Sheep attacks and harassment: research

Findings from survey research on sheep worrying and wildlife attacks on sheep.

Appendix D: Papers cited in the desk review

1. Panic, N., Leoncini, E., Giulio de, B., Walter, R. & Boccia, S. Evaluation of the Endorsement of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and MetaAnalysis (PRISMA) Statement on the Quality of Published Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses. PLoS One (2013). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0083138

2. Kysh, L. (University of S. C. What's in a name? The difference between a Systematic Review and a Literature Review and why it matters. doi:10.3906/sag-1704-10

3. Ross, L. C. et al. Sheep grazing in the North Atlantic region: A long-term perspective on environmental sustainability. Ambio 45, 551-566 (2016).

4. Phythian, C. J. et al. Validating indicators of sheep welfare through a consensus of expert opinion. 943-952 (2011). doi:10.1017/S1751731110002594

5. Dukti, S. A., Southwood, L. L. & Van Metre, D. C. Survival and factors affecting survival in small ruminants and camelids attacked by dogs : 62 cases ( 1994 ^ 2004 ). 17, 257-261 (2007).

6. Eales, A., Small, J. & Macaldowie, C. Practical Lambing and Lamb Care. (2004).

7. Noakes, D. E., Parkinson, T. J. & England, G. C. . Veterinary Reproduction and Obstetrics. (2009).

8. Keller-Wood, M., Cudd, T. A., Norman, W., Caldwell, S. M. & Wood, C. E. Sheep Model for Study of Maternal Adrenal Gland Function During Pregnancy. Lab. Anim. Sci. 48, 507-512 (1998).

9. Barrnett, J I and Hemsworth, P. H. The Validity of Physiological and Behavioural Measures of Animal Welfare. Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci. 25, 177-187 (1990).

10. Cockram, M. S. A review of behavioural and physiological responses of sheep to stressors to identify potential behavioural signs of distress. Anim. Welf. 13, 283-291 (2004).

11. Baldock, N. M. & Sibly, R. M. Effects of handling and transportation on the heart rate and behaviour of sheep. Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci. 28, 15-39 (1990).

12. Dwyer, C. M. How has the risk predation shaped the behavioural responses of sheep to fear and distress? Anim. Welf. 13, 269-281 (2004).

13. Romeyer, A. & Bouissou, M. F. Assessment of fear reactions in domestic sheep, and influence of breed and rearing conditions. Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci. 34, 93-119 (1992).

14. Christiansen, F. O., Bakken, M. & Braastad, B. O. Behavioural differences between three breed groups of hunting dogs confronted with domestic sheep. 72, 115-129 (2001).

15. R. Hewson. Scavenging and Predation Upon Sheep and Lambs in West Scotland. J. Appl. Ecol. 21, 843-868 (1984).

16. White, P. C. L., Groves, H. L., Savery, J. R., Conington, J. & Hutchings, M. R. Fox predation as a cause of lamb mortalit on hill farms. Vet. Rec. 147, 33-37 (2000).

17. Allen, L. R., Stewart-moore, N., Byrne, D. & Allen, B. L. Guardian dogs protect sheep by guarding sheep, not by establishing territories and excluding predators. 1118-1127 (2017).

18. Heydon, M. J. & Reynolds, J. C. Fox (Vulpes vulpes) management in three contrasting regions of Britain, in relation to agricultural and sporting interests. J. Zool. 251, 237-252 (2000).

19. Marquiss, M., Madders, M., Irvine, J. & Carss, D. N. The Impact of White-tailed Eagles on Sheep Farming on Mull Final Report. (2002).

20. Brown, C., Mcmorran, R. & Price, M. F. Rewilding - A New Paradigm for Nature Conservation in Scotland? Scottish Geogr. J. 127, 288-314 (2011).

21. Wilson J., C. Could we live with reintroduced large carnivores in the UK? Mamm. Rev. 34, 211-232 (2004).

22. Kovaˇ, P., Kutal, M. & Machar, I. Sheep and wolves : Is the occurrence of large predators a limiting factor for sheep grazing in the Czech Carpathians ? 22, 479-486 (2014).

23. Sundqvist, A. & Ellegren, H. Wolf or dog ? Genetic identification of predators from saliva collected around bite wounds on prey. 1275-1279 (2008). doi:10.1007/s10592-007-9454-4

24. Holt, A. R., Davies, Z. G., Tyler, C. & Staddon, S. Meta-analysis of the effects of predation on animal prey abundance: Evidence from UK vertebrates. PLoS One 3, (2008).

25. Berger, K. M. Carnivore-livestock conflicts: Effects of subsidized predator control and economic correlates on the sheep industry. Conserv. Biol. (2006). doi:10.1111/j.1523-1739.2006.00336.x

26. Anderson, D. M., Fredrickson, E. L. & Estell, R. E. Managing livestock using animal behavior: Mixed-species stocking and flerds. Animal 6, 1339-1349 (2012).

27. Oxley, J. A., Evans, B. & Montrose, V. T. Prevention of sheep worrying in the UK: Rethinking the approach. J. Vet. Behav. Clin. Appl. Res. 19, 61-63 (2017).

28. Manning, J. K. et al. A pilot study into the use of global navigation satellite system technology to quantify the behavioural responses of sheep during simulated dog predation events. 1676-1681 (2014).

29. Llario, F., Sendra, S., Parra, L. & Lloret, J. Detection and protection of the attacks to the sheep and goats using an intelligent wireless sensor network. in 2013 IEEE International Conference on Communications Workshops (ICC) 1015-1019 (2013).

30. Hansen, I., Bakken, M. & Olai, B. Failure of LiCl-conditioned taste aversion to prevent dogs from attacking sheep. 1591, (1997).

31. Christiansen, F. O., Bakken, M. & Braastad, B. O. Behavioural changes and aversive conditioning in hunting dogs by the second-year confrontation with domestic sheep. Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci. 72, 131-143 (2001).



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