Offshore renewables - social impact: two way conversation with the people of Scotland

Findings from a piece of participatory research into the social impacts of offshore wind farms (OWFS) in Scotland. It describes innovative methods used to develop a conceptual framework, based on social values, that enables a better understanding of the social impacts of OWFs.

Appendix 6: Codes Added During Analysis

Emerging values: not covered by SIA categories or resilience categories

Inter-generational : used when intergenerational values mentioned Pets

Travel: interpreted as wanting to travel

Local jobs, jobs to keep young people


Local Industry

Family, family life: Used when participant mentions family as something important to them and refs to family life

Technology, broadband, internet

Sports/recreation/reading: includes reading, keeping fit

Personal careers, jobs, work, unemployment: used when people mention their jobs or careers as important - links with econ resilience

National benefits: Benefits for Scotland or the UK in terms of energy, economic development or sustainability.

Training and skills

Local investment

Local economy

Attitudes to change generally


Questions asked by participants

Communications and engagement



Easily accessible information

Provide detailed information

Information on techs / impacts

Information on job creation / benefits

Stakeholder typology: Different types of community level stakeholders that should be engaged by Marine Scotland on marine planning issues

Local communities

Young people

Multi-generational: Participants should ideally be drawn from all age groups represented in the community


Strategies for engagement

Early engagement

Multi-stage engagement

Public dialogue

Democratic process / involve politicians: Includes access to democratic / fair decision-making and political representation (MSPs, MPs and local councillors) Community liaison group: Provides a bridge between communities, institutions and private companies (linking capital)

Public meetings

Games / make it fun for young people

Social media / word of mouth : Could be a function of bonding and bridging social capital

Engaging young people

Adverts / leaflets

Via schools / education

Public exhibitions

Barriers to engagement

Community / individual views not listened to

Government / Council / Institutions only interested in money

Lack of confidence

Perceptions of public / lay knowledge: Includes perception that the public / local communities can't understand or process complicated information

Low participation rates: Includes challenge of encouraging / motivating people to participate in consultations and engagements

Social media restrictions at work

Leaflets are ignored / binned

Lack of transparency

Principles / values for engagement: Includes the various principles and values that underpin democratic processes (e.g. public policy)

Public to be involved in decisions

Responsibility of developers

Responsibility of community for managing coast/sea



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