Using intersectionality to understand structural inequality in Scotland: evidence synthesis

An evidence synthesis of literature on the concept of intersectionality. Looks at what the concept means, and how it can be applied to policymaking and analysis, as well as providing spotlight examples.

8. Useful resources

What is intersectionality?

Crenshaw, Kimberlé Williams (2016), 'The urgency of intersectionality', Kimberlé Crenshaw: The urgency of intersectionality | TED Talk

Crenshaw, Kimberle Williams (2020) Intersectionality matters: under the blacklight: history rinsed and repeated [Podcast]. 28 April 2020. Stream 14. Under the Blacklight: History Rinsed and Repeated by Intersectionality Matters with Kimberlé Crenshaw | Listen online for free on SoundCloud

Intersectionality for policymakers

Christoffersen, Ashlee (2021), 'Intersectionality in practice: Research findings for practitioners & policy makers', Intersectionality-in-practice.pdf (

Hankivsky, Olena. (Ed.). (2012). 'An Intersectionality-Based Policy Analysis Framework.' Vancouver, BC: Institute for Intersectionality Research and Policy, Simon Fraser University., (PDF) An Intersectionality-Based Policy Analysis Framework (

Hankivsky, Olena (2014). Intersectionality 101. The Institute for Intersectionality Research & Policy, SFU, 36, (PDF) Intersectionality 101 (

Poverty and Inequality Commission (2021), 'Intersectionality: Revealing the realities of poverty and inequality in Scotland', Intersectionality: Revealing the realities of poverty and inequality in Scotland - Poverty & Inequality Commission (

Intersectionality and the analytical process

Christoffersen, Ashlee (2017) 'Intersectional approaches to equality research and data', Research_and_data_briefing_2_Intersectional_approaches_to_equality_research_and_data.pdf (

Cole, Elizabeth R. (2009). 'Intersectionality and research in psychology'. American psychologist, 64(3), (PDF) Intersectionality and Research in Psychology (

Else-Quest, Nicole M., & Hyde, Janet S. (2016). Intersectionality in quantitative psychological research: II. Methods and Techniques. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 40(3), (PDF) Intersectionality in Quantitative Psychological Research: II. Methods and Techniques (

Global Partnership for Sustainable Development Data (2021), 'Unpacking Intersectional Approaches to Data', Unpacking Intersectional Approaches to Data (

Nicholas, Scott & Janet Siltanen, Janet (2016), 'Intersectionality and quantitative methods: assessing regression from a feminist perspective', International Journal of Social Research Methodology, Intersectionality and Quantitative Methods (



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