Animal by-products (ABPs) are entire animal bodies, parts of animals, products of animal origin or other products obtained from animals that are not fit or intended for human consumption.
Animal by-products include:
- animal carcasses and parts of animal carcasses - including fish
- manure from farmed animals
- blood, hides, skins, hooves and horns
- feathers, wool, hair and fur
They must be dealt with in accordance with strict regulations designed to prevent harm to people, animals and the environment.
The EU Animal By-Product Regulation 1069/2009 and its accompanying implementing Commission Regulation 142/2011 came into force in Scotland in March 2011 and among other measures prohibits the burial or burning of fallen stock on-farm.
The EU regulations are implemented by the Animal By-Products (Enforcement) (Scotland) Regulations 2013 and the Animal By-Products (Miscellaneous Amendments) (Scotland) Regulations 2015.
Animal by-product operators: inspection and guidance
The Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA) is responsible for inspecting animal by-product operators in Scotland, and can provide detailed guidance on the requirements they need to meet.
We have produced animal by-products disposal guidance.
Guidance on the use, disposal, transport, handling and storage of animal by-products is available on the animal by-products section of the Gov.uk website.
Competent authority authorisation
The EU Animal By-Products Regulation allows member states to derogate from the basic framework of animal by-products controls in specified areas provided certain conditions are met.
Some types of derogation are provided for directly in the Animal By-Products (Enforcement) (Scotland) Regulations 2013. Others will be the subject of an authorisation issued by the Scottish Ministers. Read more at: EU animal by-products regulation: competent authority authorisations
Types of animal by-products premises
There are many premises that generate, store, use handle or dispose of animal by-products, as set out below:
Types of animal by-product
Animal carcasses and parts of carcasses
ABP food waste
Other ABP plants/sites