Protecting Scotland's children and young people: it is still everyone's job

Review of various child protection systems and organisations in Scotland.

Appendix E: Acronyms & Glossary


APCAdult Protection Committee

ADPAlcohol and Drug Partnerships

COGChief Officers' Group

CPCChild Protection Committee

CPOChild Protection Orders

CPPCommunity Planning Partnerships

CPRChild Protection Register

CSOCompulsory Supervision Order

FAIFatal Accident Inquiry

GIRFECGetting it Right for Every Child

ICRInitial Case Review

IJBIntegration Joint Boards

IRDInitial Referral Discussion

LSCBLocal Safeguarding Children's Boards (In England and Wales)

MAPPAMulti-Agency Public Protection Arrangements

SCRSignificant Case Review (Scotland)

Serious Case Reviews in England & Wales (pre-2013). Child Practice Reviews ( CPR) were introduced in Wales in 2013.

UNCRCUnited Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child


Abuse & Neglect

Abuse and neglect are forms of maltreatment to a child as set out in the National Guidance on Child Protection in Scotland (2014). These include:

  • Physical abuse is the causing of physical harm to a child or young person. This may include hitting, shaking, throwing, poisoning, burning or scalding, drowning or suffocating.
  • Emotional abuse is persistent emotional neglect or ill-treatment that has severe and persistent adverse effects on a child's emotional development.
  • Sexual abuse is any act that involves a child in any activity that is for the sexual gratification of another person, whether or not it is claimed that the child consented or assented. The activities may involve physical contact, both penetrative and non-penetrative acts. They may involve non-contact activities, such as involving children in looking at or involved in the production of indecent images, or in watching sexual images, using sexual language towards a child or encouraging children to behave in sexually inappropriate ways.
  • Neglect is the persistent failure to meet a child's basic physical and/or psychological needs, likely to result in the serious impairment of the child's health or development.

Child Protection

Child protection means protecting a child from abuse and neglect. Abuse and neglect need not to have taken place; it is sufficient for a risk assessment to identify the likelihood of risk of significant harm from abuse and/or neglect.

Child Protection Order

Authorises the applicant to remove a child from circumstances in which he or she is at risk or retain him or her in a place of safety.

Child Protection Plan

Agreed interagency plan outlining in detail the arrangements for attempting to ensure the protection of a child and supports to the family.

Children's Reporter

An independent person, employed by the Scottish Children's Reporters Administration who has statutory powers for the protection and wellbeing of children.

Compulsory Measures of Supervision

Statutory measures for monitoring and intervening where necessary.

Looked after child

A child is 'looked after' by a local authority when he or she is:

a)provided with accommodation by a local authority under section 25 of Children (Scotland) Act1995; or
b)subject to a compulsory supervision order or an interim compulsory supervision order made by a children's hearing in respect of whom the local authority are the implementation authority (within the meaning of the 2011 Act); or
c)living in Scotland and subject to an order in respect of whom a Scottish local authority has responsibilities, as a result of a transfer of an order under regulations made under section 33 of the 1995 Act or section 190 of the 2011 Act; or.
d)subject to a Permanence Order made after an application by the local authority under section 80 of the 2007 Act.

Looked after 'at home'

A child is either:

a)Child is subject to a Compulsory Supervision Order ( CSO) with "no condition of residence".
b)Child lives with their parent(s), or other family member, under the supervision of the local authority.
c)Child is 'looked after' by the local authority for the duration of the CSO.

Looked after away from home

A child lives with carers 'away from' their parents or regular carers, under the supervision of the local authority, in kinship care, foster care or some form of residential care (including secure care). A child is either:

(a)subject to a Compulsory Supervision Order ( CSO) with a condition of residence;
(b)provided with accommodation under section 25 of the 1995 Act;
(c)subject to a Permanence Order; or
(d)living in Scotland and subject to an order in respect of whom a Scottish local authority has responsibilities.

Procurator Fiscal

Public prosecutor who acts in the public interest and considers reports of a crime and investigates fatalities which require further explanation to decide whether or not to prosecute and/or raise Fatal Accident Inquiry proceedings.


Risk is the likelihood or probability of a particular outcome given the presence of factors in a child or young person's life.

Significant harm

Significant harm can result from a specific incident, a series of incidents or an accumulation of concerns over a period of time. Significant harm is a complex matter and subject to professional judgement that requires multi-agency assessment of the circumstances of the child and their family. Harm means the ill-treatment or impairment of the health and development of the child.

Schedule One Offenders

Offenders convicted of offences against children. This includes sexual and violent offences.


Email: Judith Ainsley

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