i Taylorism: System of scientific management advocated by Fred W Taylor. In Taylor's view, the task of factory management was to determine the best way for the worker to do the job, to provide the proper tools and training and to provide incentives for good performance. He broke each job down into its individual motions, analysed these to determine which were essential, and timed the workers with a stopwatch. With unnecessary motion eliminated the worker, following a machine-like routine, became far more productive (Encyclopaedia Britannica).
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