Working with children and young people who have displayed harmful sexual behaviour: evidence based guidance for professionals working with children and young people

Guidance to support professionals who work with children and young people to identify, prevent and mitigate harm caused by children and young people who display harmful sexual behaviour


Allardyce, S., & Yates, P. (2018). Working with children and young people who have displayed harmful sexual behaviour. Dunedin Academic Press Ltd.

Allardyce, S., Yates, P., & Wareham, S. (2021). How Could a Gender-Sensitive Approach Help Us to Identify and Respond to Children Who Have Displayed Harmful Sexual Behaviour?. Understanding Gender-Based Violence: An Essential Textbook for Nurses, Healthcare Professionals and Social Workers, 49-61.

Araji, S. K. (2004) Preadolescents and Adolescents: Evaluating Normative and Non- normative Sexual Behaviours and Development. Abingdon, Taylor Francis

Caldwell, M. F. 2002. What we do not know about juvenile sexual reoffense risk. Child Maltreatment, 7, 291-302

Chaffin, M., Letourneau, E. and Silovsky, J. F. (2002) ‘Adults, adolescents, and children who sexually abuse children: A developmental perspective’, in Myers, J. E. B., Berliner, L., Briere, J., Hendrix, C. T., Jenny, C. and Reid, T. A. (eds) (2002) The APSAC Handbook on Child Maltreatment (2nd edn), Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage

Expert Group (2020). The Expert Group on Preventing Sexual Offending Involving Children and Young People. Scottish Government

Hackett, S. (2010) ‘Children, young people and sexual violence’, in Barter, C. and Berridge, D. (eds) (2010) Children Behaving Badly, Chichester, West Sussex: Wiley

Hackett, S., Branigan, P,Holmes, D. (2019). Harmful sexual behaviour framework: an evidence-informed operational framework for children and young people displaying harmful sexual behaviours. NSPCC.

Hackett, S., Darling, A. J., Balfe, M., Masson, H., & Phillips, J. (2022). Life course outcomes and developmental pathways for children and young people with harmful sexual behaviour. Journal of Sexual Aggression, 1-21.

Hollis, V., Belton, E. and Team, N. E. (2017) Children and Young People who Engage in Technology-Assisted Harmful Sexual Behaviour, London: NSPCC.

Johnson, T. C. (2015) Updated and expanded: Understanding children’s sexual behaviors – what’s natural and healthy. Available from URL:

Morrison, T. (2004) ‘Preparing services and staff to work with young people who sexually abuse’, in O’Reilly, G., Marshall, W. L., Carr, A. and Beckett, R. (eds) (2004) The Handbook of Clinical Intervention with Young People Who Sexually Abuse, Abingdon: Taylor Francis



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