Scotland's Place in Europe

Scotland’s Place in Europe sets out the Scottish Government’s position following the result of the EU Referendum.







6. The Centre for Economic Policy Research estimated these additional compliance costs to be between 4% and 15% of the cost of goods sold. CEPR (2013) “Trade and Investment: Balance of Competence Review, Project Report”, p58

7. See IFS (2016) The European Single Market: The Value of Membership versus Access to the UK.

8. where Dombrovskis says “Access to the Single Market would require the UK to accept all four freedoms: goods, services, capital and labour. There can be no cherry-picking.”


10. NIESR - Assessing the Impact of Trade Agreements


12. Source: Scottish Government Quarterly National Accounts Scotland,, ONS Quarterlry National Accounts, Eurostat





17. Export Statistics Scotland 2014


19. For a more detailed discussion of these issues and references please refer to “Scotland’s Trade and Investment Strategy: Economic Evidence”


21. See Pg 3 of for further analysis







28. See for example IFS “The European Single Market”




32. HESA staff returns 2014-15.

33. Annual Population Survey 2015

34. HM Revenue and Customs (2016) Statistics on recently arrived non-UK EEA nationals subject to income tax and National Insurance contributions or receiving HMRC administered benefits, May 2016.


36. Source : Annual Populations Survey, 2015: Information is not shown for Agriculture and Fishing, Energy and Water as these do not meet reliability criterion.

37. /policies/tourism-and-events/

38. The food and drink growth sector comprises agriculture, fishing, aquaculture, food and drink manufacturing.

39. The number of non-UK EU Nationals employed in the food and drink growth sector is estimated from the Annual Population Survey 2015, ONS. As the Annual Population Survey is based on a survey of private households in the UK, seasonal workers are unlikely to be captured. The industry sector of employment is self-reported in this source. Non‑UK seasonal migrant workers are estimated from the Annual Census of Scottish Agriculture, a separate SG statistical source.

40. Annual Population Survey, ONS, 2015

41. Evidence to the European and External Relations Committee, General Medical Council, August 2016,

42. EU nationals living in Scotland, SPICE Information Centre based on ONS data

43. Population Projections Scotland (2014-based) (published October 2015). National Records of Scotland.

44. Figure from national population projections published in October 2015. The population is projected to grow by 167,000 from 2014-2024. Of this increase 150,000 (90%) is projected to come from net migration. The other 17,000 (10%) is projected to come from natural change (births minus deaths).


46. But there are also rights to equal treatment in to the context of financial support for studies.

47. As evidenced in the House of Commons Energy & Climate Change Committee report of October 2015, which argued that the UK should “avoid a rushed decision on the Internal Energy Market. Participation is highly valued by UK stakeholders, and it is important to ensure that the energy sector has a voice in future changes to rules and regulations that may affect it after the UK has formally left the EU”

48. World University Rankings 2016-17 (2016). Times Higher Education.!/page/0/length/25/sort_by/rank/sort_order/asc.

49. EU Research Projects under Horizon 2020 (2016). European Union Open Data Portal.

50. HE Finance Plus 2014-15 (2016). Higher Education Statistics Agency (HESA).; Research Excellence Grant - Indicative Research Allocations (2015). Scottish Funding Council.

51. See p14







58. Liechtenstein p21

59. Regional Visas - A Unique Immigration Solution, PWC for City of London Corporation


61. The constitutional requirements for establishing a devolved parliament in a constituent part of a larger EU member state were considered at length during the passage of the Scotland Act 1998: see Second Reading debate, House of Commons, January 1998:

62. The First Minister of Wales has stated that “…withdrawal from the EU is a massive constitutional shift for the UK and it has equally far-reaching implications for the devolution settlement. The relationship between devolved administrations and the UK Government must now be placed onto an entirely different footing.

63. See Claim of Right for Scotland, House of Commons Library briefing, September 2016. ( ) and

64. [See, for example, Gordon Brown’s call for a “constitutional breakthrough” in light of Brexit ( ); former Labour Foreign Secretary David Owen’s proposals for a Federal UK Council ( ), the Westminster cross-party Constitutional Reform Group’s Act of Union Bill, which proposes a federal UK settlement (, and comments by the Scottish Labour party

65. Devolution Guidance Note 10: post-devolution primary legislation affecting Scotland ( ).

66. The First Minister of Wales made the same point in a statement on 1 November 2016: “We will resist any attempt -any attempt - by the UK Government to claw back powers to itself”. ( )

67. Devolution Guidance Note 10: post-devolution primary legislation affecting Scotland ( ).

68. More Powers for the Scottish Parliament, published by the Scottish Government in October 2014 ( ), set out a comprehensive set of proposals for maximum self-government for Scotland within the UK.


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