||Scottish Crime and Justice Survey
Where do the data come from?
||Administrative police records.
||Face to face interviews with residents from a nationally
representative sample of the household population.
Basis for inclusion
||Crimes recorded to the police in Scotland, governed by the
Scottish Crime Recording Standard.
||Trained coders determine whether experiences of
victimisation in the last 12 months constitute a crime and
assign an offence code.
||Collected by financial year. Statistics released in an
||Survey conducted over 12 months, with recall period
extending over 23 months. Results previously published
biennially, now annually.
- Covers the full range of crimes and offences.
- Provides data at a local level.
- A good measure of rarer, more serious crimes that are
- Measure of long-term trends.
- Good measure of crime that the police are faced
- Good measure of trends since 2008-09.
- Captures further information about crimes that are and
are not reported to the police (including sensitive issues
such as domestic abuse or drug abuse).
- Analyses crime for different demographic groups and
- Provides information on multiple and repeat
victimisation (up to 5 incidents in a series).
- Provides attitudinal data (
e.g. fear of crime or
attitudes towards the criminal justice system).
- Partially reliant on the public reporting crime.
- Reporting rates may vary by the type of crime (
e.g. serious crime is
more likely to be reported or housebreaking if a crime
number is required for insurance purposes).
- Trends can be affected by legislation; public reporting
practices; police recording practices.
- Does not cover all crimes (
e.g. homicide or crimes
without specific victims, such as speeding).
- Does not cover the entire population (
e.g. children, homeless
people or people living in communal accommodation).
- Less able to produce robust data at lower level
- Difficult to measure trends between survey sweeps,
especially in rarer forms of crime (such as more serious
- Estimates are subject to a degree of error (confidence
What other data are collected?
- Additional statistical bulletins published, including
on homicides, firearm offences and domestic abuse
- Public perceptions about crime.
- Worry about crime and the perceived likelihood of being
- Confidence in the police and the criminal justice
- Prevalence estimates on 'sensitive' topics (partner
abuse, sexual victimisation, stalking and drug use).