Priorities Moving Forward
In order to grow our economy and address key social issues by becoming a world-leading entrepreneurial and innovative nation we need to take action to develop our strengths and address the challenges we face.
We need a collective approach that brings companies, universities, public agencies and customers together to exploit more of the opportunities that drive growth and increase exports.
We consider there are four main themes to transform Scotland's performance as an entrepreneurial and innovative nation. These themes have been generated by assessing existing evidence and analysis and through discussions with stakeholders across the public, private and third sectors. They will guide how Team Scotland moves forward and will be the focus of our key priorities over the next three years.
Our entrepreneurs and innovators have the support, skills, and finance to start and develop growth enterprises.
In order to innovate and grow, businesses need to have the right team in place with the necessary leadership and technical skills to create new products and services. They need to have access to the right kind of business support as well as the opportunities of the digital economy and appropriate, affordable finance. A supportive regulatory regime that reduces the burden of bureaucracy on our entrepreneurs and innovators is also required. The Scottish Business Resilience Centre  can help our businesses to safeguard their assets.
There is already a range of business support for entrepreneurs and innovators with growth potential across Scotland and we will continue to work to ensure this is aligned and focused on the needs of business.
NB: this diagram is an indication of some of the key agencies and resources available to support business growth and ambition in Scotland. It is not intended to be exhaustive.
Entrepreneurial Spark (E-Spark)
A five month business accelerator - Hatchery - where start-ups and early stage businesses are nurtured, enabled and challenged, E-Spark  is about the entrepreneur, their mindset and how they go about their business, regardless of sector. E-Spark look for a workable idea and the look in the eye that shouts - I am going to do this!
E-Spark offers start-up support, business mentoring, workshops, office space, IT and facilities all free in a collaborative environment for like-minded entrepreneurs to test their ideas, network and, ideally, grow. Packed into a structured five month programme designed to develop entrepreneurial mindsets and behaviours, E-Spark is currently located across three Hatcheries in Glasgow, Edinburgh and Ayrshire.
We will continue to invest in those companies with the greatest potential for growth, internationalisation and economic benefit through schemes such as SMART: Scotland; R&D Grant for Business; Proof of Concept and Knowledge Transfer Grant; Smart Exporter; and the Entrepreneurial Development Programme. See the Scottish Business Portal  for full details of current schemes and support.
The next programme of European Structural and Investment ( ESI) Funds 2014-20 will also support entrepreneurship and growth through an increased focus on business competitiveness and innovation. The funds will focus on the key drivers of growth through offering business advice, support and leadership development which bridges current services and makes it easier to start and grow a business in Scotland. Additional innovation support will better link academia to business and commercialisation by helping businesses to develop new globally competitive products, services and processes. Overall, the support from the ESI funds will help to identify the next set of high growth companies, in particular focusing on those which could achieve growth in the next five years and helping those companies achieve and sustain that growth.
Our entrepreneurs and innovators need access to the right skills and training for themselves and their employees that will help them to develop and grow their enterprises. The industry led Skills Investment Plans, delivered through Skills Development Scotland ( SDS), provide a framework for businesses and employers to articulate the right skills needed to support the development of Scotland's growth sectors. SDS's web service for individuals, My World of Work  is currently developing a suite of new content on enterprise and entrepreneurship due for launch early 2014. Using a range of tools, features and case studies, the content will introduce enterprise skills and their relevance to career development; and help individuals consider entrepreneurship as
a potential career path.
Our colleges and universities are crucial to ensure our businesses have access to a supply of entrepreneurial and innovative graduates equipped with the skills, training and appetite to join growing businesses. The Scottish Funding Council engages with colleges and universities to highlight the need for applied learning and understanding of business needs. The WildHearts Foundation  has been promoting 'entrepreneurial apprentices' who will be placed with high growth potential businesses.
The digital economy is key to much entrepreneurial activity and innovation and to support our businesses to work in the digital economy we are investing in infrastructure that will allow super-fast broadband rollout across Scotland. The Step Change Programme  is putting in place infrastructure that will have the capacity to deliver next generation broadband to at least 85 per cent of premises by 2015-16 and 95 per cent by 2017-18. There will also be a new Digital Scotland Economy Partnership with our public and private sector partners, to ensure that all of Scotland's businesses can benefit from the digital age.
A particular challenge for any entrepreneurial and innovative business is securing finance for growth, particularly in the current economic context. We will therefore continue to work with the banks to improve the supply of finance to new and growing ventures and with Scotland's vibrant Business Angel community.
Scottish Enterprise will provide advisory services for companies seeking to access finance, including through the finance hub of the Scottish Business Portal  and a team of investment readiness specialists. The Scottish Investment Bank  will continue to work with our most entrepreneurial and innovative companies to ensure they have debt and equity financial solutions. We are also investigating the potential of non-bank finance such as peer-to-peer lending and crowd funding, including funding a Saltire Fellowship to investigate the US experience.
A key opportunity for Scotland is to help unleash the growth potential in our established middle-sized companies, many of which are family businesses with proud heritages. The Scottish Government will therefore work with the Federation of Small Businesses, Scottish Chambers of Commerce, Business Gateway and our enterprise agencies to develop the entrepreneurial and innovative capability of Scotland's established businesses.
Priorities moving forward:
- Providing aligned and focussed business support to improve entrepreneurial and innovative capabilities.
- Having a range of public sector investment support available.
- Focussing on the skills businesses need to innovate and grow.
- Supporting entrepreneurs and innovative businesses to work in the digital economy.
- Working to secure greater access to finance.
- Working with our established middle-sized companies to support growth potential.
Scottish EDGE - Encouraging Dynamic Growth Entrepreneurs
The Scottish EDGE Fund  is a collaboration between Scottish Government, Entrepreneurial Spark, Royal Bank of Scotland, Business Gateway and our enterprise agencies. It targets ambitious entrepreneurs wishing to establish or grow their business and provides real opportunities for them to contribute to Scotland's economic success. In the first two rounds, the competition has awarded over £1.2 million of support to 34 young Scottish businesses with real growth potential.
Clear Returns  predictive technology has the power to save retailers significant money, by highlighting the products, processes, suppliers and customers causing costly returns - and triggering intelligent responses. They help e-commerce and multichannel retailers optimise for profit, not simply sales. The company is already working with major UK and international retailers, including Scottish headquartered retailer M & Co. Clear Returns was recently named Best New Product at the 2013 Digital Technology Awards, won IBM SmartCamp in Dublin and the Big Data Venture Challenge in Rome.
Clear Returns was assisted with £30,000 of Scottish EDGE funding, which has helped it focus on sales development and a SMART: Scotland award that has helped development of the highly innovative technology. The company is now raising up to £1 million to fund global expansion.
Scotland is a nation that values and celebrates Entrepreneurship and Innovation.
We need to ensure that entrepreneurship and innovation is embedded across Scottish society and that Scotland is truly seen as a CAN DO place. Within a global marketplace where competitive advantage is realised through innovative products, processes and business models, fostering an entrepreneurial and ambitious culture is essential. Scotland needs more people with an entrepreneurial mindset and ambition, with a greater appetite for risk and reward, people who can create new products and services and grow companies of international scale.
Our education system is key to realising our ambition. Through Curriculum for Excellence, teachers and others who support young people's learning are able to inspire and unleash the potential of our next generation of innovators and entrepreneurs. Curriculum for Excellence's framework for learning and teaching has enterprise as one of five cross-cutting themes which underpin learning across the whole curriculum. Our former enterprise in education strategy, Determined to Succeed, was embedded within Curriculum for Excellence from April 2011. The Scottish Councils' Enterprise in Education Network ( SCEEN) meets regularly to share intelligence and best practice across the country in enterprise and entrepreneurial activity in schools and other settings.
- The Scottish Government will be facilitating collaborative work between Education Scotland, the Association of Directors of Education in Scotland, Micro-Tyco, the Social Enterprise Academy, Young Enterprise Scotland, The Prince's Trust and other partners to create further accessible resources for schools and pupils.
"I didn't really like school. I got suspended twice but I can't really remember why. We had to borrow a pound from Micro-Tyco, and when I was sitting thinking about it, the only thing I'd do with a pound before would be to buy a scratchy card or put a football coupon on. Now I know how to go about setting up a business and making investments."
Micro-Tyco  is a ground-breaking enterprise challenge, run by the WildHearts Foundation, that has brought together over 10,000 participants, from school children to business executives. Micro-Tyco's vision is to ignite the spirit of enterprise across our culture.
Taking inspiration from the spirit of WildHearts microfinance clients in the developing world, Micro-Tyco challenges teams to grow £1 into as much money as possible in just four weeks. Its unique combination of inspiration, business mentorship, positive peer pressure and ethics produces incredible results. To date, over £500,000 has been returned from just 1,900 £1 loans.
Jamie Maguire was a 16 year-old school excludee when he participated in Micro-Tyco. Even so, his team transformed their £1 micro-loan into £1,500. His success in Micro-Tyco attracted the attention of Arnold Clark, who have since taken Jamie on as a trainee mechanic.
Entrepreneurship and innovation also need to be further promoted across Scotland's colleges and universities as exciting career options available for talented individuals. Scotland's new regional college structure presents an exciting opportunity to do this and will be an integral part of increasing entrepreneurship and innovation across Scotland. The Independent Commission for Developing Scotland's Young Workforce,  chaired by Sir Ian Wood, will also be examining the potential for increasing entrepreneurship as it concludes its work.
- The Scottish Government and RBS are facilitating Young Enterprise Scotland's Bridge2Business  initiative to boost aspiration and capability towards starting businesses amongst our college students. The aim of the project is to inspire, connect and support college students into business. It is being piloted at City of Glasgow College.
Young Innovators Challenge
The Scottish Government has also supported the Young Innovators Challenge  - a competition aimed at encouraging young people in college, training or university to come up with innovative ideas. Funded by the Scottish Government, the competition is run by the Scottish Institute for Enterprise.
In the 2013 competition, entrants were asked to create innovative solutions to challenges set by industry leaders. Finalists then pitched their ideas to a business panel of experts for the chance to win development funding up to £50,000 and business support.
Laura-Jayne Nevin, a graduate from Edinburgh College of Art, was a 2013 winner. Laura-Jayne intends to open Wool & Co, a contemporary yarn boutique and knitting studio that aims to encourage the younger generation into knitting.
There is widespread agreement around the importance of role models in developing an entrepreneurial and innovative culture. We are currently supporting the 1001 Enterprising Scots  project to develop a repository of video resources featuring a wide range of Scots talking about their businesses. This will be freely available and searchable allowing experiences of entrepreneurship and innovation to be shared. Further promotion of role models will be vital in raising levels of ambition.
A key principle we value is to promote inclusiveness in entrepreneurship and innovation, working with key business, social and third sector organisations to ensure all members of society in Scotland are able to realise their potential to be entrepreneurs and innovators. This includes working with the Enterprise Research Centre at Strathclyde University  in order to better understand how black and ethnic minority entrepreneurs can be better supported and celebrated and also to promote entrepreneurship by women.
Women's Enterprise Scotland
Women's Enterprise Scotland  will collaborate with public, private and third sector partners to lead on a framework of actions specific to tackling the gender gap evident in enterprise and growth. This will include a project that ensures that successful women entrepreneurs are appropriately celebrated and are aided in sharing their skills and insights with the next generation of Scottish businesswomen.
The Prince's Initiative for Mature Enterprise ( PRIME)
The Prince's Initiative for Mature Enterprise  is dedicated to providing everyone over 50, who is unemployed or under threat of redundancy, with the support to achieve financial, social and personal fulfilment through sustainable self-employment. The Scottish operation commenced in February 2013 with a three-year target to help create 300 new businesses with the over 50s, including through awareness sessions and training.
Jimmy, 63, attended PRIME's three-day Glasgow business training course in April 2013 and has gone on to establish a business designing jewellery that has a sporting and inspirational twist. Jimmy believes that the training provided by PRIME has helped him to keep focus and meant he has been able to move his ideas forward.
VisitScotland has been promoting entrepreneurial ambition through its Thistle Awards  which feature a category of Tourism Entrepreneur. Over 100 entries were received demonstrating the entrepreneurial energy in the sector.
- WildHearts and their partners are working towards the establishment of a significant annual prize for ready-to-market business ideas that will offer a positive outcome for 'global good'.
Our town centres can be at the heart of enterprise and community as identified in the National Review of Town Centres External Advisory Report. 
- The Scottish Government, Scotpreneur, the Scottish Business Resilience Centre and other partners will deliver a competition that enables the key actors within our town centres to enhance and develop their local entrepreneurial ecosystems. By supporting the development of these 'living labs' we will ensure that our town centres are equipped to support the economic and social aspirations of their communities.
Priorities moving forward:
- Through Curriculum for Excellence, supporting teachers and schools to inspire the next generation of entrepreneurs and innovators.
- Promoting entrepreneurship and innovation across our colleges and universities.
- Promoting a series of inspirational entrepreneurial and innovative role models.
- Delivering a series of projects to realise the potential for a wider range of people across Scottish society to engage in entrepreneurship and innovation.
- Supporting the ambition for our town centres to be at the heart of enterprise and community in Scotland.
"I applied to PJEA at Stow College in the hope that I could change my career path. And that is exactly what has happened, no looking back now. I can now walk out into the business world with my own network!" Natalie
Entrepreneurship at Stow College
Stow College in Glasgow (becoming part of the new Glasgow Kelvin College) is currently the only Scottish member of the Gazelle Colleges group: a group of 20 UK colleges committed to improving teaching and learning through an entrepreneurial-based approach, ensuring that students leave college with the attitude, skills and capabilities needed for success.
In September 2012, Stow established Scotland's first Peter Jones Enterprise Academy ( PJEA). Backed by the Dragon's Den entrepreneur, PJEA at Stow offers learners the opportunity to achieve a BTEC Level 3 Diploma in Enterprise and Entrepreneurship. Learners also have an opportunity to develop the essential skills and attitudes for today's business world. The programme includes students setting up their own business or social enterprise. Natalie Morrison and Serign Sanneh are two of the successful students from the first PJEA intake at Stow.
Natalie has been successful in securing a place on E-Spark's Business Accelerator Programme. Her company, You-olo (You Only Live Once), is an online platform designed to give 16-24 year olds the confidence, knowledge and support that they need to start their own businesses.
Serign's business has also been accepted on to E-Spark's Accelerator programme. PalmAfrica.com is an online directory and marketplace aimed at helping Africans and Caribbeans in the UK to become more enterprising and to help existing businesses to grow.
"Stow College and PJEA presented me with endless opportunities. In October 2013 during Black History Month, PalmAfrica.com will be officially launched with various workshops and an entrepreneurship competition launched which will then become an annual event." Serign
Our entrepreneurs and innovators can network and work together to help fulfil their ambitions.
Supporting businesses which have the greatest potential for growth, internationalisation and economic benefit requires a linking together of the people, ideas, experience, technology, finance and production networks needed to successfully develop new ideas and methods and then bringing them to scale and market. We also need to improve creation and exploitation of knowledge across the innovation system, including through encouraging more collaborations between businesses and between businesses and academia.
The network between business and academia is crucial. There is a need to support and promote the benefits of knowledge exchange collaborations between businesses, universities and colleges that deliver a positive economic impact.
Collaboration at Alexander Dennis
Alexander Dennis Limited  ( ADL) is a great example of where a collaborative approach built around an emerging global market opportunity can really add to Scotland's competitive position internationally. In 2013 the first large collaborative Scottish Enterprise Research and Development grant was awarded to ADL, BAE Systems and the Power Network Demonstrator Centre to produce a new bus system capable of operating in 100 per cent electric mode via highly innovative underground on route charging infrastructure. Unlike current electric hybrid buses where the battery is topped by the diesel engine, the new bus can run for up to 30 minutes with the engine off.
Knowledge Transfer Parternship
Knowledge Transfer Partnerships ( KTP)  help businesses, including social enterprises, improve their competitiveness and productivity through the better use of knowledge, technology and skills that reside within the UK Knowledge Base. Each KTP programme brings together a company, academic institute and one or more recently qualified students, known as KTP Associates, in challenging projects that meet a core strategic need within the company.
Currently funded by 15 Government organisations and led by the Technology Strategy Board, with co-sponsors including the Scottish Government and Research Councils, KTP partnerships are designed to benefit everyone involved. Outcomes include increase in profitability for company partners; associates gaining business-based experience and the Knowledge Base partner enhancing the business relevance of their research and teaching.
Such benefits were realised in Clyde Space's KTP  with Strathclyde University which helped establish the company at the forefront of CubeSat micro-satellite design and position Scotland as a leader in space technology. With the help of the partnership, the company won a contract from the UK Space consortium for testing, construction and assembly of UKube-1, the UK's first CubeSat (nanosatellite) system.
The Fraunhofer Centre for Applied Photonics  was launched in April 2013 and is based in Strathclyde University's Technology and Innovation Centre. A first in the UK, the Centre is the product of a collaborative effort between Fraunhofer Gesellschaft, Europe's largest organisation for applied research, Strathclyde University, the Scottish Government, Scottish Enterprise and the Scottish Funding Council. It will be a hub for industry-driven laser research and technology for sectors including healthcare, security, energy and transport.
Fraunhofer UK Research Ltd is the umbrella organisation for any future UK-based Fraunhofer research centres. It is also based in Strathclyde University and will work across universities and industry to ensure research is developed to a stage where it can readily be adopted by industry.
The Scottish Funding Council  , working with Scotland's universities and enterprise agencies, have launched Innovation Scotland - a shared strategy to increase the simplicity of, and improve the effectiveness of, the support for business growth through innovation arising from collaboration with universities.
The Innovation Scotland transformation agenda will be driven by a high profile Innovation Scotland Forum to ensure that opportunities to better support innovation and entrepreneurialism are identified and that effective action to stimulate business demand for innovation is taken. Examples of the Innovation Scotland strategy in action already include the enhanced work of Interface and the ongoing creation of Scotland's Innovation Centres. These demand-led centres will stimulate economic growth through the innovation arising from businesses and universities working together.
Interface Connecting Business and Education
Interface  is the matchmaker service which connects businesses with Scotland's 24 higher education and research institutes to stimulate innovation and growth. Through intelligent brokerage mechanisms and the face-to-face nature of Interface over 1,227 business and academic partnerships and around 750 collaborative projects have been facilitated resulting in a wide range of societal and economic benefits to support the Scottish economy. Over the last year Interface has gone from strength to strength, broadening its reach across all industry sectors from food and drink to tourism and all regions both rural and urban.
Equal Adventure  is a company who recently worked with Interface. Located near Aviemore in the Highlands of Scotland, Equal Adventure is a registered charity with an overall mission to inspire and resource outdoor adventure, sport and active lifestyles with disabled people.
The company had developed and created a prototype of snow board bindings for double leg amputees and needed to complete stringent laboratory-based assessments of the prototype. Interface identified the knowledge and facilities required within the University of Strathclyde which enabled a student to undertake the design, development and testing required.
The project resulted in a working prototype and enabled Equal Adventure to demonstrate that the bindings were safe for use by double leg amputees. In doing so they have been able to add another product to their range and enter a new market for injured veterans. This also safeguarded four jobs within the organisation and a number of opportunities have been identified for further collaboration with universities.
The Stratified Medicine Scotland Innovation Centre
The Stratified Medicine Scotland Innovation Centre  is a partnership involving Health Science Scotland  , Scottish businesses and major global companies. It will have a base at the new South Glasgow Hospital.
Stratified medicine exploits the latest advances in DNA sequencing technology to determine the genetic make-up of patients undergoing treatment for different diseases. The goal is to find which treatments work best in which patient so clinicians can choose the most appropriate and effective treatment for each patient. The SMS- IC will focus primarily on developing new forms of effective treatment for chronic diseases, including cancer, stroke, diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, and respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. The aim is to lead a global transformation in healthcare delivery.
Accessing European research and development funding is a key way business and universities and colleges can work together. To support this the Scottish Funding Council has launched a new £400,000 funding scheme to help at least 80 Scottish businesses break into the European research market. The Horizon 2020 SME Engagement Scheme intends to support businesses to explore Horizon 2020 European research funding opportunities with the assistance of Scottish universities. The new voucher scheme provides up to £5,000 of support for each project.
Mentoring is seen as an essential way for entrepreneurs and innovative businesses to network with, gain insight from and develop opportunities with more experienced business leaders. The profile and understanding of mentoring needs to be raised to ensure entrepreneurs and innovators are better able to access and take advantage of the practice.
- The Scottish Government will develop a comprehensive understanding of the mentoring landscape. Following this we will facilitate key partners to develop and promote a joined-up service that better allows mentors to offer their skills and that enhances the offer to potential mentees.
Priorities moving forward:
- Ensure better collaboration and knowledge exchange between businesses and between business and universities and colleges.
- Implement Innovation Scotland and Innovation Centres to support greater business and academic collaboration.
- Support businesses to access European research and development funds, particularly Horizon 2020.
- Support and develop the opportunities for mentoring for our entrepreneurs and innovative companies.
Demand and Opportunities
Stimulating demand and market opportunities to accelerate the development of new products and services.
Entrepreneurship and innovation exists where there is customer demand and market opportunities. We need an increased focus on creating consumer demand for new products and services through innovation and encouraging entrepreneurship. We need to ensure Scottish companies are able to access market opportunities that present themselves, particularly exporting and internationalisation, including having the skills related to marketing and selling.
Customers can be instrumental in driving entrepreneurship and innovation. These can be individual consumers or public or private organisations. A key way to influence this is to use innovative procurement to drive innovation and public service design and delivery. This could include pre-commercial procurement and setting challenges and competitions. European Regional Development Funding has been allocated to support a pilot programme to establish a Procurement Facilitator Programme. The programme will focus on pre-commercial procurement, looking to capture public sector needs, stimulate awareness and understanding within the business community of the opportunities available and aid skills and capacity transfer.
Industry Leadership Groups ( ILGs) could have a key role in advising on ways to develop demand through innovation. Key to this will be the cross-cutting Technology Advisory Group  , which brings together industry and public agencies, and has the vision "to unleash the inherent innovation and business potential that exists within the Scottish Technology and Engineering Sector".
Innovation Procurement and Demand Stimulation
The Scottish Government, Scottish Enterprise and Highlands and Islands Enterprise are currently engaged in a pilot project with Caledonian Maritime Assets Ltd  ( CMAL) to support an innovative procurement approach to address unmet demand for dockside charging solutions for their new hybrid ferries. The approach looked at providing information to businesses at the pre-commercial stage allowing the outline of the new requirement to be described at an information day. This was followed up using a competitive dialogue technique which allowed discussions between interested businesses and CMAL as part of the procurement process.
Government can also play a direct role in stimulating innovation, and, using a challenge-based approach, can work together with industry and other partners to come up with solutions to real life public sector issues. The Scottish Government is now using this model to take forward innovation in health in a way that supports the development of innovative products for the Scottish market and beyond.
NHSScotland has a Vision for 2020  that everyone will be able to live longer healthier lives at home, or in a homely setting. A key component of this is to move the focus of care and support away from the hospital to the communities and homes where people live. This vision is about transformational change, not incremental improvement. To make this happen, innovative models of care and different ways of working must be created and adopted.
- The Scottish Collaborative Innovation Partnership Process ( SCIPP)  is looking to address the NHSScotland 2020 challenge by promoting radical thinking on extending and improving quality care outside the hospital. The best ideas that emerge from the process will, under sponsorship from the Scottish Government, be developed, supported and scaled through appropriate support mechanisms including NHS procurement, NHS planning, partnership working and the Technology Strategy Board's Small Business Research Initiative programme.
Health and Wealth in Scotland: A Statement of Intent for Innovation in Health
Health And Wealth In Scotland: A Statement Of Intent For Innovation In Health  highlights that Scotland is well placed to be an international centre for innovation in health with an integrated health service with major quality ambitions, a strong life sciences industry, excellent informatics and first class universities and research capability.
The Statement sets out how partnership working with Government, NHSScotland, industry and the research community can aid the development, marketing and adoption of products and medicines that are better matched to its needs, and which are evidence-based. The Statement is an explicit driver to entrepreneurship and innovation in Scottish companies in the life sciences and health sectors to create and develop for market the next generation of health technologies and solutions.
To help support this aim the Scottish Government has launched the Scottish Collaborative Innovation Partnership Process which challenges a range of partners including Health Boards, industry, academia and the third sector for innovative ideas that will help transform future care outside hospitals. The best ideas that emerge from the process will, under sponsorship from the Scottish Government, be developed, supported and scaled through appropriate support mechanisms including NHS procurement, NHS planning, partnership working and the Small Business Research Initiative programme.
A key way of generating new demand and opportunities is to support the conversion of science and technology ideas into new products and services which have the potential to significantly impact on our economy.
The Scottish Science Advisory Council report, Making the Most of our Scientific Excellence  (2013) concludes a two-year period of work on this topic. Key recommendations in the report include, amongst others:
- that commercial skills should be embedded in all Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics ( STEM) degree courses;
- the establishment of an annual 'entrepreneurship' summer school;
- that consideration be given to setting up a 'payroll support' scheme to encourage post-graduate employment in Scottish SMEs;
- encouraging the creation of one or more generic graduate training scheme(s) matched to the needs of companies, including small and start-up companies, that do not have in-house schemes; and
- that a target 10 per cent of public procurement (health service, local authority) be spent on innovative services and products from SMEs and that the procurement process be redesigned to allow (and even encourage) a higher level of risk in taking on new products and services.
The Technology Strategy Board  ( TSB) has contributed to a number of recent innovation initiatives in Scotland focused on stimulating demand and creating opportunities. The TSB will be a key partner in developing this further.
Offshore Renewable Energy Catapult
Funded through commercial funding and investment from the Technology Strategy Board, Catapult is a network of technology and innovation centres that aim to provide businesses an opportunity to access facilities, equipment and expertise so they can develop, test and exploit new ideas and products in a number of key technology sectors.
Headquartered in Glasgow, the Offshore Renewable Energy Catapult  will work with project developers, their supply chain partners, testing facilities and others to develop, commercialise and grow innovative technologies and technological solutions in the field of offshore renewable energy.
Exploratory work will also be undertaken as part of Scotland's membership of the Smart Specialisation Platform, to learn from international good practice in areas such as demand driven innovation policies, tools to enhance service-led innovation and opportunities to engage more SMEs in innovation.
The impact of strong sales and marketing skills on the growth of businesses is clear. Public, private and third sector partners will therefore work in collaboration to develop and facilitate the skill-sets of sales and marketing engagement and promote the value of these skills.
Being able to export and access new international markets is a key part of entrepreneurship and innovation. When companies start to export, or reach into new markets, they will need to innovate to address customer needs. For firms of all sizes there is a strong positive association between innovation, exporting and productivity and growth - innovation and exporting work jointly to improve business performance.
Analysis shows that companies that received both innovation support and internationalisation support report bigger impacts than those that received just one of these.  Furthermore, SMEs which have a track record of innovation are more likely to export, more likely to export successfully, and more likely to generate growth from exporting than non-innovating firms. 
Scottish Development International  is committed to supporting and working with any Scottish business that wants to trade internationally, including through the Smart Exporter programme  which supports companies exporting for the first time.
The GlobalScot  network also offers significant opportunity to help businesses access experienced individuals who can help them to reach new customers and understand the dynamics in new markets and we will explore this further. The Power of Youth  initiative has also been developing its network and capabilities through support from the Scottish Government and the Royal Bank of Scotland in order to create opportunities for growing Scottish companies of international scope.
Priorities moving forward:
- A greater focus on how customers, public and private, can influence entrepreneurship and innovation, including through innovative procurement.
- Working with the Scottish Science Advisory Council to ensure Scotland's scientific excellence can fully drive innovation opportunities.
- Working with the Technology Strategy Board to identify opportunities where Scottish organisations can collaborate or compete for funding.
- Assessing the potential for additional support for sales and marketing skills.
- A continued focus on exports and support for entrepreneurial and innovative business to internationalise.
Email: Tom Craig, firstname.lastname@example.org