Publication - Progress report

Climate Change Plan: monitoring reports - 2021 compendium

The first annual statutory monitoring report against the updated 2018 Climate Change Plan, as per the Climate Change (Emissions Reduction Targets) (Scotland) Act 2019.

215 page PDF

1.5 MB

215 page PDF

1.5 MB

Contents
Climate Change Plan: monitoring reports - 2021 compendium
Chapter 3: Transport

215 page PDF

1.5 MB

Chapter 3: Transport

Part A - Overview of sector

The 2018 annual emissions envelope published in the 2018 Climate Change Plan[15] for this sector was for 12.8 MtCO2e, whereas the outturn emission statistics for this year (published in June 2020) show a position of 14.8 MtCO2e. On the basis of comparing these figures, the sector was outside its envelope in 2018. However, it should be noted that the historical GHG inventory for the period 1990-2018 was subject to technical revisions since the time of development of the 2018 Plan, which places some limitations on the extent to which these figures can be directly compared.

The updated Plan sets out the following policy outcomes for this sector, the indicators for which are summarised below:

To address our overreliance on cars, we will reduce car kilometres by 20% by 2030 On Track Off Track Too Early to Say
% reduction in car kilometres     x
We will phase out the need for new petrol and diesel cars and vans by 2030 On Track Off Track Too Early to Say
% of new car registrations that are ULEV x    
% of new van registrations that are ULEV x    
To reduce emissions in the freight sector, we will work with the industry to understand the most efficient methods and remove the need for new petrol and diesel heavy vehicles by 2035 On Track Off Track Too Early to Say
% of new HGV registrations that are ULEV     x
We will work with the newly formed Bus Decarbonisation Taskforce, comprised of leaders from the bus, energy and finance sectors, to ensure that the majority of new buses purchased from 2024 are zero-emission, and to bring this date forward if possible. On Track Off Track Too Early to Say
% of new bus registrations that are ULEV     x
We will work to decarbonise scheduled flights within Scotland by 2040. On Track Off Track Too Early to Say
% reduction in emissions from scheduled flights within Scotland     x
Proportion of ferries in SG ownership which are low emission has increased to 30% by 2032 On Track Off Track Too Early to Say
% of ferries that are low emissions x    

By 2032 low emission solutions have been widely adopted at Scottish ports

There are no indicators for this policy outcome. More information is provided in Part C.

Scotland's passenger rail services will be decarbonised by 2035. On Track Off Track Too Early to Say
% of single track kilometres electrified x    
% of trains powered by alternative traction     x

Just-Transition And Cross-Economy Impacts

We wish to understand and report on the broader just transition and cross-economy impacts of our emissions-reduction activities in addition to these sector specific policy outcomes and indicators. To do this, we use data from the Office of National Statistics: Low Carbon Renewable Energy Economy (LCREE) publication.

The LCREE is based on survey data of businesses which perform economic activities that deliver goods and services that are likely to help generate lower emissions of greenhouse gases, for example low carbon electricity, low emission vehicles and low carbon services.

The LCREE indicator is narrowly defined and, while useful within its limited scope, does not give us the full picture of the impacts on workforce, employers and communities and progress towards a just transition. Over the next few years we will work to develop a meaningful set of success outcomes and indicators which can improve our ability to track the impacts of our policies on a just transition to net zero and a wellbeing economy.

Sector commentary on progress

Transport remains Scotland's largest sectoral emitter, with cars accounting for 40% of all transport emissions. Currently, COVID-19 is having a profound impact on transport, with uncertainty on trends, reflecting what is happening globally.

Our new commitment to reduce car kilometres by 20% by 2030 recognises the need to address our over-reliance on cars and to reverse the steady rise in single occupancy car use seen over the past decade. It is too early to assess whether we are on track to meet this commitment as the latest data provides only the baseline against which future annual reports will be measured. However the package of policies outlined in the CCPu, and reported on below, show the progress being made despite the disruption to programmes caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. A route map outlining how we will deliver the 20% reduction is currently being developed and will be delivered by the end of 2021, assuming the pandemic has moved to a phase to allow this.

Registrations of new ULEV cars, vans and buses show some year on year progress.

The ChargePlace Scotland network continues to grow and added almost 200 charging points in the past year. In 20/21 we have offered a further 1300 loans to households and business seeking to switch to zero emission vehicles. Significant investment has also been made in decarbonising the bus fleet: in the financial year 2020/21 the Scottish Government has awarded over £50 million to support bus operators to acquire 272 zero-emission battery-electric buses.

Within the rail sector, around 76% of passenger and 45% of freight journeys are already on electric traction. Work by Transport Scotland, Network Rail and industry partners continues to progress well to deliver the key outcomes of the Rail Decarbonisation Plan to make the traction elements of Scotland's railway carbon free by 2035.

In the context of aviation, we are working with Highlands and Islands Airports Ltd and the aviation industry to bring trials of cutting-edge zero and low emission aircraft to Scotland in 2021 and are working to decarbonise scheduled flights within Scotland by 2040.

Due to this being the first year monitoring and evaluation for the CCPu and so close after publication, many indicators are in nascent stages and will be kept under review as policy outcomes and policies progress, to consider if these should evolve as data emerges.

Developments in monitoring arrangements since CCPu / last report

The CCPu significantly amended the monitoring framework for Transport. The sector retained the following policy outcomes: Proportion of ferries in SG ownership which are low emission are increased to 30% by 2032 and By 2032 low emissions solutions have been widely adopted at Scottish ports and airports. The other five policy outcomes are new.

Many of the outcome indicators are new. The following were retained: Percentage of the rail track electrified, Number of low emissions ferries in Scottish Government ownership

Part B - Progress to Policy Outcome Indicators

Policy Outcome: Cross-sectoral social and economic indicator

Indicator: FTE employment in Low Carbon Renewable Energy Economy

On-Track Assessment (Milestones/ Targets): Year-to-year change

Most recent data: 2018

Data source(s): Office of National Statistics: Low Carbon Renewable Energy Economy (LCREE)

Assessment: Too early to say[16]

Commentary:

  • In 2018, Scottish low carbon and renewable energy (LCREE) sector was estimated to directly provide 23,100 full time equivalent (FTE) jobs
  • The LCREE estimates are based on a relatively small sample of businesses and hence are subject to fairly wide confidence intervals. LCREE employment in Scotland in 2018 is similar to previous years and not statistically significantly different to 2017.
Transport graph 1: Employment in Low Carbon Renewable Energy Economy, FTE
Graph showing employment in low carbon renewable energy economy from years 2014-2018. The graph shows the amount stayed about level from 2014 to 2015 at around 23,000, increased to around 24,000 in 2016, decreased to about 22,000 in 2017, and increased back to about 23,000 in 2018. None of these changes has been statistically significant. This graph is duplicated across all eight sectors.
Source: ONS

Policy Outcome: 1

Indicator: % reduction in car kilometres

On-Track Assessment (Milestones/ Targets): Progress to target [20% reduction by 2030][17]

Most recent data: km increased 1% between 2018 and 2019

Data source(s): Scottish Transport Statistics 2020

Assessment: Too early to say[18]

Commentary: Our new commitment to reduce car kms by 20% by 2030 recognises the need to address our over-reliance on cars and to reverse the steady rise in single occupancy car use seen over the past decade. It is too early to assess whether we are on track to meet this commitment as the latest data provides only the baseline against which future annual reports will be measured.

Policy Outcome: 2

Indicator: % of new car registrations that are ULEV

On-Track Assessment (Milestones/ Targets): Year-to-year change

Most recent data: 6.0% (Year to Q3 2020)

Data source(s):DfT Vehicle Licensing Statistics

Assessment: On track

Commentary: The % of new car registrations which are ULEV was 6.0% in the 12 months to September 2020. This is an increase from 2.4% in the previous twelve month period. The number of new ULEV car registrations in Scotland has increased every year since records began in 2010. Over the past year, the number of new ULEV cars registered in Scotland has increased by 77%. ULEV vehicle uptake in Scotland is supported by a range of Scottish Government investment. We've invested over £45 million to grow Scotland's accessible public electric vehicle charging network – ChargePlace Scotland, provided almost £50m to enable Scotland's public sector to switch to ULEV and provided over £85m of loan funding to enable households and business to purchase zero emission vehicles.

Policy Outcome: 2

Indicator: % of new van registrations that are ULEV

On-Track Assessment (Milestones/ Targets): Year-to-year change

Most recent data: 1.5% (Year to Q3 2020)

Data source(s): DfT Vehicle Licensing Statistics

Assessment: On track

Commentary: The % of new van registrations which are ULEV was 1.5% in the 12 months to September 2020. This is an increase from 0.6% in the previous twelve month period. The number of new ULEV van registrations in Scotland has been increasing gradually since 2010. Although ULEV vans represent a small proportion of all new van registrations, the number of new ULEV vans registered in Scotland has increased by 74% over the past year. ULEV vehicle uptake in Scotland is supported by a range of Scottish Government investment. We've invested over £45 million to grow Scotland's accessible public electric vehicle charging network – ChargePlace Scotland, provided almost £50m to enable Scotland's public sector to switch to ULEV and provided over £85m of loan funding to enable households and business to purchase zero emission vehicles.

Policy Outcome: 3

Indicator: % of new HGV registrations that are ULEV

On-Track Assessment (Milestones/ Targets): Year-to-year change

Most recent data: 0% (Year to Q3 2020)

Data source(s):DfT Vehicle Licensing Statistics

Assessment: Too early to say[19]

Commentary: There were no new ULEV HGV registrations in the year to Q3 2020. As current numbers are so low, we do not have sufficient data to provide a baseline or trajectory. We will aim to do so over the next year to allow for necessary analysis of trends and consultation with stakeholders.

Our zero emission heavy duty vehicle programme, in partnership with Scottish Enterprise, will identify key cross cutting technology in Zero Emission HDVs which require innovation in order to meet our decarbonisation targets and to support the supply chain in Scotland in developing those. We will draw on the Automotive Industry Advisory Group on the shift to Zero Emission HDVs and HGVs, and the new innovation centres – Driving the Electric Revolution and LOCATE – are focused on drivetrain technology development and transfer across vehicle type and modes.

In August 2020, we established the Hydrogen Accelerator at St Andrew's University. This will increase the speed and scale of hydrogen transport deployments in Scotland by providing expert advice on technology assessments, business models, and opportunities to connect research with application. It will build confidence and capability among the investment community and organisations considering hydrogen for fleets and transport applications. We will also invest in the establishment of a zero emission drivetrain testing facility in 2021, with a focus on hydrogen fuel cells to accelerate the development of these vehicles.

Policy Outcome: 4

Indicator: % of new bus registrations that are ULEV

On-Track Assessment (Milestones/ Targets): Year-to-year change

Most recent data: 1.9% (year to Q3 2020)

Data source(s):DfT Vehicle Licensing Statistics

Assessment: Too early to say[20]

Commentary: The share of new bus registrations which are ULEV was 1.9% in the twelve months to September 2020. This is an increase from 0.6% in the previous twelve month period. The number of new ULEV bus registrations is expected to increase in the coming years as technology and infrastructure develops.

In line with our 2020-2021 Programme for Government commitment to work with the bus industry to co-design solutions for remaining hurdles to decarbonisation, the Bus Decarbonisation Taskforce was convened in November 2020 to develop a pathway for the decarbonisation of the public service bus fleet by the end of 2021.

Within the financial year 2020/21, the Scottish Government has awarded over £50 million to support bus operators to acquire 272 zero-emission battery-electric buses. This is just a slightly lower number that the normal annual fleet replacement rate of around 300 buses per annum, and thus represents very significant progress in the transition to zero-emission vehicles, particularly given the impact of COVID-19 on the economic and financial context. These new buses will be reflected in the data between 6-9 months after being registered.

From financial years 2021-2026, £120 million will be made available to support bus decarbonisation. We will work with the Bus Decarbonisation Taskforce to ensure that this funding is delivered in a way that delivers most value for money and leverages in as much private investment as possible.

Policy Outcome: 5

Indicator: % reduction in emissions from scheduled flights within Scotland

On-Track Assessment (Milestones/ Targets): Year-to-year change

Most recent data: n/a

Data source(s): n/a

Assessment: Too early to say[21]

Commentary: Scheduled flights within Scotland play an important role in providing connectivity to people living in the Highlands and Islands. Air connectivity helps to support sustainable economic growth in the Highlands and Islands as well as providing important services to islands communities, for example transport to the mainland for medical appointments.

To maintain connectivity whilst reducing emissions requires either the use of new types of aircraft (such as hydrogen or fully electric), or the use of Sustainable Aviation Fuel (which can, depending on the blend and the type of fuel used, reduce emissions by around 30%).

We have set a baseline of 2019 against which future reductions will be measured. However we are not expecting to see a year on year reduction in emissions from aviation, as it will be some time before low/zero-emission aircraft can be used on commercial intra-Scotland passenger services.

While good progress has been made on the development of fully-electric, hybrid and hydrogen powered aircraft, these are not currently at a stage where they can be used on commercial passenger flights within Scotland, and it is expected to be a number of years before they reach that stage. Similarly, the UK does not currently produce Sustainable Aviation Fuel, and while this can be sourced from other countries the cost difference means that it is not a commercially viable alternative.

Policy Outcome: 6

Indicator: % of ferries that are low emissions

On-Track Assessment (Milestones/ Targets): Progress to target [30% by 2032]

Most recent data: 8% of the current Scottish Government Fleet consists of low emission vessels.

Data source(s): CMAL & Transport Scotland

Assessment: On track

Commentary: As set out in the PFG statement, the long-term investment plan for vessels and ports to be completed in 2022 as part of the Island Connectivity Plan will set out how we aim to "improve resilience, reliability, capacity, and accessibility, increase standardisation, and reduce emissions".

The recently announced Small Vessel Replacement Programme, will increase the number of low emission vessels within the Scottish Government's ferry fleet. Utilising the experience and knowledge gained by CMAL and CalMac from their operation of three diesel electric hybrid vessels currently in service which were world leading when launched. The programme will deliver vessels that utilise the latest proven battery and on shore charging technologies.

No of Low/zero emission ferries within the Scottish Fleet 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032
Diesel Electric Hybrid 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
Diesel /Liquid Natural Gas 801 due April - June 2022 802 due Dec 2022 - Feb 2023 0 0 0 0 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
Small Vessel Replacement Programme 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 8
Total Low/ Zero Emission Vessels 3 3 3 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 13
% of fleet Low/Zero Emission 8% 8% 8% 8% 10% 13% 15% 18% 21% 23% 26% 28% 31% 33% 33%
Fleet Breakdown Vessels Low/ ZE
NIFS 5 0
CHFS 34 13

Notes: Small Vessel Replacement Programme (SVRP) will deliver 8 possibly 10 electric vessels. The programme is in its early stages with funding yet to be allocated and the rate of procurement/build still to be determined. However, an amount of contingency has been included in both the procurement and build processes to account for percentage of risk to the programme. The aim is to deliver an average of 1 vessel per year. Vessels 801 & 802 are a live project the years indicated are the shipyard's projected deliver dates.

Policy Outcome: 8

Indicator: % of single track kilometres electrified

On-Track Assessment (Milestones/ Targets): Progress to target [70% by 2034]

Most recent data:

In July 2020 Network Rail advised that 40.7% single track km of Scotland's rail network was electrified.

Data source(s): Network Rail Scotland Route

Assessment: On track

Commentary: In July 2020 Network Rail advised that 40.7% single track kilometres of Scotland's rail network was electrified. This remains unchanged as there has been no further electrification of the network or new track constructed since that time. As it normally takes several years for Network Rail to develop, design and construct new electrification infrastructure it is difficult to provide specific timescales for completion of additional route kilometres electrified. However, we have a degree of confidence that the long-term programme defined in the Rail Services Decarbonisation Action Plan is on track to deliver its objectives by the end of 2034.

In February 2021 Transport Scotland announced the first 4 priority electrification routes. These projects are now being progressed with Network Rail who will design and construct the electrification infrastructure. It is not known at this stage the exact quantity of track that will be electrified as it is anticipated most routes will deploy intermittent electrification initially and train services will be supported by electric / battery trains whilst consideration is being given to making these routes fully electric in the longer term. It takes substantial time for Network Rail to develop and agree the final scope of major infrastructure projects and so clarity on the detail of the electrification may be known for the 2022 update of this monitoring framework.

Policy Outcome: 8

Indicator: % of trains powered by alternative traction

On-Track Assessment (Milestones/ Targets): Year to year change

Most recent data: There are currently no alternative traction trains operating on Scotland's rail network.

Data source(s): Transport Scotland

Assessment: Too early to say[22]

Commentary: Transport Scotland is currently engaged with the rail industry, academia and the supply chain who are developing alternative traction technologies, battery and hydrogen, at pace. Part of this development is to understand how the technologies can be applied to the unique technical specifications of the GB rail network. At this stage, the emerging technologies are not mature and ready for market, but it is anticipated the incentives driving industry to deliver viable solutions will result in alternative traction trains to operate on the network in the medium term.

Part C - Information on implementation of individual policies

Outcome 1: To address our overreliance on cars, we will reduce car kilometres by 20% by 2030

Policy:

If the health pandemic has moved to a phase to allow more certainty on future transport trends and people's behaviours – and work and lifestyle choices future forecasting – we will publish a route-map to meet the 20% reduction by 2030 in 2021.

Status: New, Boosted or Maintained compared to last CCP [date announced]:

New [CCPu 2020]

Progress on implementation since time of last report / CCPu:

Route map underway with project plan in development, subject to status of COVID-19 pandemic.

Have any implementation Indicators / milestones been set for this policy? If so, most recent data for progress against these.:

Milestone set in the policy wording around delivery in 2021, if pandemic recovery allows it.

Timeframe and expected next steps:

Delivery by the end of 2021 (pandemic depending).

Policy:

Commit to exploring options around remote working, in connection with our work on 20-minute neighbourhoods and work local programme.

Status: New, Boosted or Maintained compared to last CCP [date announced]:

New [2020-2021] PfG

Progress on implementation since time of last report / CCPu:

TS has commissioned research on remote working and business travel intentions as we recover from the pandemic, and also a review of international evidence on 20 minute neighbourhoods. Modelling on the emissions impact of remote working also underway to guide our policy development.

Have any implementation Indicators / milestones been set for this policy? If so, most recent data for progress against these.:

No.

Timeframe and expected next steps:

Emerging evidence & pandemic recovery will guide timeframes.

NPF4 expected 2022.

Policy:

COVID-19 has impacted on how we work. We launched a Work Local Challenge to drive innovation in work place choices and remote working to support flexible working and our net zero objectives.

Status: New, Boosted or Maintained compared to last CCP [date announced]:

New [2020-2021 PfG]

Progress on implementation since time of last report / CCPu:

Working with the Scottish Government's Digital Directorate, exploring 'How can tech help foster the development of informal networks when people are working at home or in Work Local hubs?' This is the focus of Challenge 10 of the CivTech 5.0 tech accelerator programme which launched on 10 July 2020.

Technology company Yoti Ltd. was successful in reaching the CivTech Accelerator Stage, and will now fast-track product development of its FRANKD COVID-19 testing system with testing company GeneMe Ltd., working closely with the CivTech Team, the Digital Directorate, and the Health and Social Care Directorate.

To support construction innovation, Transport Scotland is working with South Lanarkshire Council and the Construction Scotland Innovation Centre (CSIC), one of Scotland's 7 innovation centres, which is delivered through Edinburgh Napier University.

Have any implementation Indicators / milestones been set for this policy? If so, most recent data for progress against these.:

No.

Timeframe and expected next steps:

The CivTech process will conclude in March 2022.

Policy:

We will work with the UK Government on options to review fuel duty proposals, in the context of the need to reduce demand for unsustainable travel and the potential for revenue generation.

Status: New, Boosted or Maintained compared to last CCP [date announced]:

New [2020-2021 PfG]

Progress on implementation since time of last report / CCPu:

Fuel duty fully reserved policy area and current lack of sharing of any options being considered by UKG. We will engage with BEIS on the forthcoming UK Net Zero Strategy.

Have any implementation Indicators / milestones been set for this policy? If so, most recent data for progress against these.:

No.

Timeframe and expected next steps:

Timeframe: expected that UKG will make proposals during lifetime of current Westminster Parliament

Policy:

We will work with local authorities to continue to ensure that their parking and local transport strategies have proper appreciation of climate change, as well as the impact on all road users, including public transport operators, disabled motorists, cyclists and pedestrians.

Status: New, Boosted or Maintained compared to last CCP [date announced]:

New [For CCPu 2020- although continuation of work already underway]

Progress on implementation since time of last report / CCPu:

We will work with partners to update the guidance on developing a local transport strategy ensuring that the needs of roads users also take cognisance of the statutory requirements to tackle climate change.

Have any implementation Indicators / milestones been set for this policy? If so, most recent data for progress against these.:

No.

Timeframe and expected next steps:

2022

Policy:

To support the monitoring requirement for the National Transport Strategy set out in the Transport (Scotland) Act 2019, and to further our understanding of how and why people travel, we will develop a data strategy and invest in data.

Status: New, Boosted or Maintained compared to last CCP [date announced]:

New [CCPu 2020]

Progress on implementation since time of last report / CCPu:

No progress to date

Have any implementation Indicators / milestones been set for this policy? If so, most recent data for progress against these.:

-

Timeframe and expected next steps:

-

Policy:

Continue to support the Smarter Choices, Smarter Places (SCSP) programme to encourage behaviour change. Continue to support the provision of child and adult cycle training, and safety programmes including driver cycling awareness training through Bikeability.

Status: New, Boosted or Maintained compared to last CCP [date announced]:

Maintained

Progress on implementation since time of last report / CCPu:

Both programmes will continue in 2021-22, however, Bikeability training and driver awareness training has been impacted by COVID-19 in 2020.

Have any implementation Indicators / milestones been set for this policy? If so, most recent data for progress against these.:

Bikeability Training is offered to LAs in Scotland. CS is developing a 'Couch to Commute' pilot journey in 21-22. This would support up to 300 individuals to access 1:1 training

Timeframe and expected next steps:

Cycle training is offered throughout the year. Data collected on a quarterly basis.

Policy:

Support transformational active travel projects with a £500 million investment, over five years, for active travel infrastructure, access to bikes and behaviour change schemes. Enabling the delivery of high quality, safe walking, wheeling and cycling infrastructure alongside behaviour change, education and advocacy to encourage more people to choose active and sustainable travel. Support the use of E-bikes and adapted bikes through interest free loans, grants and trials

Status: New, Boosted or Maintained compared to last CCP [date announced]:

Boosted [2020-2021 PfG]

Progress on implementation since time of last report / CCPu:

The Scottish budget of 28 January confirmed that the record commitment of £100.5 million for active travel would be maintained for 21-22.

The AT team is currently negotiating with Partners with view to awarding grants based on continually improving availability of infrastructure and behaviour change programmes.

Partners are using the Active Travel Framework and the outcomes agreed within this as a basis for grant proposals

Have any implementation Indicators / milestones been set for this policy? If so, most recent data for progress against these.:

No milestones have been set. Previous vision of 10% of journeys by cycling by 2020 was included within the Cycling Action Plan. COVID-19 has delayed development of a replacement for this and we expect new Cycling Plan within 2021.

This is unlikely to contain targets, and we expect it to align with the indicators within the Active Travel Framework.

Timeframe and expected next steps:

Grants agreed and Grant Offer Letters issued by May 2021.

Evaluation of 2020-21 programmes will be expected by end of September 2021, and will inform grant proposals for 2022-23

Policy:

We have re-purposed almost £39 million of active travel funding for the Spaces for People; this is enabling local authorities to put in place the temporary measures such as pop-up cycle lanes and widening walkways that are needed to allow people to physically distance during transition out of the COVID-19 lockdown.

Status: New, Boosted or Maintained compared to last CCP [date announced]:

New [2020-2021 PfG]

Progress on implementation since time of last report / CCPu:

By end March 2021, the majority of interventions had been delivered and are on the ground (at least 90% of the planned interventions).

Because of local challenges to delivery, we do not expect all schemes to be delivered.

As we transition out of lockdown, focus is now on providing a routemap and tools to make some of these successful schemes permanent where appropriate and where there is local support.

No funding available in 2021—22 for new schemes

Have any implementation Indicators / milestones been set for this policy? If so, most recent data for progress against these.:

By 14th May 2021 – All feasible interventions are on the ground.

Timeframe and expected next steps:

Based on timescales in previous column, we will repurpose funding from those LAs who are unable to deliver schemes to support permanence of other schemes where appropriate.

Those schemes remaining as temporary will be removed after 18 months, or when Covid emergency has eased and they are no longer needed

Policy:

Support increased access to bikes for all including the provision of public bike and e-bike share.

Status: New, Boosted or Maintained compared to last CCP [date announced]:

New [throughout 2019-2020]

Progress on implementation since time of last report / CCPu:

Continued delivery of E-bike Grants for communities and public sector organisations, increased investment in the E-bike loan fund, and long term e-bike trials offered in communities.

We have continued to fund CoMoUK, who provide advice on all shared transport, including, bike share and encourage local authorities to develop their own 'Bikes for All' scheme by circulating a template to all local authorities setting up their own shared bike scheme.

In 2020/21 CoMoUK and Paths for All collaborated with Edinburgh and Glasgow councils to fund free trials of the Edinburgh and Glasgow public bike share schemes using Smarter Choices, Smarter Places funding.

Have any implementation Indicators / milestones been set for this policy? If so, most recent data for progress against these.:

By the end of March 2021, the full budget for e-bike grants and loans was allocated.

Overall, bike share trips in Glasgow and Edinburgh increased by 38%, across both cities, from June - September 2020, compared to the same period in 2019. It attracted 18,000 new users, many of whom had not cycled for a year or longer.

Timeframe and expected next steps:

Increase budget for the E-bike loan fund in 2021/22

Continues delivery of E-bike Grants and trials

Policy:

Mobility as a Service and increased use of peer to peer car sharing which will help reduce the number journeys made by car. To do this we are harnessing innovation within our transport system through investing up to £2 million over three years to develop 'Mobility as a Service' (MaaS) in Scotland. We will grant funding CoMoUK to increase awareness of the role and benefits of shared transport and looking at the barriers to uptake of car clubs. We will provide support for travel planning through Travelknowhow Scotland, which is an online resource which offers employers access to sustainable travel planning tools to develop and implement workplace Travel Plans and encourage ride-sharing in order to start changing travel behaviour within organisations.

Status: New, Boosted or Maintained compared to last CCP [date announced]:

New [PfG 2018]

Progress on implementation since time of last report / CCPu:

Launched in 2019, Round 1 of the 3-year, £2m MaaS Investment Fund (MIF) resulted in awards of up to £1m to 3 projects to demonstrate the viability of MaaS in Scotland. These projects are underway although public launch has been paused due to the pandemic.

With just over £1m remaining, a second and final round of investment is currently underway.

Have any implementation Indicators / milestones been set for this policy? If so, most recent data for progress against these.:

We anticipate that all £2m of the MIF will be awarded by Summer 2021.

Timeframe and expected next steps:

Round 2 awards are due to be made in Spring 2021, with all projects due to be rolled out in Summer 2021 and completed by September 2022 (COVID-19 permitting).

Policy:

We will work to improve road safety, ensuring people feel safe with appropriate measures in place to enable that. We will publish Scotland's Road Safety Framework to 2030, following consultation on an ambitious and compelling long-term vision for road safety where there are zero fatalities or serious injuries on Scotland's roads by 2050.

Status: New, Boosted or Maintained compared to last CCP [date announced]:

New [2020-2021 PfG]

Progress on implementation since time of last report / CCPu:

Scotland's Road Safety Framework to 2030 published on 25 February 2021. It comprises a strategic action on Climate as follows: we will deliver road safety initiatives that positively impact the climate emergency and we will mitigate the negative impacts climate change may have on road safety. By smoothing traffic flow, good speed management has the potential to reduce emissions and improve air quality. As far as promoting greener, cleaner choices is concerned, the new Framework consistently applies the NTS2

Travel Hierarchy to road safety matters.

Another strategic action relates to Active & Sustainable Travel and will ensure road safety remains a key focus of active & sustainable travel in Scotland. Active & sustainable travel contributes to better place-making which, in turn, contributes to safer places, thereby improving the perception of road safety.

Have any implementation Indicators / milestones been set for this policy? If so, most recent data for progress against these.:

Following Interim targets to 2030 have been set:

  • 50% reduction in people killed
  • 50% reduction in people seriously injured
  • 60% reduction in children (aged <16) killed
  • 60% reduction in children (aged <16) seriously injured

The following Intermediate Outcome Targets to 2030 have been set:

  • 40% reduction in pedestrians killed or seriously injured
  • 20% reduction in cyclists killed or seriously injured
  • 30% reduction in motorcyclists killed or seriously injured
  • 20% reduction in road users aged 70 and over killed or seriously injured
  • 70% reduction in road users aged between 17 to 25 killed or seriously injured
  • Percentage of motorists driving/riding within the posted speed limit
  • The casualty rate for the most deprived 10% SIMD areas is reduced to equal to the least deprived 10% SIMD areas

Timeframe and expected next steps:

This Framework is valid from 1 Jan 2021 to 31 Dec 2030.

Next step of the policy is the publication of the 1st Delivery Plan expected end of May 2021.

Policy:

We are committed to taking forward policy consultation in advance of drafting supporting regulations and guidance to enable local authorities to implement workplace parking levy schemes that suit their local circumstances.

Status: New, Boosted or Maintained compared to last CCP [date announced]:

New [Throughout 2019-2020]

Progress on implementation since time of last report / CCPu:

Transport Scotland is in the process of taking preparatory policy steps ahead of public consultation on regulations and guidance.

Have any implementation Indicators / milestones been set for this policy? If so, most recent data for progress against these.:

The first milestone will be publication of the public consultation in summer 2021.

Timeframe and expected next steps:

The intention is to undertake a public consultation in summer 2021 with a view to regulations and guidance coming into force in 2022.

Policy:

We will bring forward a step change in investment with over £500 million to improve bus priority infrastructure to tackle the impacts of congestion on bus services and raise bus usage. We will launch the Bus Partnership Fund in the coming months to support local authorities' ambitions around tackling congestion.

Status: New, Boosted or Maintained compared to last CCP [date announced]:

New [2020-2021 PfG]

Progress on implementation since time of last report / CCPu:

The investment in improved bus infrastructure includes two main elements:

1. The Bus Partnership Fund (BPF) will account for the majority of the investment. It will provide grant funding to local authorities, in partnership with bus operators, to develop and implement bus priority projects on local roads. The BPF has launched and applications to the fund close in April 2021. Once awards are made, milestones and performance data will be gathered from funded projects and fed into the overall reporting of BPF.

2. The Managed Motorways (MM) project will reallocate road space to high-occupancy vehicles, such as buses, on the Glasgow motorway network. The Strategic Business Case (SBC) for Managed Motorway is planned to be published in Spring 2021.

Have any implementation Indicators / milestones been set for this policy? If so, most recent data for progress against these.:

Applications to BPF close – first tranche 16/04/21. On track

Applications to BPF close – second tranche 15/10/21. On track

Managed Motorway SBC. Spring 2021. On track

Timeframe and expected next steps:

5-year programme for BPF

Policy:

We remain committed to delivering a national concessionary travel scheme for free bus travel for under 19s, and have begun the necessary preparations including planning, research, legal review and due diligence.

Status: New, Boosted or Maintained compared to last CCP [date announced]:

New [2020-2021 PfG & Budget 2020]

Progress on implementation since time of last report / CCPu:

Enabling legislation the National Bus Travel Concession Scheme for Young Persons (Scotland) Order 2021 laid in Parliament January 21.

Have any implementation Indicators / milestones been set for this policy? If so, most recent data for progress against these.:

The scheme will be introduced as soon as practicable during financial year (2021-22).

The uncertainty around the ongoing impact of COVID-19 means it is not possible to set a date for the scheme to commence at this point We do not want more people to use public transport at a time when, for public health reasons, travel restrictions remain in place and capacity is restricted.

Timeframe and expected next steps:

The Order enabling Ministers to formally admit operators to the scheme and put in place the necessary administrative arrangements to bring it into operation at a date of their choosing will, subject to approval by the Scottish Parliament, came into force on 1 April 2021.

Policy:

We are also carrying out a review of discounts available on public transport to those under the age of 26 – due for completion end of December 2020 (with consultation planned on young people's views on the impacts of COVID 19 and post lockdown measures on public transport usage and behaviour).

Status: New, Boosted or Maintained compared to last CCP [date announced]:

New [2020-2021 PfG]

Progress on implementation since time of last report / CCPu:

The wider U26 review was paused as a result of the impact of COVID-19, and has since recommenced and is nearing completion, including updating the evidence base to reflect the impact COVID-19 has had on young people. We have worked with Young Scot and the Scottish Youth Parliament to discuss the review and to understand the challenges relating to transport and affordability for young people.

Have any implementation Indicators / milestones been set for this policy? If so, most recent data for progress against these.:

Review nearing completion.

Timeframe and expected next steps:

-

Policy:

Delivery of our first Active Freeways - segregated active travel routes on main travel corridors connecting communities and major trip attractors.

Status: New, Boosted or Maintained compared to last CCP [date announced]:

New [CCPu 2020]

Progress on implementation since time of last report / CCPu:

New in 2020.

Published rationale for this investment, as part of STPR2 Phase 1 recommendations: Update and Phase 1 Recommendations - February 2021 - STPR2 (transport.gov.scot)

Have any implementation Indicators / milestones been set for this policy? If so, most recent data for progress against these.:

No

Timeframe and expected next steps:

Within STPR2 Phase 1 we published the next steps as:

Appraisal methodology to be developed, to support this investment. It will be used to identify appropriate locations for the first tranche of investment, secured through the Low Carbon Fund.

Outcome 2: We will phase out the need for new petrol and diesel cars and vans by 2030

Policy:

We will consider and develop new financing and delivery models for electric vehicle charging infrastructure in Scotland and working with the Scottish Future Trust to do so.

Status: New, Boosted or Maintained compared to last CCP [date announced]:

Boosted 2019-2020 PfG

Progress on implementation since time of last report / CCPu:

We have developed the strategic case (case for change) and are taking forward a new programme with Scottish Futures Trust to implement new models of financing and delivering public electric vehicle charging infrastructure

Have any implementation Indicators / milestones been set for this policy? If so, most recent data for progress against these.:

No.

Timeframe and expected next steps:

Working with Scottish Futures Trust we are planning to develop and implement the new programme over the course of 2021.

Policy:

We have invested over £30m to grow and develop the ChargePlace Scotland network which is now the 4th largest in the UK. We will continue to develop the capacity of the electric vehicle charging network.

Status: New, Boosted or Maintained compared to last CCP [date announced]:

Maintained

Progress on implementation since time of last report / CCPu:

The CPS network continues to grow and added almost 200 Chargepoints in the past year. We will continue to invest in growing the network in 2021/22.

Have any implementation Indicators / milestones been set for this policy? If so, most recent data for progress against these.:

There is a Programme for Government commitment to continue to invest in the network until 2022 but no quantitative targets or indicators

Timeframe and expected next steps:

We are working with the Scottish future Trust to explore and identify new approaches to financing with leverage greater commercial investment

Policy:

Our Low Carbon Transport Loan has provided over £80m of funding to date to support the switch to low carbon vehicles. We will continue to support the demand for ultra-low emission vehicles (ULEVs) through our Low Carbon Transport Loan scheme, which is now being expanded to include used electric vehicles.

Status: New, Boosted or Maintained compared to last CCP [date announced]:

Maintained

Progress on implementation since time of last report / CCPu:

In 20/21 we have offered a further 13,000 loans to households and business seeking to switch to zero emission vehicles

Have any implementation Indicators / milestones been set for this policy? If so, most recent data for progress against these.:

No

Timeframe and expected next steps:

Vehicle manufacturers and dealers continue to bring new offerings to the market. We will monitor these and determine our policy/investment priorities accordingly

Policy:

We will continue to promote the uptake of ULEVs in the taxi and private hire sector.

Status: New, Boosted or Maintained compared to last CCP [date announced]:

Maintained

Progress on implementation since time of last report / CCPu:

Loans for zero emission taxis are still available through the low carbon transport loan. Limited promotional activity in the past year due to COVID-19.

Have any implementation Indicators / milestones been set for this policy? If so, most recent data for progress against these.:

No

Timeframe and expected next steps:

We will continue to provide loan funding and support to assist taxi owners switch to zero emission in 2021/22.

Policy:

Continue to promote the benefits of EVs to individuals and fleet operators (exact nature of promotion to be decided annually).

Status: New, Boosted or Maintained compared to last CCP [date announced]:

Maintained

Progress on implementation since time of last report / CCPu:

Our switched on Fleets programme continues to provide funding to enable the switch to zero- emission across Scotland's public bodies. A further £15m of funding was invested in 20/21.

Have any implementation Indicators / milestones been set for this policy? If so, most recent data for progress against these.:

No

Timeframe and expected next steps:

We will continue to provide funding and capacity building support to public bodies and local authorities in 2021/22.

Policy:

We will work with public bodies to phase out the need for any new petrol and diesel light commercial vehicles by 2025.

Status: New, Boosted or Maintained compared to last CCP [date announced]:

Boosted [2019-2020 PfG]

Progress on implementation since time of last report / CCPu:

Our switched on Fleets programme continues to provide funding to enable the switch to zero- emission across Scotland's public bodies. A further £15m of funding was invested in 20/21.

Have any implementation Indicators / milestones been set for this policy? If so, most recent data for progress against these.:

No

Timeframe and expected next steps:

We will continue to provide funding and capacity building support to public bodies and local authorities in 2021/22.

Policy:

We will support the public sector to lead the way in transitioning to EVs, putting in place procurement practices that encourage EVs. In the Programme for Government we committed to work with public bodies to phase out the need for any new petrol and diesel light commercial vehicles by 2025.

Status: New, Boosted or Maintained compared to last CCP [date announced]:

Boosted 2019-2020 PfG]

Progress on implementation since time of last report / CCPu:

We are working with Scottish Future Trust and Scottish Procurement Directorate to explore innovative procurement approaches for the public sector that deliver costs savings and ensure investment is optimal.

Have any implementation Indicators / milestones been set for this policy? If so, most recent data for progress against these.:

No

Timeframe and expected next steps:

Procurement project will continue in 2021/22 with findings likely in late 2021.

Policy:

Create the conditions to phase out the need for all new petrol and diesel vehicles in Scotland's public sector fleet by 2030.

Status: New, Boosted or Maintained compared to last CCP [date announced]:

New [2019-2020 PfG]

Progress on implementation since time of last report / CCPu:

Our switched on Fleets programme continues to provide funding to enable the switch to zero- emission across Scotland's public bodies. A further £15m of funding was invested in 20/21.

Have any implementation Indicators / milestones been set for this policy? If so, most recent data for progress against these.:

No

Timeframe and expected next steps:

We will continue to provide funding and capacity building support to public bodies and local authorities in 2021/22.

Policy:

We will continue to invest in innovation to support the development of ULEV technologies and their adoption.

Status: New, Boosted or Maintained compared to last CCP [date announced]:

Maintained

Progress on implementation since time of last report / CCPu:

Our 2021/22 work plan contains a range of programmes to stimulate innovation, creating the right mix of networks and collaboration, funding, facilities and skills to support our ambitions.

Have any implementation Indicators / milestones been set for this policy? If so, most recent data for progress against these.:

These being set up for individual programmes.

Timeframe and expected next steps:FY 2021-22

Policy:

Take forward the initiatives in respect of connected and autonomous vehicles set out in A CAV Roadmap for Scotland.

Status: New, Boosted or Maintained compared to last CCP [date announced]:

Maintained

Progress on implementation since time of last report / CCPu:

The CAV Forth live trial was originally intended to commence in 2020. The project has been impacted by some delays, outside of Transport Scotland's control and responsibility, both as a result of project supply chain issues and the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.

The introduction of the Actively Managed Hard Shoulder over a four mile section of the M8 and M9 motorways supports Transport Scotland's involvement in Project CAV Forth, and the Scottish Government's Programme for Government 2020 / 2021 'Protecting Scotland, Renewing Scotland' where it was noted that measures to tackle the impact of congestion forms part of a sustainable transport future and that a step change in investment to make bus services greener and more punctual and reliable is being taken.

Have any implementation Indicators / milestones been set for this policy? If so, most recent data for progress against these.:

-

Timeframe and expected next steps:

The project is now working on a programme that will see the full passenger trial commence in the latter part of 2021, to allow the completion of a six month trial in advance of the end of the project in March 2022.

Policy:

With local authorities and others, evaluate the scope for incentivising more rapid uptake of electric and ultra-low emission cars and vans.

Status: New, Boosted or Maintained compared to last CCP [date announced]:

Maintained

Progress on implementation since time of last report / CCPu:

We continue to work with local authorities and invest in growing zero emission transport infrastructure in 21/22 and future years. We have provided over £3m to local authorities to install EV infrastructure in 20/21 and continue to support hydrogen transport projects in Aberdeen, Dundee and Glasgow.

Have any implementation Indicators / milestones been set for this policy? If so, most recent data for progress against these.:

No

Timeframe and expected next steps:

Ongoing funding programme which are kept under development and will seek to move to models which look to leverage greater commercial investment in the next few years

Outcome 3: To reduce emissions in the freight sector, we will work with the industry to understand the most efficient methods and remove the need for new petrol and diesel heavy vehicles by 2035.

Policy:

To support businesses we will establish a Zero Emission heavy duty vehicle programme and will invest in a new zero drivetrain testing facility in 2021.

Status: New, Boosted or Maintained compared to last CCP [date announced]:

New [2020-2021 PfG]

Progress on implementation since time of last report / CCPu:

We are continuing our work with Scottish Enterprise on the Heavy Duty Vehicle (HDV) Programme. We are identifying capability in the sector, including current and potential future supply chain, putting in place support mechanisms to enable OEMs and supply chain companies to innovate, increase Zero Emission HDV capacity in Scotland, capture market share and to attract inward investment. We will also continue efforts to support public sector authorities to procure zero emission HDVs.

We are continuing our work on the LOCATE project to establish a drivetrain test facility, for low/zero emission mobility at the Michelin Scotland Innovation Parc site in Dundee.

Have any implementation Indicators / milestones been set for this policy? If so, most recent data for progress against these.:

No

Timeframe and expected next steps:

Functional and Technical Specifications for the facility have been drafted, and agreed. The next phase of the LOCATE project will move the project into a delivery phase: operational planning, strategic procurement and testing commercial model assumptions. This work will be led by the University of St Andrews.

The Zero Emissions HDV programme will continue into Financial Year 2021/22, to:

  • Complete summarising the market for HDVs in Scotland.
  • Carry out analysis of off-road vehicle opportunity.
  • Hold awareness-raising workshops with buyers, OEMs and companies.
  • Continue the funded expert support programme.
  • Develop innovation support systems to aid the public sector to procure Zero Emission HDVs

Policy:

Explore the development of green finance models to help business and industry to invest in new road transport technologies.

Status: New, Boosted or Maintained compared to last CCP [date announced]:

New [CCPu 2020]

Progress on implementation since time of last report / CCPu:

On 22 March and, in conjunction with the Bus Decarbonisation Taskforce, Government published an information and ideas pack which set out the various financial models that could support bus decarbonisation. This also included an assessment of whole life costs for battery electric and hydrogen buses as well as comparisons between the technologies.

Have any implementation Indicators / milestones been set for this policy? If so, most recent data for progress against these.:

No

Timeframe and expected next steps:

Going forward, Government will expand upon this work to identify models that could support decarbonisation of other parts of road transport such as HDVs, this will ensure that the specifics of each sector are carefully considered and accounted for when proposing new financial models.

Policy:

We will engage with industry to understand how changing technologies and innovations in logistics (including consolidation centres) can help to reduce carbon emissions, particularly in response to the increase in e-commerce.

Status: New, Boosted or Maintained compared to last CCP [date announced]:

New [CCPu 2020]

Progress on implementation since time of last report / CCPu:

Scoping study commissioned on "last mile delivery" (LMD) to understand scale and impact of the sector

Have any implementation Indicators / milestones been set for this policy? If so, most recent data for progress against these.:

No

Timeframe and expected next steps:

LMD scoping study runs March – June 2021

LMD workplan to be developed thereafter

Policy:

Continue to investigate the role that other alternative fuels, such as hydrogen, and biofuel can play in the transition to a decarbonised road transport sector. Consider the scope for testing approaches to alternative fuels infrastructure and supply.

Status: New, Boosted or Maintained compared to last CCP [date announced]:

Maintained

Progress on implementation since time of last report / CCPu:

We will undertake work to better understand non-electrification / non-hydrogen routes to decarbonising vehicles – drawing on established energy policy and leading to a defined policy position in this area that complements existing work.

Aims:

  • Identify whether alternative fuels have the potential to power certain vehicle types in the short, medium and long term, whilst still contributing to Scotland's statutory climate change targets.
  • Identify where Scottish resources, expertise, or embedded demand point to particular alternative fuel types that would have particular economic benefit for Scotland.

Have any implementation Indicators / milestones been set for this policy? If so, most recent data for progress against these.:

No

Timeframe and expected next steps:

Work beginning in 2021/22 business planning period.

Policy:

Launched the new Hydrogen Accelerator (H2A) Programme to attract technical experts to help scale up and quicken the deployment of hydrogen technologies across Scotland.

Status: New, Boosted or Maintained compared to last CCP [date announced]:

New [July 2020]

Progress on implementation since time of last report / CCPu:

Established in July 2020 with indicative 3-year funding support from TS. hosted by St Andrews University, in partnership with Strathclyde University.

Key roles include:

  • expertise in the design and delivery of hydrogen projects,
  • project management guidance and support
  • coordinating approach across Scotland's key hydrogen initiatives
  • enabling new opportunities in sector
  • conducting analysis of the evolution of hydrogen-related technologies.

TS are represented on the board and on management groups.

Have any implementation Indicators / milestones been set for this policy? If so, most recent data for progress against these.:

H2A will report using its established governance processes and against TS grant funding conditions.

Timeframe and expected next steps:

Funding initially for FY's 20/21-22/23

Outcome 4: We will work with the newly formed Bus Decarbonisation Taskforce, comprised of leaders from the bus, energy and finance sectors, to ensure that the majority of new buses purchased from 2024 are zero-emission, and to bring this date forward if possible.

Policy:

We have introduced a revised green incentive of the Bus Service Operators Grant.

Status: New, Boosted or Maintained compared to last CCP [date announced]:

New [April 2019]

Progress on implementation since time of last report / CCPu:

Bus Service Operators Grant Low Emission Vehicle (BSOG LEV) incentive was introduced April 2019. The action is complete.

Have any implementation Indicators / milestones been set for this policy? If so, most recent data for progress against these.:

No

Timeframe and expected next steps:

Next steps are covered by the new policy commitment below, namely the assessment of options for the optimal subsidy framework.

Policy:

We launched a £9 million Scottish Ultra Low Emission Bus Scheme (SULEBS).

Status: New, Boosted or Maintained compared to last CCP [date announced]:

New [August 2020]

Progress on implementation since time of last report / CCPu:

£10.1 million was awarded to support bus operators purchase 57 new ultra-low emission buses and associated infrastructure.

Have any implementation Indicators / milestones been set for this policy? If so, most recent data for progress against these.:

57 new battery-electric vehicles purchased, replacing older diesel vehicles, by the end of 2021.

Timeframe and expected next steps:

The action was completed – next steps are covered in the new policy commitment (below)

Policy:

In the context of the National Transport Strategy Delivery Plan and Transport Act, we will examine the scope for climate change policies, in relation to buses, across the public sector in high-level transport legislation strategies and policies.

Status: New, Boosted or Maintained compared to last CCP [date announced]:

Maintained

Progress on implementation since time of last report / CCPu:

Work on implementing the bus services provisions (i.e. Part III) of the Transport (Scotland) Act 2019 restarted at the end of 2020. A stakeholder event was held on 17 March attended by a range of stakeholders, including local authorities, bus operators and third sector groups. The discussions on the day are helping inform and refine a consultation planned for later this year with the development of regulations thereafter. We are also further engaging with key stakeholders ahead of the publication of the consultation.

Have any implementation Indicators / milestones been set for this policy? If so, most recent data for progress against these.:

The preparation of a consultation is under way and will launch later this year.

Timeframe and expected next steps:

Following consultation, regulations will be developed for implementation with a final timeline still to be agreed (and subject to Parliamentary process).

Policy:

We will work to align government financial support of £120 million over the next 5 years with private sector investment to drive forward a fully decarbonised future for Scotland's bus fleet and support the Scottish supply chain.

Status: New, Boosted or Maintained compared to last CCP [date announced]:

New [CCPu 2020]

Progress on implementation since time of last report / CCPu:

A £25m round of the Scottish Ultra Low Emission Bus Scheme was launched in January 2021, amended from the previous round to allow finance bodies who wished to purchase and lease vehicles to bid.

On 25 February 2021 the Bus Decarbonisation Taskforce, comprised of leaders from the bus, finance and energy sectors, held a meeting focussed on financial models to support swift decarbonisation of the sector. The meeting discussed a paper from Transport Scotland that set out criteria for future subsidy framework, in the context of an in-depth presentation about private sector investment models.

Have any implementation Indicators / milestones been set for this policy? If so, most recent data for progress against these.:

-

Timeframe and expected next steps: assessment of options for the optimal subsidy framework for the next 5 years will be undertaken over the coming 6 months in close liaison with the finance and bus operating and bus manufacturing sectors.

Outcome 5: We will work to decarbonise scheduled flights within Scotland by 2040

Policy:

We will aim to create the world's first zero emission aviation region in partnership with Highlands and Islands Airports Limited (HIAL). This will include taking action to decarbonise airport operations in the HIAL region.

Status: New, Boosted or Maintained compared to last CCP [date announced]:

New [Green New Deal 2019]

Progress on implementation since time of last report / CCPu:

Some action taken to decarbonise airport operations at HIAL, including a project lead by EMEC which aims to to decarbonise heat and power at Kirkwall Airport through green hydrogen technology.

Have any implementation Indicators / milestones been set for this policy? If so, most recent data for progress against these.:

No

Timeframe and expected next steps:

2040

Policy:

We will begin trialling low or zero emission planes in 2021.

Status: New, Boosted or Maintained compared to last CCP [date announced]:

New [2020-2021 PfG]

Progress on implementation since time of last report / CCPu:

HIAL is jointly leading the SATE project which will create the UK's first operationally-based, low-carbon aviation test centre at Kirkwall Airport – COVID-19 restrictions permitting expect this to lead to the first companies trialling their aircraft this summer.

Have any implementation Indicators / milestones been set for this policy? If so, most recent data for progress against these.:

Yes

Timeframe and expected next steps:

Project started and expect first trials of aircraft this summer

Policy:

The Scottish Government will continue to engage with Aviation sector to encourage sustainable growth post COVID-19.

Status: New, Boosted or Maintained compared to last CCP [date announced]:

New [CCPu]

Progress on implementation since time of last report / CCPu:

No

Have any implementation Indicators / milestones been set for this policy? If so, most recent data for progress against these.:

No

Timeframe and expected next steps:

Aviation working group being established as well as ongoing informal engagement

Policy:

Explore the potential for the purchase of zero/low emission aircraft by the Scottish Government, for lease back to operators, with more detailed assessment in the forthcoming Aviation Strategy.

Status: New, Boosted or Maintained compared to last CCP [date announced]:

New [CCPu]

Progress on implementation since time of last report / CCPu:

No

Have any implementation Indicators / milestones been set for this policy? If so, most recent data for progress against these.:

No

Timeframe and expected next steps:

TBC- expect to consult in 2021

Policy:

Explore options for incentivising the use of more sustainable aviation fuel as we develop our Aviation Strategy, recognising that significant levers in this area are reserved.

Status: New, Boosted or Maintained compared to last CCP [date announced]:

New [CCPu]

Progress on implementation since time of last report / CCPu:

No

Have any implementation Indicators / milestones been set for this policy? If so, most recent data for progress against these.:

No

Timeframe and expected next steps:

TBC- expect to consult in 2021

Outcome 6: Proportion of ferries in Scottish Government ownership which are low emission has increased to 30% by 2032.

Policy:

Continue to examine the scope for utilising hybrid and low carbon energy sources in the public sector marine fleet as part of our vessel replacement programme.

Status: New, Boosted or Maintained compared to last CCP [date announced]:

Maintained

Progress on implementation since time of last report / CCPu:

The Islands Connectivity Plan will investigate the opportunities and technologies available to the maritime sector and set out pathways towards the delivery of ferries that will operate with zero or significantly reduced carbon emissions helping Scotland achieve its ambitious target of net zero emissions by 2045.

In an early step to achieving this objective, Transport Scotland officials have been investigating the options for deploying battery operated vessels as part of the Small Vessel Replacement Programme (SVRP). This will see the replacement of up to eight of the smaller vessels operated by CalMac.

Have any implementation Indicators / milestones been set for this policy? If so, most recent data for progress against these.:

No.

Timeframe and expected next steps:

-

Policy:

Working with the UK Government to support proposals at the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) to significantly lower shipping carbon emissions in the global sector, including the option of introducing a global levy on marine fuel to fund research in cleaner technologies and fuels.

Status: New, Boosted or Maintained compared to last CCP [date announced]:

New [2020-2021 PfG]

Progress on implementation since time of last report / CCPu:

No progress to date.

Have any implementation Indicators / milestones been set for this policy? If so, most recent data for progress against these.:

-

Timeframe and expected next steps:

Outcome 7: By 2032 low emission solutions have been widely adopted at Scottish ports

Policy:

Working with individual ports and the British Ports Association to consider a process for encouraging shared best practice initiatives for reducing emissions across the sector.

Status: New, Boosted or Maintained compared to last CCP [date announced]:

New [CCPu 2020]

Progress on implementation since time of last report / CCPu:

While we continue to engage with ports, the BPA and other stakeholders, their focus has principally been on dealing with impacts of Brexit and Covid and managing the consequent financial hit they've been experiencing from a reduction in passenger services and freight movements.

Have any implementation Indicators / milestones been set for this policy? If so, most recent data for progress against these.:

Ongoing

Timeframe and expected next steps:

COVID-19 and economic recovery will guide timeframes.

Policy:

Working with the ports sector and with its statutory consultees through the Harbour Order process to ensure future port developments are environmentally underpinned.

Status: New, Boosted or Maintained compared to last CCP [date announced]:

New [CCPu]

Progress on implementation since time of last report / CCPu:

While we continue to engage with ports, the BPA and other stakeholders, their focus has principally been on dealing with impacts of Brexit and Covid and managing the consequent financial hit they've been experiencing from a reduction in passenger services and freight movements.

Have any implementation Indicators / milestones been set for this policy? If so, most recent data for progress against these.:

Ongoing

Timeframe and expected next steps:

COVID-19 and economic recovery will guide timeframes.

Outcome 8: Scotland's passenger rail services will be decarbonised by 2035

Policy:

Our commitment to decarbonise (the traction element of) Scotland's railways by 2035 will be delivered through investment in electrification and complementary alternative traction systems. Transport Scotland has published the Rail Services Decarbonisation Action Plan (July 2020) which will be updated as appropriate. Work is ongoing by industry partners to develop the initial schemes.

Status: New, Boosted or Maintained compared to last CCP [date announced]:

New [2020-2021 PfG]

Progress on implementation since time of last report / CCPu:

In February 2021 the first 4 priority rail electrification projects were announced as part of the Strategic Transport Projects Review 2 Phase 1. Proposals are being progressed to electrify the Glasgow to Barrhead, Glasgow to East Kilbride, Borders and Fife Circle routes. It is anticipated intermittent electrification may be deployed on some routes that can then be served by electric / battery trains with consideration of full electrification of these routes over the longer term. Transport Scotland is engaged with the train rolling stock supply chain who continue to develop alternative traction battery and hydrogen technologies.

Have any implementation Indicators / milestones been set for this policy? If so, most recent data for progress against these.:

The commitment is to make Scotland's rail passenger services carbon free by 2035 through increased electrification of the network and to deploy alternative traction battery / hydrogen trains where appropriate.

Timeframe and expected next steps:

There is no defined timescale for completing these 4 priority projects at this stage. A detailed update on progress with delivery of the rail decarbonisation action plan will be given in 2023.

Policy:

We will establish an international rail cluster in Scotland to unlock supply chain opportunities using the interest at Longannet as a catalyst. This will be built around existing strengths in rail in Scotland and will seek to enhance the innovation and supply chain in the decarbonisation of our rolling stock and wider network.

Status: New, Boosted or Maintained compared to last CCP [date announced]:

New [Part of Rail Services Decarbonisation Action Plan, July 2020]

Progress on implementation since time of last report / CCPu:

Scottish Engineering has been awarded an 18 month contract to create an international rail cluster linking Scottish SMEs with train manufacturers, contractors, academics, and research centres.

Initially, in the light of prevailing circumstances, this work will begin life as a digital project with a number of events bringing business and academia together online.

Have any implementation Indicators / milestones been set for this policy? If so, most recent data for progress against these.:

The following has been achieved to date:

221 registered companies; 2 of 8 planned events delivered; one of the three required technical report published; one of the two market sector reports published and 34 of the planned 100 1-2-1 meetings with SMEs conducted.

Timeframe and expected next steps:

Further activity planned through to December 2021. Activities necessarily constrained by the prevailing circumstances related to the pandemic.

Policy:

Continue to deliver our Rail Freight Strategy.

Status: New, Boosted or Maintained compared to last CCP [date announced]:

Maintained

Progress on implementation since time of last report / CCPu:

Work continues alongside rail industry partners to take forward the actions from the published rail freight strategy. This includes innovative regulatory targets for rail freight, including rail freight growth, and a dedicated Scottish Strategic Rail Freight Fund for this 5-yearly rail control period.

Have any implementation Indicators / milestones been set for this policy? If so, most recent data for progress against these.:

n/a

Timeframe and expected next steps:

No defined and specific timescales for completing the actions. Network Rail's regulatory targets have their own associated milestones and timescales.


Contact

Email: climate.change@gov.scot