Scotland’s diversity is its strength; all communities are valued and their contribution welcomed. Hate crime and prejudice threaten community cohesion and have a corrosive impact on Scotland’s minority communities as well as broader society. It is never acceptable and we are committed to tackling it.
What is hate crime
Hate crime can be verbal or physical and has hugely damaging effects on the victims, their families and communities, and we all must play our part to challenge it.
Hate crime is the term used to describe behaviour which is both criminal and rooted in prejudice.
Current hate crime legislation allows any existing offence to be aggravated by prejudice in respect of one or more of the characteristics of race, religion, disability, sexual orientation and transgender identity. There is also existing standalone hate crime offences of stirring up racial hatred and of racially aggravated harassment.
The Hate Crime and Public Order (Scotland) Act 2021
Hate crime legislation helps recognise the particular impact and harm caused by hate crime to the victim, the group to which the victim belongs and to wider society.
On 11 March 2021 the Scottish Parliament voted to pass the Hate Crime and Public Order (Scotland) Bill. The Bill received Royal Assent to become an Act of the Scottish Parliament on 23rd April 2021 and is available to read.
Once in force the Act will consolidate, modernise and extend existing hate crime legislation. The Act updates the list of characteristics included in hate crime legislation and creates new stirring up of hatred offences that will apply in relation to the characteristics of age, disability, religion, sexual orientation, transgender identity and variations in sex characteristics. The Act re-states the existing standalone offences of stirring up racial hatred and of racially aggravated harassment.
All of Scotland’s hate crime laws will be located within the Act.
The Act also includes provisions to ensure that information on hate crime recorded by the Police and information on hate crime convictions will be published annually.
More information on the Act, as well as its accompanying documents, can be found on the Scottish Parliament website.
Tackling prejudice and building connected communities
In response to a report published by the Independent Advisory Group on Hate Crime, Prejudice and Community Cohesion, we published the Tackling Prejudice and Building Connected Communities Action Plan in June 2017. It sets out actions we will take to challenge hate crime and prejudice and to build strong, resilient and supportive communities, including:
- running public awareness campaigns to raise awareness of what hate crime is, the impact it has on victims, their families and communities, and to encourage victims and witnesses to report it
- developing our approach to improving data collection to produce more detailed hate crime statistics and consider how we break down barriers to reporting hate crime
A report on progress will be published in 2021.
Find out more information about the Tackling Prejudice and Building Connected Communities Action Group.
We have launched hate crime awareness campaigns in 2017, 2018 and 2020 in partnership with Police Scotland.
Letters from Scotland (2018-2020)
On 7 October 2020 we relaunched our Letters from Scotland hate crime campaign (which was first launched in September 2018) in partnership with Police Scotland which aimed to encourage witnesses to report. The campaign was a series of letters addressed to perpetrators of hate crime. They are signed ‘Yours, Scotland’ in order to encourage those who read it to report hate crime if they witness it – therefore helping to create ‘One Scotland’ where hate crime and prejudice is not tolerated.
The 2018 campaign evaluation was positive and showed an increase in those who would claim to take action if they witnessed a hate crime. The evaluation report for the campaign launched in 2020 will be published in due course.
The campaign evaluation for the Hate Has No Home in Scotland campaign, launched in 2017, was also positive and showed it had been particularly successful among those who have experienced hate crime.
We recognise that the data and evidence on hate crime in Scotland needs to be improved. It needs to show a greater level of disaggregation, and it needs to tell us more about victims and perpetrators. Such data is essential in our work to more effectively tackle hate crime in Scotland.
Like our stakeholders, we want to see this level of data published on a regular and sustainable basis.
In February 2021, the Scottish Government published its research report, A Study into the Characteristics of Police Recorded Hate Crime in Scotland.
This report provides an update on work by our analysts and Police Scotland to review the availability of information on hate crime recorded by the police in Scotland. This is the first time such a high-quality measure of police recorded data on hate crime has been publicised.
This report presents updated statistics on the number of hate crimes recorded by the police in Scotland over 2014-15 to 2019-20.
Since 2014-15, the number of hate crimes recorded annually by the police has fluctuated between 6,300 and 7,000.
The police recorded 6,448 hate crimes in 2019-20. Around three-fifths (62%) had a race aggravator, one in five (20%) included a sexual orientation aggravator, 8% religion, 4% disability and 1% transgender identity.
The study also includes the nature of hate crimes recorded by the police in 2018-19, including characteristics of both victims and perpetrators. Our analysts have committed to carrying out a further deep dive analysis covering the pandemic year 2020/21.
Hate crime reporting
We recognise that the under reporting of hate crime is a serious issue. The Tackling Prejudice and Building Connected Communities Action Group has prioritised work to address barriers to reporting, including encouraging reporting.
If you have been targeted because of your disability, race, religion, sexual orientation or transgender identity, or you are aware of someone else being targeted, we want you to report it.
We encourage anyone who has experienced or witnessed a hate crime to report it to Police Scotland by dialling 999 in emergencies or 101 in non-emergencies. Alternatively reports can be made online by completing Police Scotland’s online hate crime reporting form. You can also report a hate crime through your nearest third party reporting centre.
You can also report a hate crime 100% anonymously by contacting Crimestoppers.