Proposed electricity generation developments: peat landslide hazard best practice guide

Second edition of guidance on best practice methods to identify, mitigate and manage peat slide hazards and associated risks.


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Dykes, A.P. and Kirk, K.J. (2006) Slope Instability and Mass Movements in Peat Deposits. In Martini, I.P., Martinez Cortizas, A. and Chesworth, W. (Eds.) Peatlands: Evolution and Records of Environmental and Climatic Changes. Elsevier, Amsterdam.

Dykes, A.P. and Warburton, J. (2007a) Mass movements in peat: a formal classification scheme. Geomorphology, 86, pp73-93.

Dykes, A.P. and Warburton, J. (2007b) Significance of Geomorphological and Subsurface Drainage Controls on Failures of Peat-covered Hillslopes Triggered by Extreme Rainfall. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 32, pp1841-1862.

Dykes, A.P. and Warburton, J. (2008) Failure of Peat-Covered Hillslopes at Dooncarton Mountain, Co. Mayo, Ireland, Analysis of topographic and Geotechnical Factors. Catena, 72, p129-145.

Dykes, A.P. (2008) Geomorphological Maps of Irish Peat Landslides Created Using Hand-held GPS - Second Edition. Journal of Maps, 4, 2008, pp258-279.

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Evans, M.G. and Warburton, J. (2007) Geomorphology of Upland Peat: Erosion, Form and Landscape Change. Blackwell Publishers Limited, Oxford.

Evans, M.G. and Warburton, J. (2005) Sediment Budget for an Eroding Peat Moorland Catchment in Northern England. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 30, pp557-577.

Feldmeyer-Christe, E. and Küchler, M. (2002) Onze ans de dynamique de la vegetation dans une tourbière soumise à un glissement de terrain. Botanica Helvetica, 112, p103-120.

Geological Survey of Ireland (2006), Landlsides in Ireland. Geological Survey of Ireland, Dublin.

Gosling, D., and Keeton, P. (2008). Problems with Testing Peat for Stability Analysis. Paper presented at Reinforced Water, Geological Society Conference;

Griffiths, J.S. (2001) Land Surface Evaluation for Engineering Practice. Geological Society Engineering Geology Special Publication No. 18. The Geological Society, London.

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Hobbs, N.B. (1986) Mire morphology and the properties and behaviour of some British and Foreign peats. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology, 19, pp7-80.

Hobbs, N.B. (1987) A note on the classification of peat. Geotechnique, 37(3), pp405-407.

Holden, J.H. (2004) Hydrological connectivity of soil pipes determined by ground-penetrating radar tracer detection. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 29, pp437-442.

Holden, J.H. (2005) Controls of Soil Pipe Frequency in Upland Blanket Peat. Journal of Geophysical Research, 110, F01002, doi:10.1029/2004JF000143.

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Immirzi, C.P., Maltby, E., and Clymo, R.S., (1992) The Global Status of Peatlands and their Role in Carbon Cycling. A report for Friends of the Earth by the Wetland Ecosystems Research Group, Dept. of Geography, University of Exeter, pp1-145. FoE, London.

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Lee, E.M. and Jones, D.K.C. (2013) Landslide risk assessment, 2 nd Edition. Thomas Telford, London, 428p.

Lindsay, R.A. and Bragg, O.M. (2004) Windfarms and blanket peat. A report on the Derrybrien bog slide. Derrybrien Development Cooperative Ltd, Galway, 149p.

Long, A.J., Innes, J.B., Shennan, I. and Tooley, M.J. (1999) Coastal Stratigraphy: A Case Study from Johns River, Washington. In. The Description and Analysis of Quaternary Stratigraphic Field Sections, Technical Guide No. 7. Quaternary Research Association, London, 295p.

Long, M. and Boylan, N. (2012) In-situ Testing of Peat - A Review and Update on Recent Developments. Geotechnical Engineering Journal of the SEAGS and AGSSEA, 43 (4), p41-55.

Long, M. and Jennings, P. (2006) Analysis of the Peat Slide at Pollatomish, Co. Mayo, Ireland, Landslides, 3, p51-61.

Long, M., Jennings, P. and Carroll, R. (2011) Irish peat slides. Landslides, 8(3), pp391-401.

Martini, I.P., Martinez Cortizas, A. and Chesworth, W. (Eds.) (2006) Peatlands: Evolution and Records of Environmental and Climatic Changes. Elsevier, Amsterdam.

McCahon, C.P., Carling, P.A. and Pascoe, D. (1987) Chemical and Ecological Effects of a Pennine Peat-slide. Environmental Pollution, 45(4), p275-289.

Mills, A.J. (2002) Peat slides: Morphology, Mechanisms and Recovery. Unpublished PhD thesis, University of Durham.

Mills, A.J., Moore, R., Carey, J.M. and Trinder, S.K. (2007) Recent Landslide Impacts in Scotland: Possible Evidence of Climate Change? In. McInnes, R. et al. (Eds) Landslides and Climate Change: Challenges and Solutions, Proceedings of Conference, Isle of Wight, 2007.

Nayak, D.R., Miller, D., Nolan, A., Smith, P. and Smith, J. (2008) Calculating Carbon Savings from Wind Farms on Scottish Peat Lands - A New Approach. 83p.

Scottish Environmental Protection Agency (2010) SEPA Regulatory Position Statement - Developments on Peat. National Waste Policy Unit, 4p.

Scottish Government (2011) Calculating Potential Carbon Losses and Savings from Wind Farms on Scottish Peatlands, Technical Note, version 2.0.1. Scottish Government, 22p.

Scottish Government, Scottish Environment Protection Agency, Scottish Natural Heritage and The James Hutton Institute (2014) Guidance on Developments on Peatland - Site Surveys 7p.

Scottish Executive (2005) Scotland's Biodiversity: It's in Your Hands. Scottish Government, 66p.

Scottish Executive (2006) Peat Landslide Hazard and Risk Assessments, Best Practice Guide for Proposed Electricity Generation Developments. Scottish Government, 72p.

Scottish Government (2013) 2020 Challenge for Scotland's Biodiversity - A Strategy for the conservation and enhancement of biodiversity in Scotland (published 2013).

Scottish Government (2017) Draft Climate Change Plan - The draft third report on policies and proposals 2017-2032. Scottish Government, 175p.

Scottish Natural Heritage (2015a) Scotland's National Peatland Plan - Working for our future. Scottish Natural Heritage, 52p.

Scottish Natural Heritage (2015b) Constructed Tracks in the Scottish Uplands, 2 nd Edition. Land Use Consultants, 147p

Scottish Natural Heritage (2016) Carbon-rich Soils, Deep Peat and Priority Peatland Habitat Mapping, Consultation Analysis Report. Scottish Natural Heritage, 20p.

Scottish Natural Heritage and Forestry Commission Scotland (2010) Floating Roads on Peat - A Report into Good Practice in Design, Construction and Use of Floating Roads on Peat with particular reference to Wind Farm Developments in Scotland, 82p.

Scottish Natural Heritage (2016) Carbon-rich soils, deep peat and priority peatland habitat mapping - consultation analysis report. Scottish Natural Heritage, 21p.

Scottish Renewables and Scottish Environmental Protection Agency (2012) Developments on Peatland: Guidance on the assessment of peat volumes, reuse of excavated peat and the minimisation of waste. Version 1, January 2012. SR and SEPA Joint Publication, 23p.

Scottish Renewables, Scottish Natural Heritage, Scottish Environmental Protection Agency, Forestry Commission Scotland and Historic Environment Scotland (2015) Good Practice during Wind Farm Construction, Version 3, September 2015, 80p.

Tobin (2003) Report on the Landslides at Dooncarton, Barnachuille and Pollathomais, County Mayo. Mayo County Council.

Tomlinson, R.W. (1981) The erosion of peat in the uplands of Northern Ireland , Irish Geography, 14, pp51-64.

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Warburton, J., Higgit, D., and Mills, A.J. (2004) Anatomy of a Pennine peat slide, Northern England. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms. 28, pp457-473.

Warburton, J., Holden, J., Mills, A.J., (2004) Hydrological controls of surficial mass movements in peat. Earth Science Reviews, 67, pp139-156.

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Winter, M.G., MacGregor, F. and Shackman, L. (2005) Scottish Road Network Landslides Study, ISBN 0 7559 4649 9.

Winter, M.G., MacGregor, F. and Shackman, L. (2008) Scottish Road Network Landslides Study: Implementation, ISBN 978-1-906006-38-9.


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