Restricting promotions of food and drink high in fat, sugar or salt: consultation

The consultation closes on 23 September 2022. If you are unable to respond by then, please contact us and complete and send the respondent information form (see supporting documents) to Responses received up to 30 September will be accepted and included in the analysis of this consultation.

Annex C - Glossary of Terms

Excess weight: Classified by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) as an adult living with overweight, obesity or severe obesity with a BMI ≥25kg/m2. BMI cut-off for treatment services are lower for Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic (BAME) groups than White groups; 23kg/m2 indicate increased risk and 27.5kg/m2 indicate high risk, respectively.

Free sugars: Any sugars added to food or drink products by the manufacturer, cook or consumer in addition to those naturally found in honey, syrups and unsweetened fruit juice.

HFSS (high fat, sugar and salt): Foods which are high in fat, sugar and/or salt. In the UK, these are defined by the UK Nutrient Profiling Model.

Island/ bin displays: The prominent display of products away from other products to increase their visibility. Island bin displays may be at end of aisles, in the middle of a store, or in other highly noticeable places.

Multi-buy: Where purchase of more than one item is cheaper than purchase of each individual item alone. This includes for example buy one get one free, 3 for £2, 3 for 2 offers, extra free and meal deals.

NPM (Nutrient profile model): The nutrient profiling model uses a scoring system which balances the contribution made by beneficial nutrients that are particularly important in diets with components in the food that the population should eat less of. The overall score indicates whether that food (or drink) is high in fat, sugar or salt (HFSS) or not. Foods which score 4 or higher, and drinks which score 1 or higher under this model are classed as HFSS.

OOH (Out of home):

  • Cafes, all types of restaurants, takeaways, pubs/bars, bakeries, sweet and dessert shops, vending machines, workplace canteens, hotels, mobile caterers, leisure and entertainment venues
  • Supermarkets, delicatessens and convenience stores who provide "food on the go"
  • Places where we purchase food and non-alcoholic drinks when commuting or travelling
  • Manufacturers and suppliers of food to the OOH sector
  • Food delivery services, including online services
  • Any other venue or outlet that sells non-prepacked food ready for immediate consumption.

Pre-packed: Any single item for presentation as such to the final consumer and to mass caterers, consisting of a food and the packaging into which it was put before being offered for sale, whether such packaging encloses the food completely or only partially, but in any event in such a way that the contents cannot be altered without opening or changing the packaging. 'Pre-packed food' does not cover foods packed on the sales premises at the consumer's request or pre-packed for direct sale, for example a freshly-made, filled baguette, packaged and made available for sale in a chiller cabinet.

Price promotion: Special offers where there is a reduction in the usual price of a product. These may be time-limited or conditional on some other requirement, such as purchasing another item. It does not include other marketing and promotional strategies such as product placement of advertising.

SDIL (soft drinks industry levy): A levy applied to the producer and importers of soft drinks containing added sugar. The SDIL came into force in April 2018 in the UK and applies a higher rate for drinks containing more than 8g sugar per 100ml, and a lower rate for those containing 5g or more.

Targeted foods: Food and drink products that we propose will be subject to promotions restrictions in Scotland.

TPRs (temporary price reductions): A temporary reduction in the cost of a product, e.g. 10% off.



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