Publication - Independent report

Potential for deep geothermal energy in Scotland: study volume 1

Published: 13 Nov 2013

This independent study investigates the potential for deep geothermal energy in Scotland and the steps necessary for commercialisation.

Potential for deep geothermal energy in Scotland: study volume 1
Page 12

10 References

1. Air Quality (Scotland) Regulations 2000. Scottish Statutory Instrument No. 97

2. Allen Consulting Group. 2011. Australia's geothermal industry: pathways for development, Final report

3. Australian Government Department of Resources, Energy and Tourism. 2008. Australian Geothermal Industry Technology Roadmap. Commonwealth of Australia

4. British Geological Survey Website

5. Climate Change (Scotland) Act 2009

6. Coal Industry Act 1994

7. Commonwealth of Australia. 2008. Australian Geothermal Industry Technology Roadmap

8. Conservation (Natural Habitats) Regulations 1994

9. Continental Shelf Act 1964

10. Control of Pollution Act 1974, Part III

11. Cornwall Council. 2012. Renewable Energy Planning Guidance Note 8, The development of deep geothermal

12. DECC website

13. DECC. 2011. The Unconventional Hydrocarbon Resources Of Britain's Onshore Basins - Shale Gas

14. Draft Scottish Statutory Instruments. 2011. Atomic Energy and Radioactive Substances, The Radioactive Substances Act 1993 Amendment (Scotland) Regulations 2011

15. EC Directive (2006/118/ EC) Groundwater Daughter Directive

16. EC Directive (80/68/ EEC) Groundwater Directive (in force till Dec 2013)

17. EC Directive (92/43/ EEC) Habitats Directive: Conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora.

18. EC Directive (96/82/ EC): Control of major accident hazards

19. EC Directive 2000/60/ EC Water Framework Directive 2000

20. EC Directive 2001/42/ EC: 'Strategic Environmental Assessment' and EC Directive (85/337/ EEC) Environmental Impact Assessment: Assessment of the effects of certain public and private projects on the environment

21. EC Directive 2004/35/ EC on environmental liability with regard to the prevention and remedying of environmental damage

22. EC Directive 2009/31/ EC: Carbon Capture and Storage Directive 2009

23. EC Directive 2010/75/ EU: Industrial Emissions Directive

24. EC Directive 96/61/ EC: Integrated pollution prevention and control

25. EC Regulation (259/93): Supervision and control of shipments of waste within, into and out of the European Community

26. EC Regulation (3093/94): Substances that deplete the ozone layer

27. Electricity Works (Environmental Impact Assessment) (Scotland) Regulations 2000

28. EMEC and Xodus Aurora. 2010. Consenting, EIA and HRA Guidance for Marine Renewable Energy Developments in Scotland", Parts 1 to 4

29. Energy Act 1976

30. Environment Act 1995, Part V

31. Environment Agency. 2011. Deep Geothermal Energy, Our position - regulating deep geothermal energy production.

32. Environmental Impact Assessment (Scotland) Regulations 1999

33. Environmental Protection (Controls on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer) Regulations 1996

34. Environmental Protection (Prescribed Processes and Substances) Regulations 1991

35. Environmental Protection Act 1990, Part I

36. Environmental Protection Act 1990, Part II

37. Environmental Protection Act 1990, Part III

38. European Geothermal Energy Council website

39. European Geothermal Energy Council. 2012. GeoDH Promote Geothermal District Heating Systems in Europe, National Workshop - United Kingdom

40. European Geothermal Energy Council. 2013. Fact Sheet on Enhanced Geothermal Systems: Why it is different to shale gas.

41. European Geothermal Energy Council. 2013. Policy Paper on Financing Geothermal Energy.

42. Fluorinated Greenhouse Gases Regulations 2008 (S.I No 41)

43. Goldstein, B., Hiriart, G. Bertani, R. Bromley, C. Gutiérrez-Negrín, L. Huenges, E. Muraoka, H. Ragnarsson, A. Tester, J. Zui, V. 2011. Geothermal Energy. In IPCC Special Report on Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation [O. Edenhofer, R. Pichs-Madruga, Y. Sokona, K. Seyboth, P. Matschoss, S. Kadner, T. Zwickel, P. Eickemeier, G. Hansen, S. Schlömer, C. von Stechow (eds)], Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, USA

44. Haraldsson, I.G. 2012. Legal And Regulatory Framework - Barrier Or Motivation For Geothermal Development?

45. Holroyd and Dagg. 2011. Building a regulatory framework for geothermal energy development in the NWT. The Pembina Institute

46. International Energy Agency. 2011. Technology Roadmap, Geothermal Heat and Power

47. Irish Government. 2010. General Scheme of Geothermal Energy Development Bill

48. Irish Government. 2010. Geothermal Energy Development Bill 2010 Regulatory Impact Analysis

49. Irish Government. 2012.

50. James Hutton Institute, 2011. Geothermal Energy Use and Potential

51. Lee K.C. 1996. Classification of geothermal resources - an engineering approach

52. Lords Hansard. 2011. 8 Feb 2011 : Column GC35, Grand Committee, Tuesday, 8 February 2011, Energy Bill (HL).

53. Marine (Scotland) Act 2010 and the Marine and Coastal Access Act 2009

54. Mines (Working Facilities and Support) Act 1966

55. Minewater project. Undated. Mine water as a Renewable Energy Resource

56. Nicholson. D. 2012. Viewpoint - Powering the future, in NCE 18-10-2012

57. Official Journal of the European Union. Commission Notice on the application of Articles 87 and 88 of the EC Treaty to State Aid in the form of guarantees (2008/C 155/02)

58. Ozone Depleting Substances (Qualifications) Regulations 2006 SI 1510

59. PB Power. 2004. Shawfair Minewater Project, Scottish national Minewater Potential Study,Job No. 69211a/001

60. Petratherm. 2008. Geo-Madrid District Heating Project - Well Re-entry Yields 30% Cost Savings.

61. Petroleum (Production) Act 1934

62. Petroleum Act 1998

63. Pipe-line Works (Environmental Impact Assessment) Regulations 2000

64. Pipelines Act 1962

65. Planning (Control of Major-Accident Hazards) (Scotland) Regulations 2000

66. Planning (Hazardous Substances) (Scotland) Act 1997 and Planning (Control of Major Accident Hazards) (Scotland) Regulations 2000

67. Planning and Compensation Act 1991 (as amended) ;and Environment Act 1995 (as amended).

68. Planning etc. (Scotland) Act 2006

69. Poyry and Faber Maunsell/ AECOM. 2009. The potential and costs of district heating networks.

70. Radioactive Substances Act 1993

71. Roijen E., Op 't Veld P. and Demollin-Schneiders E. 2007. The Minewater project Heerlen - low exergy heating and cooling in practice

72. Scottish Government. 2009. National Planning Framework 2

73. Scottish Government. 2010. Scottish Planning Policy ( SPP)

74. Scottish Government. 2011. Planning Circular 2/2011: The Town and Country Planning (General Permitted Development) (Non-Domestic Microgeneration) (Scotland) Amendment Order 2011

75. Scottish Government. 2011. Renewable Heat Action Plan for Scotland: a plan for the promotion of the use of heat from renewable sources.

76. Scottish Government. 2012. 2020 Routemap for Renewable Energy in Scotland, and

77. Scottish Government. 2012. Planning Advice (Specific Advice Sheet), Deep Geothermal Energy

78. Scottish Government. 2013. Outline Heat Vision.

79. Scottish Government. 2013. Scotland's Heat Map (draft).

80. SEPA and The Coal Authority. 2008. Abandoned mines and the water environment, Science project SC030136-41

81. SEPA. 2011. Supporting Guidance Application of Standards to Thermal (WAT-SG-85), v1.0

82. SEPA. 2011. The Water Environment (Controlled Activities) (Scotland) Regulations 2011, A Practical Guide, v6

83. SEPA. 2012. Regulatory guidance: Coal bed methane and shale gas, v121119

84. SEPA. 2013. Regulatory Method Licensing Groundwater Abstractions including Dewatering (WAT-RM-11), v4

85. SEPA. 2013. Supporting Guidance for Groundwater Abstractions - Geothermal Energy (WAT-SG-62), v3.0

86. SEPA. Undated. Energy position statement

87. SKM. 2012a. Geothermal Energy Potential for Great Britain and Northern Ireland

88. SKM. 2012b. The Geothermal Opportunity for Scotland

89. State of Queensland, 2010. Geothermal Energy Act 2010, Act No. 31 of 2010

90. Stephens, E. 2010. Geothermal Energy in Scotland: Exploring the Territory and Identifying Opportunities, University of St. Andrews

91. The Air Quality (Scotland) Amendment Regulations 2002

92. The Air Quality Standards (Scotland) Regulations 2007. Scottish Statutory Instrument No. 182

93. The Air Quality Standards (Scotland) Regulations 2010

94. The Borehole Sites and Operations Regulations 1995

95. The Coal Authority website

96. The Coal Authority. 2012. Minewater Heat Recovery Access Agreement

97. The Coal Authority. 2012. Minewater Heat Recovery Supplementary Access Agreement

98. The Energy Act 2008 (Storage of Carbon Dioxide) (Scotland) Regulations 2011

99. The Environmental Liability (Scotland) Amendment Regulations 2011

100. The Environmental Liability (Scotland) Regulations 2009

101. The Management of Extractive Waste (Scotland) Regulations 2010

102. The Management of Extractive Wastes (Scotland) Regulations 2010

103. The Petroleum Act 1998

104. The Pollution Prevention and Control (Scotland) Regulations 2000 (as amended)

105. The Storage of Carbon Dioxide (Licensing etc) (Scotland) Regulations 2011

106. The Town and Country Planning (Development Management Procedure) (Scotland) Regulations 2008

107. The Town and Country Planning (Development Planning) (Scotland) Regulations 2008

108. The Town and Country Planning (General Permitted Development) (Scotland) Order 1992

109. The Town and Country Planning (Hierarchy of Development) (Scotland) Regulations 2009

110. The Town and Country Planning (Minerals) (Scotland) Regulations 1998.

111. The Town and Country Planning (Scotland) Act 1997

112. The Water Environment (Controlled Activities) (Scotland) Regulations 2011

113. Think Geoenergy website

114. Town and Country Planning (Scotland) Act 1997 as amended by the Planning etc (Scotland) Act 2006

115. Town and Country Planning Act (Scotland) 1997

116. Transfrontier Shipment of Waste Regulations 1994

117. Water Environment and Water Services (Scotland) Act 2003