8. Renewable Heat
Scotland’s heat demand is still primarily made up from fossil fuels, however progress on renewables has been made:
Scotland generated 5,230 GWh of renewable heat in 2018, up 14.5% of 2017.
This is the equivalent of supplying almost 387,000 Scottish homes with gas for the year.
This makes up 6.3% of all non-electrical heat demand.
Energy Efficiency - Demand reduction
From a 2005-07 baseline, Scotland’s energy consumption reduced by 12.2% in 2018. This is:
Down 16.0% in non-domestic sector (to 2017)
Down 15.9% in domestic sector (to 2017)
Down 17.4% in electricity consumption (to 2018)
Down 15.2% in heat consumption (to 2017)
Up 0.9% in transport consumption (to 2018)
Recently, energy consumption increased in all sectors – in 2018 it was up by 3.1% on 2015, mirroring trends witnessed in other European countries.