A guide to terms and acronyms used across the document
Agreement on the Conservation of Small Cetaceans in the Baltic, North East Atlantic, Irish and North Seas.
The accumulation of substances, such as pesticides, or other chemicals in an organism.
Incidental non-target species caught in commercial fishing gear.
Infra-order of marine mammals that includes whales, dolphins and porpoises.
UK Cetacean Stranding Investigation Programme.
European Protected Species (EPS)
Species listed in Annex IV of the Habitats Directive, which requires protection measures in relation to incidental killing and capture (e.g. fisheries bycatch) and disturbance.
Favourable Conservation Status
This is the overarching aim of the Habitats Directive. The conservation status of a species is considered favourable when the population is maintaining itself on a long-term basis, the natural range of the species is neither being reduced nor is likely to be reduced for the foreseeable future, and there is, and will probably continue to be, a sufficiently large habitat to maintain the populations on a long-term basis.
International Whaling Commission.
Marine protected area (MPA)
Area of sea protected by legislation.
Marine Strategy Framework Directive.
The Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic.
Post mortem Examination.
Special Area of Conservation (SAC)
A site designated under the EU Habitats Directive. Often abbreviated to SAC.
Scottish Marine Animal Strandings Scheme.
Statutory Nature Conservation Bodies
Body appointed by legislation to advise Governments on nature conservation issues.