Publication - Statistics

Summary statistics for schools in Scotland no. 9: 2018 edition

Published: 11 Dec 2018
Directorate:
Learning Directorate
Part of:
Statistics
ISBN:
9781787814394

Results of the annual pupil census, annual teacher census, early learning and childcare provision and school estate survey data.

42 page PDF

1.1 MB

42 page PDF

1.1 MB

Contents
Summary statistics for schools in Scotland no. 9: 2018 edition
Chapter 3: School Teachers

42 page PDF

1.1 MB

Chapter 3: School Teachers

51,138 teachers in publicly funded schools compared to 50,592 in 2017

13.6 pupil teacher ratio in local authority schools

87% of teachers on the 2017/18 probationer induction scheme were in employment in September 2018

Table 3.1: Teachers (Full Time Equivalents)

Full Time Equivalents (FTE)
Local Authority Primary School Secondary School Special School Centrally employed Total
Aberdeen City 838 716 33 48 1,636
Aberdeenshire 1,356 1,206 48 40 2,650
Angus 581 555 0 24 1,160
Argyll & Bute 423 419 8 11 861
Clackmannanshire 274 211 24 3 512
Dumfries & Galloway 684 665 8 79 1,436
Dundee City 625 607 58 31 1,321
East Ayrshire 562 533 67 23 1,185
East Dunbartonshire 532 629 52 35 1,248
East Lothian 472 460 0 28 960
East Renfrewshire 583 658 33 3 1,277
Edinburgh City 1,630 1,462 160 94 3,346
Na h-Eileanan Siar 161 157 0 9 327
Falkirk 777 784 66 7 1,634
Fife 1,751 1,587 82 83 3,503
Glasgow City 2,660 2,141 319 143 5,263
Highland 1,119 1,165 41 64 2,388
Inverclyde 345 361 39 1 745
Midlothian 454 416 34 26 930
Moray 439 403 0 27 868
North Ayrshire 674 636 39 45 1,393
North Lanarkshire 1,668 1,593 219 64 3,545
Orkney Islands 117 126 0 8 250
Perth & Kinross 685 628 19 15 1,346
Renfrewshire 810 759 86 21 1,676
Scottish Borders 488 524 46 11 1,070
Shetland Islands 159 153 0 10 322
South Ayrshire 504 491 26 28 1,048
South Lanarkshire 1,633 1,501 141 22 3,298
Stirling 433 460 21 20 934
West Dunbartonshire 460 430 49 17 956
West Lothian 982 832 110 0 1,924
All local authorities 24,877 23,269 1,827 1,039 51,012
Grant aided 21 48 56 0 126
Total 24,899 23,317 1,883 1,039 51,138

Table 3.2 shows that total teacher numbers (including primary, secondary, special and centrally employed teachers) across all publicly funded schools in Scotland has risen consistently from 2014 to 2018. Although the total FTE for 2018 has increased since 2017, this is not the case for each local authority. In twenty-two local authorities the number of teachers has either been maintained or increased, with the largest increase being 5 per cent in Glasgow City. Ten local authorities saw a decrease this year, with the largest decrease being 2 per cent in Dumfries & Galloway.

Table 3.2: Teachers in schools (all sectors excluding ELC)(1)

Full Time Equivalents (FTE)
Local Authority 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Aberdeen City 1,592 1,606 1,623 1,632 1,603 1,624 1,636
Aberdeenshire 2,546 2,594 2,593 2,650 2,655 2,675 2,650
Angus 1,145 1,153 1,140 1,136 1,125 1,133 1,160
Argyll & Bute 863 859 866 844 841 825 861
Clackmannanshire 483 493 495 490 528 513 512
Dumfries & Galloway 1,532 1,488 1,481 1,479 1,466 1,470 1,436
Dundee City 1,414 1,393 1,372 1,375 1,367 1,330 1,321
East Ayrshire 1,149 1,139 1,139 1,151 1,149 1,189 1,185
East Dunbartonshire 1,159 1,184 1,191 1,204 1,217 1,245 1,248
East Lothian 909 903 902 920 913 935 960
East Renfrewshire 1,193 1,207 1,201 1,213 1,227 1,265 1,277
Edinburgh City 3,171 3,213 3,159 3,193 3,213 3,281 3,346
Na h-Eileanan Siar 344 340 323 324 321 327 327
Falkirk 1,564 1,568 1,578 1,581 1,605 1,620 1,634
Fife 3,491 3,507 3,469 3,476 3,494 3,498 3,503
Glasgow City 4,959 4,813 4,803 4,779 4,869 5,020 5,263
Highland 2,351 2,340 2,331 2,357 2,355 2,365 2,388
Inverclyde 747 733 725 734 735 738 745
Midlothian 812 832 847 866 873 892 930
Moray 893 877 881 874 848 856 868
North Ayrshire 1,312 1,333 1,325 1,332 1,371 1,396 1,393
North Lanarkshire 3,525 3,503 3,452 3,406 3,474 3,502 3,545
Orkney Islands 243 250 254 255 260 253 250
Perth & Kinross 1,337 1,339 1,337 1,337 1,329 1,329 1,346
Renfrewshire 1,600 1,582 1,576 1,596 1,633 1,656 1,676
Scottish Borders 1,118 1,098 1,063 1,049 1,052 1,055 1,070
Shetland Islands 341 332 322 323 318 323 322
South Ayrshire 1,096 1,082 1,062 1,063 1,043 1,056 1,048
South Lanarkshire 3,149 3,174 3,147 3,176 3,202 3,282 3,298
Stirling 924 934 932 921 942 925 934
West Dunbartonshire 898 909 911 921 928 961 956
West Lothian 1,856 1,868 1,868 1,880 1,899 1,924 1,924
All local authorities 49,713 49,645 49,368 49,538 49,858 50,464 51,012
Grant aided 153 145 153 141 127 127 126
Total 49,867 49,790 49,521 49,679 49,985 50,592 51,138

(1) Includes teachers based in schools and centrally employed teachers.

Table 3.3 shows pupil teacher ratios (PTRs) in publicly funded schools, giving a measure of the size of the workforce compared with the pupil population. The national PTR worsened between 2012 and 2014 from 13.5 pupils per teacher to 13.7. It was then stable between 2014 and 2016 and has improved in the last two years, falling to 13.6 pupils per teacher.

The Attainment Scotland Fund is an initiative to tackle the poverty related attainment gap. At the time of the census in September 2018, 962 FTE teachers were funded through this initiative compared to 666 FTE in September 2017. The PTR for all local authorities excluding these teachers is 13.8 , the same as September 2017.

Table 3.3: Pupil teacher ratios (PTRs) in schools (all sectors excluding ELC)(1)

Pupils per teacher
Local Authority 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Aberdeen City 13.5 13.5 13.6 13.6 14.0 14.0 14.1
Aberdeenshire 13.4 13.3 13.5 13.3 13.4 13.3 13.5
Angus 13.2 13.1 13.3 13.2 13.3 13.3 13.1
Argyll & Bute 12.5 12.4 12.2 12.4 12.3 12.5 12.0
Clackmannanshire 13.7 13.5 13.3 13.4 12.5 12.9 13.0
Dumfries & Galloway 12.5 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.8 13.1
Dundee City 12.3 12.6 12.9 13.0 13.2 13.7 13.8
East Ayrshire 14.0 14.0 14.0 13.9 13.9 13.3 13.5
East Dunbartonshire 13.7 13.6 13.6 13.6 13.5 13.4 13.6
East Lothian 14.8 15.1 15.2 15.1 15.4 15.2 15.1
East Renfrewshire 13.5 13.4 13.7 13.7 13.7 13.5 13.5
Edinburgh City 14.2 14.3 14.9 14.9 15.1 15.1 15.1
Na h-Eileanan Siar 10.2 10.1 10.4 10.3 10.5 10.3 10.2
Falkirk 13.4 13.4 13.5 13.5 13.5 13.5 13.4
Fife 13.7 13.7 14.0 14.0 14.1 14.1 14.2
Glasgow City 13.1 13.6 13.6 13.8 13.8 13.5 13.1
Highland 13.2 13.2 13.2 13.1 13.1 13.0 12.9
Inverclyde 13.6 13.8 13.8 13.5 13.5 13.4 13.2
Midlothian 14.6 14.2 14.2 14.2 14.2 14.2 13.8
Moray 13.4 13.7 13.7 13.7 14.1 13.9 13.7
North Ayrshire 14.0 13.7 13.7 13.6 13.3 13.1 13.1
North Lanarkshire 13.9 13.9 14.2 14.4 14.1 14.0 13.8
Orkney Islands 11.0 10.6 10.5 10.5 10.4 10.8 11.1
Perth & Kinross 13.1 13.1 13.3 13.3 13.6 13.5 13.3
Renfrewshire 14.6 14.8 14.7 14.6 14.3 14.2 14.1
Scottish Borders 13.2 13.3 13.7 13.8 13.8 13.8 13.6
Shetland Islands 9.5 9.7 10.0 10.0 10.2 10.0 10.1
South Ayrshire 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.2 13.4 13.3 13.3
South Lanarkshire 13.7 13.6 13.7 13.7 13.7 13.4 13.4
Stirling 13.4 13.1 13.2 13.4 13.2 13.5 13.5
West Dunbartonshire 13.7 13.6 13.6 13.5 13.4 13.1 13.1
West Lothian 14.1 14.0 14.1 14.1 14.1 14.0 14.1
All local authorities 13.5 13.5 13.7 13.7 13.7 13.6 13.6
Grant aided(2) 8.4 8.7 8.1 8.6 9.2 9.3 9.4
All publicly funded 13.5 13.5 13.7 13.7 13.7 13.6 13.6

(1) Includes teachers based in schools and centrally employed teachers.

(2) The pupil teacher ratio for grant aided schools in 2011-2016 was amended in October 2017. See background notes for details.

One of the most important uses of the data collected in the teacher census is in modelling future changes in the workforce in order to provide guidance on the number of new teachers to train. Chart 1 shows the age profile of school teachers and the change since 2004. The age profile for 2004 shows a peak around age 50. However, in 2018 the age profile is relatively flat between age 23 (when most teachers qualify) and late fifties (when most teachers retire).

Chart 1: Age profile of school based teachers

Chart 1: Age profile of school based teachers

Table 3.4 shows that in both primary and secondary sectors the proportion of teachers who are female falls at each level of seniority. In primary schools, 90% of all teachers are female compared to 85% of headteachers. In secondary schools 64% of teachers are female compared to only 43% of headteachers. However the number does increase in special schools, where 76% of all teachers are female compared to 81% of headteachers.

The average (mean) age of primary, secondary and special school teachers was 41, compared to 44 in 2004, so teachers were, on average, younger in 2018 than in 2004.

The proportion of teachers who had temporary contracts (including probationers) was 16.4 per cent (compared with 16.7 per cent last year). 17.1 per cent of teachers were working part-time, with the rate higher amongst females (19.6 per cent) than males (9.3 per cent).

Table 3.4: Teacher characteristics

Percentage of Full Time Equivalents (FTE)
School Type
Local Authority Primary Secondary Special Centrally Employed Total
Gender
Female 90 64 76 85 77
Male 10 36 24 15 23
Unknown 0 0 0 0 0
Age (years)
Under 25 7 5 1 0 6
25 to 34 32 28 18 10 29
35 to 44 26 27 29 22 27
45 to 54 23 24 30 36 24
55 or over 12 16 22 31 14
Unknown 0 0 0 0 0
Average Age 39 42 45 49 41
Ethnicity
White – Scottish 67 60 62 51 63
White – Other British 24 28 25 27 26
White – Other 2 4 6 5 3
Minority Ethnic Group 1 2 2 5 2
Not Disclosed 5 6 5 12 6
Employment type
Permanent 82 85 87 84 84
Temporary (non-induction)(1) 12 10 13 16 11
Probationer induction scheme(1) 6 5 0 0 6
Grade
Head teacher 7 1 6 3 4
Percentage female 85 43 81 75 78
Depute head teacher 5 5 7 2 5
Percentage female 88 56 74 91 74
Principal teacher 8 23 11 11 15
Percentage female 88 62 73 83 69
Teacher 80 71 77 84 76
Percentage female 90 65 76 85 79
All - Percentage female 90 64 76 85 77
Mode of working
Full-time 81 87 81 66 83
Percentage female 88 61 74 82 75
Part-time 19 13 19 34 17
Percentage female 95 82 85 90 90

(1) Figures for percentage of full time equivalents (FTE) in primary schools and total figures for teacher with employment type as temporary (non-induction) and probationer induction scheme were amended in January 2019. See background notes changes to teacher data for more details.

Table 3.5 shows the percentage of post-probationers from recent induction cohorts who were in publicly funded permanent or temporary posts at the time of the following year’s teacher census. The proportion has increased from 75 per cent in 2012 but has decreased from 88 per cent in 2017 to 87 per cent in 2018.

Table 3.5: Post-probationers in permanent or temporary employment in the following year’s teacher census

Percentage of Headcount
Probationer cohort
2011/12 2012/13 2013/14 2014/15 2015/16 2016/17 2017/18
Full-time permanent 28 35 39 45 55 57 55
Full-time temporary 35 35 33 35 27 28 27
Part-time permanent 3 2 2 2 2 1 2
Part-time temporary 8 6 6 4 2 2 3
Other(1) 25 21 20 14 13 12 13
Number of teachers in cohort 1,944 2,044 2,215 2,448 2,524 2,630 2,852

(1) The “Other” category includes those teaching elsewhere, including in the independent sector, those who have found supply work, and those who are unemployed or who have left teaching, although this detail is not included in the census data.

Table 3.6 shows the percentage of probationers in publicly funded permanent or temporary posts in each year following their probation year. It shows that whilst these percentages have increased for the first year following probation, more recent cohorts have subsequently seen a reduction in those in permanent or temporary publicly funded posts. For example, the 2011/12 cohort had 75 cent of the cohort present in the September 2012 census but 2 years later this had risen to 79 per cent by September. The 2015/16 cohort had 87% of the cohort present in the September 2016 census but this has reduced to 83% by 2018.

Table 3.6: Post-probationers in employment in a publicly funded school in Scotland

Percentage Headcount
Sep-12 Sep-13 Sep-14 Sep-15 Sep-16 Sep-17 Sep-18
2011/12 cohort 75 77 79 77 78 77 76
2012/13 cohort 79 77 77 77 76 74
2013/14 cohort 80 81 79 78 77
2014/15 cohort 86 83 82 80
2015/16 cohort 87 84 83
2016/17 cohort 88 85
2017/18 cohort 87

Contact

Email: Alasdair Anthony