Sectoral marine plan for offshore wind energy: social and economic impact assessment scoping report
Sets out the methodology and scenarios for scoping and undertaking a socio-economic impact assessment.
10. The Hywind ES (Statoil, 2015) indicates that the proposed 30 MW array will occupy a total area of up to 15 km². The Kincardine Offshore Wind ES (Atkins, 2016) indicates that an indicative 48 MW array will occupy a total area of up to 19 km². This equates to approximately 2-3 MW per km² compared to around 7.6 MW per km² for conventional offshore wind ( BOWL, 2012). The relatively greater area occupied by deep water wind projects is due to the anchoring configurations and will also be a function of water depth with larger areas required in deeper water. On a conservative basis, for the purpose of this assessment, it is therefore proposed that the footprint of future offshore wind projects will be assumed to be 2 MW installed capacity per km².
12. HMRs represent the routes typically flown by helicopters operating to and from offshore destinations and are 'signposts' to aid flight safety ( i.e. signposting concentrations of helicopter traffic to other air space users). Whilst HMRs have no airspace status and assume the background airspace classification within which they lie, they are used by the Air Navigation Service Provider ( ANSP) ( i.e. NATS Aberdeen) and helicopter operators for flight planning and management purposes. While compliance with the HMR structure is not compulsory, in the interests of flight safety, civil helicopter pilots are strongly encouraged to plan their flights using HMRs wherever possible. The HMRs do not predict the flow of helicopter traffic ( UK Aeronautical Information Package; NATS website).
13. Based on the potential scale of the DPO areas, and the lack of precise information at this stage of the location of arrays within the DPO areas, data at the scale of ICES rectangles will be adequate for the analysis.
14. Data on port of landing are not available in the ICES rectangle dataset.
15. Employment as a result of supply chain effects caused by oil and gas sector activity. For these companies, extraction of oil and gas and associated services will be one part of a wider business.
16. Employment supported by the redistribution of income from the oil and gas sector.
17. Based on coastal visits x median trip spend x mean trip length (days) ( LUC, 2016)
18. A tourist trip is defined as a stay of one or more nights away from home for holidays, visits to friends or relatives, business and conference trips or any other purpose except such as boarding education or semi-permanent employment.
19. The definition of sustainable tourism represents the SIC07 industry classifications for tourism used within the Scottish Government's growth sector (Visit Scotland, 2016)
20. Defined as: general marine and coastal tourism activities such as scenic drives or bus tours ( LUC, 2016)
21. Defined as: General marine and coastal recreation includes beach games, beach combing, rock pooling, painting, kite flying, sunbathing, naturism, picnicking, yoga, paddling, walking less than 2 miles, general sightseeing, fossil hunting, beach team sports, body boarding, general swimming and snorkelling, coastal cycling, horse riding and dog walking ( LUC, 2016)
22. Shorter walks are included in the 'General marine and coastal recreation' category.
24. Taken from summary provided on the Parliament UK Website: http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200708/cmselect/cmdius/216/216we96.htm
26. The Capacity Index of a seascape indicates the ability of a seascape to absorb or accommodate development without a fundamental change in character (Scott et al. 2005). The Capacity Index considers a seascape's sensitivity, visibility and value.
27. Based on coastal visits x median trip spend x mean trip length (days) (see LUC, 2016)
28. Marine and coastal recreation includes beach games, beach combing, rock pooling, painting, kite flying, sunbathing, naturism, picnicking, yoga, paddling, walking less than 2 miles, general sightseeing, fossil hunting, beach team sports, body boarding, general swimming and snorkelling, coastal cycling, horse riding and dog walking.
29. Scottish Annual Business Statistics 2015, released August 2017, available at: http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Business/SABS/SABS-PDF
30. Type I multipliers provide an estimate of the direct and indirect effects. Type II multipliers also include the induced effects, i.e. those additional impacts caused by changes in spending on final goods and services that results from the direct and indirect effects on household income. Therefore, the Type II multipliers are always greater than the Type I multipliers.
31. Scottish Input-Output multipliers for 1998 to 2014 are
available at (latest data is for 2014):
32. Seafish Fleet Economic Performance dataset covering 2006 to 2016 available at: http://www.seafish.org/media/publications/October_2017_Seafish_Fleet_Economic_Performance_Dataset_2006-16.xlsx
33. The 3 fold urban rural classification is likely to be most relevant here and fits well with the social value clusters. The classification covers remote rural, accessible rural and reset of Scotland: http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/About/Methodology/UrbanRuralClassification
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