Driven grouse moors - socioeconomic and biodiversity impacts: summary report

A summary report of findings from research into socioeconomic and biodiversity impacts of driven grouse moors and the employment rights of gamekeepers


1. All technical reports associated with Phase 2 are available on the SEFARI website:


3. For example, through the Working for Waders initiative that began in 2017.

4. For example, the Revive Coalition call for reform of driven grouse moors and a petition submitted to the UK Parliament in 2016 to ban driven grouse shooting.

5. See, for example, coverage in The Guardian (01.07.19).

6. Scottish Government news: Golden eagle deaths (31.05.2017) .

7. See the SEFARI website for more detail:

8. A 'brace' refers to a pair of grouse.

9. Data relates to annual costs and revenues averaged over 15 years. Average annual costs and per/ha costs are considerably lower over a full rotation.

10. Average annual running costs and revenues exclude the initial capital costs – but the net balance including repayment of capital investment is shown over 15 years.

11. The public funding contributions only relate to the specified land use and a low or zero percent figure does not imply that the estate within which the land use/enterprise sits did not receiving any public funding in relation to other activities (e.g. farming, conservation). Furthermore, some estate land uses which may receive public funding (e.g. sheep grazing) overlap with, complement, and form part of the management of the moorland area over which grouse shooting and other activities may take place. Landowners may also receive public funding for deer fencing but this is generally recorded as relating to forestry management as opposed to deer revenues.



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