Citizens' Assembly of Scotland: research report

Findings of a collaborative research project led by a team of Scottish Government Social Researchers and independent academics from the Universities of Edinburgh and Newcastle, on Scotland’s first national Citizens’ Assembly


Bobbio, L., 2013. La Qualita della Deliberazione. s.l.:Carroci Editore.

Davidson, S., Elstub, S., Stark, A. & Johns, R., 2017. Rating the Debates: The 2010 Party Leaders Debates and the Deliberative System. British Politics, 12(2), pp. 183-208.

Elstub, S. & Pomatto, G., 2018. Mini-Publics and Deliberative Constitutionalism. In: J. King, H. Kong & R. Levy, eds. The Cambridge Handbook of Deliberative Constitutionalism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 295-310.

Elstub, S., Farrell, D., Carrick, J. & Mockler, P., 2021a. Evaluation of Climate Assembly UK, Newcastle: Newcastle University.

Elstub, S. et al., 2021b. The Resilience of Pandemic Digital Deliberation: An Analysis of Online Synchronous Forums. Journal of the European Institute for Communication and Culture, pp. 1-19.

Escobar, O., 2011. Public dialogue and deliberation: A communication perspective for public engagement practitioners. Edinburgh: UK Beacons for Public Engagement.

Escobar, O., 2019. Facilitators: The micropolitics of public participation and deliberation. In: S. Elstub & O. Escobar, eds. The Handbook of Democratic Innovation and Governance. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, pp. 178-195.

Escobar, O. & Elstub, S. 2017. Forms of mini-publics: An introduction to deliberative innovations in democratic practice. Research and Development Note 4, newDemocracy Foundation, Open Access

Escobar, O. & Thompson, A., 2019. Mixed methods research in democratic innovation. In: Handbook of Democratic Innovation and Governance. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd, pp. 501-514.

Faulkner, W. & Bynner, C., 2020. How to design and plan public engagement processes, Glasgow: What Works Scotland.

Gerber, M., Schaub, H. P. & Müller, S., 2019. O sister, where art thou? Theory and evidence on female participation at citizen assemblies. European Journal of Politics and Gender, 2(2), pp. 173-195.

Harris, C., 2019. Mini-publics: design choices and legitimacy. In: S. Elstub & O. Escobar, eds. Handbook of Democratic Innovation and Governance. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, pp. 45-59.

Harris, C., Farrell , D. M., Suiter, J. & Brennan, M., 2021. Women's voices in a deliberative assembly: An analysis of gender rates of participation in Ireland's Convention on the Constitution 2012-2014. The British Journal of Politics and International Relations, 23(1), pp. 175-193.

Marien, S., Goovaerts, L. & Elstub, S., 2020. Deliberative qualities in televised election debates: the influence of the electoral system and populism. West European Politics, 43(6), pp. 1262-1284.

OECD, 2020. Innovative Citizen Participation and New Democratic Institutions: Catching the Deliberative Wave, Paris: OECD Publishing.

Pomatto, G., 2019. Journalists: The role of the media in democratic innovation. In: S. Elstub & O. Escobar, eds. Handbook of Democratic Innovation and Governance. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, pp. 269-280.

Ravazzi, S., 2013. Facilitare la deliberazione. Il ruolo dei professionisti. In: L. Bobbio, ed. La Quality della Deliberazione. s.l.:Carocci Editore.

Roberts, J. & Escobar, O., 2015. Involving communities in deliberation: A study of three citizens' juries on onshore wind farms in Scotland.

Roberts, J., Lightbody, R., Low, R. & Elstub, S., 2020. Experts and evidence in deliberation: scrutinising the role of witnesses and evidence in mini-publics, a case study. Policy Sciences, Volume 53, pp. 3-32.

Steenbergen, M. R., Bächtiger, A. M., Sporndli, M. & Steiner, J., 2003. Measuring Political Deliberation: A Discourse Quality Index. Comparative European Politics, 1(1), pp. 21-48.

Thompson, A. G. H. et al., 2021. The importance of context and the effect of information and deliberation on opinion change regarding environmental issues in citizens' juries. Sustainability, 13(17), p. 9852.

Thompson, N., 2019. The role of elected representatives in democratic innovations. In: S. Elstub & O. Escobar, eds. Handbook of Democratic Innovation and Governance. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, pp. 255-268.



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