Chapter 7: Background notes
7.1 National Statistics publication
This is a National Statistics Publication. National Statistics are produced to high professional standards set out in the Code of Practice for Statistics.
These statistics undergo regular quality assurance reviews to ensure that they meet customer needs. They are produced free from any political interference. This publication has been assessed by the UK Statistics Authority.
7.2 Sources and methodology
Data on National Qualifications and awards are provided by the Scottish Qualifications Authority ( SQA). The Scottish Credit and Qualifications Framework ( SCQF) is used as the basis for reporting attainment. The SCQF Levels are described in Section 3.1.
The development of Insight, a professional benchmarking tool used by local authorities and schools, has led to some changes in the data we receive and the methodology for the school leaver attainment data. Attainment data used to calculate school leaver attainment are now only available from 2005/06 on a consistent basis, meaning any attainment for previous leaver cohorts which pre-dates 2005/06 ( i.e. in early stages of secondary school) may be missing. Insight focuses on Senior Phase attainment (S4 to S6) whereas attainment at any stage is included in this publication where possible.
The attainment data are based on the result date of learners' qualifications (as is used in Insight but different from previous attainment data which were based on completion date). In some cases, this may lead to attainment being reported in a different academic year than had previously been the case, or as reported by SQA. There is also the possibility of a small number of awards being excluded if a review is successful after a pupil has left. Only attainment data for candidates with a Scottish Candidate Number in the pupil census that year are received.
This publication now uses the 'latest and best' approach for attainment data. This means that only the best result within a subject is counted, where a grade A to C (or ungraded pass) is considered a pass. For example, if a pupil passes Higher Mathematics and Advanced Higher Mathematics the following year, only the Advanced Higher qualification will be counted when looking at how many qualifications at any level that leaver has achieved by the time they left school. Also, if a pupil attains a D at a certain level this is not counted as achieving that level and is counted as attainment at the level below (note, even though there may not be a qualification offered at the level below). For example, if a pupil attains a D at SCQF Level 5 in a certain subject this would be counted as attaining at SCQF Level 4 or better for that subject and not at SCQF Level 5 or better.
School leavers from 2016/17 are the second cohort to have experienced CfE throughout their school education. School leavers from 2013/14 and 2014/15 will have taken a range of qualifications from the current set to older qualifications that have now been phased out.
For most young people S4 is the last compulsory year of school, but the majority choose to stay on and complete S5 and S6 (see Table 1). Highers ( SCQF Level 6) are generally taken in S5/S6; Highers, sometimes along with Advanced Highers ( SCQF Level 7, usually taken in S6), are the qualifications required for entry into Higher Education.
Under CfE, schools and their partners are able to offer greater personalisation and choice in the Senior Phase (S4 to S6) in a range of ways, for example by: designing the Senior Phase as a three year experience rather than planning each year separately; delivering qualifications over a variable timeframe in response to young people's needs and prior achievements; and developing pathways for able learners which bypass qualifications at lower levels to allow more time to be spent on more challenging learning at higher levels. Developing the Young Workforce (see background note 7.7) has built upon this and has strengthened partnerships between schools, colleges, employers and other providers to increase the range of options and pathways on offer to young people.
With more choices available in the senior phase, young people are also taking a range of vocational qualifications, including National Certificates, Higher National Qualifications, Scottish Vocational Qualifications, National Progression Awards and Skills for Work qualifications, alongside their National Qualifications. These provide a valuable route into Further Education, Higher Education, training or employment.
Attainment statistics exclude special school pupils unless otherwise stated.
Literacy and numeracy attainment
When the publication refers to Literacy or Numeracy attainment, a pupil is counted towards having a literacy or numeracy attainment if they have passed any units from the list below.
|SCQF Level 4|
|Intermediate 1||Gaidhlig Unit Group 1, English Unit Group 1, English Unit Group 2, Gaidhlig Unit Group 2, English Unit Group 3||Maths Unit Group, Maths Unit Group 2|
|National 4||ESOL Unit Group|
|SCQF Level 5|
|Intermediate 2||Gaidhlig Unit Group 1, English Unit Group 1, English Unit Group 2, ESOL Unit Group 1, ESOL Unit Group 2, Gaidhlig Unit Group 2, English Unit Group 3||Maths Unit Group, Maths Unit Group 2|
|National 5||English Unit Group, ESOL Unit Group, Gaidhlig Unit Group, English Unit Group 2||Mathematics Unit Group, Matamataig Unit Group|
|SCQF Level 6|
|Higher||Gaidhlig Unit Group 1, English Unit Group 1, English Unit Group 2, ESOL Unit Group 1, ESOL Unit Group 2, Gaidhlig Unit Group 2, English Unit Group 3, English Unit Group 4, ESOL Unit Group 1, ESOL Unit Group 2, Gaidhlig Unit Group 3, English Unit Group 5||Maths Unit Group, Maths Unit Group 2, Matamataig Unit Group, Maths Unit Group 3, Matamataig Unit Group 2|
Trends for literacy and numeracy may be slightly affected by unit attainment and the replacement of Standard Grades. When looking at achievement in literacy and numeracy, a pass in relevant units (rather than full qualifications, for example) can count as achieving literacy or numeracy at that level. Standard Grade courses were not unit based so a pupil would have to pass the course in order to achieve literacy or numeracy at that level, whereas with unit based courses, a pupil who did not pass the course but achieved all the units would be counted as passing literacy or numeracy at that level.
Information on the destination of leavers from publicly funded schools is provided to the Scottish Government by Skills Development Scotland ( SDS). SDS collected information on the destination of each young person they had identified as being a school leaver (from local authority or grant aided secondary schools) during September 2016 (initial destination) and March 2017 (follow-up destination). A pupil is counted as a school leaver if they have a leaver record in SDS's data, a pupil census record for the same academic year, and no pupil census record in the following academic year.
A school leaver is defined as a young person of school leaving age who left school during or at the end of the school year, where the school year is taken to run from school census day one year to the day before census day the following year, where census day is the third Wednesday in September. Therefore for 2016/17 school leavers, the leaver year is 21 st September 2016 to 19 th September 2017.
The initial destinations data provide information on the outcomes for young people approximately three months after leaving school while the follow-up survey provides information on the outcomes of young people approximately nine months after leaving school, if pupils stay to the end of the academic year. These collections should be seen as complementary to one another but it should be noted that various factors may affect the results at different time periods. Leaver destination information shown within Insight is based on initial destination data and only covers S4 to S6 secondary school leavers.
School leavers who moved out-with Scotland, were deceased or who had returned to school between the initial and follow up survey have been excluded. When referring to initial destinations throughout the publication special school pupils have been excluded.
7.2.3 Follow-up destination
As the follow-up rate has continually been very high in recent years, missing data are no longer estimated for those leavers not contacted in March. This approach has been adopted from 2009/10 data onwards. This is a slight methodological change to information in 2008/09 and for years previous to this, where those who were not contacted during March had their destinations imputed, and is the result of the improved follow-up rate. Instead of imputing a destination for those who were not followed up, we have agreed to use the most up to date information that SDS hold on these leavers.
SDS adopted a hybrid approach to the school leaver follow-up process for 2012/13 leavers onwards, using a combination of administrative data shared by partners, contact centre follow-up and the traditional follow-up by operational staff. Previously the follow-up process predominantly relied on operational staff.
Throughout this publication the follow-up destination statistics exclude special school leavers from the calculations.
Since 2013, The Scottish Government and Skills Development Scotland ( SDS) have been consulting with public sector partners, including local authorities, to develop an alternative form of measurement to complement school leaver destination statistics. In August 2016, SDS published the Annual Participation Measure ( APM) for the first time. The APM has been developed with the intention of being the key metric for measuring success in relation to the 'Increase the proportion of young people in learning, training and work' indicator in the National Performance Framework. The latest data on the Participation Measure will be published by SDS in August 2018.
A publication reporting on the initial destinations of Senior Phase school leavers was published by the Scottish Government in March this year. The 'Initial Destinations of Senior Phase School Leavers' publication ( http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/Browse/School-Education/SeniorLeavers) focused exclusively on school leavers from the senior phase (S4-S6) whereas the leaver cohort for this publication comprises all school leavers ( i.e. including S3 leavers).
The Initial Destinations of Senior Phase School Leavers 2016/17 will be the last in that suite, following recent work to streamline the landscape of Scottish Government school leaver destinations publications. For more information see background note 7.9.
7.2.4 Healthy Living Survey
The information comes from the latest Healthy Living Survey conducted in February 2018 for all publicly funded schools in Scotland. This survey was conducted in the week commencing 19 February 2018. In 2013, the collection was rescheduled to the first week of March due to the publicity around the possible presence of horse meat in school meals. This was to ensure that the data produced were as representative of a usual school day as possible. For more information on this survey and for a detailed breakdown at local authority and school level, please refer to our supplementary data tables.
7.3 Definitions and data quality
7.3.1 Attainment and school leaver data matching
The school leaver destinations data is matched to the pupil census so that pupil characteristics and attainment data can be linked to the destinations. Only leavers with a match to the pupil census are included in the analysis within this publication. This means that some leavers are excluded from the analysis.
For the 2013/14 school leaver cohort, the leaver matching methodology was updated. This updated methodology has been adopted since then, and data back to 2009/10 leavers have been produced on a consistent basis. Previously the information supplied by SDS was taken as the primary information and the characteristics information from the pupil census was matched to this. Now the pupil census is taken as the primary information. This leads to small differences between the leavers data published here and the SDS leavers data. These differences include:
- Only leavers with a match to the pupil census in their last year of attendance at school are included. For example, a leaver needs to have a record in the 2016 pupil census to be included in the 2016/17 leaver cohort.
- If a pupil appears in the SDS leavers data but can only be matched to the census two years prior to leaving then they are recorded in the leaver cohort closest to their last pupil census record. For example, if they are recorded in the 2016/17 SDS leavers data and they have a 2015 census record but not a 2016 record, then they will be recorded in the 2015/16 leaver cohort.
- The school which is recorded in the pupil census is taken to be the school for that leaver. If this differs from the school recorded by SDS and they are not both the same school type ( i.e. one is a special school and one is a secondary school) then this can affect who is included in the leaver cohort.
- If someone who is recorded by SDS as being a school leaver then re-appears in the pupil census, they are removed from the leaver cohort for that year.
Since 2009/10 the data have been linked using this updated methodology and supersedes previously published figures for these years. These data are not directly comparable with data prior to 2009/10, and caution should be exercised when making comparisons with data prepared using the previous method.
All matching is done within certain constraints:
- Pupil census record must be in S3 or above, or categorised as SP (Special School), or AD (Adult Learner) in order to be included.
- School attended must be the main school attended by the pupil.
After being matched to the pupil census the data were then matched to the SQA attainment data using the Scottish Candidate Number ( SCN). If a pupil does not have a Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation ( SIMD) category in the census data, the SIMD of the pupil's school is used.
Attainment statistics are based on pupils in the initial leavers cohort and therefore include pupils who are not included in the follow-up cohort.
7.3.2 Leaver destinations
Leaver destinations are categorised by SDS based on administrative data wherever possible. Alternatively, destinations are self-reported by school leavers following contact by SDS. The following categories for leaver destinations are included in this statistical bulletin:
Positive destination: includes higher education, further education, training, voluntary work, employment and activity agreements.
Higher Education: includes leavers following HND (Higher National Diploma) or HNC (Higher National Certificate) courses, degree courses, courses for the education and training of teachers and higher level courses for professional qualifications. It includes programmes at a level higher than the standard of the National Qualifications, i.e. above SCQF Level 7. Leavers with a deferred, unconditional place in higher education have also been included in this category.
Further Education: includes leavers undertaking full-time education which is not higher education and who are no longer on a school roll. This may include National Qualifications.
Training: includes leavers who are on a training course and in receipt of an allowance or grant, such as the Employability Fund national training programme. It also includes leavers who are on local authority or third sector funded training programmes that are in receipt of a training allowance.
Employment: includes those who consider themselves to be employed and in receipt of payment from their employers. It includes young people undertaking training in employment through national training programmes such as Modern Apprenticeships.
Voluntary Work: includes those undertaking voluntary work, with or without financial allowance, who are not 'unemployed and actively seeking', as per the unemployed definition and those participating in Project Scotland/ CSV or other voluntary programmes.
Activity Agreements: includes those for whom there is an agreement between a young person and an advisor that the young person will take part in a programme of learning and activity which helps them become ready for formal learning or employment.
Unemployed and seeking employment or training: includes those who are registered with Skills Development Scotland and are known by them to be seeking employment or training. This is based on regular contact between Skills Development Scotland and the client. This does not refer to the definition of 'unemployed' used by the Department of Work and Pensions to calculate published unemployment rates. Young people participating in Personal Skills Development who do not fit in any of the existing categories are counted in this category.
Unemployed and not seeking employment or training: includes all those individuals who are not seeking employment or training for a range of reasons. The reasons may involve sickness, prison, pregnancy, caring for children or other dependents or taking time out.
Unknown: includes all leavers whose destination is not known either to Skills Development Scotland or to the school attended.
Destination unknown (both surveys): includes individuals who were not able to be contacted at either the September or the March survey point.
7.3.3 School meals
The national criteria for eligibility to free school meals include all those pupils within families who receive Income Support, Income-based Job Seekers Allowance or any income related element of Employment and Support Allowance. Pupils within families who receive support under Part VI of the Immigration and Asylum Act 1999 were also entitled. Pupils whose parents or carers receive Child Tax Credit, do not receive Working Tax Credit and had an annual income (as assessed by the Inland Revenue) of below £16,105 (from April 2013) were also entitled. Pupils whose parents or carers are in receipt of both maximum Child Tax Credit and maximum Working Tax Credit and their income is under £6,420 were also entitled (from August 2009). Pupils whose parents or carers are in receipt of Universal Credit and their monthly earned income does not exceed £610 were also entitled (from August 2017). Pupils in school education who receive any of these benefits in their own right are also entitled to receive free school meals. From January 2015, eligibility to free school meals was extended to all pupils in P1-P3.
As the national criteria for free school meal eligibility are largely based on the receipt of benefits, statistics on free school meal registrations from the Healthy Living Survey have been used as a measure of deprivation. However, several factors need to be taken into account when using the statistics in this way. Firstly, the introduction of universal free school meal eligibly to all P1-P3 pupils means that it is not appropriate to use free school meal statistics at the level of whole primary schools as a measure of deprivation from 2015 onwards. Statistics for P4-P7 are available from 2015 and their use as measure of deprivation is not affected by this policy.
The use of statistics on free school meal registrations as a measure of deprivation is also affected by initiatives used by local authorities to extend the provision of free school meals beyond the national criteria. These initiatives have changed over the years, as summarised below.
A trial took place in five local authorities (East Ayrshire, Fife, Glasgow, Scottish Borders and West Dunbartonshire) in 2007/08 where all P1-P3 pupils were provided with free school meals. Uptake rates in the trial authorities among P1-P3 pupils increased from 53 per cent to 75 per cent and among all primary pupils from 50 per cent to 60 per cent during the trial. This had a noticeable effect on the national uptake rates, both for primary and overall, as calculated through the School Meals Survey (as it was then). In 2007/08, the national uptake rate was 47.1 per cent, however when trial authorities were excluded the rate decreased to 45.1 per cent. Similarly, the uptake rate in primary schools was 49.6 per cent when trial authorities were included but decreased to 46.4 per cent when trial authorities were excluded. An evaluation of this trial can be found on the Scottish Government website:
In August 2010, local initiatives were introduced in most local authority areas to increase eligibility for free school meals among pupils in the first three years of primary school. These initiatives were aimed at promoting healthy eating in early years and varied by local authority. Examples included extending free school meal eligibility to cover all P1 pupils or all P1-P3 pupils in selected schools. Many of the pupils who were eligible and receiving free school meals under these local initiatives would not have been entitled under national eligibility criteria. Therefore, while the data from 2011-2014 provided an accurate measure of the number of pupils who were able to receive free school meals, this did not result in a comparable measure of deprivation, either over time or between local authorities, due to the differing eligibility criteria. These initiatives have now been superseded by the introduction of universal eligibility for all pupils in P1-P3 in 2015.
In 2017 and 2018 work was undertaken with local authorities to explore their use of local initiatives to expand the provision of free school meals. One such initiative was the provision of free school meals to pupils in Argyll and Bute that stayed in hostel accommodation during the week. In addition, approximately half of all local authorities reported that they had an initiative in place to provide free meals to all pupils in at least some of their special schools. This means caution should be used when using free school meal registrations as a measure of deprivation in special schools. Local initiatives have also meant that between 2015 and 2017 a small number of secondary school pupils that did not meet national criteria were registered for free school meals.
Between 2012 and 2014, estimates of national eligibility were produced to provide school level data on free school meal registrations for primary schools that can be used as a measure of deprivation. These estimates were calculated using information on local initiatives and levels of free school meal registrations in 2010. They are available at local authority and school level in supplementary data tables.
In 2011, one local authority, Falkirk, provided information on pupils registered for free school meals under national eligibility only. This is not considered to have had a significant effect on the overall findings of the survey.
Some of the figures originally published on percentage uptake of school meals in 2015 were amended in June 2016 after a processing error relating to the number of P1-P3 pupils present was discovered in 9 schools in North Lanarkshire. This impacted on the percentage uptake figures for P1-P3, all primary and all sectors combined.
Statistics for primary schools may include some nursery school pupils attending primary schools.
Information on the Urban Rural classification used for some statistics in the supplementary tables can be found on the Scottish Government website:
7.3.4 Physical education
For the purposes of this survey, physical education must take place during curriculum time and be led by a GTCS registered class or physical education teacher. Certified and non-certified PE are both included, providing it supports the outcomes and experiences defined by Curriculum for Excellence. For example, dance is included but walking to school and drama are not. In 2014, the survey guidance was improved to make clear what was required for a school to have met the physical education target.
The following symbols are used:
- = nil
* = suppressed
# = not applicable
7.4 UK comparisons
Scotland has a different set of qualifications to the rest of the UK and comparisons cannot be made directly. In order to compare attainment between UK countries we recommend using the results of the OECD PISA survey.
The information presented here is for young people who have left school, while in England and Wales information is collected on 16-19 year olds who are not in education, employment or training. As a result direct comparisons cannot be made.
7.4.3 Free school meals
There are a number of differences in the eligibility criteria for free school meals across the UK including the local healthy eating initiatives in some local authorities in Scotland which mean that the data is not comparable.
7.5 List of supplementary tables
A large number of additional tables are produced in Excel on or after the publication date and are published on the Scottish Government website.
Supplementary tables on attainment and school leaver destination are available including breakdowns by: characteristics of leavers; local authority; additional support needs; stage of leaving; and subject. There will also be information on staying on rates of secondary pupils, and information on attainment and leaver destinations of those from special schools.
Supplementary tables on attainment and leaver destinations are available at http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/Browse/School-Education/leavedestla/follleavedestat
|School Leaver Destinations|
|Table L1.1. Percentage of school leavers from publicly funded schools in Scotland by follow-up destination category: 2006/07 to 2016/17||19/06/18|
|Table L1.2. Percentage of school leavers from publicly funded secondary schools in Scotland by follow-up destination category and gender: 2009/10 to 2016/17||19/06/18|
|Table L1.3. Percentage of school leavers from publicly funded secondary schools in Scotland by follow-up destination category and 6-fold Urban Rural classification of school, 2016/17||19/06/18|
|Table L1.4. Percentage of school leavers from publicly funded secondary schools in Scotland by follow-up destination category and SIMD decile, 2016/17||19/06/18|
|Table L1.5. Percentage of school leavers from publicly funded secondary schools in Scotland by follow-up destination category and Additional Support Need, 2016/17||19/06/18|
|Table L1.6. Percentage of school leavers from publicly funded secondary schools in Scotland by follow-up destination category and ethnic background, 2016/17||19/06/18|
|Table L1.7. Percentage of school leavers from publicly funded secondary schools in Scotland by follow-up destination category and national identity, 2016/17||19/06/18|
|Table L1.8. Percentage of school leavers from publicly funded secondary schools in Scotland by follow-up destination category and whether declared or assessed disabled, 2016/17||19/06/18|
|Table L1.9. Percentage of school leavers who sustained a destination or moved into another destination category, 2016/17||19/06/18|
|Table L2.1. Percentage of school leavers by follow-up destination and local authority, 2009/10 to 2016/17||19/06/18|
|Table L2.2. Number of school leavers by follow-up destination and local authority, 2009/10 to 2016/17||19/06/18|
|Table L3.1. Percentage of secondary and special school leavers from publicly funded schools in Scotland by initial destination and Additional Support Need, 2016/17||19/06/18|
|Table A1.1. Percentage of school leavers by highest SCQF Level achieved, by SIMD decile, 2009/10 to 2016/17||19/06/18|
|Table A1.1b. Percentage of school leavers by total qualifications achieved, by SIMD decile, 2009/10 to 2016/17||19/06/18|
|Table A1.2. Attainment of secondary school leavers by highest SCQF Level achieved in each subject, 2011/12 to 2016/17||19/06/18|
|Table A1.3. Percentage of secondary and special school leavers from publicly funded schools attaining vocational qualifications at SCQF Level 2 to 7, by local authority, 2014/15 to 2016/17||19/06/18|
|Table A2.1. Percentage of school leavers by highest SCQF Level achieved, by local authority, 2009/10 to 2016/17||19/06/18|
|Table A2.2. Percentage of school leavers by total qualifications achieved, by local authority, 2009/10 to 2016/17||19/06/18|
|Table A3.1. Percentage of secondary and special school leavers from publicly funded schools by highest SCQF Level achieved and Additional Support Need, 2016/17||19/06/18|
|Table A3.2. Percentage of secondary and special school leavers from publicly funded schools by total qualifications achieved and Additional Support Need, 2016/17||19/06/18|
The following supplementary tables on school meals and Physical Education are available at http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/Browse/School-Education/MealsSD/mealspesd
|Table 1a: Number of pupils registered for free school meals by sector, 2006 to 2018||19/06/18|
|Table 1b: Percentage of pupils registered for free school meals by sector, 2006 to 2018||19/06/18|
|Table 2a: Number of registered pupils taking free school meals by sector, 2006 to 2018||19/06/18|
|Table 2b: Percentage of registered pupils taking free school meals by sector, 2006 to 2018||19/06/18|
|Table 3a: Number of pupils taking school meals (free or paid for) by sector, 2003 to 2018||19/06/18|
|Table 3b: Percentage of pupils taking school meals (free or paid for) by sector, 2003 to 2018||19/06/18|
|Table 4a: Number of pupils taking school meals (free or paid for) by size of school, publicly funded primary schools, 2018||19/06/18|
|Table 4b: Number of pupils taking school meals (free or paid for) by size of school, publicly funded secondary schools, 2018||19/06/18|
|Table 5: Percentage of pupils taking school meals (free or paid for) by urban/rural indicator of school, 2018||19/06/18|
|Table 6: Percentage of pupils taking meals (free or paid for) by rate of free school meal registration (deprivation indicator), 2018||19/06/18|
|Table 7: Number of primary school pupils registered and taking free school meals by local authority, 2018||19/06/18|
|Table 8: Percentage of primary school pupils registered and taking free school meals by local authority, 2018||19/06/18|
|Table 9: Number and percentage of primary school pupils taking school meals (free or paid for) by local authority, 2018||19/06/18|
|Table 10: Percentage of primary school pupils registered for free school meals by local authority, 2006 to 2018||19/06/18|
|Table 11: Percentage of primary school pupils registered for free school meals and present, taking free school meals, by local authority, 2006 to 2018||19/06/18|
|Table 12: Percentage of primary school pupils present taking school meals (free or paid for) by local authority, 2003 to 2018||19/06/18|
|Table 13: Number of secondary school pupils registered and taking free school meals by local authority, 2018||19/06/18|
|Table 14: Percentage of secondary school pupils registered and taking free school meals by local authority, 2018||19/06/18|
|Table 15: Number and percentage of secondary school pupils taking school meals (free or paid for) by local authority, 2018||19/06/18|
|Table 16: Percentage of secondary school pupils registered for free school meals by local authority, 2006 to 2018||19/06/18|
|Table 17: Percentage of secondary school pupils registered for free school meals and present, taking free school meals, by local authority, 2006 to 2018||19/06/18|
|Table 18: Percentage of secondary school pupils present taking school meals (free or paid for) by local authority, 2003 to 2018||19/06/18|
|Table 19: Number of special school pupils registered and taking free school meals by local authority, 2018||19/06/18|
|Table 20: Percentage of special school pupils registered and taking free school meals by local authority, 2018||19/06/18|
|Table 21: Number and percentage of special school pupils taking school meals (free or paid for) by local authority, 2018||19/06/18|
|Table 22: Primary schools meeting PE target by rural/urban classification, 2018||19/06/18|
|Table 23: Secondary schools meeting PE target by rural/urban classification, 2018||19/06/18|
|Table 24: Primary schools and pupils meeting PE target by school size, 2018||19/06/18|
|Table 25: Secondary schools and pupils meeting PE target by school size, 2018||19/06/18|
|Table 26: Percentage of schools meeting PE target by local authority, 2012 to 2018||19/06/18|
|Table 27: Primary schools meeting PE target by local authority, 2012 to 2018||19/06/18|
|Table 28: Secondary schools meeting PE target by local authority, 2018||19/06/18|
|Chart 1: Percentage registered for free school meals, 2006 to 2018||19/06/18|
|Chart 2: Percentage of those registered who take free school meals, 2006 to 2018||19/06/18|
|Chart 3: Percentage of pupils present taking school meals (free or paid for), 2003 to 2018||19/06/18|
|Chart 4: Percentage of pupils present taking school meals, 2018||19/06/18|
|Table 29: Physical Education provision in primary and secondary schools and other school variables, 2018||19/06/18 /17716|
School level data on school meals is available at:
7.6 Additional Support Needs
An Additional Support Need ( ASN) is recorded where a pupil is receiving any form of additional support for learning, this could be for a wide variety of reasons, duration and of any type. The different types of support provided include Co-ordinated Support Plans ( CSP) and Individualised Educational Programmes ( IEP) as well as disabilities, Child's Plans and other plans. Under previous legislation a pupil may have been categorised as having a Record of Need ( RoN).
7.7 Developing Scotland's Young Workforce
The Scottish Government established the independent Commission for Developing Scotland's Young Workforce, led by Sir Ian Wood, in January 2013. Its remit was to explore how we might develop a modern, responsive and valued system for vocational training and emulate the labour markets of the best performing European countries. More information on the Developing Scotland's Young Workforce strategy is available here: http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2014/12/7750. Although this publication focusses on attainment in the National Courses, within the supplementary tables, 'Table A1.3 Percentage of secondary and special school leavers from publicly funded schools attaining vocational qualifications at SCQF Level 2 to 7, by local authority' looks at attainment in vocational qualifications.
There is no additional cost to SQA to supply the attainment data.
The approximate cost (salary including NI & pension) to Skills Development Scotland of collecting information for 2013/14 leaver cohort was £383,872. This translated to approximately £7.38 per leaver over both initial and follow-up surveys. As part of the overall approach for managing customers the follow-up of school leavers has become established as business as usual for Skills Development Scotland. Unlike previous years where two dedicated exercises were undertaken and therefore cost information provided, the follow-up of customers is an ongoing process and from 2014/15 onwards such costs are embedded within the daily operations of Skills Development Scotland.
7.8.3 Healthy Living
The estimated cost to local authorities and grant-aided schools, based on staff time only, of providing the Scottish Government with the Healthy Living Survey data in 2018 was approximately £8,700.
7.9 User consultation and future reporting
This will be the last 'Summary Statistics for Attainment, Leaver Destinations and Healthy Living' compendium report as the reporting schedule will change in 2019 with a view to better meet user needs.
A consultation was conducted in September 2017 seeking users' views on possible future developments to Scottish Government school leaver destination statistical outputs, and information on use made of these statistics more generally.
Following analysis of the consultation findings a refined publication plan was put in place:
- cease publication of the 'Initial Destinations of Senior Phase School Leavers' statistical report (senior phase leavers only)
- bring forward publication of school leaver attainment and school leaver initial destinations from June 2019 to February 2019 (all leavers)
- publish school leaver follow-up destinations in June 2019 (all leavers)
The publication date for Healthy Living Survey results will be confirmed in due course.
Full results of the user consultation can be found here: http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/Browse/School-Education/scotstat/EduConsultationHistory/ConsultationLeavers
7.10 Further information
Copies of this publication are available on the Scottish Government's website at: www.gov.scot/stats/bulletins/01311
School level information, including attainment on a consistent basis as available through Insight (a professional benchmarking tool used by local authorities and schools), is currently available on Parentzone Scotland. However, as part of the National Improvement Framework, we are committed to further improve the level of information about schools to those who require this (including parents). This will involve publishing additional clear information on each school on a range of key measures, such as attendance rates, children's progress throughout the Broad General Education, etc. and to make this available by August 2018
To meet this commitment, the Scottish Government are currently working, and consulting, with key stakeholders (including Parentzone Scotland) with the aim of publishing a new online school information dashboard in August 2018. Parents will be able to access this new dashboard via Parentzone Scotland, or directly on the Scottish Government website via this link: http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/Browse/School-Education/Dashboards.
There is a range of other reliable information on the performance of Scotland's school pupils.
The scope of these leaver destination statistics is limited to school leavers, but other sources are available to assess patterns across the wider society. For example, information on employment trends more broadly is available within the Labour Market section of the Scottish Government website, and the Scottish Funding Council publishes data on participation in Higher Education.
Skills Development Scotland publish the Annual Participation Measure report every August. This statistical publication reports on learning, training and work activity of 16-19 year olds in Scotland. The measure takes account of all statuses for individuals over a whole year as opposed to focusing on an individual's status on a single day. Latest results were published in August 2017 and are available here: https://www.skillsdevelopmentscotland.co.uk/publications-statistics/statistics/participation-measure
The Achievement of Curriculum for Excellence ( CfE) Levels 2016/17 Return is a census based data collection and gathers data on whether or not pupils have achieved the expected CfE Level for their stage based on the class teachers' professional judgement. The collection covers numeracy and the three elements of literacy (reading, writing, listening and talking) and four stages within Broad General Education: P1, P4, P7 and S3. Results for end 2016/17 were published in December 2017 and are available here: http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/Browse/School-Education/ACEL
Scotland participates in the OECD's triennial Programme for International Student Assessment ( PISA) survey. This assessment is carried out by 15 year-olds in over sixty countries, including all OECD countries, and as such is a key international benchmark of performance. The results of previous PISA surveys are available at www.gov.scot/pisa
Information on Physical Education provision in schools was also collected in 2005 and was published on the Scottish Government website in 'Progress towards the recommendations of the Physical Education Review Group' in January 2006, at the following address:
Media enquiries about the information in this Statistics Publication Notice should be addressed to Catherine Brown, 0131 244 2560.