Women in Scottish fisheries: literature review

Findings from a review of research literature, case studies and examples of good practice from Scotland and beyond, alongside existing government strategies, to provide insights into challenges and opportunities presented for women in Scottish fishing.


Alon, T., Doepke, M., Olmstead-Rumsey, J., & Tertilt, M. (2020). The impact of the coronavirus pandemic on gender equality. Covid Economics Vetted and Real-Time Papers, 4, 62-85.

Boell, S. K., Cecez‐Kecmanovic, D., & Campbell, J. (2016). Telework paradoxes and practices: The importance of the nature of work. New Technology, Work and Employment, 31(2), 114-131.

Branch, T. A., & Kleiber, D. (2017). Should we call them fishers or fishermen?. Fish and Fisheries, 18(1), 114-127.

Brookfield, K., Gray, T., & Hatchard, J. (2005). The concept of fisheries-dependent communities: a comparative analysis of four UK case studies: Shetland, Peterhead, North Shields and Lowestoft. Fisheries Research, 72(1), 55-69.

Business News Wales. (2021). New Women In Welsh Fisheries Group Launched. [online] Available at: <https://businessnewswales.com/new-women-in-welsh-fisheries-group-launched/> [Accessed 11 November 2021].

Cardwell, E., & Gear, R. (2013). Transferable quotas, efficiency and crew ownership in Whalsay, Shetland. Marine Policy, 40, 160-166.

Crenshaw, K. W. (2017). On intersectionality: Essential writings. The New Press.

Defra. (2010). Women in Fisheries Final Report.

Defra. (2021). Defining Fishing Dependent Communities.

Denyer, D., & Tranfield, D. (2009). Producing a systematic review.

Family and Childcare Trust. (2018). Childcare survey 2018. Family and Childcare Trust.

Frangoudes, K., Gerrard, S. (2018). (En)Gendering Change in Small-Scale Fisheries and Fishing Communities in a Globalized World. Maritime Studies 17, 117–124.

Frangoudes, K., Keromnes, E. (2008). Women in Artisanal Fisheries in Brittany, France. Development 51, 265–270.

Gerrard, S. (2008). Quota policy and local fishing: gendered practices and perplexities.

Gov.UK. (2021). UK Seafood Fund: Fisheries Industry Science Partnerships scheme. [online] Available at: <https://www.gov.uk/guidance/uk-seafood-fund-fisheries-industry-science-partnerships-scheme> [Accessed 11 November 2021].

Gustavsson, M. (2021). Women's belongings in UK fisheries. Gender, Place & Culture, 1-15.

Gustavsson, M. (2020). Women's changing productive practices, gender relations and identities in fishing through a critical feminisation perspective. Journal of Rural Studies, 78, 36-46.

Gustavsson, M. (2021). Attending to the Rhythms of the Sea, Place and Gendered Cultures in Interviewing Fishers and Fishing Families. In Gustavsson, M., White, C. S., Philippson J,. Ounanian, K. (eds) Researching People and the Sea. Palgrave MacMillan, Cham.

Gustavsson, M., & Riley, M. (2020). (R) evolving masculinities in times of change amongst small-scale fishers in North Wales. Gender, Place & Culture, 27(2), 196-217.

Grzetic, B. (2004). Women fishes these days. Fernwood Basics Series (COL).

HSE UK. (2021). Fatal injuries in agriculture, forestry and fishing in Great Britain. UK Gov.

Inhetveen, H., & Schmitt, M. (2017). Feminization trends in agriculture: Theoretical remarks and empirical findings from Germany. In Women in the European countryside (pp. 83-102). Routledge.

Jones, E., Botterill, K., Chikwama, C., Caveen, A., & Gray, T. (2020). Pay gaps between domestic and international fishers: an economic or ethical issue?. Maritime Studies, 19(1), 15-27.

Maneschy, M. C., & Álvares, M. L. M. (2005). Identities in Construction and in Conflict: Restructuring and the Social Roles of Women in the Fishing Communities of Pará State, Brazil. Changing Tides; Gender, Fisheries and Globalization. Halifax: Fernwood Publishing, 51-63.

Marsh, S. (2021). 'This is where I need to be': the UK women defying fishing stereotypes. [online] the Guardian. Available at: <https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2021/jan/03/this-is-where-i-need-to-be-the-uk-women-defying-fishing-stereotypes> [Accessed 11 November 2021].

Howard, P. M. (2017). Environment, labour and capitalism at sea:'Working the ground'in Scotland. Manchester University Press.

McDowell, L. (2011). Working bodies: Interactive service employment and workplace identities (Vol. 61). John Wiley & Sons.

McDowell, L. (2008). Thinking through work: complex inequalities, constructions of difference and trans-national migrants. Progress in Human Geography, 32(4), 491-507.

Pettersen, L. T. (2019). From household business to shareholding companies—impacts on gender relations and influence in fisheries and fish farming in northern Norway. Maritime Studies, 18(3), 305-319.

Power, N. G. (2000). Women processing workers as knowledgeable resource users: Connecting Gender, local knowledge, and development in the Newfoundland fishery. Finding Our Sea Legs: Linking Fishery People and Their Knowledge with Science and Management, ISER, St. John's, Newfoundland, 189-203.

Ross, N. (2015). Understanding the fishing 'community': the role of communities of the mind. Sociologia Ruralis, 55(3), 309-324.

Ross, N. (2021). Towards an Ethic of Care Within Fisheries Social Research. Researching People and the Sea: Methodologies and Traditions, 71-90.

Ruiz-Salmón, I., Fernández-Ríos, A., Campos, C., Laso, J., Margallo, M., & Aldaco, R. (2021). Fishing and seafood sector in the time of COVID-19: considerations for local and global opportunities and responses. Current Opinion in Environmental Science & Health, 100286.

Seafish. (2021). Industree Overview: Employee Demographics. [online] Public.tableau.com. Available at: <https://public.tableau.com/app/profile/seafish/viz/ProcessingEnquiryTool/2021Overview> [Accessed 11 November 2021].

Seafish. (2019). 2018 Employment in the UK Fishing Fleet.

Salmi, P., & Sonck-Rautio, K. (2018). Invisible work, ignored knowledge? Changing gender roles, division of labor, and household strategies in Finnish small-scale fisheries. Maritime Studies, 17(2), 213-221.

Soejima, K., & Makino, M. (2018). The development of women fishery entrepreneurship group in the Japanese marine products distribution sector. Small-scale Fisheries in Japan, 31.

ScotGov. (2019). A fairer Scotland for women: gender pay gap action plan.

ScotGov. (2017). Women in Farming and the Agriculture Sector.

ScotGov. (2021). Final Report of the Women in Scottish Agriculture Taskforce. Progressive Farming.

ScotGov. (2020). Future fisheries: management strategy - 2020 to 2030.

ScotGov. (2021). National Performance Framework | National Performance Framework. [online] Nationalperformance.gov.scot. Available at: <https://nationalperformance.gov.scot/> [Accessed 11 November 2021].

ScotGov. (2021). A fairer, greener Scotland Programme for Government 2021-22.

Telegraph, 2022. 'I'm a fisherman': First woman to reel in top award throws 'woke' labels overboard. [online] The Telegraph. Available at: <https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2022/05/17/fisherman-says-ashley-mullenger-first-ever-female-fishing-awards/> [Accessed 31 May 2022].

Watch. (2020). International Organisation for Women in the Seafood Industry.

ScotGov. (2010). ​The Equality Act.

WiSA. (2021). Home. [online] Wisa.sustainableaquaculture.com. Available at: <https://wisa.sustainableaquaculture.com/> [Accessed 11 November 2021].

Women-Fisheries. (2020). Voices from the industry policy brief. University of Exeter Medical School.

Zhao, M., Tyzack, M., Anderson, R., & Onoakpovike, E. (2013). Women as visible and invisible workers in fisheries: A case study of Northern England. Marine Policy, 37, 69-76.


Email: oana.racu@gov.scot

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