Veterinary profession's value to Scotland: preliminary economic assessment

A preliminary economic assessment of the veterinary profession’s value to Scotland.


ABI, 2016. Further rise in Insurance Premium Tax will leave pet owners feeling as sick as a parrot says the ABI. URL:

ABI, 2017. Best in show – insurers pay out a record £706m in pet claims. URL:

ACMSF, 2005. Advisory Committee on the Microbiological Safety of Food Second Report on Campylobacter. Advis. Comm. Microbiol. Saf. Food 1–185.

Bazeley, K. 2011. Calculation of a herd's pneumonia costs to promote management changes. UK Vet Livestock, 16(4), 27-31.

BETA, 2015. The British Equestrian Trade Association's National Equestrian Survey 2015. URL:

Bennett, R., 2003. The "direct costs" of livestock disease: the development of a system of models for the analysis of 30 endemic livestock diseases. Gt. Britain. J. Agric. Econ. 54, 55–71.

Bennett, R., Ijpelaar, J., 2005. Updated estimates of the costs associated with thirty four endemic livestock diseases in Great Britain: A note. J. Agric. Econ. 56, 135–144. doi:10.1111/j.1477-9552.2005.tb00126.x

Buzzeo, J., Robinson, d. and Williams, M. 2014. The 2014 RCVS Survey of the Veterinary Profession. Institute for Employment Studies report for the RCVS.

BVA, 2017. Veterinary Vision for Post Brexit Agricultural Policy.

Cassidy A. 2018. Humans, Other Animals and 'One Health' in the Early Twenty-First Century. In: Animals and the Shaping of Modern Medicine. Medicine and Biomedical Sciences in Modern History. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham. DOI

Cresswell, E., Brennan, ML., Barkema, HW., Wapenaar, W. (2014). A questionnaire-based survey on the uptake and use of cattle vaccines in the UK. Veterinary Record Open 1: e000042. doi: 10.1136/vropen-2014-000042

DBIS, 2011. BIS Research Paper Number 45. The Returns to Higher Education Qualifications. Department for Business Innovation & Skills. URL:

Deloite, 2013. Economic Impact of British Racing 2013. British Horseracing Authority. URL:

Department of Education, 2017. Employment and earnings outcomes of higher education graduates by subject and institution: experimental statistics using the Longitudinal Education Outcomes (LEO) data.

EFPIA, 2017. The Pharmaceutical Industry in Figures. The European Federation of Pharmaceutical Industries and Associations (EFPIA). URL:

EFSA, 2017. How safe is your food? Infographic published by the European Food Safety Authority. URL:

European Commission, 2015. Attitudes of Europeans towards Animal Welfare, United Kingdom. Special Eurobarometer 442. November-December 2015. URL:

European Commission, 2018. Business friendly environment: definition of SMEs. Last accessed on 28th February 2018. URL:

European Parliament, 2010. The poultry and egg sectors: evaluation of the current market situation and future prospects. Directorate general for internal policies policy department b: structural and cohesion policie. URL:

Fofana, A.,Toma, L., Moran, D., Gunn, G.J., Gubbins, S., Szmaragd, C., Stott, A.W., 2016. An ex-ante economic appraisal of Bluetongue virus incursions and control strategies. J. Agric. Sci. 154, 118–135. doi:10.1017/S0021859615000015

Food Standards Scotland, 2016a. Cost Data Presentation. May 2016.URL:

Food Standards Scotland, 2016b . Corporate Plan, April 2016-March 2019. URL:

Food Standards Scotland, 2017 . Meat Hygiene Charge Rates 2017/18. URL:

FT, 2017. UK insurers scent rich rewards from pet owners. URL:

FVE, 2015. FVE Survey of the Veterinary Profession in Europe. the Federation of Veterinarians in Europe (FVE). URL:

Hall, S., Dolling, L., Bristow, K., Fuller, T., Mills, D.S., 2016. Companion animal economics: the economic impact of companion animals in the UK. CABI.

Health Protection Scotland, 2016. Campylobacter, Scotland, Annual Totals as at 28 July 2016. URL:

Hodgson, K. and Darling, M. 2011. Zooeyia: an essential component of "One Health", The Canadian Veterinary Journal 52: 189-91.

HorseScotland, 2012. Enabling and Developing a World Class System for Scottish Equestrianism. Strategic Plan 2013-2016.

Hockenhull, J., Turner, A., Reyher, K., Barrett, D., Jones, L., Hinchliffe, S., & Buller, H. (2017). Antimicrobial use in food-producing animals: a rapid evidence assessment of stakeholder practices and beliefs. Veterinary Record. DOI: 10.1136/vr.104304

Jones, P. J., Marier, E. A., Tranter, R. B., Wu, G., Watson, E., & Teale, C. J. 2015. Factors affecting dairy farmers' attitudes towards antimicrobial medicine usage in cattle in England and Wales. Preventive veterinary medicine, 121(1-2), 30-40.

Kenyon, W. 2015. Animal Disease Surveillance in Scotland. SPICE Briefing 15/47. URL:

LaFayette, B and Buser, S., A. 2017. Economic and Social Impacts of Veterinary Medicine in Ohio. A Study Commissioned by a Partnership Between The Ohio State University College of Veterinary Medicine and the Ohio Veterinary Medical. URL: Association

Langford, F. M., & Stott, A. W. 2012. Culled early or culled late: economic decisions and risks to welfare in dairy cows. Animal welfare, 21(1), 41-55.

Low, J.C., Ahmadi, B.V., Toma, L., Stott, A.W., Matthews, L., Mellor, D., 2011. Feasibility of Introducing Methods in the UK for Reducing Shedding of E. coli O157 in Cattle Final Report.URL:

Lowe, P. 2009. Unlocking Potential A report on veterinary expertise in food animal production. A report to the Vets and Veterinary Services Steering Group (2007-2009). URL:

Mayes, B., 2015. Changes affecting the equine sector. Veterinary Record, 176(18), 457-460.

Meuwissen, M.P., Van Boven, M., Hagenaars, T.J., Boender, G.J., Nodelijk, G., De Jong, M.C.M. and Huirne, R.B., 2006. Predicting future costs of High-Pathogenicity Avian Influenza epidemics: large versus small uncertainties. Njas-Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences, 54(2), pp.195-205.

Micoud, N., Mcknight, G., Mauchlen, H., 2015. Scoping study on the equine industry in Scotland.Scotland Rural College (SRUC), Rural Policy Centre. URL:

Nieuwhof, G. J., & Bishop, S. C. 2005. Costs of the major endemic diseases of sheep in Great Britain and the potential benefits of reduction in disease impact. Animal Science, 81(1), 23-29.

OECD (2017), Education at a Glance 2017: OECD Indicators, OECD Publishing, Paris.

ONS, 2017. UK non-financial business economy (Annual Business Survey): Regional results sections A to S. URL:

ONS, 2018. Index of Services time series dataset (IOS1), GBServTO: 75 - Veterinary activities total (£m). Ofice for National Statistics, Business Industry and Trade. URL:

NOAH, 2018. Industry Facts and Figures. Accessed on 28th February 2018. URL:

Phillips, Lord, Bridgeman, J., Ferguson-Smith, M., 2000. The BSE Inquiry. URL:

Potter, T., & Aldridge, B. 2010. Systematic approach to calf pneumonia. UK Vet Livestock, 15(6), 31-34.

Queenan, K; Garnier, J; Rosenbaum, N; Buttigieg, S; de Meneghi, D; Holmberg, M; Zinsstag, J; Rüegg, Simon R; Häsler, B; Kock, R. 2017. Roadmap to a One Health Agenda 2030. CAB Reviews 2017 12, No. 14.

RCVS, 2017. Facts and figures from the royal college of veterinary surgeons. RCVS Facts 2016. 16 November 2017. URL:

RCVS, 2016b. The Impact of Veterinary Research (brochure). RCVS brochure on The Impact of Veterinary Research. URL:

RCVS, 2017. The RCVS veterinary nurse training newsletter. Edition of VN Education - the RCVS veterinary nurse training newsletter. Summer 2017. URL:

REF, 2014a. Risk-based surveillance and testing defines government policy on bovine tuberculosis. Impact (REF3a/b). 6 - Agriculture, Veterinary and Food Science. University of Glasgow. URL:

REF, 2014b. Breeding salmon for resistance to infectious pancreatic necrosis. Impact (REF3a/b). 6 - Agriculture, Veterinary and Food Science. University of Edinburgh (joint submission with SRUC). URL:

REF, 2014c. Breeding a scrapie resistant international sheep flock. Impact (REF3a/b). 6 - Agriculture, Veterinary and Food Science. University of Edinburgh (joint submission with SRUC). URL:

REF, 2014d. Genetic improvement of dairy cattle productivity, health, welfare, longevity and environmental impact. Impact (REF3a/b). 6 - Agriculture, Veterinary and Food Science. University of Edinburgh (joint submission with SRUC). URL:

REF, 2014e. : Improvements in egg quality and hen welfare have enhanced productivity in the egg industry. Impact (REF3a/b). 6 - Agriculture, Veterinary and Food Science. University of Glasgow. URL:

Richens, I. F., Hobson-West, P., Brennan, M. L., Lowton, R., Kaler, J., & Wapenaar, W. 2015. Farmers' perception of the role of veterinary surgeons in vaccination strategies on British dairy farms. The Veterinary record, 177(18), 465.

Robinson, D., Hooker, H., and Barber, L., 2004. Veterinary Career Choices Institute for Employment Studies. Institute for Employment Studies, CN344.

Rushton, 2015. Economic Impact of Disease Control – Veterinary Vaccination Strategies. Presentation to Veterinary Vaccinology Network Meeting 2015, Birmingham.

SAC Consulting, 2017. The Scottish Government's Veterinary Services Programme 2016/17

Scottish Government, 2011. The Review of Veterinary Surveillance, How information on animal disease is gathered, analysed and diseeminated in Scotland. Final Report. November 2011. The Scottish Government, Edinburgh.

Scottish Government, 2017. Economic Report on Scottish Agriculture 2017 Edition. URL:

Scottish Government, 2018. Input and output tables for download relate to 1998 to 2014. Last accessed on 28th February 2018. URL:

Stott, A. W., Gunn, G. J., & Barbudo, A. V. 2008. Management of reproduction in Scottish suckler herds. In 82nd annual conference of the Agricultural Economics Society. Royal Agricultural College, Cirencester (Vol. 31).

SRUC, 2017. Royal honour for Scotland's Rural College. SRUC Research News, Published Thursday, 30th November 2017. URL:

TBA, 2014. The Economic contribution and opportunities of the UK thoroughbred breeding industry (volume 1). The Thoroughbred Breeders' Association (TBA). URL:

The Complete University Guide, 2018a. Source: HESA 2015–16. Published December 2017. Last accessed on 28th February 2018. URL:

The Complete University Guide, 2018b. Source: HESA 2015–16. Published December 2017. Last accessed on 28th February 2018. URL:

Thompson, D., Muriel, P., Russell, D., Osborne, P., Bromley, A., Rowland, M., Creigh-Tyte, S. and Brown, C., 2002. Economic costs of the foot and mouth disease outbreak in the United Kingdom in 2001. Revue scientifique et technique (International Office of Epizootics), 21(3), pp.675-687.

VetFutures 2015. Taking charge of our future: A vision for the veterinary profession for 2030. Vet Futures Project Board. Novermber 2015. URL:

VSC, 2016. Bridging the Gap: Linking animal and human medicine through veterinary school research and One Health. The Veterinary Schools Council. URL:

VisitScotland, 2014. Profile of UK consumers who enjoy walking on holidays in the UK. VisitScotland Segmentation.

Waters, A. and Limb, M. 2018. Veterinary salaries in the UK are stagnating or in decline, surveys show Veterinary Record 182, 62-65.

Warren, H. 2016. The high cost of metabolic diseases in dairy cattle. URL:

Wilson, S. and Jordan, H. (2015) Veterinary futures: the drivers of change: A review of the literature A VetFutures report.

Yasir, S and Thomas, M. 2016. Professional, scientific and technical activities industry review, 2016. Office for National Statistics.

Yule, B. F., Sharp, J. C. M., Forbes, G. I., & MacLeod, A. F., 1988. Prevention of poultry-borne salmonellosis by irradiation: costs and benefits in Scotland. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 66(6), 753.



Back to top