Publication - Statistics

Scottish Shellfish Farm Production Survey 2014

Published: 18 May 2015
Part of:
Marine and fisheries
ISBN:
9781785443312

This report is based on the returns of an annual survey questionnaire sent to all active authorised shellfish farming businesses in Scotland.

24 page PDF

1.6 MB

24 page PDF

1.6 MB

Contents
Scottish Shellfish Farm Production Survey 2014
// SITES AND BUSINESSES

24 page PDF

1.6 MB

// SITES AND BUSINESSES

The numbers of authorised, active businesses and sites in operation are presented in Tables 3 and 4. Many sites held stock not yet ready for market, others were fallow, and some were positioned in remote areas where cost-effective production and marketing of shellfish proved difficult.

Historically, production data have been collected by business. However, since 2002, data have been collected for both business and site, enabling the provision of more accurate site information. In 2014, 165 sites produced shellfish for sale, an increase of 4% since 2013.

TABLE 3 AUTHORISED AND ACTIVE BUSINESSES 2005-2014.

Number of Businesses
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Active 183 173 170 168 168 164 153 153 142 144

TABLE 4 ACTIVE AND PRODUCING FARM SITES BY REGION 2014.

Region
Highland Orkney Shetland Strathclyde Western Isles All Scotland
Sites
Active 74 4 129 84 53 344
Producing 32 0 81 37 15 165

ACTIVE = FARMS IN A PRODUCTION GROWING CYCLE WHICH MAY CONTAIN STOCK OR BE FALLOW.

PRODUCING = PLACING ON THE MARKET FOR THE TABLE AND ON-GROWING.

NB: A BUSINESS MAY PRODUCE MORE THAN ONE SPECIES AND IN MORE THAN ONE REGION.

FIGURE 2 REGIONAL DISTRIBUTION OF ACTIVE SHELLFISH SITES IN 2014 (NUMBER PRODUCING GIVEN IN BRACKETS) AND NUMBER OF PRODUCING BUSINESSES BY REGION/SPECIES.

FIGURE 2 Regional distribution of active shellfish sites in 2014 (number producing given in brackets) and number of producing businesses by REGION/species

There were six Several Orders in place for scallop fisheries in 2014 ( see Fig. 2). Three of these Orders are in the Highland region, two in Strathclyde and one in Shetland.

Table 5 depicts the number of businesses by region and by species: A) in table production, B) in on-growing production and C) showing no production. Many businesses cultivate more than one species on site, a practice made possible by similar cultivation techniques. For example, scallop can be grown together with queen, pacific oyster with native oyster, and mussel with pacific oyster.

TABLE 5 NUMBER OF BUSINESSES BY REGION AND BY SPECIES 2014.

A) PRODUCTION FOR THE TABLE

Region
Highland Orkney Shetland Strathclyde Western Isles All Scotland
Pacific oyster 7 0 0 18 3 28
Native oyster 1 0 0 2 0 3
Scallop 2 0 0 1 0 3
Queen 1 0 0 1 0 2
Mussel 9 0 18 9 7 43
Total 20 0 18 31 10 79

B) PRODUCTION FOR ON-GROWING TO OTHER PRODUCERS

Region
Highland Orkney Shetland Strathclyde Western Isles All Scotland
Pacific oyster 2 0 0 3 0 5
Native oyster 1 0 0 2 0 3
Scallop 1 0 0 0 0 1
Queen 0 0 0 1 0 1
Mussel 1 0 8 1 1 11
Total 5 0 8 7 1 21

C) NO PRODUCTION, ACTIVELY ON-GROWING OR FALLOW

Region
Highland Orkney Shetland Strathclyde Western Isles All Scotland
Pacific oyster 11 0 0 9 4 24
Native oyster 5 0 1 1 0 7
Scallop 6 0 1 3 1 11
Queen 3 0 0 0 1 4
Mussel 14 3 6 8 6 37
Total 39 3 8 21 12 83

TABLE 6 BUSINESS PRODUCTION LEVELS BY SPECIES 2014.

Species 1- 10 11- 20 21- 30 31- 40 41- 50 51- 60 61- 70 71- 80 81- 90 91- 100 101-200 >200 Total
Pacific oyster (000s) 10 1 2 1 1 3 0 0 2 1 2 5 28
Native oyster (000s) 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 3
Scallop (000s) 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3
Queen (000s) 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
Mussel (tonnes) 10 1 2 1 2 2 3 2 2 0 7 10 42
Total 24 4 5 2 3 5 3 2 4 1 9 16 78

Business production levels by species are shown in Table 6. There were 17 businesses producing more than 100 tonnes of mussels, an increase of two businesses since 2013. Out of these 17 companies, ten produced more than 200 tonnes. These ten companies produced 76% of the total mussel production in Scotland. There were five businesses that produced more than 200,000 Pacific oysters. The production from these businesses accounted for 72% of the Scottish total.


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