Air Departure Tax
Air Departure Tax (ADT) is Scotland's planned replacement for Air Passenger Duty (APD), which is a tax on all eligible passengers leaving UK airports.
APD was devolved by the Scotland Act 2016, enabling us to make our own arrangements for the design and collection of its replacement, ADT. The Air Departure Tax (Scotland) Act 2017 made provision for such a tax.
Following the advice from the UK Committee on Climate Change in 2019 – and the new 2045 target for net-zero emissions adopted as a result – we came to the conclusion that the economic benefits we had sought through our policy of reducing ADT were not compatible with our new emissions targets.
The Scottish Government remains fully committed to introducing the ADT when a solution to the Highlands and Islands exemption issue has been found. Air connectivity is critical for the Highlands and Islands and the existing exemption must remain in place to protect remote and rural communities, and to ensure that the devolved powers are not compromised.
We will engage with the UK Government on their planned consultation on APD reform and work with stakeholders to find a solution for aviation that remains consistent with our climate ambitions. The UK Government will maintain the application and administration of APD in Scotland in the interim.
Consultations and reports
Between March and June 2016, we carried out a first phase of two public consultations on a Scottish APD replacement tax: one on the structure and operation of the policy, and another on the initial findings, scope and methodology of the strategic environmental assessment for the policy.
Between June and September 2017, we carried out a second phase of two public consultations on the 50% reduction and environmental report for ADT.
During the passage of the Air Departure Tax Bill, we committed to conducting and publishing a range of assessments on ADT. Transport Scotland commissioned:
- an independent economic assessment of the 50% reduction policy
- an assessment of the potential noise impact resulting from the 50% reduction policy
We will use these reports to inform our decisions on the final tax bands and rate amounts for ADT that will be set in secondary legislation and laid before the Scottish Parliament.
We set up the ADT Stakeholder Forum in August 2015 to help inform the ADT policy and legislative proposals.
We set up the ADT Highlands and Islands Working Group in May 2018 to develop a joint understanding of the issues and the importance of the current exemption to Highlands and Islands business and residents, and to explore solutions to deliver the best possible outcome for the Highlands and Islands.