Publication - Statistics publication

Attainment, leaver destinations and healthy living: summary statistics

Published: 19 Jun 2018
Directorate:
Learning Directorate
ISBN:
9781788519373

Results of the initial and follow-up leaver destination surveys (S3 to S6), post-review attainment, school meals and physical education.

Contents
Attainment, leaver destinations and healthy living: summary statistics
Chapter 3: Attainment

Chapter 3: Attainment

  • 61.2 per cent of leavers left with one or more pass at SCQF Level 6 or better – down slightly from 61.7 per cent for 2015/16.
  • 2.0 per cent of school leavers attained no passes at SCQF Level 3 or better – the same as 2015/16.
  • 96.5 per cent of leavers attained literacy at SCQF Level 3 or above – the same as 2015/16.
  • Similarly 96.3 per cent of leavers attained numeracy at this level – up slightly from 2015/16 (96.1 per cent).

3.1 SCQF Framework & National Qualifications

The diagram below illustrates the SQA qualifications and awards that are included in this report. See background note 7.2.1 for more information.

Diagram illustrating the SQA qualifications and awards that are included in this report

3.2 Attainment of school leavers

Table 4 shows that 36.8 per cent of 2016/17 school leavers left with one or more passes at SCQF Levels 3 to 5 as their highest qualification. A small proportion (2.0 per cent) of school leavers attained no passes at SCQF Level 3 or better, while 61.2 per cent left with one or more passes at Higher or Advanced Higher ( SCQF Levels 6 or 7).

Table 4: Percentage of school leavers by highest SCQF Level achieved, 2012/13 to 2016/17

Percentage
SCQF Level 2012/13 2013/14 2014/15 2015/16 2016/17
No passes at SCQF 3 or better 1.5 1.7 2.1 2.0 2.0
SCQF Level 3 2.2 2.0 1.7 1.7 1.7
SCQF Level 4 13.6 12.0 11.0 10.7 10.2
SCQF Level 5 26.9 26.2 24.9 23.9 24.9
SCQF Level 6 38.1 39.8 41.4 42.6 41.9
SCQF Level 7 17.6 18.3 18.8 19.1 19.3
All leavers 51,647 51,416 52,491 52,305 51,300

Table 5 shows information on the attainment of leavers at each SCQF Level or better. A time series from 2009/10 to 2016/17 can be found in the supplementary tables at http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/Browse/School-Education/Pub-SS-ALM

Table 5: Leaver attainment by SCQF Level or better and number of passes achieved , percentage of leavers, 2016/17

  Percentage
SCQF Level 1 pass or more 2 passes or more 3 passes or more 4 passes or more 5 passes or more 6 passes or more 7 passes or more
3 or better 98.0 96.6 94.9 93.0 89.9 83.9 70.3
4 or better 96.3 94.4 92.5 90.0 86.3 80.2 67.1
5 or better 86.1 78.8 72.0 64.6 56.7 48.0 37.6
6 or better 61.2 51.6 44.2 37.3 29.9 19.4 9.3
7 19.3 8.0 2.7 0.2 * * -

3.3 School leaver attainment by pupil characteristics

Table 6 shows school leaver attainment by pupil characteristic such as gender and ethnicity. It shows that girls are continuing to outperform boys at SCQF Levels 4 to 6. Pupils recorded as Asian-Chinese continue to have the highest level of achievement, as 90.8 per cent achieved one or more pass at SCQF Level 6 or better.

Table 6 also shows that the percentage of all leavers achieving one or more pass at SCQF Level 4 or better has remained stable at 96.3 per cent; the percentage of leavers that have achieved a pass at SCQF Level 5 has increased slightly (from 85.6 to 86.1 per cent) and, at SCQF Level 6, decreased slightly (from 61.7 to 61.2 per cent).

Table 6: Percentage of school leavers by attainment at SCQF Level 4 to 6, by pupil characteristic, 2015/16 and 2016/17

  Percentage
2015/16 2016/17
1 or more at SCQF Level 4 or better 1 or more at SCQF Level 5 or better 1 or more at SCQF Level 6 or better 1 or more at SCQF Level 4 or better 1 or more at SCQF Level 5 or better 1 or more at SCQF Level 6 or better
Gender
Male 95.9 83.9 56.3 95.9 84.1 55.5
Female 96.8 87.5 67.3 96.7 88.2 67.2
Ethnicity 1
White - Scottish 96.3 85.4 61.1 96.3 85.8 60.5
White - non-Scottish 96.1 85.6 62.3 95.4 86.2 61.8
Mixed or multiple ethnic groups 96.4 88.9 72.2 97.3 90.2 71.8
Asian - Indian 98.7 94.2 76.5 99.2 94.5 79.5
Asian - Pakistani 99.0 92.1 73.2 98.5 93.5 75.0
Asian - Chinese 99.5 96.4 91.8 99.5 98.9 90.8
Asian - Other 97.8 92.2 76.9 98.2 93.6 77.6
African/ Black/ Caribbean 2 99.7 95.4 76.6 97.9 94.8 75.9
All other categories 3 94.3 82.9 61.7 95.8 86.5 66.2
Not Disclosed/Not known 93.6 79.9 55.7 92.0 74.5 50.6
Urban/Rural
Large Urban Areas 96.1 85.4 62.1 95.9 86.1 62.2
Other Urban Areas 96.2 84.9 60.2 96.0 84.6 58.7
Accessible Small Towns 96.8 86.9 64.2 96.8 87.1 63.7
Remote Small Towns 96.1 86.2 60.8 96.0 85.3 57.3
Accessible Rural 97.1 87.4 65.5 97.4 88.6 64.3
Remote Rural 97.2 89.5 65.2 97.4 90.0 65.0
SIMD 4
0-20% (Most Deprived) 92.8 74.4 42.7 92.8 75.5 43.0
20-40% 95.4 81.4 52.2 95.5 82.2 52.4
40-60% 96.8 86.7 62.2 97.2 88.0 62.0
60-80% 97.8 91.4 71.1 97.7 91.3 70.5
80-100% (Least Deprived) 98.8 94.7 81.2 98.7 94.8 80.6
Percentage point gap 6.1 20.3 38.5 5.9 19.3 37.6
Additional Support Needs 5
ASN 89.9 67.6 36.6 90.4 69.1 36.5
No ASN 98.2 91.0 69.1 98.4 92.0 69.8
All Leavers 96.3 85.6 61.7 96.3 86.1 61.2

1. The categories used to collect ethnicity and national identity in the 2011 pupil census to agree with the categories used in the main population census. Some categories have been grouped together due to small numbers. Some categories contain between 100-200 leavers.
2. For 2015/16 and 2016/17 the 'African/ Black/ Caribbean' category includes 'African', 'African - Other', and 'Caribbean or Black' categories.
3. For 2015/16 and 2016/17, 'All other categories' includes 'Other - other' and 'Other - Arab'.
4. Based on SIMD 2012 for 2015/16 and SIMD 2016 for 2016/17. More information on the Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation can be found at: http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/SIMD .
5. Pupils who have a CSP, IEP, Child's Plan are assessed or declared disabled or have another need.

3.4 School leaver attainment by SIMD

In 2017 the Scottish Government consulted on proposals for measuring the poverty related attainment gap and milestones towards closing it; focusing on the impact of the education system as a whole and using a range of measures that reflect key stages of the learner journey and the breadth of issues that can impact on attainment. The outcome was a basket of 11 key measures (supported by 15 sub-measures), three of which are based on school leaver attainment, namely:

  • The proportion of leavers attaining 1 or more pass at SCQF Level 4 or above
  • The proportion of leavers attaining 1 or more pass at SCQF Level 5 or above
  • The proportion of leavers attaining 1 or more pass at SCQF Level 6 or above

Chart 3: Percentage of school leavers by attainment at SCQF Level 4 to 6, by SIMD 1 quintile, 2015/16 and 2016/17

Chart 3: Percentage of school leavers by attainment at SCQF Level 4 to 6, by SIMD1 quintile, 2015/16 and 2016/17

1. Based on SIMD 2012 for 2015/16 and SIMD 2016 for 2016/17.

Chart 4 shows that the proportion of leavers attaining one or more pass at SCQF Level 5 has increased for both leavers from the most deprived areas and the least deprived areas; this has led to a reduction in the gap from 20.3 to 19.3 percentage points.

With respect to attainment at SCQF Level 4, the gap has reduced due to a decrease in the proportion of leavers from least deprived areas attaining one or more pass at SCQF Level 4. At SCQF Level 6, the gap has reduced due to a decrease in the proportion of leavers from least deprived areas attaining 1 or more pass at SCQF Level 6 and an increase for most deprived leavers.

3.5 Literacy and numeracy

A range of courses are included in the measure of literacy and numeracy attainment, the full range is set out in background note 7.2.1.

Chart 5 shows the percentage of 2016/17 leavers attaining literacy and numeracy at SCQF Levels 3 to 5 or above. At SCQF Level 3 or above, 96.5 per cent of leavers attained literacy; 96.3 per cent of leavers attained numeracy at this level. At SCQF Levels 4 and 5, more leavers attain literacy skills at these levels than numeracy skills; 94.4 per cent of leavers attained literacy at SCQF Level 4 or better whilst 90.7 per cent attain numeracy skills at SCQF Level 4 or better. Similarly, 80.8 per cent of leavers attaining literacy at SCQF Level 5 or above, whilst 68.8 per cent attain this level in numeracy.

Chart 4: Percentage of leavers attaining SCQF Levels 3 to 5 in literacy and numeracy, 2016/17

Chart 4: Percentage of leavers attaining SCQF Levels 3 to 5 in literacy and numeracy, 2016/17

Table 7: Leaver attainment in literacy and numeracy by SCQF Level, percentage of leavers, 2013/14 to 2016/17 a

  Percentage
Literacy Numeracy
SCQF Level 2013/14 2014/15 2015/16 2016/17 2013/14 2014/15 2015/16 2016/17
3 or better 96.8 96.5 96.5 96.5 96.7 96.3 96.1 96.3
4 or better 93.3 93.9 94.1 94.4 83.8 88.1 89.9 90.7
5 or better 70.1 74.6 79.0 80.8 59.5 62.7 66.9 68.8

a. Caution should be exercised when making comparisons over time. See background note 7.2.1.


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