The graph shows the highest percentage is experienced by White – Other, closely followed by Asian or Asian British. The lowest percentage is White – British.

Contact

Email: charlie.goodwin-smith@gov.scot