Estranged students in Further (FE) and Higher Education (HE) - experiences: research

Research to understand the experiences of estranged students in further and higher education in Scotland.


Blake, L. (2017) Parents and Children Who Are Estranged in Adulthood: A Review and Discussion of the Literature, Journal of Family Theory and Review, 9 (December 2017): 521–536, retrieved from:

Blake, L., Bland, B, and Golombok, S. (2015). Hidden voices: family estrangement in adulthood. Stand Alone. Retrieved from:

Blake, L., Bland, B., Foley, S. & Imrie, S. (2020) Family estrangement and the Covid-19 crisis. Retrieved from:

Bland, B. (2015). Focus on access and retention. Risks for students who are estranged or disowned by their family. Stand Alone. Retrieved from:

Bland, B. and Shaw, J. (2015). New Starts: The challenges of Higher Education without the support of a family network. Stand Alone and Unite Foundation. Retrieved from:

Commissioner for Fair Access. (2020). Fair Access to Higher Education: progress and challenges. Annual Report 2020. Scottish Government. Retrieved from:

Costa, C., Taylor, Y., Goodfellow, C. & Ecochard, S. (2020) Estranged students in higher education: navigating social and economic capitals, Cambridge Journal of Education, 50:1, 107-123. Retrieved from:

Hall, R. (2022) Warnings of mental health crisis among 'Covid generation' of students. Published in The Guardian on 28th of June 2022. Retrieved from:

Howieson, C. and Minty, S. (2019) Supporting widening participation students at university, CES Briefing 67, 2019, Centre for Educational Sociology: Edinburgh. Retrieved from:

Minty, S. and Vertigans, S. (2021). Accessing Robert Gordon University: The experiences of students from disadvantaged backgrounds. Aberdeen: Robert Gordon University. Retrieved from:

NUS. (2022). Cost of Living Research June 2022 – Students and Apprentices. NUS. Retrieved from:

NUS Scotland (2022). Broke: how Scotland is failing its students. Edinburgh: NUS Scotland. Retrieved from:

Office for Students. (2020). Annex G: Differences in student outcomes – further characteristics Estrangement. Office for Students. Retrieved from:

Scottish Government (2017) Student financial support in Scotland. Scottish Government. Retrieved from:

Scottish Government, (2020). Case studies of student hardship during COVID-19: Final Research Report. Edinburgh: Scottish Government. Retrieved from:

Scottish Government (2021) Scotland's Future: SNP Manifesto, 2021. Retrieved from:

SFC (Scottish Funding Council) (2021a). The National Policy for FE Busaries 2021-22. Retrieved from:

SFC (2021b). FE Discretionary Fund AY 2021-22. Retrieved from:

SFC (2022a). FE Discretionary Fund AY 2022-23. Retrieved from:

SFC (2022b) Report on Widening Access 2020-21, Edinburgh: SFC. Retrieved from:

Stand Alone. (2022). Our champions who have taken the pledge. Retrieved from:

Taylor, Y. and Costa, C. (2019a). Estranged Students in Higher and Further Education: Initial Report. Glasgow: University of Strathclyde. Retrieved from:

Taylor, Y. & Costa, C. (2019b) Estranged Students in Higher and Further Education: Illustrating the issues. Glasgow: University of Strathclyde. Retrieved from:



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