Appendix A: Industry coding
The 2021 Scottish EPS used different sector definitions compared to the 2019 previous EPS. The previous EPS used 12 sectors for analysis, the 2021 iteration had 6. This was done to provide robust subgroup analysis within sector (by minimising the margin of error) as a result of the reduction in overall sample size compared to 2019.
Each establishment was allocated to one of 6 sectors, based on their Standard Industrial Classification (SIC). SIC 2007 was used to classify establishments using the following method: using the four-digit Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) supplied for each record from the Market Location database, a description of business activity was read out to each respondent. If they agreed that this description matched the main activity undertaken at the establishment, then the SIC on Market Location's database was assumed to be correct. If, however, the respondent felt the description did not correspond to their main business activity at the site, a verbatim response was collected of their main activity. At the analysis stage this was coded to a four-digit SIC which was then used as the basis for their classification into one of the 6 sectors.
Table 12 below shows the 6 sectors and their corresponding SIC 2007 definitions.
|Primary sector and Utilities||A - Agriculture, forestry and fishing (01-03) Including farming, hunting and other related service activities, forestry and logging, fishing and aquaculture B - Mining and quarrying (05-09) Including mining of coal, metals, sand/stone/clay, and extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas D - Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply (35) Including electric power generation, transmission and distribution, manufacture of gas and distribution of gaseous fuels, steam and air conditioning supply, E - Water supply, sewerage, waste management and remediation activities (36-39) Including water collection, treatment and supply, sewerage and waste collection, treatment and disposal activities and materials recovery|
|Manufacturing||C - Manufacturing (10-33) Including manufacture of food and beverages, textiles, chemicals and chemical products, basic pharmaceutical products, other mineral products, manufacture of metals and metal products, machinery, computer and electronic products and equipment, motor vehicles and other transport equipment, furniture, and repair and installation of machinery and equipment|
|Construction||F - Construction (41-43) Including the construction of buildings, civil engineering (constructing roads, railways and other utility projects), demolition, and specialised activities such as electrical installation, roofing and scaffold erection|
|Trade, Accommodation and Transport||G - Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles (45-47) Including sale, maintenance and repair of motor vehicles, parts and accessories, nonvehicle wholesale (for example agriculture, food, household goods), and the retail trade of all products whether in stores, stalls, markets, mail order or online H - Transport and storage (49-53) Including land, water and air transport (passenger and freight), warehousing and support activities for transportation, postal and courier activities. I - Accommodation and food service activities (55-56) Including hotels, campsites, youth hostels, holiday centres, villages and other short stay accommodation, restaurants and takeaways, event catering and licensed clubs, pubs and bars|
|Business and Other Services||J - Information and communication (58-63) including publishing (books, journals, newspapers etc. and software/computer games), television, film and music production, broadcasting, telecommunications, computer programming and consultancy, information service activities (e.g. data processing and hosting) K - Financial and insurance activities (64-66) Including banks and building societies, activities of holding companies, trusts, funds and similar financial entities, credit granting, pensions, insurance and reinsurance L - Real estate activities (68) Including the buying, selling and renting of real estate M - Professional, scientific and technical activities (69-75) Including legal activities, accounting, bookkeeping and auditing, management consultancy, architectural and engineering activities, scientific research and development, advertising and market research, specialist design, photographic activities, N - Administrative and support service activities (77-82) Including translation and interpretation, veterinary activities, renting and leasing of tangible goods (motors, household, machinery), employment agencies, travel agencies and tour operations, security and investigation activities, office administration and business support R - Arts, entertainment, and recreation (90-93) Including performing arts, libraries and museums, gambling and betting, sports facilities, amusement and recreation activities S - Other service activities (94-96) Including activities of membership organisations (religious, political, trade union, professional), personal services (hairdressing, beauty, textile cleaning, well-being activities, funeral activities)|
|Non-market Services||O - Public administration and defence; compulsory social security (84) Including administration of the State and economic and social policy of the community, provision of services to the community as a whole such as defence activities, foreign affairs, justice and judicial activities, fire service and compulsory social security activities P - Education (85) Including pre-primary, primary, secondary and higher education, other education (such as sports, driving schools, cultural education), educational support activities Q - Human health and social work activities (86-88) Including Hospitals, medical and dental practices, residential care, social work activities|
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